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Functional Fuel for Advanced Vehicle Technology
SIMEA Conference
Sao Paulo, Brazil
September, 2016
®
OECD
Developin
g Markets
Evolving
Regulatory &
Emissions
Standards
Advances in
Hardware
Technology
Fuels Quality
Dynamic...
®
Worldwide Passenger Car CO2 Emissions Expectations
2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This docume...
®
Relentless Drive Towards Lower CO2 Emissions
Driving New Powertrain Designs
Conventional
Designs
New
Designs
NaturallyAs...
®
Big Picture on Light-Duty Gasoline Engine: PFI vs. DIG
Fuel/Air
mixing
Fuel
evaporation
Mixture
homogeneity
PFI Before
e...
®
Technology Drivers in Fuels Markets
Stringent CO2
/ FE Standards
Gasoline
PM/PN
Requirements
Evolving
Regulatory
& Emiss...
®
New Engine Designs Present New Challenges
New downsized engine
designs deliver superior
performance
Direct injection exp...
®
Gasoline Direct Injection – New Opportunities
LTFT
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0 2000
LTFT,%
4000
Miles
6000 8000
CU
8
7
6
5
4
3...
®
Gasoline Injector Deposits and Flow Loss (DIG)
Flow loss
without
additive
Flow
restoration
by additive
Dirty Clean
2016 ...
®
High Octane Gasoline Enables Increased
Compression Ratio For Improved Fuel Efficiency
Higher octane fuel enables engine ...
®
Real World Cycle Testing Will Change Landscape
for Fuel Economy and Emission Claims
Real world driving will have signifi...
®
Combustion: Much More Than Octane
Chemistry foundation & Product differentiation are key
elements of development
SOOT & ...
®
Multi-faceted Problem, Here to Stay
DIG
Turbo
Charged
Engine
Durability
Reduced
Fuel
Economy
Higher
Emissions
Real World...
®
Fuel Additives Are Enabling An Evolution inFuel
and Vehicle Technology
Emission control and energy conservation policies...
®
Thank You!
Developing
Markets
Evolving
Regulatory &
Emissions
Standards
Advanced
Hardware &
Technology
Fuel Quality
Dyna...
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Functional fuels for advanced engine technology

Functional fuels for advanced engine technology

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Functional fuels for advanced engine technology

