General    introductionThis Book is designed based in the communicative approach, as acomplement for the learning process ...
The authors know that didactic material is only a help for teachers and students, so, they wish this bookbe a useful item ...
Tiempo asignado: 12 horas   1BLOQUE         Describes tu         comportamiento en         situaciones hipotéticas
�                           •	 Localiza las ideas principales                                                             ...
B1   �                   INTRODUCTION                   Para recordar, afirmar y utilizar lo que has practicado en los sem...
Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticasReporter	    –What trouble?Shakira	     –I am a songwriter exactly. ...
B1   �                                          WHAT WOULD YOU DO?                      Activity                 1. Listen...
Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas5.	 Ask nine of your classmates the question “what would you do with...
B1   �                     group.                 8.	 Listen, read and repeat.                 Whose car is this?         ...
Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas     •	 He should offer Frank his own car to go faster.e) What kind ...
B1   �         17. Read.         Lost BlackBerry found & returned – Imhonest Story #1         On 10/29, I accidentally lef...
Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas22.	Listen, read and repeat the vocabulary. Then use these words exp...
B1   �                                                  IF I HAD THE OPPORTUNITY,                                         ...
Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticasa) –If a) studied medicine, I would        I –If I studied medicine,...
B1   �                 7. Comment with your teamwork next questions.                 a) What should you do if you failed m...
Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticasGRAMMARSecond Type Conditional is used to describe imaginary situati...
B1   �                            13. Translate.                            a) Mrs. Carter says that if she had many      ...
Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas15. Answer with your own ideas.a)	 If you worked for a magazine, wou...
B1   �         18.Copy down the hypothetical conditional that the text includes.         	 									                      ...
Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas22. Listen, read and repeat the vocabulary. Then use these words exp...
B1   �                                       THINKING ABOUT MY                                       FUTURE               ...
Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticasa)	 If I 			               (be) an astronaut, I 			                 ...
B1   �         10.Write the question for the answer.         a)	 Question: 								                                       ...
Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas13. Complete this grammar information.Second Type Conditional (Imagi...
B1   �         18. Read.         Teens’ dreamed vacations         TEENS V. I. T. turned in a list of their dreams         ...
Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticasd)	Which of those teens would do the shortest trip? Why do you say s...
B1   �   25. Answer the following questions orally.         a) What do you think the best suggestion is? Why?         b) W...
Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas(        ) About 40% of car accident fatalities occur because of a d...
B1   �         32. Coevaluate your work with your classmates.         33. Answer yourself honestly.         SELF ASSESSMEN...
Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas35. Listen, read and repeat the vocabulary. Then use these words exp...
B1   �         2.	 I had a terrible problem with my parents and need someone to talk to. I’ll look for             Annie t...
Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas                                        Personal development testEl ...
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  1. 1. General introductionThis Book is designed based in the communicative approach, as acomplement for the learning process in an active English class. Itcontains meaningful, lively, and contextualized suggestions foractivities in and out the classroom, for giving the students a guideto use the language as much as they can according to their owninterests and circumstances.Grammar and new vocabulary is always presented in a normalconversation or through short, authentic texts which are the basisfor a wider oral practice and written exercises; so, gradually withthe communicative activities, students become aware of the use ofstructures and vocabulary integrating them to their whole Englishbaggage. The selected fragments of authentic texts have informationabout actual subjects and modern technology, giving the studentsthe possibility to know more about the theme by looking for it in theweb.Pairs and team-work is fundamental to provide both exposure andconsistent language practice, as well as participate honestly in thedifferent types of evaluation. This requires the student to organize,imagine, create, act, propose and be active, reflexive and critical.Following the dgb Syllabus, the book is formed by four sections withthree lessons each one. The lesson is not thought to fulfill in the timeof a single class. It can be used for teacher and students according totheir lessons plans and projects of class.The four sections are:BLOCK 1 Describe a behavior in an hypothetic situationBLOCK 2 Describe life experiencesBLOCK 3 Talk about likes and dislikesBLOCK 4 Describe people, activities and objects
  2. 2. The authors know that didactic material is only a help for teachers and students, so, they wish this bookbe a useful item in the learning process. If you want to contact them, you just go to:emaguilar_2000@yahoo. com.mxalmazanmary@yahoo.com
  3. 3. Tiempo asignado: 12 horas 1BLOQUE Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas
  4. 4. � • Localiza las ideas principales � OBJETOS DE APRENDIZAJE • Adjetivos para describirDESEMPEÑOS DEL ESTUDIANTE de un texto, oral o escrito, actitudes y valores morales de sobre tópicos relacionados con las personas, como: honest, dilemas morales. loyal, fair, responsible, trust • Describe, de manera oral worthy. y escrita, características • Condicional 2 para expresar personales y situaciones situaciones hipotéticas hipotéticas. utilizando if / even if / unless + • Emplea las estructuras simple past. gramaticales del segundo • Uso del modal con el segundo condicional para describir condicional: would, should, situaciones hipotéticas. could, might. • Conectores: but, and, because, so � Competencias a desarrollar • Identifica e interpreta la idea general y posible • Evalúa un texto mediante la comparación de desarrollo de un mensaje oral o escrito en una su contenido con el de otros, en función de sus segunda lengua recurriendo a conocimientos conocimientos previos y nuevos. previos, elementos no verbales y contexto cultural. • Expresa ideas y conceptos en composiciones coherentes y creativas, con introducciones, desarrollo y conclusiones claras. • Se comunica en una lengua extranjera mediante un discurso lógico oral o escrito congruente con la situación comunicativa. • Produce textos con base en el uso normativo de la lengua, considerando la intención y situación comunicativa.
