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  • First, a review of the MDGs – the eight goals. In my view these goals really reflect a poor persons agenda – a truly human development agenda – reflecting the most important capabilities. They translate HD into simple and meaningful objectives. They address some of the most enduring problems of poverty in terms of peoples’ lives. It’s an agenda for eradicating poverty – human poverty not just income poverty – in the world. So what’s new? Four things. First, these goals have quantitative specific targets. Second, they are time bound. And third, there is a political commitment and agreement. That makes MDGs a new powerful force for change, for accelerating the pace of development. Fourth and finally, these goals put poverty and human development at as the bottom line of the agenda for international cooperation. It reminds us all that things like macroeconomic stability, expanding trade, and indeed economic growth are means to this ultimate end of reducing global poverty, and challenges rich countries to focus their aid, trade and financial policies to this end.
  • The MDGs are human development goals because they go right to the heart of the improving lives of people. We have been arguing that you cannot judge development progress on economic growth alone but on whether peoples lives have really improved. You can see the MDGs in this definition of human development. But these goals do not capture all the more complex dimensions of Human Development which is about expanding choices that people have to lead a life to its full, through expanding capabilities, and through people taking action themselves to improve their lives. Critical aspects such as political and civil liberties and participation are not included. But compared to the time when some were pushing for economic growth and economic growth alone – this is a tremendous step forward and the differences should not be exagerated.
  • Capacity building is needed in the context of implementing the the goals outlined above. Building the necessary capacity to realize the rural-led development strategy targeting: キ Rural small-holder farmers and their association, キ Building the capacity of Woreda and regional level administration in effectively planning, and execution of rural development programs. キ Building Federal Governments capacity to build and support regional and Woreda administrative capacity (b) Building capacity for an accelerated and private sector led agro-base industrialization in the country through, キ Strengthening government capacity in creating conducive policy and institutional environment, as well as to extend capacity building support to domestic entrepreneurs, キ Enhance the government's capacity to minimize adverse impacts of market failure or through such support as - information, long-term credit, technical development, etc. needed to realize the export and industrialization strategies, キ Build the institutional capacity of the private sector, in coordinating their effort to improve productivity and competencies, and enhanced interface with the government on policy, implementation, and capacity building issues. (c) Building the institutional capacity of public, private and civil society, in discharging their respective role in the democratization process: キ Strengthening the capacity of democratic/political institutions to insure the rule of law at all levels of the administration system, キ Strengthen the government's capacity for efficient and effective service delivery, and accountability, キ Ensure Civil Society institutions and media play their part in the democratization process though improving the environment and strengthening their capacity.
  • Sources of finance: Domestic Revenue Grants External loan Domestic borrowing Privatization receipts Debt relief
  • Data from community-based registers
  • MDG

    1. 1. Welcome to the Presentation <ul><li>on </li></ul><ul><li>Millennium Development Goals </li></ul>B-506
    2. 2. <ul><li>Md. Tanvir Hamim </li></ul><ul><li>ID. No. 12-001 </li></ul>
    3. 3. MDG ..
    4. 4. UN Millennium Declaration Goal Statement : ‘ Halving the number of people who live on less than one dollar per day by 2015’
    5. 5. Analysis of MDG
    6. 6. Why ? The Millennium Goals .. <ul><li>More than 1 billion people in the world live on less than $1.00 a day. In total, 2.7 billion people struggle to survive on less than $2.00 a day </li></ul>
    7. 7. Poverty in the developing world…
    8. 8. Frightful Facts ..
    9. 9. Notable Quotation .. &quot;Ours is the first generation in the history of the world with the ability to eradicate extreme poverty. We have the means, the resources and the know-how. All we lack is the will&quot; Dr. Jeffrey D. Sachs
    10. 10. 7 areas explicitly addressed in the Millennium Declaration
    11. 11. <ul><li>The millennium goals: an overview </li></ul><ul><li>Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (1.2 billion have less than $1 a day, 800 million are hungry) </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve universal primary education (113 million children are not in school) </li></ul><ul><li>Promote gender equality and empower women (60% of children not in school are girls, women have on average only 14% of seats in parliaments) </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce child mortality (every day 30,000 children die of preventable causes.) </li></ul><ul><li>Improve maternal health (In Africa, a woman has 1 chance in 13 of dying in childbirth) </li></ul><ul><li>Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases (40 million are living with HIV/AIDS, 75% of them in Africa) </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure environmental sustainability (1.1 billion people do not have access to clean water, over 2 billion to sanitation) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a global partnership for development (ODA declined from 53 to 51 billion from 1990 to 2001) </li></ul>
    12. 12. MDG & Human Development Human development is about widening choices people have in life, to lead a life to its full potential and in dignity. At the core of this process is expanding capabilities ..
