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THE NETHERLANDS
   Summer 2010
AMSTERDAM
THE CENTRAL STATION
   Amsterdam is the
    capital and largest city
    the Netherlands,
    located in the North
    Holland in the west of
    the country. Settled as
    a small fishing village
    in the late 12th century,
    Amsterdam became
    one of the most
    important ports in the
    world during the Dutch
    Golden Age.
BICYCLES
   Amsterdam is one of the most
    bicycle-friendly large cities in
    the world and is a centre of
    bicycle culture with good
    facilities for cyclists. In 2006,
    there were about 465,000
    bicycles in Amsterdam. They
    are used by al socio-economic
    groups because of their
    convenience, Amsterdam's
    small size, the large number of
    bike paths and the flat terrain.
    A wide variety of bicycles are
    used, such as road bicycles,
    mountain bikes and racing
    bikes but the vast majority of
    bicycles are second-hand.
MUSEUMS

        RIJKSMUSEUM              VAN GOGH’S MUSEUM

   The most important              Van Gogh lived in Amsterdam for a
    museums of Amsterdam             short while, so there is a museum
                                     dedicated to his early work. The
    are located on the               museum is housed in one of the
                                     few modern buildings in this area of
    Museum Square, located           Amsterdam.
    at the southern side of
                                    This building is where the
    the Rijksmuseum.                 permanent collection is displayed.
                                     A new building was added to the
   It was created in the last       museum in 1999. This building,
    quarter of the 19th              known as the performance wing,
                                     was designed by Japanese
    century on the grounds of        architect Kisho Kurokawa.
    the former World
    Exposition.
RIJKSMUSEUM
THE MILKMAID                     VERMEER
   The museum was founded
    in 1800 in The Hague to
    exhibit the collections of the
    Dutch stadtholders. It was
    inspired by French example.
    By then it was known as the
    National Art Gallery (Dutch:
    Nationale Kunst-Gallerij). In
    1808 the museum moved to
    Amsterdam on the orders of
    king Louis Bonaparte,
    brother of Napoleon
    Bonaparte. The paintings
    owned by that city, such as
    The Night Watch by
    Rembrandt, became part of
    the collection.
THE ANATOMY LECTURE OF DR. NICOLAES TULP

                            In 1863 there was a
                             design contest for a new
                             building for the
                             Rijksmuseum and Pierre
                             Cuypers won. The design
                             was a combination of
                             gothic and renaissance
                             elements. The
                             construction began on
                             October 1,1876. On both
                             the inside and the outside,
                             the building was richly
                             decorated with references
                             to Dutch art history.
                             Another contest was held
                             for these decorations.
                             çThe museum was
                             opened at its new location
                             on July 13, 1885
VAN GOGH MUSEUM
   The Van Gogh Museum
    is a museum in
    Amsterdam,
    Netherlands, featuring
    the works of the Dutch
    painter Vincent van
    Gogh and his
    contemporaries. It has
    the largest collection of
    Van Gogh's paintings
    and drawings in the
    world.
VAN GOGH MUSEUM                  THE DEPRESSION