  5. 5. B1 � INTRODUCTION Para recordar, afirmar y utilizar lo que has practicado en los semestres anteriores, iniciaremos las actividades de este curso con un ejercicio de comprensión de texto en el cual te basarás para responder los cuestionamientos e iniciar conversaciones orales con tu equipo de trabajo. Es importante señalar que aquello que no recuerdes lo puedes preguntar con la mayor franqueza, ya sea a tus compañeros o al maestro. Durante el transcurso del bloque practicarás también la manera de decir lo que harías si estuvieras en algunas situaciones hipotéticas; es decir, conocerás y usarás la estructura que en inglés se conoce como Condicional tipo 2 o Condicional Irreal. Como un proyecto de trabajo para este bloque, realizarás en equipo una Project propuesta para el mejoramiento de tu localidad, la cual presentarán ante el grupo, Work explicando la razón por la que piensan que esos cambios serían positivos. Las formas de elaboración y presentación del proyecto se acordarán con el maestro. Initial activity Before reading, answer this question: Do you know who Shakira is? If not, comment with your classmates and your teacher. Fragment of an interview with Shakira Shakira, the graceful one, is a prodigy who wrote her first song at age eight, a Colombian girl who speaks three languages and loves only in Spanish. She’s a perfectionist who spends hours in the studio, she needs to be close the nature but her passion is the crackle of electric guitars. She is the blush of youth, but she is far older than her age. As her countryman Nobel Prize winning author Garcia Marquez wrote: “Shakira’s music has a personal stamp that doesn`t look like anyone else’s and no one can sing or dance like her at whatever age with such an innocent sensuality, one that seems to be of her own invention”. But Shakira –born Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll– is not only the famous pop artist, she also has a very important interest. She is investing her own financial resources in the goal of educating impoverished children by building schools and community centers in some of the poorest neighborhoods in her native Colombia, and convincing other Latin American leaders in invest in early childhood education. INTERVIEW Reporter –What were the difficult aspects making your album in English? Shakira –When my record company asked, “Do you want to make an album in English?” I said yeah; right then. But then I realized I was in trouble.30
  6. 6. Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticasReporter –What trouble?Shakira –I am a songwriter exactly. To write my own songs for an English album I had to learn English. I accepted the challenge, but I didn’t know if I would be able to reach that goal.Reporter –How does your culture influence your music?Shakira –I’m a blend of several cultures. Through my veins runs Spanish, Lebanese and Italian blood. All of this heritage is a strong influence on the character of my music.Reporter –How do you feel America differs from Colombia?Shakira –Each country has its own personality. We have different lifestyles, different cultures, a different language, but we do share the most important characteristics which are values and principles.I. After reading carefully the text and the interview, do this exercise.1. Write a physical description of Shakira with the information in the text. 2. Write a description of Shakira’s personal characteristics mentioned in the text. 3. What does she say about her music? 4. According to the information, what other important aspects of her personality could you say she has? 5. Why does the text mention “Garcia Marquez”? 6. What values and principles do you think Shakira refers to in the last line? II. Let’s remember the use of some modal verbs. Write in English the expression in Spanish, then, answer the question.1. (Shakira canta) in Spanish?2. In what language (acostumbraba escribir) her first songs?3. Where (nació)?4. (podrías bailar) the way she does?5. (te gustaría) to see her in her show?6. (conoces) any other singer who uses his/her money for doing something similar to what Shakira does? Who?7. She (va a grabar) many more songs in English.III. Comment your work with your partner. Correct if is necessary. 31
  7. 7. B1 � WHAT WOULD YOU DO? Activity 1. Listen, read and repeat. Everybody would like to win the lottery Albert –Are you looking for some information? John –Yes, I want to know if I won the lottery. I bought a ticket. Albert –How much would you win? John –Well… the total prize is twenty million; so, my ticket would win one million! Albert –What would you do with that money? John –Well… I would travel around the world. What would you do? Albert –With a million, I would buy a beautiful house. John –But, as my number is not in the list, I’ll buy another one, maybe next time I would have better luck. Albert –You’re right! It is good to insist. 2. Practice the dialogue with your partner. Speak 3. Write in Spanish: a) Everybody would like to win the lottery b) How much would you win? c) My ticket would win one million. d) What would you do with that money? 4. Comment with your teamwork the things you would do with one million.32
  8. 8. Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas5. Ask nine of your classmates the question “what would you do with a million dollar?” Then write their answer in the chart. Student’s name Answer Example: Hellen Example: “I would go to Paris”6. How many of them would do the same thing? Write a report as this example:ReportWith a million dollar, two of my classmates would 7. Coevaluate and coment with your teacher the most common answers in the whole 33
