Citing Internet Sources- How to cite an internet site?- ثبت مصادر الانترنت

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Citation of electronic sources require authors , reviewers and publishers of scholarly articles to know technical details about the many kinds of online sources possible, and they must know how to apply and interpret the highly variable formats given in electronic and internet citation guides. “Citing Medicine” the NLM style Guide for Authors, Publishers, and Editors – is considered as a standard source for many biomedical researches and publishers in citation process of their work. This presentation is based mainly on this valuable source and using only the last chapters –22 through 26- that dealing with citation styles of internet resources

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  • The            setup            in            the            video            no            longer            works.           
    And            all            other            links            in            comment            are            fake            too.           
    But            luckily,            we            found            a            working            one            here (copy paste link in browser) :            www.goo.gl/yT1SNP
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  • wonderful for most of Juniors in the net-related medical publication ....... thanks Sir.
    Ahmed - cardiology
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  • GOOD
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  • very active personnel
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Citing Internet Sources- How to cite an internet site?- ثبت مصادر الانترنت

  1. 1. Dr. Ahmed-Refat AG Refat WWW. ZJOHS.Page.TL <ul><li>Citing </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Sources </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>This Presentation is based on: </li></ul><ul><li>Citing Medicine , the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers </li></ul><ul><li>www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine </li></ul>
  3. 3.
  4. 4. <ul><li>1- Citing Books and </li></ul><ul><li>Other Individual Titles on the Internet </li></ul>
  5. 5. Books and Other Individual Titles on the Internet <ul><li>A monograph, commonly called a book, is any work complete in one volume or in a finitenumber of volumes. Books on the Internet are often electronic versions of large printed texts, such as textbooks, manuals, or technical reports, but may also be smaller works such as a brochure, single-page fact sheet, or brief treatise. Size is not relevant to the definition. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Books and Other Individual Titles on the Internet
  7. 7. Citation Rules for Entire Books <ul><li>Author/Editor (R) | Author Affiliation ( O ) | Title ( R ) | Content Type ( O ) | Type of Medium ( R ) </li></ul><ul><li>| Edition ( R ) | Editor and other Secondary Authors ( O ) | Place of Publication ( R ) | Publisher ( R ) | Date of Publication ( R ) | Date of Update/Revision ( R ) | Date of Citation ( R ) | Extent (Pagination) ( O ) | Series (O) | Availability ( R ) | Language ( R ) | Notes ( O ) </li></ul><ul><li>------------------------------------------------------------ </li></ul><ul><li>R= Required element </li></ul><ul><li>O=Optional element </li></ul>
  8. 8. Examples of Citations to Entire Books and Other Individual Titles on the Internet
  9. 9. Examples of Citations to Entire Books
  10. 10. Examples of Citations to Entire Books
  11. 11. Examples of Citations to Entire Books
  12. 12. Citations to Parts of Books on the Internet
  13. 13. Citation Rules for Parts of Books on the Internet <ul><li>Entire Book (R) | Name and Number/Letter ( R ) | Title ( R ) | Date of Update/Revision ( R ) | Date of Citation ( R ) | Location (Pagination) ( R ) | Availability ( R ) | Language ( R ) </li></ul><ul><li>R=Required element </li></ul><ul><li>O=Optional element </li></ul>
  14. 14. Examples of Citations to Parts of Books on the Internet
  15. 15. Examples of Citations to Parts of Books on the Internet
  16. 16. Examples of Citations to Parts of Books on the Internet
  17. 17. Citations to Contributions to Books on the Internet
  18. 18. Citation Rules for Contributions to Books on the Internet <ul><li>Author (R) | Author Affiliation (O) | Title (R) | Connective Phrase (R) | Book Information (R) </li></ul><ul><li>| Date of Citation (R) | Location (Pagination) (R) | Availability (R) | Language (R) | Notes (O) </li></ul><ul><li>------------------ </li></ul><ul><li>R=Required element </li></ul><ul><li>O =Optional element </li></ul>
  19. 19. Examples of Citations to Contributions to Books on the Internet
  20. 20. <ul><li>2- Citations to </li></ul><ul><li>Journal Articles </li></ul><ul><li>on the Internet </li></ul>
  21. 21. Citations to Journal Articles on the Internet <ul><li>Many journals on the Internet are identical to their print versions. Increasingly, however, </li></ul><ul><li>journals are written directly for the Internet to enable hyperlinking, to include complex </li></ul><ul><li>graphics, and to run multimedia such as film clips and sound. An Internet journal may be static, fixed in time and unchanged since publication, or may be updated or otherwise revised over time. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Citations to Journal Articles on the Internet