A visit to the Van Gogh Museum is a
unique experience. The museum
contains the largest collection of
paintings by Vincent van Gogh in the
world. It provides the opportunity to
keep track of the artist's developments,
or compare his paintings to works by
other artists from the 19th century in
the collection. The museum also holds
an extensive offer of exhibitions on
various subjects from 19th-century art
history. The museum’s permanent
collection includes more than 200
paintings by Van Gogh and many
drawings and letters
STEDELIJ MUSEUM
   Next to the Van Gogh
    museum. This is
    Amsterdam's largest museum
    concerning modern art. The
    museum opened its doors at
    around the same time the
    Museum Square was
    created. The permanent
    collection consists of works of
    art from artists like Piet
    Mondriaan, Karel Appel and
    Malevich .This museum is
    also currently being
    renovated and expanded.
    The main entrance will be
    relocated from the Paulus
    Potterstraat to the Museum
    Square itself. It will be open
    again to public in 2009.
ANNEFRANKHOUSE
          Anne Frank was one of the Jewish victims of
           Nazi persecution during the second world
           war. After Nazi Germany invaded the
           Netherlands in 1940, increasingly severe
           anti-Jewish measures began here as well.
           The Frank family tried to escape by going
           into hiding.
          On July 1942, Otto Frank, Edith Frank-
           Hollander and their daughters Margot and
           Anne hid in this building on the
           Prinsengracht. They where later joined by
           Mr. and Mrs Daan, their sun Peter and Mr.
           Dussel. The building consists of two parts : a
           front house and a back annex. Otto Frank's
           business was located in the front house.
          The uppermost floors of the back anexe
           became the hiding place. After more than
           two years the group was betrayed and
           deported. Anne and Margot died of typhus
           in Bergen-Belsen in March 1945, only a few
           weeks before this concentration camp was
           liberated.
RED LIGHT DISTRICT
De Wallen, also known as
Rosse Buurt, is a designated
area for legalized prostitution
and is Amsterdam's largest and
most well known red-light
district.This neighborhood has
become a famous tourist
attraction. It consists of a
network of roads and alleys
containing several hundred
small, one-room apartments
rented by sex workers who
offer their services from behind
a window or glass
door, typically illuminated with
red lights. The area also has a
number of sex shops, sex
theatres, peep shows, a sex
museum, a cannabis
museum, and a number of
coffee shops offering various
cannabis products.
HOMOMONUMENT
         The monument's design
          simultaneously looks back on
          gay, lesbian, bisexual and
          transgender histories as it also
          looks toward the future.
          Designed by Karin Daan, the
          monument consists of three
          triangles of pinkish granite that
          together compose one giant
          triangle.
          In the picture on the left you see
          the first triangle close to a canal.
          This triangle points to the
          National War Memorial on the
          Dam in the centre of Amsterdam.
          The three triangles are linked by
          a stripe of pink bricks that are
          connected across a road and
          into a church's backyard.
HAARLEM
FRAN HALS
FRAN HALS                               RENÉ DESCARTES
   Hals was born in 1580 in Antwerp . He
    studied under another Flemish-émigré, Karel
    van Mander(1548–1606), whose Manerist
    influence, however, is not noticeably visible in
    his work. At the age of 27, he became a
    member of the city's painter's corporation,
    and he started to earn money as an art
    restorer for the city council.
   He worked on their large art collection. The
    restoration work was paid for by the city of
    Haarlem, since all religious art was
    confiscated after the iconoclasm, but the
    entire collection of paintings was not formally
    possessed by the city council until 1625, after
    the city fathers had decided which paintings
    were suitable for the city hall.
    Hals began his career in portraiture, since
    the market for religious themes had
    disappeared. His most famous portrait today
    is the one he made in 1649 of René
    Descartes.
    Frans Hals died in Haarlem in 1666 and was
    buried in the city's St. Bavo Church.
SAINT BAVO CHURCH
   St. Bravo Church (St. Bravo Church ) is
    probably the most well-known landmark in
    Haarlem Holland. It is a beautiful gothic
    building that was erected around 1559.

   In the subsequent period from the 14th
    through 16th centuries, nearly continuous
    expansion projects in the Gothic style were
    executed on the structure. A new
    choir, radiating chapels, expansions of the
    transepts, a Chapterhouse, nave aisles and
    a single tower western section were all
    added during this period. Construction was
    considered complete June 7, 1569.

   In 1539, as a result of the rebellion against
    Charles V, the old Abbey of St. Bavo was
    dissolved. Its abbot and monks went on to
    become canons in a Chapter that was
    attached to what then became the Church
    of Saint Bavo. When the Diocese of Ghent
    was founded in 1559, the church became
    its Cathedral. The church of Saint Bavo was
    also the site of the baptism of Charles V.
UTRECHT
   Utrecht is the capital and
    most populous city of the
    Dutch province of Utrecht.
    It is located in the eastern
    end of the Randstad, and
    is the fourth largest city of
    the Netherlands, with a
    population of 300,030 in
    2007. The smaller Utrecht
    agglomeration including
    adjacent suburbs and
    annexed towns is home to
    some 640,000 registered
    inhabitants, while the
    larger region contains up
    to 820,000 inhabitants.
THE CATHEDRAL OF
    UTRECHT
THE DOM TOWER



