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Roe v wade (Abortion)

Ahmad AlJifri
Ahmad AlJifri
Ahmad AlJifriCEO at AlJifri Trading and Import Est.

this is mainly about about roe v wade (abortion case) and the ethical view of it at the end i added a quick brief about the most legal abortion methods especially the medical one

Roe v wade (Abortion)

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Ahmad Al-Jifri
Outline
• Introduction
• Abortion
• Timeline
• Charts and Numbers
• Roe v Wade: The Case (Abortion)
• Roe: Her Side
• Wade: His Side
• Background of the Case
• Case 1
• Supreme Court
• Conclusion
• Methods of Abortion
Roe v Wade is the case that legalized
abortion
Abortion : the removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterus
in order to end a pregnancy.
Any of various surgical methods for terminating a pregnancy,
especially during the first six months.
A vacuum aspiration abortion at eight weeks
gestational age (six weeks after fertilization).
1: Amniotic sac
2: Embryo
3: Uterine lining
4: Speculum
5: Vacurette
6: Attached to a suction
•Abortion in Islam: Abortion in Islam is allowed in the first
trimester, but after that it is not allowed. Some scholars have
argued that it is not allowed at all, because the fetus is a life but it
has been argued if it is a full life or a partial life..
•Abortion in Christianity: Christians (especially Catholics) are
strictly against Abortion, because of the nature of the fetus.
•Abortion in Judaism: In Judaism abortion is alike Christianity but
not as strict, it is allowed if it will harm the mother but it is not
allowed if the fetus has any imperfections.
Roe v wade (Abortion)
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Roe v wade (Abortion)

  • 2. Outline • Introduction • Abortion • Timeline • Charts and Numbers • Roe v Wade: The Case (Abortion) • Roe: Her Side • Wade: His Side • Background of the Case • Case 1 • Supreme Court • Conclusion • Methods of Abortion
  • 3. Roe v Wade is the case that legalized abortion
  • 4. Abortion : the removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterus in order to end a pregnancy. Any of various surgical methods for terminating a pregnancy, especially during the first six months. A vacuum aspiration abortion at eight weeks gestational age (six weeks after fertilization). 1: Amniotic sac 2: Embryo 3: Uterine lining 4: Speculum 5: Vacurette 6: Attached to a suction
  • 5. •Abortion in Islam: Abortion in Islam is allowed in the first trimester, but after that it is not allowed. Some scholars have argued that it is not allowed at all, because the fetus is a life but it has been argued if it is a full life or a partial life.. •Abortion in Christianity: Christians (especially Catholics) are strictly against Abortion, because of the nature of the fetus. •Abortion in Judaism: In Judaism abortion is alike Christianity but not as strict, it is allowed if it will harm the mother but it is not allowed if the fetus has any imperfections.
  • 8. 1850 to 1900 Starting with Massachusetts, nearly all states pass laws banning abortion 1962 to 1973 21 states legalized abortion (rape, fetus damage, health risks) Jan 22, 1973 Roe v Wade: U.S. Supreme Court legalizes abortion in all states. Except in late trimesters (excluding health risk cases).* 1976 to 2000 The Roe v Wade case opened up a door for many other cases in the subject of abortion. * After the Roe v Wade case abortions increased. Till this day, cases go on and on in this sensitive subject.
  • 11. •The alias "Jane Roe" was used for Norma McCorvey. •Texas •Lawyer: Sarah Weddington •She received the alias Jane Roe (female version of John Doe) •She faked that she has been raped, and every time she goes to the abortion clinic the government closes the it Jane Roe Sarah Weddington
  • 12. • He was the Defendant of the case •He was the district attorney of Dallas County, Texas, Henry B. Wade. Wade
  • 13. • In 1973, it was up to states to make laws about abortion. •Many states banned abortion •Case had significant laws on abortion •Jane Roe’s best argument was women rights and the right to privacy
  • 15. • The First Trial was held in Texas, District Court for the Northern District of Texas •The Judges agreed that it violated Ms. Roe’s Right, but did not change the law for all pregnant women
  • 16. • Roe v Wade was moved to the Supreme Court •The Court concluded that:- •During the first trimester it was allowed, without interference • During the second trimester it was allowed, the state could only regulate them for safety not prohibit it •During the third trimester it was illegal Justice Harry Blackmun
  • 18. •The Roe v. Wade case demonstrate the interesting way the American legal system makes decisions in moral matters. •This ruling was questioned many times after 1973 •In general, the legal status of abortion today is the same as decided in this ruling •Jane Roe was the waypoint to legalizing abortion in the U.S.
  • 19. Pro – Life Protestors (Against Abortion) Pro – Choice Protestors (For Abortion)
  • 20. 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 Vacuum Aspiration Medical Abortion D & E Induction Weeks since onset of last menstrual period *Dates correspond to when each procedure is generally available. Individual providers may have some variation in what procedures they offer and when.
  • 22. Medical Abortion and Vacuum Aspiration Medical • High success rate (about 95-99%) • Usually avoids surgical procedure • Requires at least two visits • Abortion occurs within 24 hours of second medication, for most women • May be used in early pregnancy • Oral pain medication can be used • Some of the process may happen at home • Medications cause a process similar to a miscarriage Vacuum Aspiration • High success rate (99%) • Instruments inserted into the uterus • Can be done in one visit • Procedure is completed in 5-10 minutes • May be used in early pregnancy • Anesthesia/Sedation can be used • Procedure is done in a medical office or clinic • Health care provider performs the procedure
  • 23. • generally before 9 weeks • 2000: FDA approves Mifeprex®
  • 24. • Mifepristone is an anti-progesterone – trophoblast separation from endometrial wall – sensitizes myometrium to prostaglandins – softens cervix • Misoprostol is a prostaglandin – uterine contractions – expulsion of products of conception
  • 25. Mechanism of Action: Mifepristone + Misoprostol Mifepristone-Induced Abortion Rhythmic Uterine Contractions Progesterone Blockade Decidual Necrosis Cervical Ripening Detachment Expulsion Abortion
  • 27. •Vaginal administration of misoprostol –Lower incidence of side effects compared to oral misoprostol –More rapid expulsion compared to oral misoprostol –Increases efficacy of medical abortion for gestations up to 63 days –Decreases continuing pregnancy rate
  • 28. • Allergy to mifepristone, misoprostol, or other prostaglandin analogues • Concurrent long-term systemic corticosteroid use • Chronic adrenal failure • Hemorrhagic disorder or concurrent anticoagulant therapy • Intrauterine device in situ • Possible ectopic pregnancy • Inherited porphyria
  • 29. • Pain • Bleeding • Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea • Short-term temperature elevation or chills • Headache, dizziness