  9. 9. B1 � group. 8. Listen, read and repeat. Whose car is this? Frank –Would you please move this car? It’s in front of my door and I must go. Mike –I would do, but there is a problem. Frank –What problem? Mike –I don’t have the keys. Frank –Don’t you have the keys? Why? Mike –Because that’s not my car. Frank –Whose car is it? Mike –It’s Captain Frey’s, the City Police Cheef. Look! He is already coming! Mr. Frey –Any problem? Frank –Would you be so kind to move your car? I can’t leave and I must go to work. Mr. Frey –Ok. I’ll move it right now. Frank –Thanks a lot! Good bye! Mike –Take it easy! Relax! Speak 9. Read and act out the dialogue in front of your teamwork. 10. Circle the option you think is the best one. a) Why do you think Mike said Frank ”Take it easy”? • Because he realized that Frank was very upset. • Because he was going to work. • Because they were friends. b) What would you advise Frank for calming down? • He could take a cup of coffee and a donut. • He could smoke a cigarette and phone his girlfriend. • He could take three deep breaths and listen to some quiet music. c) What kind of person would you say Mr. Frey is? • A reliable and good citizen. • A nice and efficient public employee. • An irresponsible selfish person, and a bad officer. d) What should Mr. Frey do when Frank asked him to move his car? • He should apologize Frank. • He should smile and hug Frank.34
  10. 10. Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas • He should offer Frank his own car to go faster.e) What kind of person do you think Frank is? • An irresponsible and reckless worker. • A coward and fearful boy. • A peaceful and educated person.11. Comment your answers with your teamwork.12. What would you do in that case? 13. Select five positive and five negative characteristics from the last exercise and copy them down. PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS Positive Negative Bill: billete 14.Work with your partner and write what you would do in these situations:a) You find a 500 bill in front of your neighbor’s door. b) It is your birthday and somebody gives you a very expensive watch, but you don’t like to wear watches. c) You are in the department store; as you pass by the makeup aisle, you accidentally knock a bottle of perfume over. 15. Compare your answers with those of your classmates.16.Before reading the following text, answer this question:a) What is a BlackBerry? If you don’t know, look for the information. 35
  11. 11. B1 � 17. Read. Lost BlackBerry found & returned – Imhonest Story #1 On 10/29, I accidentally left my Blackberry in the men’s room of the Renaissance Hotel in Charlotte, NC. There was no sign of it when I returned, and no one had handed it on to the front desk. When I arrived home, 3 hours later, I had an e-mail from “Imhonest.com”, that someone found it and called them. In seven days I had my BlackBerry back. Two things should be noted from this situation. Firstly, I subscribed to the “Imhonest.com service“ and attached the label to my phone because I truly believe that most people are honest, and would turn it if I misplaced it. Secondly, the cost of this service is so low it is worth the risk of testing someone’s honesty. Fortunately for me, both cases proved to be true. Sent in By G. Partington. November 20th, 2008. Taken from Honesty Blog: Sharing Honesty and Good Deed Stories. 18.Remember that a paragraph is formed by clauses. (A clause begins with a capital letter and ends with a period). Identify the clauses of this paragraph. 19.Complete the information according to the text. a) “I” in the first clause refers to b) “It” in the second clause refers to c) “Them” in the third clause refers to d) “This situation” refers to e) “Both cases” refers to 20. Answer: a) Who lost that BlackBerry? b) Who found it? c) How did the person who found it knew the owner’s name? d) Who sent it to its owner? e) What must a person do after subscribing to Imhonest.com service? f) Do you think it would be a good idea to have that service in our country? Why? 21. Comment your answers with your teamwork and, if there are differences, talk about them and select the best option.36
  12. 12. Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas22. Listen, read and repeat the vocabulary. Then use these words expressing sentences of your own. Nouns Blend......................... mezcla Blush.......................... rubor Breath........................ respiro Countryman............... paisano Crackle....................... sonido intermitente Challenge................... reto Front desk.................. recepción Graceful..................... graciosa Heritage..................... herencia Label.......................... etiqueta Lifestyle..................... estilo de vida Luck........................... suerte Neighborhood............ vecindario Owner........................ dueño Resource.................... Recurso Risk............................ riesgo Youth......................... juventud Adjectives Coward...................... cobarde Deep.......................... profundo Low............................ bajo Own........................... propio Poor........................... pobre Quiet.......................... tranquilo Reckless..................... descuidado Reliable...................... confiable Selfish........................ egoista Strong........................ fuerte Peaceful..................... pacífico Upset......................... molesto Regular Verbs Apologize................... disculparse Attach........................ adherir Hand on..................... entregar Misplace..................... extraviar Irregular Verbs Base Simple past Past participle Buy...... comprar bought bought Leave... dejar,salir left left Win...... ganar won won Others Better......................... mejor Whatever................... cualquier Whose........................ ¿de quién? 37
