Animation Theory Animation comes from the Latin, anima, meaning soul, life, soul and spirit.Animation is a two-dimensional images as if moving. Animation is an art to manipulate theimages to be as though alive and moving, which consists of two-dimensional animation and3-dimensional. 2D animation to make things as living by using paper or computer. 3Danimation is an animation created using models such as those derived from wax, clay, puppet/ marionette, and using animation camera which can record frame by frame. When images are projected sequentially and quickly, wax or clay doll or marionettewill teihat as alive and vibrant. 3D animation can also be made using the computer. Initialprocess is to establish a model, providing texture, color, until light. Then the model given askeleton, color, until light. Then the model given a skeleton and gerakanya designed one byone. The entire manufacturing process from beginning to end is done on computers. Forexample the movie Shrek or Final Fantasy.a. The use of animated movies The use of animated films is not limited only to films for children or movieentertainment, but also used in various fields, because the other side of the animation can beexplained in detail something or information to be conveyed to the public. The following areexamples of the use of animated films: 1. Animation ForensikAnimasi dibua to explain the occurrence of accidents, accordingto eyewitnesses, the data-dat vehicle testing results 2. This SimulasiAnimasi Animation digunakakn ntuk help illustrate the occurrence ofevents and what to expect, or how something will happen. 3. Animation for arsitekturPenggunaan animation for architecture will help, forexample to describe the structure of a building both buildings since the beginning of theplanning, development process to finish, and not just in buildings, but also to show theinterior with a variety of possible changes in wall color and layout equipment , also can showthe wedge shape and cross section required. 4. Animation for pendidikanBerguna to clarify the coordination of movement, in whichbody movements are shown in one movement and the bones of certain joints as well as itsrelationship with muscle movement, which muscles are stretched and the muscles whichmake interesting movement. 5. Komersial Saat animation for entertainment and so many animated films are madenot just for children only, but also to the wider community which can be created karakerinteresting character, each of which has its own character as if life is so, well to createfantasies to strengthen the visualization of a scene, and is often used also for advertisingpurposes in televisis (TV Commercial) (Kuswara, 2003:3).Apparently behind the making animated films Toy Story 1 through 3, there is somethingfunny and unique things that occurred. Perhaps the facts behind the making of this some ofyou there who do not know.b. Creating Animation TechniquesIn the development up to now, there are several techniques to create animation, namely: 1. Hand Drawn animation techniquesThis is a classic animation technique that relies on the ability of hand to create an imageframe per frame manually, be it a character figure drawing, as well as background imagesdrawn by hand. After that, the image foreground and background are stacked layering andthen photographed one by one, to produce a complete animation. This technique is used byWalt Disney and Warner Bros. until now, as seen in the animated film Lion King, Alladin,Beauty and the Beast, and others, they have scratches that are not done with computers.
2. Stop Motion animation techniques / Clay animationClay is another ebutan to clay. Animation created by moving objects or dolls or model of anelastic material made of clay / clay or synthetic clay. Object is moved little by little and thentaken gamabrnya one by one. Once edited and compiled, Where rolls of film run, will givethe effect as if the doll or the model moves. Examples of animations using this technique isthe Nightmare Before Christmas, as well as impressions MTV: Celebrity Death Match. 3. Engineering and Computer Hand Drawn animation.In this technique, drawing rough sketches made by hand, then be scanned and then coloredand finshing using a computer.Type - Type AnimationEarlier in the 20s, the popularity of cartoon animation filmmakers gradually declined andbegan to tend to look for other alternatives as a medium of entertainment. Pixar Animation Studios is a United States computer animation studio based in Emeryville, California and is known for winning seven Academy Awards. Pixar is famous for the CGI-animated films like Toy Story, Finding Nemo, and Cars-achieved in the implementation of the use of photorealistic RenderMan, the API application programming, from RenderMan is used to produce high quality images. On January 24, 2006, The Walt Disney Companyagreed to buy Pixar for $ 7.4 billion with meniagakan all of its shares. Acquisition wascompleted on May 5, 2006 (swapping one Pixar share for 2.3 shares of Disney), making Pixara subsidiary fully owned by Disney.• Toy Story 3 is the only animated film that managed to gain over $ 1 billion, and only theseventh film to do so. Toy Story 3 is also the animated film with the highest profit so far,breaking the record Shrek 2 with $ 919 million. Toy Story 3, including positioned fifth in theorder of the most successful films of all time, and is a film with the highest profit in 2010.• Pixar is also the most successful animation producers in the "Best Animated Feature" bywinning six out of eight nominations, its nearest competitor is DreamWorks Animation SKGhas won 1 of 6 nominations1. The third sequel to the movie Toy Story was never received 100% rating on RottenTomatoes. But still receive a relatively high score of 99%. The following ranking (Toy Story1, Toy Story 2, Toy Story 3).