          The Dom tower, with to
           the left behind it the
           remaining section of
           the Dom church. The
           two parts have not
           been connected since
           the collapse of the
           nave in 1674
THE OUDEGRACHT
   The Oudegracht is a curved
    canal, partly following an old
    arm of the Rhine. The inner
    city has largely retained its
    Medieval structure and the
    moat ringing the old town is
    largely intact. Because of
    the role of Utrecht as a
    fortified city, which restricted
    construction outside the
    walls, until the 19th century
    the city has remained very
    compact. Surrounding the
    medieval core there is a ring
    of late 19th and early 20th
    century neighborhoods, with
    newer neighborhoods
    positioned farther out.
   Utrecht's ancient city-centre features   UNIVERSITY
    many buildings and structures from
    its earliest origins onwards. It has
    been the religious centre of the
    Netherlands since the eighth century.
    Utrecht is also the see of the
    archbishop of the Old Catholic
    church,

    Until the golden age, Utrecht was the
    city of most importance in the
    northern Netherlands (the present-
    day country of the Netherlands,
    excluding Belgium and Luxembourg),
    until Amsterdam became the cultural
    and populous centre of the
    Netherlands.
   Utrecht is host to Utrecht University,
    the largest university of the
    Netherlands, as well as several other
    institutes for higher education in the
    Netherlands. It has the second
    highest number of cultural events in
    the Netherlands, after Amsterdam.
DELFT
       Delft is a city and
        municipality in the
        province of South
        Holland), the
        Netherlands. It is located
        in between Rotterdam
        and The Hague. Delft is
        primarily known for its
        typically Dutch town
        centre, also for the
        painter Vermeer, Delft
        Blue pottery.
THE NEW CHURCH

The church which rose up on the
market square following the visions of
Brother Simon and Jan Col was the
second parish church in Delft and was
called the New Church . The original
church was a temporary wooden
building around which the basilica, as
we know it today, was built over a
period of a century. The wooden
church, which remained until 1420,
was dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
While the brick basilica was still under
construction, St. Ursula became the
second patron saint of the New
Church.
JOHANNES VERMEER
   The painter Johannes
    Vermeer1632–1675) was
    born in Delft. Vermeer used
    Delft streets and home
    interiors as the subject or
    background of his paintings.
   Several other famous
    painters lived and worked in
    Delft at that time, such as
    Pieter de Hoogh, Carel
    Fabritius, Nicolaes Maes,
    Gerard Houckgeest and
    Hendrick Cornelisz. van
    Vliet. They all were
    members of the Delft
    School.
VIEW OF DELFT BY JOHANNES VERMEER,

                    Delft is more than 750 years old. Its
                     name is derived from 'delven' which
                     means delve or digging. Delft's oldest
                     canal is called The Old Delft . Delft
                     expanded around it; later on many other
                     city-canals were dug as life lines through
                     the city.
                    In 1246 Delft received city
                     rights, granted by Holland's Duke
                     William II. Delft grew prosperous and
                     new neighborhoods' were added to the
                     city. In 1355 it reached the size it would
                     remain at until the 1900s.
                    In 1536 a great fire destroyed 2300
                     houses. The most likely cause was
                     lightning striking the tower of The New
                     Church. About 100 years later, in
                     1654, an explosion destroyed large
                     parts of town; a warehouse with 36000
                     kg of gunpowder blew up. A new
                     warehouse (Kruithuis) was later
                     built, outside the city perimeter.
THE CERAMIC OF DELFT
              Delftware, or Delft pottery,
               denotes blue and white
               pottery made in and around
               Delft in the Netherlands and
               the tin-glazed pottery made in
               the Netherlands from the
               sixteenth century.
              Delftware in the latter sense
               is a type of pottery in which a
               white glaze is applied, usually
               decorated with metal oxides.
               Delftware includes pottery
               objects of all descriptions
               such as plates, ornaments
               and tiles.
MAASTRICHT
MAASTRICHT
Maastricht is a city and a municipality in the southern
part of the Dutch province of Limburg, of which it is
the capital.


Maastricht is widely known as a city of history, culture,
local folklore and education . The town is popular with
tourists for shopping and recreation. The city has a
large international student population.


The name Maastricht is derived from Latin Trajectum
ad Mosam (or Mosae Trajectum), meaning 'crossing at
the Meuse', and referring to the bridge built by the
Romans during the reign of Augustus Caesar.
MAASTRICHT CITY HALL
BASILICA OF SAINT SERVATIUS
                 The present-day church
                  is probably the fourth
                  church that was built on
                  the site of the grave of
                  Saint Servatius, the first
                  bishop of the diocese of
                  century. The increasing
                  flow of pilgrims in the 9th-
                  10th century made it
                  necessary to built a large
                  pilgrim church. This
                  church was replaced by
                  the present-day
                  Romanesque church,
                  which was built in several
                  stages from the 11th until
                  the 13th centuries.
SAINT SERVATIUS
           In the first half of the 13th
            century the Bergportaal,
            a portal in early Gothic
            style, was added to the
            south side and is perhaps
            the first Gothic
            construction in the
            Netherlands. Also in
            Gothic style are the
            chapels along the side
            aisles, which were added
            in the 14th and 15th
            centuries, and the
            southern transept.
Fort Sint
                          Pieter, which