  13. 13. B1 � IF I HAD THE OPPORTUNITY, I WOULD DO IT! Activity 1. Listen, read and repeat. I would help you Albert –Hey Sasha, how are you? Sasha –No bad, I’m just thinking about all the things I have to do today. Albert –You are always very busy. You try to do many things every day. Sasha –Yes, but if I didn’t do them, I would be bored, I guess. Albert –But sometimes you don’t do your school work. Sasha –Well, sometimes I forget it. Albert –Well, if you did your homework, you would get good grades at school. Sasha –I know that, but if I walked the dog today, I would enjoy it. Albert –If you wanted, I would help you do your home duties. Tasks: tareas Sasha –Well, I have to take out the garbage. If you wanted… Albert –Sure! I would do! 2. Practice the dialogue with your partner. Speak 3. Do you have many tasks to do? Tell a partner what you usually must do, by using some of the activities from the boxes. Do homework Do homework Do exercise Do exercise Go to school Go to school Walk the dog Walk the dog Take out the garbage Take out the Make my bed Make my bed 4. Look at the sentences in bold type in the dialogue. With that model, complete the next sentences to get logical results for these conditions.38
  14. 14. Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticasa) –If a) studied medicine, I would I –If I studied medicine, I would b) –If b) went went tolaw school, I I –If I to the the law school, I ________________________ ________________________ would_________________ would_________________ c) –If I had a million dollar, I wouldn’t ________________________________ ____________________________ d) –If I got 10 in my final exams my parents (car) I would____ e) –If I had a red Ferrari, would________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ 5. Listen, read and practice. She is worried Albert –Hi Sasha, how are you? Sasha –I feel terrible, because I failed math, and I really studied! Albert –Well, you shouldn’t feel worried, if you did your best. Sasha –Even when I did it, I couldn’t get more than 5. Albert –Don’t worry, you didn’t pass at the very beginning, but you could do it next time. Sasha –You’re right, if I studied every day, I wouldn’t have problems with the final exam. Albert –That’s the point. Don’t forget it! Sasha –No, I won’t! 6. Practice and act out the dialogue. Speak 39
  15. 15. B1 � 7. Comment with your teamwork next questions. a) What should you do if you failed math? b) How could you help somebody to study for a subject he/she failed? *Remember that could is used to express podía or podría, but would adds the ending ría to the basic form of the verb and should expresses debería or debía. Look at the examples: She would go to the cinema with you. Ella iría al cine contigo. She could go to the cinema with you. Ella podría ir al cine contigo. She shouldn’t go to the cinema with you. Ella no debería ir al cine contigo. 8. Complete with “would” or “could”. a) If Sasha studied every day, she get better notes. b) If she got better notes, she feel satisfied with herself. c) If she got a 10 in the next exam, she be the happiest person in the world. d) If Sasha organized her time, she do everything she likes. 9. Listen, read and practice. A polite request and refuse Timmy –Hi Paula! Paula –Hi Timmy Timmy –Hey! What are you going to do this afternoon? Paula –I have to read a book and do an essay for my Literature class. Why? Timmy –Well. If I invited you to the cinema today, would you accept? Paula –If I hadn`t that exam, I might go with you. Timmy –Would you go to the cinema with me next Saturday, if you had the time? Paula –If you called me tomorrow, I’d let you know. Timmy –If you didn’t have time next Saturday, we might go any other day. Paula –Call me, please. Timmy –Ok. I’ll call you. Bye! 10. Ask the next questions to your partner and answer his or hers. Speak a) Do you think Paula like Timmy? b) Will Paula go to the cinema with Timmy someday? c) Why do you say so? 40
  16. 16. Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticasGRAMMARSecond Type Conditional is used to describe imaginary situations. It is formed withtwo sentences, one of them (the condition) in simple past, and the other one (theresult) using one of the modals: would, should or could. Both sentences are joinedby the connector “if”.If Paula had time, she would go with Tim. = Si Paula tuviera tiempo, iría con Tim.If she didn’t do her homework, she could have problems. = Si ella no hiciera sutarea, podría tener problemas.What should Paula do, if she didn’t want to go out with Timmy? = ¿Qué deberíahacer Paula si no quisiera salir con Timmy?11. Answer:a) If you had the chance to help poor people, what could you do? b) If you got 5 in one of your exams, what should you do? c) If you lived in China, what language would you speak? d) If your parents thought about moving, where would it be? e) If you crashed your parents’ car, what should you do? f) If you saw a thief assaulting someone, what could you do? 12. Use the verbs in brackets to complete the condition in these clauses.a) If I (work)_______________ in a big company, I would look for promotion.b) If my girlfriend (speak) __________________French, she could teach me that language.c) If my parents (have) ________________enough money, I could study in Harvard.d) If my brother (buy)___________________ a new computer, he would give me his old one.e) Where would you like to go if you ____________(win) a ticket to fly right now?f) My brother could play video games all day, if my mother _____________(let) him to do it.  41
  17. 17. B1 � 13. Translate. a) Mrs. Carter says that if she had many wrinkles on her face, she would get a cosmetic surgery. b) Many women and some men would get a cosmetic surgery if they had money. c) If I had a lot of money; I wouldn’t spend it in surgery, I would travel around the world. d) If I could travel wherever I wanted, I would visit China, Japan and Egypt. 14. Read the horoscopes and answer the questions. You are Cancer a) If you read this horoscope, would you pack your bags? Why? CANCER b) Should you go to a trip, if you had that June 22-July 22 invitation? Get ready to pack your bags! An invitation to a once-in-a c) Would you buy a magazine if you wanted to know lifetime trip or vacation may what your horoscope says? soon arrive in your inbox. d) Would you do everything your horoscope says? AQUARIUS You are Aquarius Jan 20-Feb 18 e) If you saw this horoscope, would it influence your day? It‛s one of your luckiest How? phases of the year, and as f) Would you change your weekend plans, if you read this the weekend nears, don‛t be horoscope? Why? surprised if you win a cool g) If you knew that you would win a prize, would you buy contest or are the recipient any ticket or participate in a contest to get it? Why? of a cash prize. Taken from In Touch, August 1, 201142
  18. 18. Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas15. Answer with your own ideas.a) If you worked for a magazine, would you like to write horoscopes? Why? b) If you knew that not all the information written down is true, should you keep on working for that company? c) Would you change your mind reading your horoscope, even if you don’t believe in them? d) If you worked for a magazine, which would you prefer? 16. Read the text.First idea of the atomSome 2,400 years ago, the Greek philosophers Democritus andLeucippus first proposed the idea of the atom. They suggestedthat if you slice an item, such as a loaf of bread, in half, and thenin half again and again until you could cut it no longer, then youwould reach the ultimate building block. They called it an atom.Today we know that an atom is even more infinitesimal than that.To grasp the scale of the atom, look at the dot in letter i. If youmagnify this dot a million times through an electron microscope,you will see an array of a million ink molecules. If you couldsomehow blow up this image a million times, you would see thefuzzy image of the largest atoms. And as tiny as atoms are, theyare composed of still tinier subatomic particles. Taken from The Complete Guide to the TOEFL TEST, iBT Edition.17. According to the text, what are the closest meanings of the next words?a) Ultimate Grasp: Entenderb) Infinitesimal c) Fuzzy d) Tiny 43
  19. 19. B1 � 18.Copy down the hypothetical conditional that the text includes.   19.Complete the next box, imagining you are Democritus or Leucippus and you need to explain something about atoms. If I needed to explain something about atoms, I would ______________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ because,____________________________ __________________________________ so, I could__________________________ __________________________________ 20. Answer. If you don’t know, investigate. a) Do you think there is any relation between those philosophers’ idea and the actual nanotechnology? Which one? b) If you didn’t know about that science, where could you look for information? c) If you could, would you like to work in that area? WRITING SECTION 21. Work with your teamwork. Choose one of the topics below, and do a brainstorm about it. Then select one of those ideas to write a short text about it. Remember it must have a title, an introduction, the development and a conclusion. * Note: include the vocabulary and structures practiced in the previous lessons. Topic Suggestions: Pollution – Stress – Student cheating – A sport (Title) (Introduction) (Development) (Conclusion) 44
  20. 20. Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas22. Listen, read and repeat the vocabulary. Then use these words expressing sentences of your own. Names Array …...................... surtido Cash…....................... dinero en efectivo Dot………................... punto Duty…........................ deber, obligación Garbage….................. basura Inbox…...................... buzón Ink….......................... tinta Thief…….................... ladrón Wrinkles…................. arrugas Adjectives Busy……..................... ocupado Bored……................... aburrido Regular verbs Assault……................. asaltar Crash……................... chocar Move…….................... cambiarse de lugar Near……..................... acercarse Pack……..................... empacar Slice……..................... rebanar Others Even…….................... aún Lucky……................... de buena suerte Do my best……........... poner todo mi empeño Walk the dog..…......... pasear al perro 45