2. Car Delivery Pizza Planet has always appeared in every Pixar film except in the movie The Incredibles, and appeared in the third Toy Story movie.3. Pizza Planet originally originally named Pizza Putt, a pizzeria that actually exist.4. Pixar animation can be completed in just 3.5 minutes. 5. Tim Allen and Jim Carrey Pixar originally wanted to fill the voice Buzz Light year, but they can not because the budget is lacking in this film. 6. Billy Crystal was originally offered the chance to fill the voice Buzz Light year, but he refused. After seeing the movie was over, he said the decision was the biggest mistake of his career.7. Initially, the film is titled "You Are A Toy." 8. Awalnya, karakter utama yang akan dipakai adalah Tinny. Diambil dari karakter judul dalam Tin Toy (1988). Dalam film itu ceritanya ia akan tersesat selama perjalanan keluarga dan bergabung dengan boneka ventriloquist yang bersifat sarkastik. 9. The original name is Buzz Light year Lunar Larry. 10. Mattel, initially did not want a Barbie character in the film because they think the film will fail. They also do not want Barbie to have a personality and choose to allow children to imagine Barbie with its own personality. When the film proveda huge success, allowing Mattel Barbie appeared in Toy Story 2.11. Denied Pixar Hasbro GI Joe uses the name when told that the GI Joe doll will be blownup by Sid. but Pixar uses the army instead.12. For the original Toy Story, Tom Hanks recorded dialogue during a break from Sleepless
in Seattle (1993) and A League of Their own (1992). He did not want to record dialogue during a break from Philadelphia (1993) or Forrest Gump (1994) because he felt he should not do comedy roles in the role seriously. 13. The number "95" often appeared in three films toy story. Because the original Toy Story was first released in 1995. 14. Toy Story 2 was originally planned as a sequel that will only appear to homevideo. 15. Many books on a shelf in Andys room are the names of Pixars short films (Adventures of Andre and Wally B, Knick Knack, etc.) and several authors are named by Pixar staff. 16. Presents a Pixar film for Disney early draft on 19 November 1993. But was rejected. According to CSI Miami, Woody in Toy Story is referred to as "sarcasticjerk" who is always insulting other toys. Disney immediately stop production while waitingfor a new script. Story team spent a week on a new script to make Woodyscharacter is more fun, not the jerk sarcastic ". 17. Little Bo Peep awalnya seharusnya menjadi boneka Barbie. 18. Andys character is taken from the name of Andries "Andy" van Dam, BrownUniversity and Professor of computer science and animation pioneer who tau ght many for making this movie.19. Toy Story 3 isthe first for dominates for Best Picture Oscar.20. Toy Story 3 adalah film animasi pertama yang mempunyai keuntungan lebih dari $ 1milyar di box office seluruh dunia. Ini adalah ke-10 film terlaris tertinggi sepanjang masa.21. Andys mothers car license plate is "A 111" on the front and "A 113" on the back. A111and A113 are the two rooms used by the animation at CalArts, alma mater of a large numberof Pixarians.22. Toy Story resolved with a budget of $ 30 million using the 110 staff. In comparison, TheLion King, which was released in 1994, required a budget of $ 45 million and 800 staff.23. Toy Story 2 is the best movie of all time according to the reviews on Rotten Tomatoessurvey. Toy Story 1 under-4.