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PPWNov13- Day 2 pm- H.Nguyen and L.Lapar- ILRI


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Day 2- pm session: Hung Nguyen, Hanoi School of Public Health and Lucy Lapar, ILRI: “Supporting agriculture and public health ministries to implement a national food safety policy based on risk-based approaches”

Workshop on Approaches and Methods for Policy Process Research, co-sponsored by the CGIAR Research Programs on Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) and Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH) at IFPRI-Washington DC, November 18-20, 2013.

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PPWNov13- Day 2 pm- H.Nguyen and L.Lapar- ILRI

  1. 1. Supporting Agriculture and Health Ministries to implement a national food safety policy based on risk-based approaches Nguyen Viet Hung and Ma. Lucila Lapar Hanoi School of Public Health and ILRI Workshop on Approaches and Methods for Policy Process Research IFPRI-Washington, DC, 18-20 November 2013
  2. 2. Outline  Policy environment  Methods and approaches  Case study of risk assessment taskforce  Lessons learned and challenges ILRI 2
  3. 3. The policy environment The policy environment  Ordinance on Hygiene and Safety of Food enforced in 2003, Ministry of Health  Main focus: food contamination and outbreaks  Vietnam Food Safety and Agricultural Health Action Plan (2006), Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development  Main goals: reduce food-related health impacts, increase exports of high value products, improve agricultural health, ensure effective coordination of WTO SPS commitments  Strategic priorities: improve coordination among key agencies; strengthen risk analysis capacity  Law on quality of goods and products (2008) ILRI  Emphasis on responsibility of producers and retailers
  4. 4. The policy environment The policy environment  Livestock Development Strategy to 2020 (2008, updated in 2010, MARD  Underscores importance of food safety issues in livestock  Food Safety Law (2011)  Mandates assured food safety in both domestic and export products (meat, fish, fruits, vegetables)  Delegates three leading bodies responsible for food safety: MOH, MARD, Ministry of Industry and Trade  Restructuring of the Agricultural Sector Plan (2013)  Improving value added of agricultural products through improved food safety, among others. ILRI
  5. 5. Research and Policy in Development Framework  Identifies four core components affecting policy making ILRI Source: Crewe and Young, 2002
  6. 6. Methods and approaches  Risk analysis approach  Introducing concepts of risks vs. hazards  Developing and/or strengthening national capacity  Application in research design and implementation  Outcome mapping approach  Mapping a pathway to desired food safety outcomes  Identifying strategic partners and actions that will deliver policy outcomes for effective risk management  Participatory risk assessment  Generating evidence to inform policymaking ILRI  Appropriate to research on informal markets
  7. 7. Key Actors in the Policymaking Process in Vietnam Broad Iss ue Definition Politburo, C entral Committee, National Assembly (Sub) Sector Agenda Setting MARD/Vice -Minister for Livestock Formulat ion DLP, DAH, NIVR Adoption DLP, DAH, PPD, FD, MF, MPI, Relevant Min.s, PMХsOffice Imple mentation DARDs ILRI INTERNATIONAL LIVESTOCK RESEARCH INSTITUTE Evaluation DARDs, IPSARD, NIAH, NIVR
  8. 8. Advocacy Strategy  Increase policy dialogue among all key stakeholders.  Support available capacity while encouraging capacity development.  Identify, support and develop a coalition for change.  Promote longevity of project findings.  Ensure broad but targeted dissemination of project materials.  Ensure advocacy does not directly oppose current sector direction.  Ensure dynamic strategy which adapts to an evolving political context. ILRI INTERNATIONAL LIVESTOCK RESEARCH INSTITUTE
  10. 10. Enabling environment and demand for risk assessment Law of Food Safety (in effect since 7.2011) ILRI Decision of Primer Minister 3.2013 “Rapid detection system for food safety and risk analysis” Circular of MARD 5.2013 “RA in food safety management”
  11. 11. Partnership, demand creation, mutual understanding Research ILRI Food Safety Policy
  12. 12. Taskforce: Risk assessment for food safety  Lack of local capacity in practical application of risk assessment (RA). The situation is especially urgent in Vietnam’s informal markets, where most domestically produced food is bought and sold. RA is rarely applied in these settings.  Task Force: brings together representatives from Vietnam’s Ministry of Health, its Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, and researchers involved in RA and food safety from key universities and research institutes.  The Task Force is developing guidelines for use of RA on behalf of food safety management in informal markets catering to local consumers. These guidelines will be used to train a wide range of decision-makers, including high-level policymakers ILRI
  13. 13. FIRST WORSHOP OF RISK ASSESSMENT EXPERT FOR FOOD SAFETY Hanoi, 30 December – 2011 ILRI - No follow–up from MOH and WHO - CENPHER wanted to take this up
  14. 14. ILRI
  15. 15. Taskforce composition Food safety risk assessment experts from Universities, research institutes, policy makers from MOH and MARD: Academia – – – HSPH, HUA NIHE, NIN, NIVR (North), HIPHH, Pasteur Institute (South) Food safety program (CIDA, LIFSAP) Policy makers – – – – – Food Safety Administration (VFA) Department of Science, Training and Technology Department of Animal Health (DAH) National Agro-Forestry-Fisheries Quality Assurance Department (NAFIQAD) Department of Livestock Development (MARD) Provate (consultancy – to be included) – – ILRI Consumption Other value chain actors Close collaboration between science and policy Taskforce works on “case studies” on risk assessment of food commodities prioritized by policy makers and develop
  16. 16. Taskforce activities  Situational analysis of food safety policy in Vietnam and use of evidence from research to inform policy  Forming a taskforce of risk assessment in Vietnam  Special issue of risk assessment in health research in Vietnam  Kick-off workshop to define activities and priority issues  Case studies and risk assessment guideline development  Trainings and follow-up  Communication ILRI
  17. 17. First meeting 8.2013 ILRI
  18. 18. Administrative structure of the taskforce as envisioned  Become a technical team of the inter-ministerial committee of food safety risk assessment  highly and officially solicited by policy makers  Mobilizing funding from the government in future  Backup from international partners  Independence vs. dependence of risk managers ILRI
  19. 19. Outputs, communication, trainings  Special edition of Risk assessment in Vietnamese  Manuals  Policy brief  Trainings
  20. 20. Outputs/Outcomes, communication, trainings  Training on advanced RA for the taskforce by ILRI – In Hanoi in August 2013  Training on RA requested by MARD – In Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city in November 2013  Case studies: on going on meat, vegetables
  21. 21. Lessons learned, challenges and way forward  Timely demand and need for risk assessment in Vietnam  Proactive approaches to policy makers to offer our expertises  Learning by doing through case studies  Dependence/independence of taskforce vs. Request of policy makers  Further interactions with policy makers and keep the momentum… ILRI
  22. 22. Acknowledgements Funding and partners ILRI