Dimensions of informational city research


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Informational cities are prototypical cities of the knowledge society. According to Castells, in those cities space of flows (flows of money, power and information) tend to override spaces of place. Infrastructures of information and communication technology (ICT) and cognitive infrastructures have a high impact on urban development and economic growth. This conceptual article frames indicators which are able to mark the degree of “informativeness” of a city. The aim of our article is to provide a basis for further informational city research and to demonstrate a theoretical framework with the help of a case study (with the example of Singapore).

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Dimensions of informational city research

  1. 1. Dimensions of Informational City Research<br />Agnes Mainka & Sviatlana Khveshchanka<br />1<br />Source: http://www.wordle.net/show/wrdl/3760973/Informationa_City_SIngapore<br />
  2. 2. world city<br />informationalcity<br />global city<br />ICT infrastructure<br />cognitiveinfrastructure<br />digital city<br />knowledgecity<br />ubiquitouscity<br />cognitivecity<br />creativecity<br />networkedcity<br />Why “informational city” research?<br />2<br />
  3. 3. ICT and cognitive infrastructures<br />world city hierarchy<br />weak location factors<br />political willingness<br />labour market<br />mix of companies<br />Framework of indicators<br />3<br />
  4. 4. ICT infrastructure<br />4<br />Measuring the knowledge society <br /><ul><li>ICT Development Index</li></ul> (Rank 15 for Singapore in 2007)<br /><ul><li>Networked Readiness Ranking</li></ul> (Rank 2 for Singapore in 2010)<br />
  5. 5. Physical infrastructure<br />5<br />Source: Mechtild Stock<br />
  6. 6. World city hierarchy<br />6<br />Flows of capital, power and information<br />Capital and power:<br /><ul><li>amount of capital</li></ul>Information:<br /><ul><li>Connectivity between branches, headquarters, suppliers and consumers
  7. 7. STM publications</li></ul>– co-authorship - citations<br />Source: Mechtild Stock <br />
  8. 8. Labour market<br />7<br />Source: Dornstädter, R., Finkelmeyer, S., & Shanmuganathan, N. (2011). Job-Polarisierung in informationellen Städten. Information – Wissenschaft und Praxis, 62(2-3), 95-102.<br />
  9. 9. 8<br />Major types of companies:<br />Capital-intensive service providers<br />Knowledge-intensive high tech companies<br />Mixture of service providers and industrial companies<br />Creative companies<br />Mix of companies<br />Source: http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/pictures/2000/velka/1-12313172492sOG.jpg (12.06.11) <br />
  10. 10. 9<br />Major types of companies in Singapore in2009:<br />Wholesale and retail trade companies (27.5 %)<br />Companies with professional, scientific and technical activities (16.3 %)<br />Financial and insurance companies (11.8 %)<br />Information and communication companies (6.5 %)<br />Mix of companies in Singapore<br />Source: http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/pictures/2000/velka/1-12313172492sOG.jpg (12.06.11) <br />
  11. 11. 10<br />“A knowledge city is a city that aims at a<br />knowledge-based development, by encouraging<br />the continuous creation, sharing, evaluation,<br />renewal and update of knowledge”.<br />Ergazakis et al., 2004, p. 7<br />Knowledge city<br />Source: http://hdwallpaper-s.com/wallpapers/12/Eco_City.jpg (12.06.11)<br />
  12. 12. 11<br />Measuring the knowledge city<br />Number of :<br />graduates<br />knowledge-intensive companies/institutions<br />knowledge workers<br />scientific publications (papers & patents)<br />citations of scientific publications<br />Knowledge city<br />Source: http://hdwallpaper-s.com/wallpapers/12/Eco_City.jpg (12.06.11) <br />
  13. 13. 12<br />3 Regional Libraries<br />19 Public Libraries<br />National Library<br />Libraries in Singapore<br />Source: MAP - http://www.nlb.gov.sg/ANNUALREPORT/FY06/LIBRARY.HTM (02.12.10); PHOTO - W.G. Stock<br />
  14. 14. 13<br />Digital library Singapore<br />Source: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg (15.06.11)<br />
  15. 15. 14<br />Universities in Singapore<br />
  16. 16. 15<br />One-North<br />Changi Business Park<br />International Business Park<br />Technology Corridor<br />Science Park<br />Science & business parks in Singapore<br />
  17. 17. 16<br />Biopolis<br />Fusionopolis<br />Science & business parks in Singapore<br />Source: Flickr - Henryleongwh; Flickr- yeowatzup<br />
  18. 18. 17<br />Scientific output in Singapore: Patents granted<br />Source: http://www.ipos.gov.sg/topNav/pub/sta/pat/No.+of+Singapore+patent+grants+registrations.htm (02.03.11) <br />
  19. 19. 18<br />Scientific output in Singapore: Articles <br />Source: Web of Science<br />
  20. 20. 19<br />Core creative industries:<br />Film, television, entertainment<br />Authors, publishers, print media<br />Composers, music production<br />Architecture, visual arts, design<br />Advertising, marketing<br />Performing arts Baum et al., 2009<br />Creative city<br />Source: http://www.prismdecision.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/Creativity.png (13.06.11)<br />
  21. 21. 20<br />Creative industries development strategy<br />by<br />Ministry of Information, Communications and the<br />Arts (MICA)<br />Main objective: to create a vibrant and<br />sustainable creative cluster in Singapore<br />Creative city Singapore<br />Source: Flickr (Ponspider) <br />
  22. 22. Political willingness<br />21<br />Source: <br />
  23. 23. Weak location factors<br />22<br />Source: Mechtild Stock<br />
  24. 24. 23<br />Questions?<br />? ? ?<br />Thank you!<br />