Nasreen Mohamed - Food Security Situation in Sudan
AND FOOD SECURITY IN SUDAN
OCTOBER 10TH.,2022, KHARTOUM,
THE EVOLVING FOOD SECURITY SITUATION IN
M O H A M E D A B D E L - S A L A M
SUDANESE AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERS
ASSOCIATION IN QATAR
2022 Annual Research and Policy
Food security has become an issue of common
global concern, especially in developing countries,
where agriculture is still the backbone of their
economies and the dependence of a large
proportion of their population on their livelihood.
Food security means that the all people, at all
times, have physical, social, and economic access
to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets
their food preferences and dietary needs for an
active and healthy life.
Access to quality, nutritious food is fundamental
to human existence.
Weather and conflict drive acute hunger in hotspot countries
Sudan ranks ninth in the world in the proportion of food
insecurity for the population.
Haiti, Niger, Chad, Mauritania and the rest of the Sahel
countries are all in a better position than Sudan.!
The Report of the Crop and Food Supply Assessment
Mission (CFSAM) published in March 2022
The report stated that Sudan is expected to face a major
gap in the cereal supply in 2022. The report mentioned
an estimated 5.1 million tons of cerial harvested in the
2021/22 season will cover about 65% of the roughly 7.6
million tons of cerial needed. The report expected that
Sudan will import about 2.5 million tons of cereal in total
this year from wheat and sorghum, as the national crop is
estimated at 5 million tons, down 35% from the previous
season and 30% from the average of the past five years.
Wheat constitutes an average about 36% of the
cereal basket in the country, which is the highest
rate of wheat consumption in the region if we
exclude Djibouti. In addition, the demand for wheat
in Sudan is increasing, especially in urban areas,
which constitute about 35% of the total population
Sudan. The needs of wheat in Sudan are
estimated at 2.882 million metric tons, and the
local production for the agricultural season in
2022/2021 is estimated at only 600,000 metric
From the Previous About
2,050,000 metric ton of
wheat is needed this year
.The gap in wheat
requirements in Sudan is
supplemented by imports.
Another problem occur this
year due to Ukrainian
conflict , as Sudan importing
most the wheat from these
two countries. In 2020 about
$900 million worth of wheat,
about 53% of which is
imported from Russia and
The total arable land is estimated to be about
80 million hectare, forests amount to 74
million while range land is around 47 million
hectare. The annually cultivated area is about
16.8 million hectare. About 1.86 million
hectare is irrigated while the rest (14.94
million hectare) is rainfed.
The total area targeted for 2022/2022 season
o According to Sudanese Agricultural Bank, the total
area targeted for financing for this season estimated
8,467,875 Fedd. About (3,556,508 hectares),
representing about 13% of the total targeted
area(64,573,600 Fedd.) .
o The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
acknowledged the weakness of the cultivated areas
for this season and attributed this to the shortage of
o Agricultural Production Department, of the federal
ministry clarified that improved seeds used to cover
10%, and currently only cover 0.1%.
Sorghum Production Cost
In last update of sorghum production cost two months ago
(in August), it was found that its approximately equal to
22,000 SDG, and may reach 27,000 SDG during the
harvest time. While sorghum price in Agricultural Bank is
12,000 SDG, and even if the price adjusted to remove the
injustice, it did not exceed 20,000 SDG, which is less than
the production cost, which means that the farmers are still
losses even before they harvest a crop
Sorghum and Wheat target area
The area target for Sorghum cultivation is about 36%
of the total targeted area, which is 18% less than the
target area for last season.
The target area for cultivating the winter wheat in
November, 2022 is about 886,600 fedd., which is
11% less than the previous season.
It’s likely that the decrease in the targeted area for
cultivation is the main reason for the delay in
preparing for the season, shortage of inputs,
financing, and the rising cost
Constraints of Agricultural Development
• The main constrains to agricultural development include:
• Macro-economic policies.
• Structural and institutional constraints.
• Weak infrastructure.
• Dominance of traditional agricultural production patterns.
• Low capacities of human factor.
• Poor support services (such as credit and marketing).
• Weak adoption of modern technologies.
• Abuse of natural resources.
• Political instability.
• War, climate change and drought cycles.