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Copenhagen, Cochabamba and the climate debt crisis

Presentation by Kirsty Wright, World Development Movement

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Copenhagen, Cochabamba and the climate debt crisis

  1. 1. Copenhagen, Cochabamba and the climate debt crisis: A report back from Bolivia Kirsty Wright
  2. 2. The Khapi Community <ul><li>At foothills of Illimani glacier </li></ul><ul><li>Sustenance lifestyle: Live off the land </li></ul><ul><li>Over two hours walk to nearest secondary school </li></ul><ul><li>Only got electricity 15 years ago </li></ul>
  3. 3. Climate impacts on the Khapi community <ul><li>Burning midday sun </li></ul><ul><li>Crop predictability & varieties </li></ul><ul><li>New diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Families migrating </li></ul><ul><li>Access to water </li></ul>
  4. 5. Severino Cortez Bilbao: farmer and community leader <ul><li>“If Illimani dries up, there’ll be no water and no life. We’ll be forced to leave this community” </li></ul>
  5. 6. outside: a new movement for climate justice <ul><li>CJA / CJN (North and South) </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest ever climate march </li></ul><ul><li>Reclaim power: inside/outside </li></ul><ul><li>Strong police repression / criminalising the right to protest </li></ul><ul><li>Building a global movement </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Sidelining the UN process </li></ul><ul><li>Bribery – e.g. aid </li></ul><ul><li>Misleading the media – e.g. Kyoto Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Divide and rule </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure for a deal </li></ul><ul><li>“ Worse than WTO” </li></ul>copenhagen: inside
  7. 8. evo morales on the copenhagen accord: <ul><li>“ An agreement </li></ul><ul><li>reached </li></ul><ul><li>between the </li></ul><ul><li>world’s biggest </li></ul><ul><li>polluters based </li></ul><ul><li>on the </li></ul><ul><li>exclusion of </li></ul><ul><li>the very </li></ul><ul><li>countries, </li></ul><ul><li>communities and </li></ul><ul><li>peoples that will </li></ul><ul><li>suffer most from the </li></ul><ul><li>consequences of </li></ul><ul><li>climate change” </li></ul>
  8. 9. the people’s conference on climate change and mother earth rights <ul><li>In April, over 30,000 people from 100 different countries gathered in Cochabamba </li></ul><ul><li>Organised by the Bolivian government </li></ul><ul><li>Civil society: social movements, NGO’s, scientists, academics, leading thinkers on social justice </li></ul><ul><li>‘ System change not climate change’ </li></ul>
  9. 10. The Conference <ul><li>17 working groups create a ‘people’s agreement’ </li></ul><ul><li>Now submitted into the negotiating text for </li></ul><ul><li>UNFCCC COP 16 in Cancun </li></ul><ul><li>Organised panels: leading thinkers on climate justice issues </li></ul><ul><li>Self organised space for social movement organisation: planning forward e.g. global week of action </li></ul><ul><li>Mesa 18: internal contradictions? </li></ul>
  10. 11. comparing the outcomes The People’s Accord vs. The Copenhagen Accord
  11. 12. Move to sustainable models of agriculture and food sovereignty No mention Food and Agriculture Rejects market mechanisms: proposes solutions with state sovereignty & indigenous people rights Promotes market mechanisms Forests Rejects market mechanisms Promotes market mechanisms Carbon markets Multilateral / multidisciplinary mechanism that guarantees technology transfer Unclear ‘technology mechanism’. No reference to IP rights Technology transfer Redirect funds from war/ defence. 6% of GDP – public funds, not carbon markets, additional Equivalent of 0.005% of GDP 2010-12. By 2020 0.05%. Approx 50 % from carbon markets Financing Developed countries owe a climate debt No mention Climate Debt No goal for developed countries: proposes voluntary reductions 50% on 1990 levels for second commitment period under Kyoto Protocol (no carbon markets) Greenhouse gas reductions 2 degrees * 1 degree Temperature rise Copenhagen Accord People’s Agreement Issue:
  12. 13. No mention Proposal to analyse and modify structural causes, e.g. capitalist system, commodification of nature Structural causes No mention Proposes a declaration of the rights of mother earth to re-establish harmony with nature. Rights of Mother Earth No mention Recognition of rights Indigenous people’s No mention Proposes referendum Referendum proposed No mechanism proposed Proposes legally binding mechanisms to guarantee international treaties & climate justice tribunal Justice and fulfilment of international commitments No mention Protection and recognition of rights and needs of people forced to migrate. Need to bring into negotiations Climate migrants Promotes reclassification according to ‘vulnerability’ with differing treatment Rejects reclassification according to ‘vulnerability’ Reclassification of countries Copenhagen Accord People’s Agreement Issue:
  13. 14. Cancun <ul><li>Climate finance set to be the key issue: critical in terms of building trust </li></ul><ul><li>UK and other rich countries pushing for World Bank to be the mechanism for climate finance </li></ul><ul><li>G77 opposing the World Bank </li></ul><ul><li>UN Adaptation Fund – set up through the UNFCCC process – massively under funded </li></ul><ul><li>WDM will be jointly launching international World Bank out of Climate Finance campaign </li></ul>
  14. 15. taking responsibility: the UK and climate debt <ul><li>A concept that has gained a lot of momentum with campaigners in the global south: useful framework </li></ul><ul><li>Rich industrialised countries have become wealthy by pushing the world to the brink of climate chaos, least responsible feeling it most </li></ul><ul><li>They have also used more than their fair share of what Bolivian government calls ‘atmospheric space’ – denying right to development </li></ul>
  15. 16. how to re-pay our climate debt? <ul><li>Stop building debt: cut emissions in the UK and much and as fast as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation funding: to cope with impacts of climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation funding and technology transfer: to find climate friendly development paths </li></ul>
  16. 17. however, UK is currently using climate finance to reinforce existing global inequalities… <ul><li>Redirected from aid money </li></ul><ul><li>Loans instead of grants </li></ul><ul><li>World Bank </li></ul>
  17. 18. world bank and climate change <ul><li>Pushed carbon intensive projects and extractives industry </li></ul><ul><li>Continues to be a top financier of fossil fuels. As of April 2010 - already hit record high for annual fossil fuel lending: $4.7 billion primarily for coal (e.g. Eskom) </li></ul><ul><li>Track record of imposing conditions and programs on developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Undemocratic: developing countries hit hardest by climate change are the least represented inside the World Bank </li></ul><ul><li>Local communities rarely given opportunity to determine the policies and programs that impact them </li></ul>
  18. 19. world bank and the water wars <ul><li>Ferier international del Agua </li></ul><ul><li>10 year anniversary of Cochabamba water wars </li></ul><ul><li>World Bank led water privatisation </li></ul><ul><li>Rates increased by 50% in a few weeks </li></ul><ul><li>City closed down for a week </li></ul><ul><li>US corporation Bechtel forced to leave Bolivia </li></ul><ul><li>Resisted when Bechtel tried suing Bolivia </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>Send a pound to Andrew Mitchell to go to the UN Adaptation Fund </li></ul><ul><li>Lobby your MP ahead of Cancun COP16 </li></ul><ul><li>Cancun watch: urgent actions </li></ul>take action!