PPWNov13- Day 3- S. Babu- IFPRI


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Day 3: Suresh Babu, IFPRI: “Measurement of Policy Process—What Role for Indicators and Indices?”

Workshop on Approaches and Methods for Policy Process Research, co-sponsored by the CGIAR Research Programs on Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) and Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH) at IFPRI-Washington DC, November 18-20, 2013.

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PPWNov13- Day 3- S. Babu- IFPRI

  1. 1. Food Policy Process Index: Measuring the Effectiveness of the Food Policy Process in Developing Countries Suresh Babu Workshop on Approaches and Methods for Policy Process Research November 20, 2013
  2. 2. Introduction  Index: Combination of measures of various elements of a system to gauge the performance of the system  Purpose of an index  Descriptive (What’s going on? Is there a problem? Crosssection or longitudinal comparisons)  Prescriptive (Wherein lies the problem/constraining/ bottlenecked element?)  Viewpoint of capacity strengthening: Indexes facilitate the identification of problem areas or weak spots -> helps in prioritization of capacity strengthening needs  Context: Food policymaking—FP research can have maximum impact if the policy process has first been measured and its capacity strengthened to absorb research evidence
  3. 3. Indicators Three elements of Capacity System Capacity Organization Capacity Individual Capacity •Formal and informal institutions •Enabling environment •Governance, transparency, accountability, cooperation, coordination, participation, corruption, rule of law •Leadership, management, resource allocation •Financial management and budget •Goal orientation and level of success •HR, incentives, salaries •Hierarchy structures •Local issue specific knowledge •Technical capabilities and skills •Communication skills (writing, speaking, networking, lobbying, collaborating) •Attitude and personal motivation
  4. 4. Examples of Indicators  System-level (enabling environment): Worldwide Governance Indicators (World Bank); Ease of Doing Business; Corruption Perceptions Index (Transparency International); Democracy Index (Economist Intelligence Unit)  Organization-level: Budget; Rate of turnover of employees; Output/input rate; Internet access; electricity stability; number of positions filled per allocated  Individual-level: Educational attainment (general and subject/level specific); Job satisfaction tests; Outputs (eg. Publications:FPRCI)
  5. 5. Food Policy Process Index (FPPI)  Challenges   Identifying all relevant elements (and stages) of policy process; understanding substitutability and complementarity of elements   Obtaining data on qualitative measures (eg. informal institutions, measuring organizational effectiveness, attitude/personal drive Formation that reflect multi-dimensional relationships of elements First Steps  Collecting data for FPRCI (published in GFPR)  Identifying existing, relevant measures (indicators and indexes)
  6. 6. Value of FPPI  CAADP implementation: How can policy process strengthened to reach goals?  ReSAKSS: How can ReSAKSS support policy process development?  IFPRI: How and where can IFPRI strengthen capacity in order to increase uptake of its research?  Donors: Where can donors invest to yield system-wide improvements in food policy processes and hence outcomes?
  7. 7. Moving Forward  Policy Process Discussion: Necessary and sufficient elements of a food policy process  Relationship between said elements  Construction that is theoretically justified, simply constructed, empirically meaningful, and practically useful