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Spleen

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Spleen

  1. 1. SPLEEN<br />Maria A Gomez<br />
  2. 2. Spleen is an important internal organ that is on average not larger than the size of a fist. <br /> It’s part of the circulatory system.<br />It acts as a filter for blood.<br />Not vital for human survival. <br />What is a SPLEEN?<br />
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  4. 4. The spleen removes old red blood cells (erythrocytes) from the blood supply. <br />Also removes, stores and produces white blood cells (lymphocytes).<br />FUNCTIONS<br />
  5. 5. The spleen is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen. <br />It’s protected by the rib cage. <br />WHERE IS THE SPLEEN LOCATED<br />
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  7. 7. Red and pulpy<br />The red pulp consist of blood vessels. (The red pulp filters the blood)<br />Average of 12 cm long, 7cm high and 4 cm thick. <br />Average weight (normal adult spleen) 0.44 lbs.<br />Characteristics<br />
  8. 8. ABNORMALITIES<br />ENLARGED SPLEEN <br />SICKLE CELL DISEASE<br />THROMBOCYTOPENIA<br />SPLEEN CONDITIONS<br />
  9. 9. A doctor can tell if a spleen is enlarged by pressing hard on the belly under the rib cage. <br />UNTRASOUND<br />MRI<br />BONE MARROW BIOPSY<br />LIVER AND SPLEEN SCAN<br />CT SCAN<br />SPLEEN EXAMINATION<br />
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  11. 11. Sometimes splenectomy is required due to a rupture caused by injury or if damaged due to a disease. <br />Although you could survive without a spleen, it decreases the ability to fight infections. Other organs (liver) will take over some of the functions. <br />Spleen removal<br />
  12. 12. McDowell, Julie (2004). The Lymphatic System<br />WEB MD Spleen= Retrieved June 11, 2011 from http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/picture-of-the-spleen<br />References<br />

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