  21. 21. B1 � THINKING ABOUT MY FUTURE “IF I WERE…” Activity 1. Listen, read and repeat. If I were a poet… Paola –Look, Rene! Look at that sunset! Isn’t it beautiful? Rene –Yes it is. If I were a poet, I’d said the sky is happy because it knows you love me. Paola –If you weren’t a poet, what would you say? Rene –If I were a photographer, I would say that combination of colors are the perfect background for the snow on the mount. Paola –But you are neither a poet nor a photographer. Rene –If I were a meteorologist, I would say that those gray clouds indicate that it’s going to rain at night. Paola –And you would be wrong. It is not going to rain, it is already raining. Let’s go! Rene –Oh yes! We better hurry up. 2. Practice the dialogue with your partner. Speak 3. Watch the sentences in bold type. Comment with your teamwork. Is there something that could be wrong in those sentences? 4. Following that pattern, complete the sentences with the appropriate form of the verb in brackets to form Second Conditional clauses.46
  22. 22. Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticasa) If I (be) an astronaut, I (go) to Mars.b) If you (go) to Mars, you (become) a famous person.c) If I (be) a famous person, people (ask) me many questions.d) Besides, if you (be) a famous people, you (have not) a private life.e) Oh, no! If I (have not) a private life, I (be not) happy.5. Coevaluate your work with your teamwork.6. Write five or more complete answers to the following question: What would you do if you were the president of the country? Why? 7. Comment your answers with your classmates and teacher.8. Listen, read and repeat.A boy with a problemClaire –Did you see Charles today?Bob –Yes, but he didn’t attend last class.Claire –If I were him, I wouldn’t miss more classes.Bob –You’re right. His grades are too low.Claire –What grade should he get in the next exam to pass Literarure?Bob –I think that even if he got a 10 in the final exam, he wouldn’t reach the necessary points to pass.Claire –What could he do?Bob –I really don’t know. But I’m sure that if I were in that problem, I’d look for help.Claire –Remember that “If there is a will there is a way”.Bob –You’re right. If he wanted, he could do it.Claire –That’s the point. I think that he is more interested in making goals that in getting good grades. SpeakBob –Well. I think he will do his best to improve his grades.9. Practice the dialogue with your partner. 47
  23. 23. B1 � 10.Write the question for the answer. a) Question: ? Answer: No, if I were Charles, I wouldn’t miss any class. b) Question: ? Answer: If I were Charles’ teacher, I would talk to him. c) Question: ? Answer: If I were Charles, I would look for some help. d) Question: ? Answer: If Charles asked me for help, I would study with him. e) Question: ? Answer: No, even if Charles were my brother, I wouldn’t do his work for him. 11. Coevaluate your work with your teamwork. If there are different answers, comment them with your teacher. 12. Match the columns. ( A ) If I ever saw somebody hitting a ( ) They wouldn’t fight. woman ( ) I wouldn’t write Rap songs. ( B ) If you ever saw a child playing with fire ( ) If nobody threw rubbish in the streets. ( C ) Our towns could look more beautiful ( ) I would call the police. ( D ) If I were a songwriter ( ) you should tell his parents how dangerous it could be. ( E ) If Lucy and Paul were lovers ( ) If I were you ( F ) I wouldn’t do that. 48
  24. 24. Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas13. Complete this grammar information.Second Type Conditional (Imaginary situations)The Second Type Conditional is formed by sentences. Oneof those sentences uses the form of the verb, and the othersentence uses the modal with the of theverb. These sentences are joined with the connector .Example: When the verb to be is in the “if” sentence, all the subjects use .Examples:If I If you If he If they 14. Number these sentences to organize a dialogue. Then read and act it out. But if you worked during the week you couldn’t attend the school. She works as a baby sitter on Friday and Saturday nights. 1 Is Lisa going to the party tomorrow night? I see… If I had to work, I wouldn’t work on Friday and Saturday nights. No, she isn’t here. But even if she were here, she wouldn’t go to the party. Well, I would look for a part time job. Why? How do you know it?15. Coevaluate your dialogue with your partner.16. Answer with your feelings.a) If you had to work, would you accept a weekend job? Why? b) Would you like to be a baby sitter? Why? c) What kind of work could you do now, if you needed to earn some money? d) If you earned some money now, what would you do with that money? 17. Comment these questions and answers with your classmates. 49