  1. 1. ® Functional Fuel for Advanced Vehicle Technology SIMEA Conference Sao Paulo, Brazil September, 2016
  2. 2. ® OECD Developin g Markets Evolving Regulatory & Emissions Standards Advances in Hardware Technology Fuels Quality Dynamics Retail Landscape Evolution KEY GLOBAL TRENDS Fuel Market Trends and Insights Sustained Shift in Miles Driven in Mature Markets BioFuel Variability = Performance Challenges Expanding Product Performance range / Increased Differentiation demand from Branded Marketers Acceleration of DIG Market Penetration Fuel Quality MarketingClaims Local Solutions required in Developing Markets Expanded adoption of CO2 / FE standards Addition of Gasoline PM requirements Next Gen System Developments Underway Increased Octane Demand = PUL Demand Geographic Shift Regulatory Hardware Technology 2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This document should not be copied, shared, or reproduced in any media without the express written permission of Afton Chemical Corporation
  3. 3. ® Worldwide Passenger Car CO2 Emissions Expectations 2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This document should not be copied, shared, or reproduced in any media without the express written permission of Afton Chemical Corporation
  4. 4. ® Relentless Drive Towards Lower CO2 Emissions Driving New Powertrain Designs Conventional Designs New Designs NaturallyAspirated Turbocharged Port Fuel Injection Direct Injection Large Bulky V6, V8 Downsized, 3 or 4 Cylinders More stringent requirements are driving new designs Source: The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) 5 and 6 speed auto transmissions 8-10 speed AT and CVT 2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This document should not be copied, shared, or reproduced in any media without the express written permission of Afton Chemical Corporation
  5. 5. ® Big Picture on Light-Duty Gasoline Engine: PFI vs. DIG Fuel/Air mixing Fuel evaporation Mixture homogeneity PFI Before entering the cylinder Before entering the cylinder Good DIG Inside cylinder During intake and compression Not good Dramatic market shift from PFI technology to DIG for fuel economy improvement PM/PN emission is a big concern PFI DIG 2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This document should not be copied, shared, or reproduced in any media without the express written permission of Afton Chemical Corporation
  6. 6. ® Technology Drivers in Fuels Markets Stringent CO2 / FE Standards Gasoline PM/PN Requirements Evolving Regulatory & Emissions Standards Turbo, DIG, Downsizing New Exhaust Aftertreatment GPF’s Advances in Hardware Technology Fuel Economy Particle Emissions & GPFs LSPI Turbo DIG Opportunities and Challenges 2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This document should not be copied, shared, or reproduced in any media without the express written permission of Afton Chemical Corporation
  7. 7. ® New Engine Designs Present New Challenges New downsized engine designs deliver superior performance Direct injection exposes injectors to more severe operating conditions Hetergeneous/stratified air-fuel mixtures produce higher particulate emissions New engine designs are prone to LSPI at low-speed, high-load conditions New challenges also present new opportunities for fuel additives 2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This document should not be copied, shared, or reproduced in any media without the express written permission of Afton Chemical Corporation
  8. 8. ® Gasoline Direct Injection – New Opportunities LTFT 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 2000 LTFT,% 4000 Miles 6000 8000 CU 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 0 2000 LTFT,% 4000 6000 Miles 8000 Plugged Holes Clean Holes Additive chemistry CUDU CUDU 2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This document should not be copied, shared, or reproduced in any media without the express written permission of Afton Chemical Corporation
  9. 9. ® Gasoline Injector Deposits and Flow Loss (DIG) Flow loss without additive Flow restoration by additive Dirty Clean 2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This document should not be copied, shared, or reproduced in any media without the express written permission of Afton Chemical Corporation
  10. 10. ® High Octane Gasoline Enables Increased Compression Ratio For Improved Fuel Efficiency Higher octane fuel enables engine to operate at optimal conditions for improved efficiency 0 5 10 15 20 6 16 FuelEconomyIncrease(%) 11 Compression Ratio Thermal and Mechanical Loss Theoretical Thermal Efficiency Fuel Economy Source: JCAP Higher compression ratio improves fuel efficiency and fuel economy High compression can lead to detonation Detonation can result in catastrophic engine change Detonation can be controlled Change engine settings, non- optimal operation Improve the fuel’s resistance to detonation – increase octane 2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This document should not be copied, shared, or reproduced in any media without the express written permission of Afton Chemical Corporation
  11. 11. ® Real World Cycle Testing Will Change Landscape for Fuel Economy and Emission Claims Real world driving will have significant impact on vehicle, fuel, lubricant, emission and fuel economy claims. Particulate numbers increase as injector deposits form https://www.transportenvironment.org/press/psa-et-te-rendent-publiques-les-consommations-de-carburant-en-conditions-r%C3%A9elles-dutilisation 2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This document should not be copied, shared, or reproduced in any media without the express written permission of Afton Chemical Corporation
  12. 12. ® Combustion: Much More Than Octane Chemistry foundation & Product differentiation are key elements of development SOOT & PARTICULATES CAVITATION COMBUSTION CHAMBER DEPOSITS SPRAY & ATOMIZATION FLAME SPEED MODIFIERS CYCLE-TO-CYCLE VARIABILITY DIFFUSION FLAMES & ULTRAFINES LOW SPEED PRE-IGNITION INCOMPLETE COMBUSTION AUTO-IGNITION INJECTOR DEPOSITS NOX, UHC, SECONDARY AEROSOLS Fuel Economy Power Emissions NVH Drivability 2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This document should not be copied, shared, or reproduced in any media without the express written permission of Afton Chemical Corporation
  13. 13. ® Multi-faceted Problem, Here to Stay DIG Turbo Charged Engine Durability Reduced Fuel Economy Higher Emissions Real World Performance Engine Cleanliness and Efficiency Drivability To achieve further CO2 reductions, OEMs will retain boosting/turbocharging in future engine designs. Effects on Engine Performance A multi-faceted hurdle to engine performance. Expected to worsen with even higher output engines No drivers to revert back from turbocharging to naturally aspirated engines. Functional Fuel essential with this approach. OEMs continue development of further downsized, higher output engines. Performance parameters may further increase in severity and frequency in further downsized engines. 2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This document should not be copied, shared, or reproduced in any media without the express written permission of Afton Chemical Corporation
  14. 14. ® Fuel Additives Are Enabling An Evolution inFuel and Vehicle Technology Emission control and energy conservation policies are drivers for change Particle emissions remains a challenge Vehicle technology and test cycles have significant impact on particulate emission Clean Fuel solutions are complicated and are exemplified by biofuels Fuel additives enable the safe and efficient production, transport and utilization of fuel Fuel additives maintain optimal vehicle performance Fuel additives offer potential for fuel efficiency and emissions improvement Fuel additives provide means to effectively and efficiently modify fuel properties  Maintain optimal engine performance and reduce emissions  Higher additive treat rates may be necessary for optimal vehicle performance 2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This document should not be copied, shared, or reproduced in any media without the express written permission of Afton Chemical Corporation
  15. 15. ® Thank You! Developing Markets Evolving Regulatory & Emissions Standards Advanced Hardware & Technology Fuel Quality Dynamics Competitive Landscape 2016 © Afton Chemical Corp. Confidential and Proprietary. This document should not be copied, shared, or reproduced in any media without the express written permission of Afton Chemical Corporation

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