Friedrich Froebel Amanda HamannEarly Childhood Education September 16, 2012
Background Information• Born on April 21, 1782 in Weinmar, Germany.• Studied Mathematics and Languages.• Taught at progressive model school in Frankfurt that was advocated by the Swiss Educator Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi.• Attended University of Gӧttingen• Opened his own school at Griesheim in Thuringia in 1816.• He died June 21, 1852.
Contributions and Ideas• Developed the Kindergarten System that focused on play with use of play materials and activities.• He believed highly in ‘unity.’• Published a collection of Mother-Play and Nursery School songs.• The Education of Man (1826)- “To learn a thing in life and through doing is much more developing, cultivating, and strengthening than to learn it merely through the verbal communication of ideas.”
Effects on Education• Kindergarten movement occurred after he died spreading across Britain.• Theory that self-activity and play are essential factors in child education.• Gifts-toys• Occupations-games and activities.• John Dewey adopted Froebel’s ideas into his experimental school at the University of Chicago.
Kindergarten• First Kindergarten opened on June 28, 1840.• The Kindergarten name, indicates a garden for children and a garden of children.• Three parts of Kindergarten-Toys for play-Games and dancing for healthy activity-Growing and observing plants in a garden tostimulate awareness of natural world.• System of categories and series of gifts.
Quotes• “Play is the highest expression of human development in childhood for it alone is the free expression of what is in a childs soul.”• “Play is the highest level of child development . . . It gives . . . joy, freedom, contentment, inner and outer rest, peace with the world . . . The plays of childhood are the germinal leaves of all later life.”• “Children are like tiny flowers; they are varied and need care, but each is beautiful alone and glorious when seen in the community of peers.”
Bibliography• Friedrich Froebel. (2012). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/220 593/Friedrich-Froebel• Smith, M. K. (2011, September 22). fredrich froebel (fröbel). Retrieved from http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-froeb.htm• Froebel web. (2002). Retrieved from http://www.froebelweb.org/images/froebel.html