FORTRESS OF SINT PIETER
                          has been
                          modified quite
                          a lot over the
                          years, is intact
                          and can also
                          be visited.
                          This is not a
                          comprehensiv
                          e list, but
                          these are the
                          main
                          remnants - be
                          sure to ask in
                          the tourist
                          information if
                          you visit, they
                          will be able to
                          help you find
                          more.
Bonnefanten Museum
BONNEFANTEN MUSEUM
   The foremost museum
    for old masters and
    contemporary fine art
    in the province of
    Limburg. The
    collection features
    Medieval sculpture,
    early-Italian and
    Southern
    Netherlandish painting,
    and contemporary art
    (American Minimalism,
    Concept Art and Arte
    Povera.
It is located in the
                      city’s old Dominican
                      Church. Selexyz
                      Dominicanen is the
                      result of a merge




SALEXYZ DOMINICANEN
                      between Maastricht’s
                      Bergmans bookshop
                      and the Academische
                      Boekhandel. The
                      name Selexyz
                      indicates that the new
                      bookstore also
                      belongs to the same
                      chain as Selexyz
                      Donner in Rotterdam
                      and Selexyz Broese
                      in Utrecht, among
                      others. One of the
                      most attractive
                      characteristics of
                      Selexyz bookstores is
                      that they offer a wide
                      selection of books in
                      English… and at first
                      glance, Selexyz
                      Dominicanen did not
                      look disappointing at
                      all in that department
                      purpose.
ROTTERDAM
ROTTERDAM
        Rotterdam is a municipality and city
        in the Dutch province of South-
        Holland, situated in the west of The
        Netherlands .The municipality is the
        second largest in the country with a
        population of approximately 600,000
        people. The city has 1.3 million
        inhabitants in its metropolitan area.

       The port of Rotterdam is the largest in
        Europe. From 1962 to 2004, it was
        the world's busiest port; then it was
        superseded by Shanghai.

       Rotterdam is known as a city of
        architecture. A few square kilometres
        of the city centre offers a complete
        overview of what the twentieth
        century has produced in terms of
        modern architecture.
CUBE HOUSES
   Kubuswoningen, or cube
    houses, are a set of
    innovative houses built in
    Rotterdam and Helmond in
    The Netherlands, designed
    by architect Piet Blom in
    1984. The houses in
    Rotterdam are located on
    Overblaak Street, and
    beside the Blaak Subway
    Station. Blom tilted the cube
    of a conventional house 45
    degrees, and rested it upon
    a hexagon-shaped pylon.
    There are 38 small cubes
    and two so called 'super-
    cubes', all attached to each
    other.
CUBE HOUSES
              As residents are
              disturbed so often by
              curious passers-by, one
              owner decided to open a
              "show cube", which is
              furnished as a normal
              house, and is making a
              living out of offering
              tours to visitors.
              The houses contain
              three floors:
              ground floor entrance
              first floor with living room
              and open kitchen
              second floor with two
              bedrooms and bathroom
              top floor which is
              sometimes used as a
              small garden
              The walls and windows
              are angled at 54.7
              degrees. The total area
              of the apartment is
              around 100 square
              meters, but around a
              quarter of the space is
              unusable because of the
              walls that are under the
              angled ceilings.
ROTTERDAM’S LIBRARY
            The Rotterdam Library (Bibliotheek
             Rotterdam) includes the Central
             Library (Centrale Bibliotheek) and 23
             branches. Every year, the library
             draws 3.4 million people, making it
             Rotterdam’s most popular public
             institution. With 24,000 square
             metres of floor surface, the Central
             Library is one of the largest public
             libraries in the Netherlands.