  23. 23. Citation Rules for Journal Articles on the Internet <ul><li>Author (R) | Author Affiliation ( O ) | Article Title (R) | Article Type ( O ) | Journal Title (R) | </li></ul><ul><li>Edition (R) | Content Type (O) | Type of Medium (R) | Date of Publication (R) | Date of Update/ </li></ul><ul><li>Revision (R) | Date of Citation (R) | Volume Number (R) | Issue Number (R) | Location(Pagination) ( R ) | Availability (R) | Language ( R ) | Notes ( O ) </li></ul><ul><li>R=required element </li></ul><ul><li>O= Optional element </li></ul>
  24. 24. Examples of Citations to Journal Articles on the Internet
  25. 25. Examples of Citations to Journal Articles on the Internet
  26. 26. Examples of Citations to Journal Articles on the Internet
  27. 27. Examples of Citations to Journal Articles on the Internet
  28. 28. <ul><li>3- Databases/Retrieval Systems </li></ul><ul><li>on the Internet </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>A database is a collection of individual records that are most often standardized in both format and content. </li></ul><ul><li>Database records are usually related by a common denominator such as subject matter or the source of the material in them. </li></ul><ul><li>Text-oriented databases are generally bibliographic or full-text, where each record has a bibliographic citation to a publication or the complete text of a document. Number-oriented databases cover many types, including statistical, time series, and transactional. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Serial database that is open:
  31. 31. For a serial database that is closed:
  32. 32. Citation Rules for Entire Databases on the Internet <ul><li>Author/Editor ( R ) | Author Affiliation ( O ) | Title ( R ) | Content Type ( O ) | Type of Medium ( R ) </li></ul><ul><li>| Edition (R ) | Editor and other Secondary Authors ( O ) | Place of Publication ( R ) | Publisher </li></ul><ul><li>( R ) | Date of Publication ( R ) | Date of Update/Revision ( R ) | Date of Citation ( R ) | Availability( R ) | Language (R) | Notes ( O ) </li></ul><ul><li>R= Required element </li></ul><ul><li>O=Optional Element </li></ul>
  33. 33. Examples of Citations to Entire Databases on the Internet
  34. 34. Examples of Citations to Entire Databases on the Internet
  35. 35. Part of a database on the Internet
  36. 36. Citation Rules for Parts of Databases on the Internet <ul><li>Database ( R ) | Name and Number/Letter ( R ) | Title ( R ) | Date of Publication ( R ) | Date of Update/Revision ( R ) | Date of Citation ( R ) | Location (Pagination) ( R ) | Availability ( R ) | Language ( R ) | Notes ( O ) </li></ul><ul><li>--------------------------------------------- </li></ul><ul><li>R= Required element </li></ul><ul><li>O=Optional element </li></ul>
  37. 37. Examples of Citations to Parts of Databases on the Internet
  38. 38. Reference to a contribution to a database on the Internet
  39. 39. Definition of contribution <ul><li>Contributions are separately identified records, sections, or other portions of Internet databases that are provided by individuals or organizations other than the database builders. They thus have distinct authorship. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Contribution <ul><li>There are two types of contributions: those written expressly for the database, such as a review produced for the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and those written for a primary publication such as a journal or book that is cited in the database. A journal article in a bibliographic database such as PubMed is an example of the latter. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Types of contribution <ul><li>The first type of contribution contains only an author and title, and sometimes a date of publication; it has no place of publication, publisher, or other publication information separate from the database. </li></ul><ul><li>The second type, however, contains full publication information. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Citation Rules for Contributions to Databases on the Internet <ul><li>Author ( R ) | Author Affiliation (O) | Title ( R ) | Publication Information ( R ) | Date of Update/Revision ( R ) | Date of Citation ( R ) | Connective Phrase ( R ) | Database ( R) | Extent (Pagination) ( R ) | Availability ( R ) | Acquisition Number (O) | Language ( R ) | Notes (O) </li></ul><ul><li>R=Required element </li></ul><ul><li>O=optional element </li></ul>
  43. 43. Examples of Citations to Contributions to Databases on the Internet
  44. 44. <ul><li>4- Citing a homepage </li></ul><ul><li>Web Sites </li></ul>
  45. 45. Web Site <ul><li>A homepage is the first or introductory page of a Web site (NISO Z39.29). It usually provides a table of contents or index to the contents of the ite. Homepages are placed on the Internet by both organizations and individuals for purposes ranging from an effort to provide information about a government agency, a company, an association, or a specific subject, to a means of providing a forum for a personal point of view </li></ul>
  46. 46. Format for a reference to a homepage
