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Smart City As Unified Multi-tier IoT Solution


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Being initially the driver of the IoT industry, smart city development technologies are rapidly progressing and becoming more and more sophisticated. All cities are pretty unique, thus no fixed-function products will fit quickly changing demand even of single smallest community. What is required is a common flexible technology platform, and that's where AggreGate IoT Integration Platform perfectly fits the emerging market.

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Smart City As Unified Multi-tier IoT Solution

  1. 1. Smart City As Unified Multi-tier IoT Solution
  2. 2. Increased Smart City IQ • Generation 1: local management systems (e.g. traffic lights synchronization) • Generation 2: vertical scaling of management systems (e.g. situation center for traffic control) • Generation 3: integrated citywide systems (e.g. automatically providing a green corridor for emergency vehicles) • Generation 4: unified system development by city councils and citizens (e.g. automatic excessive energy sales from households to utility line) - 2 -
  3. 3. What Has Industrial IoT to Do with It? • Smart city is a perfect playground where diverse “things” can intercommunicate now • Technically, Industrial IoT is generally associated with new physical layer transmission standards (e.g. LPWA) and new protocols (e.g. MQTT) • None of these is revolutionary, it’s logical technological evolution • Machine Learning is expected to have game- changing potential - 3 -
  4. 4. Smart City As IoT System • On the object level, there is nothing out of the ordinary: “things” are controllers with sensors and end devices connected to those controllers • On a higher level, whole systems become “things” (e.g. traffic control system can receive orders from the Public Safety Answering Point for providing a green corridor) • Tasks carried out by “things” get a great deal more complicated as structured data exchange is required - 4 -
  5. 5. Example: Engineering Systems Monitoring (ESM) • Object level. In fact, it’s a simple SCADA system with strictly typed incidents (alerts). • Regional level. On this level, every critical object and its local ESM system are “things”. • Federal level. In this case, a «thing» is a whole region and its regional ESM system. - 5 -
  6. 6. Problem of Implementing Standards in Russia - 6 - • Vital IoT problem in Russia is frequent disregard of foreign standards and the best world practices • Example: CAP (Common Alerting Protocol) is widely used around the globe for warning various municipal services of natural disasters and man-caused emergencies • CAP allows governmental services to exchange information immediately, e.g., in case of tsunami or terror threats • CAP isn’t applicable for ESM systems, which causes technical complexity of using new systems as object-level ESM • The problem is relevant not only to Russia. Lack of interoperability or standards is the first reason why Industrial Internet development is suppressed (Industrial Internet of Things: Unleashing the Potential of Connected Products and Services, Accenture, Industry Agenda of the World Economic Forum, 2015)
  7. 7. Unified Smart City: Architecture - 7 - • Level 1 “thing”: local building system controller (e.g. access control or Wi-Fi networks) and local autonomous system controller (e.g. traffic lights on the square) • Level 2 “thing”: controlling server and building monitoring server (e.g. disabling ventilation and unlocking turnstiles upon receipt of security and fire alarm system signals) • Level 3 “thing”: Electronic Public Utilities Service Provider server (serviced by an operator, it collects data on active incidents from building servers and creates repair requests) • Level 4 “thing”: regional situation center server coordinating work of municipal and administration company systems
  8. 8. Urban IoT - 8 - Definition: communication infrastructure providing unified, easy, and effective way of accessing multiple public services.* Aims: • Increase the comfort level in urban environment • Improve economic indicators of Smart City systems Implementation area: any services related to physical assets. * Internet of Things for Smart Cities, IEEE Internet of Things Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, February 2014
  9. 9. Urban IoT Segments - 9 - • Building Integrity Monitoring • Waste Management • Intelligent Traffic Control • Air Quality Monitoring • Noise Level Monitoring • Power Supply for Municipal Facilities • Parking Space Management • Smart Lighting • Municipal Building Automation
  10. 10. Smart and Safe City. What’s the Difference? - 10 - • Brief answer: no difference • Safe City is one of the development branches, such as, for instance, Green (energy-efficient) City • Safe City systems exchange data with all other Smart City systems • Multiple systems serve several duties (e.g., traffic surveillance system)