            The most striking part of the
             Rotterdam Library collection is the
             so-called Erasmus Collection. It
             includes the largest collection of
             books ‘about’ and ’by’ Erasmus in the
             world. In addition the Rotterdam
             Library also owns a collection of old
             children’s books numbering 6,000
             volumes and growing by the year.
ARCHITECTURE OF ROTTERDAM
                 In 1898, the 45 meter high-rise
                  office building the White House
                  was completed, at that time the
                  tallest office building in Europe. In
                  the first decades of the 20th century,
                  some influential architecture in the
                  modern style was built in
                  Rotterdam. Notable are the Van
                  Nelle fabriek (1929) a monument of
                  modern factory design by Brinkman
                  en Van der Vlugt, the Jugendstil
                  clubhouse of the Royal Maas Yacht
                  Club designed by Hooijkaas jr. en
                  Brinkman (1909). During the early
                  stages of World War II the center of
                  Rotterdam was bombed by the
                  Germans, destroying many of the
                  older buildings in the center of the
                  city. After initial crisis re-construction
                  the center of Rotterdam has
                  become the site of ambitious new
                  architecture.
PORT OF ROTTERDAM
             Rotterdam World Port
              Europe
             Directly situated on the
              North Sea, with optimum,
              24/7 access, a wide range
              of companies specialising
              in storage, transshipment,
              industrial processing and
              auxiliary services on hand,
              and excellent hinterland
              connections via 5 different
              modes of transport: rail,
              inland shipping, road, short
              sea/feeder and pipeline.
ERASMUS BRIDGE
The Erasmus Bridge
 (1996) is a 790-
 meter (2,600 ft)
 cable stayed bridge
 linking the north
 and south of
 Rotterdam. It is
 held up by a
 138 meters (453 ft)
 tall pylon with a
 characteristic bend,
 earning the bridge
 its nickname 'De
 Zwaan' ('the
 Swan').

