Session 5. Kramer - Discussant on Leveraging Dedicated Supply Chains
Leveraging dedicated supplychains: A discussionA4NH Workshop June 6-7, 2013:Enhancing Nutrition in Value ChainsBerber Kramer, Tinbergen Institute
A value chain approach to raise farmerincome and vegetable availabilityPRODUCTIONPROCESSING /MARKETSDRYINGVEGETABLESCONSUMPTIONBackground: BoP consumers lack consumption ofvegetables; high prices and scarcity in dry season.Question: How to leverage the supply chain to makevegetables available year-round?
1: ProductionTheory: High prices are due to low productionHypothesis: Access to quality seeds improves yieldSuboptimal adoption?• Access to the technology?• Financial constraints?• Knowledge?• These channels are being addressed in the proposed intervention.• Other channels not, like self-control problems, social networks,household decision-making, political economy in e.g. cooperatives• Think about ways to control for, to understand adoption rates
2: From harvest to consumptionHigher farmer income & better access to affordable vegetables– Improved access to local and regional markets– Less waste of produceFrom increased yield to impact• Effect of increased yield on vegetable supply(quantity/prices)• Effect on supply other products• Impact for farmer incomeWhat is really the bottleneck in this market?
3: Drying of vegetables• Applying solar vegetable drying for 2000 farmers:Under what conditions can this be scaled up?• Potential collaboration with the Food and Bio-based Research Department of WUR• More fundamental: Why are farmers not dryingtheir vegetables at the moment?– What in the solar technology is `the missing link’?– Or is access to the technology not the problem? (e.g.taste and acceptibility)
4: Demand creation activities• GAIN: Awareness raising & behavior change campaigns• Reach approximately 1,500,000 household members• Question 1: Why do people not eat vegetables?– High prices / low supply– Awareness– Social norms– Because it is not the default?• Question 2: The impact of a vegetable-rich diet?– Child health– Adult health: NCD risk factors– Disentangle from income effects (reduced prices)
Back to the value chainPRODUCTIONACCESS TOMARKETSDRYINGVEGETABLESCONSUMPTIONSupply: Low because there is no demand?Demand: Low because there is no supply?How do the interventions to different actors in the value chaininteract? From perfect substitutes to perfect complementsExternal validity:- What is the role of women, the social network, cooperatives?- To what extent are consumers also producers?
Why are prices high and is supply so seasonal?• Is this really a lack of quality seeds?• Critical: Consumer demand for vegetablesFundamental questions: