Since the Romanian Revolution of 1989, the Romanian
educational system has been in a continuous process of
reorganization that has been both praised and criticized.
After the 1989 Revolution, Romanian education made
progress despite difficult economic conditions and
changes in social life.
After 1998, the Education Reform was started, following
the gradual democratization and the infusion of
European and World Bank funds.
A brief history of the educational
Since the fall of communism, the trend to study abroad has
come back. The numbers of youth studying abroad has
been constantly increasing, with about 50.000 youth
studying at Universities in foreign countries.
Education in Romania follows an egalitarian system andit is free of
tuition fees. Education in Romania is administered and enforced by
the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports.
International citizens have the right and the appropriate conditions
to study in Romania and minorities have the right to learn and be
educated in their mother tongue.
The general legal framework for the organization, regulation and
functioning of education is established by the Constitution by the
Kindergarten in Romania is for the
children aged 3-6 (or 7) years and is
optional. Public kindergartens are
free, while private kindergartens in
Romania are a bit expensive.
The compulsory education in Romania
encompasses 4 years of primary and 4
years of middle-school education. In
Romania, compulsory education lasts for
9 years and runs from 6 (or 7) to 16 years.
The tertiary education in Romania is
given by the public and private
institutions of higher education.
Romania higher education comprises
of: University education, Post-
This level of education is not
compulsory and lasts for 4 years.
Public upper secondary education
in Romania is free of charge.
Understanding the Romanian Education System
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