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Summer 2010

  • 1. THE NETHERLANDS Summer 2010
  • 4. Amsterdam is the capital and largest city the Netherlands, located in the North Holland in the west of the country. Settled as a small fishing village in the late 12th century, Amsterdam became one of the most important ports in the world during the Dutch Golden Age.
  • 5. BICYCLES  Amsterdam is one of the most bicycle-friendly large cities in the world and is a centre of bicycle culture with good facilities for cyclists. In 2006, there were about 465,000 bicycles in Amsterdam. They are used by al socio-economic groups because of their convenience, Amsterdam's small size, the large number of bike paths and the flat terrain. A wide variety of bicycles are used, such as road bicycles, mountain bikes and racing bikes but the vast majority of bicycles are second-hand.
  • 6. MUSEUMS RIJKSMUSEUM VAN GOGH’S MUSEUM  The most important  Van Gogh lived in Amsterdam for a museums of Amsterdam short while, so there is a museum dedicated to his early work. The are located on the museum is housed in one of the few modern buildings in this area of Museum Square, located Amsterdam. at the southern side of  This building is where the the Rijksmuseum. permanent collection is displayed. A new building was added to the  It was created in the last museum in 1999. This building, quarter of the 19th known as the performance wing, was designed by Japanese century on the grounds of architect Kisho Kurokawa. the former World Exposition.
  • 8. THE MILKMAID VERMEER  The museum was founded in 1800 in The Hague to exhibit the collections of the Dutch stadtholders. It was inspired by French example. By then it was known as the National Art Gallery (Dutch: Nationale Kunst-Gallerij). In 1808 the museum moved to Amsterdam on the orders of king Louis Bonaparte, brother of Napoleon Bonaparte. The paintings owned by that city, such as The Night Watch by Rembrandt, became part of the collection.
  • 9. THE ANATOMY LECTURE OF DR. NICOLAES TULP  In 1863 there was a design contest for a new building for the Rijksmuseum and Pierre Cuypers won. The design was a combination of gothic and renaissance elements. The construction began on October 1,1876. On both the inside and the outside, the building was richly decorated with references to Dutch art history. Another contest was held for these decorations. çThe museum was opened at its new location on July 13, 1885
  • 10. VAN GOGH MUSEUM  The Van Gogh Museum is a museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands, featuring the works of the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh and his contemporaries. It has the largest collection of Van Gogh's paintings and drawings in the world.
  • 11. VAN GOGH MUSEUM THE DEPRESSION A visit to the Van Gogh Museum is a unique experience. The museum contains the largest collection of paintings by Vincent van Gogh in the world. It provides the opportunity to keep track of the artist's developments, or compare his paintings to works by other artists from the 19th century in the collection. The museum also holds an extensive offer of exhibitions on various subjects from 19th-century art history. The museum’s permanent collection includes more than 200 paintings by Van Gogh and many drawings and letters
  • 12.
  • 13. STEDELIJ MUSEUM  Next to the Van Gogh museum. This is Amsterdam's largest museum concerning modern art. The museum opened its doors at around the same time the Museum Square was created. The permanent collection consists of works of art from artists like Piet Mondriaan, Karel Appel and Malevich .This museum is also currently being renovated and expanded. The main entrance will be relocated from the Paulus Potterstraat to the Museum Square itself. It will be open again to public in 2009.
  • 14. ANNEFRANKHOUSE  Anne Frank was one of the Jewish victims of Nazi persecution during the second world war. After Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands in 1940, increasingly severe anti-Jewish measures began here as well. The Frank family tried to escape by going into hiding.  On July 1942, Otto Frank, Edith Frank- Hollander and their daughters Margot and Anne hid in this building on the Prinsengracht. They where later joined by Mr. and Mrs Daan, their sun Peter and Mr. Dussel. The building consists of two parts : a front house and a back annex. Otto Frank's business was located in the front house.  The uppermost floors of the back anexe became the hiding place. After more than two years the group was betrayed and deported. Anne and Margot died of typhus in Bergen-Belsen in March 1945, only a few weeks before this concentration camp was liberated.
  • 15. RED LIGHT DISTRICT De Wallen, also known as Rosse Buurt, is a designated area for legalized prostitution and is Amsterdam's largest and most well known red-light district.This neighborhood has become a famous tourist attraction. It consists of a network of roads and alleys containing several hundred small, one-room apartments rented by sex workers who offer their services from behind a window or glass door, typically illuminated with red lights. The area also has a number of sex shops, sex theatres, peep shows, a sex museum, a cannabis museum, and a number of coffee shops offering various cannabis products.
  • 16. HOMOMONUMENT  The monument's design simultaneously looks back on gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender histories as it also looks toward the future. Designed by Karin Daan, the monument consists of three triangles of pinkish granite that together compose one giant triangle. In the picture on the left you see the first triangle close to a canal. This triangle points to the National War Memorial on the Dam in the centre of Amsterdam. The three triangles are linked by a stripe of pink bricks that are connected across a road and into a church's backyard.