  47. 47. Citation Rules for Homepages <ul><li>Author ( R) | Author Affiliation (O ) | Title ( R ) | Content Type (O) | Type of Medium ( R ) | Edition </li></ul><ul><li>( R ) | Editor and other Secondary Authors (O) | Place of Publication (R) | Publisher ( R ) | Date </li></ul><ul><li>of Publication ( R ) | Date of Update/Revision ( R ) | Date of Citation ( R ) | Availability ( R ) | </li></ul><ul><li>Language ( R ) | Notes (O) </li></ul><ul><li>R=Required element </li></ul><ul><li>O=optional element </li></ul>
  48. 48. Examples of Citations to Homepages
  49. 49. Examples of Citations to Homepages
  50. 50. Examples of Citations to Homepages
  51. 51. Sample Citation and Introduction to Citing Parts of Web Sites
  52. 52. Citation Rules for Parts of Web Sites <ul><li>Homepage (R) | Title ( R ) | Date of Publication (R) | Date of Update/Revision ( R ) | Date of Citation ( R ) | Location (Pagination) ( R ) | Availability ( R ) | Language ( R ) | Notes ( O) </li></ul><ul><li>---------------------------------------------- </li></ul><ul><li>R= Required element </li></ul><ul><li>O=Optional element </li></ul>
  53. 53. Examples of Citations to Parts of Web Sites
  54. 54. Examples of Citations to Parts of Web Sites
  55. 55. <ul><li>5- Electronic Mail </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion Forums </li></ul>
  56. 56. Sample Citation and Introduction to Citing Electronic Mail
  57. 57. Definition <ul><li>Electronic mail or e-mail is a written message sent over communication networks to a single address or to multiple addressees. </li></ul>
  58. 58. Citation Rules for Electronic Mail <ul><li>Author (R) | Author Affiliation (O) | Title of Message ( R ) | Content Type (O) | Type of Medium ( R ) | Connective Phrase ( R ) | Recipient ( R ) | Recipient Affiliation (O) | Date ( R ) | Date of Citation ( R ) | Extent (Pagination) (O) | Availability (O) | Language ( R ) | Notes (O) </li></ul><ul><li>R=Required element </li></ul><ul><li>O=Optional element </li></ul>
  59. 59. Examples of Citations to Electronic Mail
  60. 60. <ul><li>6- Citing LISTSERVs </li></ul><ul><li>and Similar Discussion Lists </li></ul>
  61. 61. Citing LISTSERVs and Similar Discussion Lists
  62. 62. Definitions <ul><li>LISTSERV is a proprietary name for mailing list software that is a registered trademark of Lsoft International. </li></ul><ul><li>Mailing lists are usually subject-oriented and provide a forum for member discussion. </li></ul>
  63. 63. Citation Rules for LISTSERVs and Similar Discussion Lists <ul><li>Author (R) | Author Affiliation (O) | Title for Message ( R ) | Connective Phrase ( R ) | Title ( R ) | Address (O) | Content Type (O ) | Type of Medium ( R ) | Place of Publication (R ) | Publisher ( R) | Date ( R ) | Date of Citation ( R ) | Extent (Pagination) (O) | Availability (O) | Language ( R )| Notes (O) </li></ul><ul><li>R=Required element </li></ul><ul><li>O=Optional Element </li></ul>
  64. 64. Examples of Citations to LISTSERVs and Similar Discussion Lists
  65. 65. Sample Citation and Introduction to Citing Blogs
  66. 66. Sample Citation and Introduction to Citing Blogs
  67. 67. <ul><li>7- Citing Blogs </li></ul>
  68. 68. Definition <ul><li>Blog is a contraction of Web log. A blog is a publicly available Web site that serves as a personal journal or sounding board for an individual or as an information tool for an organization. The blog owner posts messages and invites comments from readers. Entries or messages are displayed in reverse chronological order and the site is usually updated daily. </li></ul>
  69. 69. <ul><li>Author/Editor (R) | Author Affiliation ( O ) | Title ( R ) | Content Type ( O ) | Type of Medium ( R ) | Editor and other Secondary Authors ( O ) | Place of Publication ( R ) | Publisher ( R ) | Date of Publication ( R ) | Date of Citation ( R ) | Availability ( R ) | Language ( R ) | Notes (O) </li></ul><ul><li>R=Required element </li></ul><ul><li>O=Optional Element </li></ul>Citation Rules for Blogs
  70. 70. Examples of Citations to Blogs
  71. 71. Examples of Citations to Blogs
  72. 72. <ul><li>8- Citing </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul>
  73. 73. Citation and Introduction to Citing Wikis
  74. 74. Definition <ul><li>A wiki is a multi-authored or collaborative Web site that permits users to create additional content for the site and to edit existing content. Users may also add comments to content, ask questions, and reply to questions posed by others. The term wiki is derived from the Hawaiian &quot;wiki wiki&quot;, which means quick. Wikipedia is perhaps the most widely known general wiki. </li></ul><ul><li>Most other wikis are devoted to a particular subject, like AIDS Wiki or WIKISURGERY . </li></ul>
  75. 75. Citation Rules for Wikis <ul><li>Title (R) | Content Type (O) | Type of Medium ( R ) | Editor and other Secondary Authors (O )| Place of Publication ( R ) | Publisher ( R ) | Date of Publication ( R ) | Date of pdate/Revision </li></ul><ul><li>( R ) | Date of Citation ( R ) | Availability ( R ) | Language ( R ) | Notes (O) </li></ul><ul><li>R=Required element </li></ul><ul><li>O=Optional element </li></ul>
  76. 76. Examples of Citations to Wikis
  77. 77. <ul><li>Thank You </li></ul><ul><li>Refat AR </li></ul><ul><li>24-01-2010 </li></ul><ul><li>FOM-Zagazig University </li></ul>

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