  25. 25. B1 � 18. Read. Teens’ dreamed vacations TEENS V. I. T. turned in a list of their dreams vacations and Paris was the top pick! The question was: Where would you go if the sky were the limit? “I would go to Australia to see all the amazing animals like the Koala. I would also be cool to see the Great Barrier Reef and visit the Sydney Opera”-Dawn, N. H. “If I could go anywhere in the world, it would be Barcelona because I love the Spanish culture and food”- Nicole, N.Y. “I would like to see the Great Wall of China”- Catherine, TX. “I would go to France because it has an intriguing history, a rich culture, amazing beaches and haute fashions”- Ore, N.Y. “I would go to Tokyo because it is so fashion forward, and there are so many new things to experience”- Gigi, IL. “Egypt! I would love to visit the pyramids. That place has such a rich history, and who wouldn’t want to ride camels in the sand? Quite an adventure!” – Vicky, South Africa. “If I could go anywhere, I would probably go to Paris with my friends. We would have so much fun, shopping and seeing the sites”- Kasey, Mi. Teen, Spring 2008, Teenmag.com. Hearst Communication Inc. Santa Monica, U.S.A. 19. Answer according to the information in that magazine. a) Why do most of the paragraphs are in quotation marks? b) What do the capital letters in bold type refer to? c) Ore and Kasey said they would go to France. Do you think it would be a good idea they went together? Why? 50
  26. 26. Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticasd) Which of those teens would do the shortest trip? Why do you say so? e) If it were possible, would you like to go on a trip with some of those girls? Which one? Why? 20. oevaluate your answers with your teamwork. C21. ased on the girls’ answers, complete the information using the conditional B second type.a) If Dawn to Australia, she amazing animals and the Sydney Opera.b) If Nicole to Barcelona, she Spanish food.c) Catherine the Great Wall if she to China.d) What Vicky do if she to Egypt?e) Kasey a lot of things if she to Paris.22. Listen, read and repeat.A shocking situationRose –What happened to you? Why are you so upset?Lucy –I’m really shocked!Rose –Why?Lucy –I was at the cafeteria and I saw a very romantic couple.Rose –What’s the problem?Lucy –The problem is that he is my sister’s husband with one of my classmates.Rose –Oh my God! What a dishonest man! What are you going to do?Lucy –I really don’t know. That’s why I am shocked! What should I do?Rose –I don’t know.23. Comment with your team work what Lucy should do. Speak24. Complete the following survey with the opinion of your teamwork. Student Suggestion Survey: encuesta/reporte 51
  27. 27. B1 � 25. Answer the following questions orally. a) What do you think the best suggestion is? Why? b) What would you do if you were Lucy? c) What could you say about that kind of man? d) What would you do if you were Lucy’s sister if you knew about that? JUST FOR FUN 26. Circle in the puzzle the following elements: Three modal verbs used in the result of second type conditional. Two auxiliaries used for expressing future actions. Two auxiliaries used for expressing present actions. A S C D O W Z N H F O M O C D O E S N U O I U W I L L U D L A X R D L G D I N S U D G O I N G T O 27. Coevaluate. 28.These paragraphs are part of a text, but they are not in the correct sequence. Read them all. Put number 1 to the introduction, 2 and 3 to the development of the theme and number 4 to the conclusion. Car Accident Statistics ( ) More than 3 million people get injured due to car accidents every year, with more than 2 million of these injuries being permanent. There are more than 40,000 deaths due to car accidents every year. The majority of car accident victims are the drivers, then the passengers of the car, followed by pedestrian, and lastly cyclists. In more than half of car accident fatalities, the deceased were not wearing their seat belts at the time of the crash. ( ) These car accident statistics are sad enough on their own, the saddest part being that they could be avoided if the drivers put more attention to driving and less to other activities. The majority of car accidents could be avoided if only the drivers drove more responsibly.52
  28. 28. Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas( ) About 40% of car accident fatalities occur because of a drunkdriver. About 30% of the car accident fatalities can be attributed todriving above the speed limits, and 33% because of reckless drivingthat causes the car to go off the road and result in an accident.Many accidents are caused by people talking to other passengerswhile driving. A large percentage is because of eating or drinking whiledriving. More than 25% are caused due to talking on the mobilephone while at the wheel of the car.( ) With the increasing number of cars on the roads of the US each year, caraccidents are more common every day. Many people die as a result of car accidentswith many more receiving serious injuries. Such injuries and death often leave thevictims and their families devastated. Here are some car accident statistics, whichmight be helpful in making people aware about trends in car accidents and thushopefully reducing the number of car accidents in the United States. Taken from Car Accident Statistics . Lawcore.com29. Comment the information with your teamwork, then, answer.a) What is the main information in the introduction of the article? b) What information you find in the development of the article? c) What is the conclusion? 30.According to the information in the text, write the words in the box under their corresponding title.Drivers – fatalities – injuries –cyclists – deaths – pedestrians – passengers – die Victims Results 31. The text mentions at least six actions which cause car accidents. Copy them down.a) b) c) d) e) f) 53
