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Abdul Hamid Rhametalla - The Smallholder Farmers & Food Security in Sudan

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Abdul Hamid Rhametalla - The Smallholder Farmers & Food Security in Sudan

  1. 1. The Smallholder Farmers and Food Security in Sudan The European Union (EU) funded Sudan Food Security Programme Experience By Abdul Hamid Rhametalla European Union
  2. 2. Contents
  3. 3. Name of Project: Sudan Food Security Programme – Rural Smallholders Component Location: Four States; Gedaref, Kassala, Red Sea and Blue Nile. Two localities in each State Objective: The main Objective of the project was to improve food security and livelihoods for rural smallholders through increased productivity and income in the four States. Project components: Rain-fed agricultural production. The entry point was sorghum which is the main staple crop which is cultivated by the majority of the rural population in the three states of Kassala, Gedaref and Blue Nile. In Red Sea State, where the production of rain-fed crops is particularly challenging, the support instead focussed on horticulture and fisheries. About the Project
  4. 4. Donor: European Union – Sudan Special Fund. Total fund: EURO 24,800,000. Start and end date: December 2013 – November 2019. Target beneficiaries: 5,000 farmers in each state. Implementing partners at State level: Four international NGOs in partnership with national NGOs. The NGOs were working directly with the Technology Transfer and Extension Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and the Agricultural Research Stations (where appropriate MOUs were signed). The project also worked in partnership with private sector inputs and machinery service providers and financial institutions. About the Project
  5. 5. Implementation modality: • Direct centralised EU management supported by Service Contract for Technical Assistance by Landell Mills International Ltd. And grants to NGOs. • The Project had a Programme Advisory Committee at the national level, chaired by the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forest and co-chaired by the EU. • At the state level the project was coordinated by Technical Support Committees headed by the Directors Generals of the Ministry of Agriculture and members from Technology Transfer and Extension Departments, Agricultural Research Stations, States Ministry of Finance and Humanitarian Aid Commissions (HAC). About the Project
  6. 6. Results achieved which are complementing each other: Result 1: Improved practices and techniques for rain fed agricultural production were successfully applied by targeted smallholder farmers. Result 2: Appropriate inputs and technologies in support to agricultural activities are available and used. This was achieved through introduction of a subsidy and involving the private sector in provision of improved seeds, fertilisers, herbicides and pesticides and machinery (planting, spraying, and harvesting equipment). Result 3: Increased access to, and use of, services (financial services, marketing, insurance etc.). This was demonstrated through establishment and capacity development of producers' association and linking them to financial institutions (ABS, MFI and insurance companies). Training manuals on ToT for Ministry of Agriculture staff and operation manuals on management of associations targeting smallholder farmers were produced.
  7. 7. Results achieved which are complementing each other • Increase in production per unit area; 10 – 15 sacks of 90kg per feddan compared to 1 – 3 sacks before the project • The agricultural package introduced was extended and applied to other crops e.g., sesame, groundnut, and sunflower. • More private sector companies demonstrated interest in engaging with smallholder farmers • 233 producer associations established and linked to private sector input suppliers, financial institution, and local market. • Over 2,000 smallholder farmers were able to access credit including capital assets (tractors and planters) from the financial institutions mainly ABS.
  8. 8. Key Approaches Three key methodologies underpinned the programme approach: 1) Strong cooperation/capacity development for local institutions is vital for strengthening the state-level knowledge chain. The Agricultural Research Stations and the Ministry of Agriculture extension services were supported as one of the key modalities of the intervention to use existing resources and facilities of the Department of Agricultural Extension to train beneficiaries and provide extension service support. 2) Collaboration with private sector was essential for ensuring the sustainability of the project’s results, specifically continued provision of improved farm inputs and machinery services. Whilst the provision of new inputs through the project was sufficient to stimulate demand, the private sector was not orientated to meet supply needs immediately. Thus, the project facilitated provision of inputs via the private sector from the outset using the incentive of stimulated demand through use of subsidy and farmers contribution. The approach was intended to empower both farmers as purchasers and private businesses as suppliers.
  9. 9. Key Approaches Three key methodologies underpinned the programme approach: 3) Working with communities in order to build strong links with institutions and private sector. The capacity development of smallholders, on both technical and social aspects were carried out with strong links with existing institutions and private sector actors. On the technical side, skills and knowledge transferred for improved, mechanized crop production were implemented, while on the social side, forming farmer associations/groups with clear mandates and legal registration allowed them to collaborate with and join the improved financial and marketing chain system.
  10. 10. Challenges • Government policies in support and promotion of smallholder farmers food security • Dominance of relief mentality • Smallholder organisations governance issues • Limited experience of the private sector in dealing with smallholders
  11. 11. Implementation of the project subsidy/ beneficiary contribution approach Actual % contribution paid by beneficiaries in the four states Challenges, cont.
  12. 12. THANK YOU European Union

Editor's Notes

  • Seeds, Sudanese Arab

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