Group 8Nutritional Issue In Child Development zaiemah syazashafiq hani
BAD IMPACT IN FOOD INTAKE Malnutrition among the children Underweight Lower IQ result Children have night blindness Give negative impact to the immune system Overweight Bad problems such as difficult to breath, joint and bone problems Irregular menstrual cycles and fertility problems Getting higher risk to get chronic diseases e.g. diabetes and heart disease
Bad impact to the children mental or their psychology The obese person will be ridiculed by the other person Feel inadequate, low self- esteem with their self
Factor From Parent Problems occur from home. parents is the role model for their children. Parent should be alert about that either direct or indirectly. The parents lack the knowledge of a balanced diet to their children.
Unhealthy Lifestyle Unhealthy lifestyle children are often associated with frequent television viewing. That make their eating habit is bad and nutrient of food affected. That unhealthy eating habits can cause chronic diseases
Poverty The poor families cannot provide nutritious food for their children because of poverty. Their children are not getting enough nutrients makes physical condition and behaviors of their children are not like normal children other.
Guide to Food Children from Losing Weight It is recommended breastfeeding mothers of children with breast milk exclusively for six month and continues up to age of two years. Avoid giving food and drinks low in energy contents as plain water, tea, coffee and soup. Make sure kids are fed at least 5-6 times a day. Add a little oil, margarine or use milk in cooking, or include milk when making porridge.
Vary types of food according to the Malaysian Food Pyramid. Children who are underweight should eat food that is high in calories (energy) to increase the weight to a more normal weight by age. Make sure children eat breakfast every morning. Children who do not eat breakfast do not get the nutrients needed to initiate daily activities. Encourage the child to eat with family members. Eat together peers. Serve foods rich in color and interesting shapes.
Guide to Food Children from obesity Parents should bring their children play together and exposed to outdoor activities. Monitor their children and teach them to be more disciplined. Buying sports equipment such as gym ball or runner machine in the house. Parents need to monitor their activities so that children are not engrossed with current technology equipment.
Even if their parents are too busy with their careers, parents need to control their diet, especially fast food and home cooking that prioritize where it is more secure and cleaner.
Generating How Healthy Eating In School Covering the prohibition of sale of carbonated drinks and energy drinks in the cafeteria. Non-nutritious foods like crackers that contain high salt, sweets and unhealthy snacks should also be prohibited from sale in the school. Juice drinks or isotonic drinks has high sugar content. Outside the school district should also be monitored to prevent the existence of street vendors sell non-nutritious snacks like ice cream.
Supplement Intake for Children Children also need this supplement such as vitamin A and vitamin C. Children are often picky and children are often eating the wrong foods. Vitamin is needed for growth and repair tissues in all parts of your body Vitamin is one of many antioxidants that block some of the damage cause by free radical.
Types of Vitamins and Minerals Needed by The ChildTypes of vitamins: Vitamin AFunction: Essential for eyeSources: carrots, eggs and margarineTypes of vitamins: Vitamin B1Function: Important for providing energy to the bodySource: Grain, meat and milkTypes of vitamins: Vitamin B2Function: Important for providing energy to the bodySource: Milk, meat and fish.
Types of vitamins: Vitamin CFunction: Essential for improving body’s diseaseSource: green vegetable and fruit – citrus fruitsMinerals: CalciumFunction: Essential for the formation of strongbones and teethSources: Milk and cheese and other diary products.Minerals: IronFunction: Essential for the formation of hemoglobinfor red blood cellsSources: Fish, eggs and chicken.
FACTOR FROM PARENT Problems occur from home. parents is the role model for their children. Parent should be alert about that either direct or indirectly. The parents lack the knowledge of a balanced diet to their children.
UNHEALTHY LIFESTYLE Unhealthy lifestyle children are often associated with frequent television viewing. That make their eating habit is bad and nutrient of food affected. That unhealthy eating habits can cause chronic diseases
POVERTY The poor families cannot provide nutritious food for their children because of poverty. Their children are not getting enough nutrients makes physical condition and behaviors of their children are not like normal children other.
Advertisement plays an important role in influencing an individual regardless of age. One thing that is important for consideration by the parents that advertising is a way to conquer producer profit child care. As consumers we have to be wise in choosing and educate yourself about nutrition.
Physical activity is the one best solution to prevent from overweight and obesity. It will help children feel more confident, happy, relaxed, improve self esteem and self concept, sense of belonging, ability to sleep better, self expression and the opportunity to achieve. Active children are happy and healthy and ready to be more likely to become active adults.
Proper nutrition is essential to a child’s well being. Insufficient nutrient intake during childhood has been linked to physical and mental health problems as well as emotional and behavioral problems, learning deficiencies, and lower grades. As parents, society, friends, the school, teachers, we need to work together in overcoming problems nutrient deficiencies in children. Be healthy, be smart and have a good future.