  29. 29. B1 � 32. Coevaluate your work with your classmates. 33. Answer yourself honestly. SELF ASSESSMENT Now I’m able to: Very well Good Not at all Understand the expressions of hypothetical situations in an oral talk. Comment and write about what I, or any other subject, would do in some imaginary situations. Identify, in a written text, the difference between real and not real conditions and results. If you answered “Not at all”, it is time to study and practice more. If you have any doubt, talk to your teacher or, if it is necessary, look for other help. 34.To remember the different conditionals, think about the different meaning in these clauses, then use your imagination and write a similar example of each one. a) If water freezes, it becomes ice. (Conditional cero). b) If I go to the beach, I will swim in the sea. (First conditional). c) If I went to the beach, I could swim in the sea. (Second conditional). Your examples a) b) c) 54
  30. 30. Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas35. Listen, read and repeat the vocabulary. Then use these words expressing sentences of your own. Nouns Background........... fondo Baby sitter............. cuidadora de bebés Injury..................... herida Pedestrian............. peatón Fashion................. moda Fatality.................. muerte Mars...................... marte Sky........................ cielo Regular Verbs Hit......................... golpear Others Amazing................ impresionante Anywhere.............. cualquier lugar Even...................... aunque Due to................... debido a Lucky.................... de buena suerte Neither – nor......... ni una cosa – ni otraWrite down in your notebook what you think you learnt from the first block and yourfuture goals from now on. Self testI. Circle the option which shows the correct complement of the sentences.1. Lola failed last semester! I think that if she studied harder this time, she pass her final test. a) Should b) Could c) Could not d) Shouldn’t2. Charles caught a terrible flue, if he to get better, he see the doctor. a) Wants – should b) Wanted – should d) Wanted – shouldn’t d) Want – should3. If I a lawyer, I think I be honest. a) Was – would b) Were – would c) Wasn’t – should d) Weren’t – wouldn’t4. Luis is a responsible classmate, if he n’t, I choose him as a partner for the final project. a) Were – would not b) Was – would not c) Were – should d) Was – shouldII. Select the characteristic according to the actions of every person.1. Paty found a wallet with money and some cards in, and she is going to call the owner. I think she is a person. a) Friendly b) Honest c) Nice d) Selfish 55
  31. 31. B1 � 2. I had a terrible problem with my parents and need someone to talk to. I’ll look for Annie to help me, because she is a person. a) Cultivated b) Coward c) Trustworthy d) Good 3. Lucy’s sister is very sad, because she knew that her husband was kissing another girl. She realized that he isn’t a person. a) Peaceful b) Quiet c) Loyal d) Upset 4. Arnold won the lottery, he is a very boy. a) Lucky b) Reckless c) Funny d) Bored 5. The employees are leaving the office, but Freddy will stay because he is going to finish a report. He is a very employee. a) Lazy b) Responsible c) Dishonest d) Graceful III. Express in English. 1. Si yo fuera médico, me gustaría trabajar en África. 2. Si él estudiara más, obtendría mejores calificaciones. 3. Si Lupita fuera amistosa, tendría más amigos. 4. Si David comiera más verduras, no tendría problemas estomacales. 5. Si manejas cuidadosamente, no tendrás accidentes. IV. These words form interrogative sentences, but they are not in the correct position. Rewrite them forming the questions. 1. You – children – money – you – help – would – if – poor – had ? 2. would – to – Shakira’s – you – like – be – friend ? 3. dollar – you – what – do – with – a – would – you – million ? 4. be – were – if – not – you – what – like – a – would – student – to – you ? 56
  32. 32. Describes tu comportamiento en situaciones hipotéticas Personal development testEl propósito de esta parte es que con tus respuestas sinceras, tú mismo te des cuentade lo que hiciste o dejaste de hacer en el transcurso de este periodo de clases deInglés y que al mismo tiempo reconozcas y valores tus logros.Utiliza la escala que aparece antes de la siguiente tabla para que marques en el espaciocorrespondiente el nivel que honestamente expresa tus logros en este bloque.Escala LT = Logrado Totalmente LP = Logrado Parcialmente NL = No Logrado ¿Qué debería hacerAhora puedo utilizar el idioma inglés para: LT LP NL para lograrlo?Expresar condiciones y resultados derivados desituaciones hipotéticas.Reconocer y utilizar “would”, “could” y “should”para expresar situaciones hipotéticas de maneraoral y escrita.Identificar características personales positivas ynegativas en una conversación. Reconocer la introducción, el desarrollo y laconclusión de un texto auténtico.PERSONAL DEVELOPMENTIndicadores Siempre No siempre NuncaHe asistido regularmente a todas mis clases.He escuchado y respetado las participaciones de miscompañeros.He participado honestamente en las coevaluaciones ytenido en cuenta sus resultados en mi propio trabajo.Me he esmerado en la realización y presentación demis ejercicios.He trabajado armoniosamente con mi equipo y conlos demás equipos.Toma en cuenta estos resultados para continuar de la mejor manera y disfrutar eltrabajo en este curso. 57

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