  • 19. FRAN HALS RENÉ DESCARTES  Hals was born in 1580 in Antwerp . He studied under another Flemish-émigré, Karel van Mander(1548–1606), whose Manerist influence, however, is not noticeably visible in his work. At the age of 27, he became a member of the city's painter's corporation, and he started to earn money as an art restorer for the city council.  He worked on their large art collection. The restoration work was paid for by the city of Haarlem, since all religious art was confiscated after the iconoclasm, but the entire collection of paintings was not formally possessed by the city council until 1625, after the city fathers had decided which paintings were suitable for the city hall.  Hals began his career in portraiture, since the market for religious themes had disappeared. His most famous portrait today is the one he made in 1649 of René Descartes.  Frans Hals died in Haarlem in 1666 and was buried in the city's St. Bavo Church.
  • 20.
  • 21. SAINT BAVO CHURCH  St. Bravo Church (St. Bravo Church ) is probably the most well-known landmark in Haarlem Holland. It is a beautiful gothic building that was erected around 1559.  In the subsequent period from the 14th through 16th centuries, nearly continuous expansion projects in the Gothic style were executed on the structure. A new choir, radiating chapels, expansions of the transepts, a Chapterhouse, nave aisles and a single tower western section were all added during this period. Construction was considered complete June 7, 1569.  In 1539, as a result of the rebellion against Charles V, the old Abbey of St. Bavo was dissolved. Its abbot and monks went on to become canons in a Chapter that was attached to what then became the Church of Saint Bavo. When the Diocese of Ghent was founded in 1559, the church became its Cathedral. The church of Saint Bavo was also the site of the baptism of Charles V.
  • 22. UTRECHT  Utrecht is the capital and most populous city of the Dutch province of Utrecht. It is located in the eastern end of the Randstad, and is the fourth largest city of the Netherlands, with a population of 300,030 in 2007. The smaller Utrecht agglomeration including adjacent suburbs and annexed towns is home to some 640,000 registered inhabitants, while the larger region contains up to 820,000 inhabitants.
  • 23. THE CATHEDRAL OF UTRECHT
  • 24. THE DOM TOWER  The Dom tower, with to the left behind it the remaining section of the Dom church. The two parts have not been connected since the collapse of the nave in 1674
  • 25. THE OUDEGRACHT  The Oudegracht is a curved canal, partly following an old arm of the Rhine. The inner city has largely retained its Medieval structure and the moat ringing the old town is largely intact. Because of the role of Utrecht as a fortified city, which restricted construction outside the walls, until the 19th century the city has remained very compact. Surrounding the medieval core there is a ring of late 19th and early 20th century neighborhoods, with newer neighborhoods positioned farther out.
  • 26. Utrecht's ancient city-centre features UNIVERSITY many buildings and structures from its earliest origins onwards. It has been the religious centre of the Netherlands since the eighth century. Utrecht is also the see of the archbishop of the Old Catholic church,  Until the golden age, Utrecht was the city of most importance in the northern Netherlands (the present- day country of the Netherlands, excluding Belgium and Luxembourg), until Amsterdam became the cultural and populous centre of the Netherlands.  Utrecht is host to Utrecht University, the largest university of the Netherlands, as well as several other institutes for higher education in the Netherlands. It has the second highest number of cultural events in the Netherlands, after Amsterdam.
  • 27. DELFT  Delft is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland), the Netherlands. It is located in between Rotterdam and The Hague. Delft is primarily known for its typically Dutch town centre, also for the painter Vermeer, Delft Blue pottery.
  • 28. THE NEW CHURCH The church which rose up on the market square following the visions of Brother Simon and Jan Col was the second parish church in Delft and was called the New Church . The original church was a temporary wooden building around which the basilica, as we know it today, was built over a period of a century. The wooden church, which remained until 1420, was dedicated to the Virgin Mary. While the brick basilica was still under construction, St. Ursula became the second patron saint of the New Church.
  • 29. JOHANNES VERMEER  The painter Johannes Vermeer1632–1675) was born in Delft. Vermeer used Delft streets and home interiors as the subject or background of his paintings.  Several other famous painters lived and worked in Delft at that time, such as Pieter de Hoogh, Carel Fabritius, Nicolaes Maes, Gerard Houckgeest and Hendrick Cornelisz. van Vliet. They all were members of the Delft School.
  • 30. VIEW OF DELFT BY JOHANNES VERMEER,  Delft is more than 750 years old. Its name is derived from 'delven' which means delve or digging. Delft's oldest canal is called The Old Delft . Delft expanded around it; later on many other city-canals were dug as life lines through the city.  In 1246 Delft received city rights, granted by Holland's Duke William II. Delft grew prosperous and new neighborhoods' were added to the city. In 1355 it reached the size it would remain at until the 1900s.  In 1536 a great fire destroyed 2300 houses. The most likely cause was lightning striking the tower of The New Church. About 100 years later, in 1654, an explosion destroyed large parts of town; a warehouse with 36000 kg of gunpowder blew up. A new warehouse (Kruithuis) was later built, outside the city perimeter.
  • 31. THE CERAMIC OF DELFT  Delftware, or Delft pottery, denotes blue and white pottery made in and around Delft in the Netherlands and the tin-glazed pottery made in the Netherlands from the sixteenth century.  Delftware in the latter sense is a type of pottery in which a white glaze is applied, usually decorated with metal oxides. Delftware includes pottery objects of all descriptions such as plates, ornaments and tiles.
