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Basics of Landscape Planning & Architecture

It is a slide describing about the basics of Landscape Planning & Architecture.

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Basics of Landscape Planning & Architecture

  1. 1. ARCH 216 LANDSCAPE PLANNING STUDIO Landscape architecture: Basics & Examples 1 Submitted by 1405004, 1405010, 1405015, 1405025 Submitted to Ms. Nusrat Jannat Ms. Shayama Setara Khan
  2. 2. Definition 2 LANDSCAPE is a section or expansion of rural scenery, usually extensive, that can be seen from a single view point.
  3. 3. Definition LANDSCAPPING is a development of outdoor space to provide various amenities, privacy, comfort, beauty and ease of maintenance. 3 LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE is the design of outdoor public areas, landmarks, and structures to achieve environmental, social behavioral, or aesthetic outcomes.
  4. 4. 4 Aims & Objectives Aims Objectives •To make one site visually aesthetic. •To design the site with more natural aspects. •To make the site more comfortable. •Restore environmental aspects via designing. •Maintaining own characteristics of the site. •To keep natural elements & decorate them. •To make good spaces. •To achieve environmental, social behavioral, or aesthetic outcomes. •to provide various amenities, privacy, comfort, beauty and ease of maintenance.
  5. 5. 5 Elements The elements of landscaping - Living elements: Flora & fauna Natural elements: Landforms, terrain shape, water bodies etc. Man made elements: Structure, buildings, fence etc. Abstract elements: Weather & lighting condition
  6. 6. 6 Scale ABSOLUTE SCALE relates the comparative value of landscape elements to a fixed structure. RELATIVE SCALE relates to comparative relative sizes or “values” of objects in landscape. Small scale Large scale
  7. 7. 7 SCOPE The scope of the landscaping architectural profession includes – Storm water management Site planning Urban design Environmental restoration Master planning and design Private estate and residence landscape
  8. 8. 8 Case study: 1. Dhanmondi Lake
  9. 9. 9 + + Plan
  10. 10. 10 2001 2016 Transformation
  11. 11. 11 Landscape features of Dhanmondi Lake  Trees:  Represents borderline.  Protect lakeside from decay.  Provide shadow for passers by.  Water surface:  Reflection enhances beauty  Jahaj bari:  Enhances beauty  Lighting:  Enhance site beauty  Water surface:  Reflects the lights
  12. 12. 12  Fountain:  Increase attraction  Decrease monotony  Enhance beauty  Shrubs:  Indicate direction of the footpath  Increase beauty  Footpath:  Use of hard pave  Provide comfort for passers by
  13. 13. 13  Restaurant:  Green roofing & Use of glass walls attracts attention.  Balcony:  Decrease monotonousness  Gorge & footpaths:  The gorge and footpath express more beauty than a empty lakeside.  Protects from land decay.  Gorge & Sitting place:  The gorge and sitting place express more beauty than a empty lakeside.  Protects from land decay.
  14. 14. 14  Exercising equipments:  In a shady place, the exercising equipments used a empty space and enriched landscape.  Gathering Places:  Uses empty lakeside  Decrease monotonousness  Enhance beauty of the site  Provides recreation
  15. 15. 15 2. Royal Botanic Garden, Cranbourne, Australia
  16. 16. 16 Plan
  17. 17. 17 2004 2009 2016 Transformation
  18. 18. 18 Landscape features of Royal Botanic Garden, Cranbourne.  Footpaths:  Different types of pavement  Unnecessary road at the middle inside of the circular place with ground cover used for decrease monotonousness and attract attention and enhancing site beauty.  Shrubs:  For direction
  19. 19. 19  Bridge:  Use of dot compositions  Increase attraction  Retaining wall:  Made of wood  Visually attractive  Shrubs:  Shadows in different time period of day create different textures  Indicates direction of footpath clearly  Structure:  Shadow creates various texture in different time of day  Increase attraction  In the shadow chair and table are given.  Shrubs:  Above of a structure  Visually attractive  Decrease monotonousness
  20. 20. 20  Retaining wall:  Used red blocks instead of simple wall  More attractive  Water body and designed fringe enhance beauty  Plants remove monotony.  Trees:  Represents geographical character  Creates variation  Creates pattern  Sticks used for creating pattern  Shrubs creates boundary & enhance beauty
  21. 21. 21  Plants:  Different types of patterns- linear, circular  Enhance beauty  Soil:  Different types of soils  Creates diversity also makes a normal place interesting  Some structures made of cements increase attraction  Staircase  Enriched landscape give access to the water  Plant:  Make the site visually comfortable  Fill the blank spaces  Sitting place  Sitting place near footpath provides comfort for passers by
  22. 22. 22 3. Duchess Residence, Singapore
  23. 23. 23 Plan
  24. 24. 24 2003 2016 Transformation
  25. 25. Landscape features of Duchess residence  Various types of trees gives the green texture in the urban landscape  Different types of pools enhance beauty  Use of hard pave road, ramp and higher platform enriched the landscape  Chair and table provide sitting place and they are in a line.
  26. 26. 26  Flowering plants make the site visually more attractive  Fountain Enhances beauty  Sitting spaces provides comfort  Various types of trees in different positions such in middle of hard pave, roadside  Stair type structures makes the landscape visually more interesting
  27. 27. 27  Stair type structures increase attraction  Plants enhances beauty  Plants provides shadow  Plants at footpath side enhances beauty and indicates direction  Ground covers make the site more beautiful than empty soil  Stair type structures creates difference  Have lighting elements and metallic fence
  28. 28. 28 Thanks for WaTchin g

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