  • 33. MAASTRICHT Maastricht is a city and a municipality in the southern part of the Dutch province of Limburg, of which it is the capital. Maastricht is widely known as a city of history, culture, local folklore and education . The town is popular with tourists for shopping and recreation. The city has a large international student population. The name Maastricht is derived from Latin Trajectum ad Mosam (or Mosae Trajectum), meaning 'crossing at the Meuse', and referring to the bridge built by the Romans during the reign of Augustus Caesar.
  • 35. BASILICA OF SAINT SERVATIUS  The present-day church is probably the fourth church that was built on the site of the grave of Saint Servatius, the first bishop of the diocese of century. The increasing flow of pilgrims in the 9th- 10th century made it necessary to built a large pilgrim church. This church was replaced by the present-day Romanesque church, which was built in several stages from the 11th until the 13th centuries.
  • 36. SAINT SERVATIUS  In the first half of the 13th century the Bergportaal, a portal in early Gothic style, was added to the south side and is perhaps the first Gothic construction in the Netherlands. Also in Gothic style are the chapels along the side aisles, which were added in the 14th and 15th centuries, and the southern transept.
  • 37. Fort Sint Pieter, which FORTRESS OF SINT PIETER has been modified quite a lot over the years, is intact and can also be visited. This is not a comprehensiv e list, but these are the main remnants - be sure to ask in the tourist information if you visit, they will be able to help you find more.
  • 39. BONNEFANTEN MUSEUM  The foremost museum for old masters and contemporary fine art in the province of Limburg. The collection features Medieval sculpture, early-Italian and Southern Netherlandish painting, and contemporary art (American Minimalism, Concept Art and Arte Povera.
  • 40. It is located in the city’s old Dominican Church. Selexyz Dominicanen is the result of a merge SALEXYZ DOMINICANEN between Maastricht’s Bergmans bookshop and the Academische Boekhandel. The name Selexyz indicates that the new bookstore also belongs to the same chain as Selexyz Donner in Rotterdam and Selexyz Broese in Utrecht, among others. One of the most attractive characteristics of Selexyz bookstores is that they offer a wide selection of books in English… and at first glance, Selexyz Dominicanen did not look disappointing at all in that department purpose.
  • 42. ROTTERDAM  Rotterdam is a municipality and city in the Dutch province of South- Holland, situated in the west of The Netherlands .The municipality is the second largest in the country with a population of approximately 600,000 people. The city has 1.3 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area.  The port of Rotterdam is the largest in Europe. From 1962 to 2004, it was the world's busiest port; then it was superseded by Shanghai.  Rotterdam is known as a city of architecture. A few square kilometres of the city centre offers a complete overview of what the twentieth century has produced in terms of modern architecture.
  • 43. CUBE HOUSES  Kubuswoningen, or cube houses, are a set of innovative houses built in Rotterdam and Helmond in The Netherlands, designed by architect Piet Blom in 1984. The houses in Rotterdam are located on Overblaak Street, and beside the Blaak Subway Station. Blom tilted the cube of a conventional house 45 degrees, and rested it upon a hexagon-shaped pylon. There are 38 small cubes and two so called 'super- cubes', all attached to each other.
  • 44. CUBE HOUSES As residents are disturbed so often by curious passers-by, one owner decided to open a "show cube", which is furnished as a normal house, and is making a living out of offering tours to visitors. The houses contain three floors: ground floor entrance first floor with living room and open kitchen second floor with two bedrooms and bathroom top floor which is sometimes used as a small garden The walls and windows are angled at 54.7 degrees. The total area of the apartment is around 100 square meters, but around a quarter of the space is unusable because of the walls that are under the angled ceilings.
  • 45. ROTTERDAM’S LIBRARY  The Rotterdam Library (Bibliotheek Rotterdam) includes the Central Library (Centrale Bibliotheek) and 23 branches. Every year, the library draws 3.4 million people, making it Rotterdam’s most popular public institution. With 24,000 square metres of floor surface, the Central Library is one of the largest public libraries in the Netherlands.  The most striking part of the Rotterdam Library collection is the so-called Erasmus Collection. It includes the largest collection of books ‘about’ and ’by’ Erasmus in the world. In addition the Rotterdam Library also owns a collection of old children’s books numbering 6,000 volumes and growing by the year.
  • 46. ARCHITECTURE OF ROTTERDAM  In 1898, the 45 meter high-rise office building the White House was completed, at that time the tallest office building in Europe. In the first decades of the 20th century, some influential architecture in the modern style was built in Rotterdam. Notable are the Van Nelle fabriek (1929) a monument of modern factory design by Brinkman en Van der Vlugt, the Jugendstil clubhouse of the Royal Maas Yacht Club designed by Hooijkaas jr. en Brinkman (1909). During the early stages of World War II the center of Rotterdam was bombed by the Germans, destroying many of the older buildings in the center of the city. After initial crisis re-construction the center of Rotterdam has become the site of ambitious new architecture.
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  • 48. PORT OF ROTTERDAM  Rotterdam World Port Europe  Directly situated on the North Sea, with optimum, 24/7 access, a wide range of companies specialising in storage, transshipment, industrial processing and auxiliary services on hand, and excellent hinterland connections via 5 different modes of transport: rail, inland shipping, road, short sea/feeder and pipeline.
  • 50. The Erasmus Bridge (1996) is a 790- meter (2,600 ft) cable stayed bridge linking the north and south of Rotterdam. It is held up by a 138 meters (453 ft) tall pylon with a characteristic bend, earning the bridge its nickname 'De Zwaan' ('the Swan').