    13. 13. Standpoints to Human Development
    14. 14. Rights extensively endorsed by MDG
    15. 15. Goal 1 <ul><li>Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Target 1. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day </li></ul><ul><li>Target 2. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger </li></ul>
    16. 16. Goal 2 <ul><li>Achieve universal primary education </li></ul><ul><li>Target 3. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys & girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling </li></ul>
    17. 17. Goal 3 <ul><li>Promote gender equality and empower women </li></ul><ul><li>Target 4. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015 </li></ul>
    18. 18. Goal 4 <ul><li>Reduce child mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Target 5. Reduce the under-five mortality rate by two-thirds, between 1990 & 2015 </li></ul>
    19. 19. Goal 5 <ul><li>Improve maternal health </li></ul><ul><li>Target 6. Reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015 </li></ul>
    20. 20. Goal 6 <ul><li>Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria & other diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Target 7. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Target 8. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases </li></ul>
    21. 21. Goal 7 <ul><li>Ensure environmental sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Target 9: </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources </li></ul><ul><li>Target 10: </li></ul><ul><li>Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Target 11: </li></ul><ul><li>Have achieved by 2020 a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers </li></ul>
    22. 22. Goal 8 <ul><li>Develop a global partnership for development </li></ul><ul><li>Target 12: </li></ul><ul><li>Develop an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system </li></ul><ul><li>(includes a commitment to good governance, development & poverty reduction both nationally and internationally) </li></ul><ul><li>Target 13: </li></ul><ul><li>Address the special needs of the Least Developed Countries </li></ul><ul><li>(Includes tariff- and quota-free access for LDCs’ exports, enhanced program of debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries [HIPCs] and cancellation of official bilateral debt, and more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction) </li></ul>
    23. 23. Strong MDG-based Strategies
    24. 24. Potentials of Private sectors to be nurtured for attaining MDGs
    25. 25. Capacity Building <ul><li>Strengthening government capacity in creating conducive environment for domestic entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><li>Building the capacity of local and regional administration in execution of development programs </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance the government's capacity to minimize adverse impacts of market failure </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening the capacity of democratic/political institutions to insure the rule of law at all levels of the administration system </li></ul><ul><li>Support the government's capacity for efficient and effective service delivery, and accountability </li></ul>
    26. 26. Financing strategy <ul><li>Link to the national budget : set out clear benchmarks for monitoring and reporting on progress </li></ul><ul><li>Develop an MDG financing strategy : map out government expenditures, specifies contributions from households and the private sector, and identifies the MDG financing gap to be covered through increased aid and debt relief </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare an MDG-consistent macroeconomic framework: A macroeconomic framework identifies how public expenditures and revenues relate to key macroeconomic variables, such as GDP growth, national savings rates, private investment, inflation </li></ul>
    27. 27. Snapshot : Asia-Pacific Region
    28. 28. Snapshot : Asia-Pacific Region
    29. 29. MDG & Bangladesh
    30. 30. Hard-core Food Poverty
    31. 31. Poverty Index of BD
    32. 32. Reduce U5MR by two thirds (1990) 50 78 (2006) 31 (2005)
    33. 33. Reduce by three-fourths The Maternal Mortality Ratio (2005) 3.0 (1990) 13.8%
    34. 34. Trends in Newborn Infant and Under-5 Mortality Rates by Year, Bangladesh 1993 - 2007
    35. 35. The issue of child malnutrition, which is still around 50%, needs closer scrutiny and is one area where we can still do a lot to improve the situation Achieving universal primary education: This is a sector where progress has been commendable. Most regions of Bangladesh have primary enrolment ratios above 85%, and many even above 91%; in comparison to the base year percentage of 60 BD Status towards MDG Attainment
    36. 36. BD Status towards MDG Attainment Bangladesh received the UN award for its remarkable achievements in attaining the Millennium Development Goals, particularly in reducing child mortality
    37. 37. Combatting HIV/AIDS and other diseases: This is an area of great concern. Only 15.8% Bangladeshis aged 15 to 24 have some knowledge of HIV/Aids. Malaria is also a worry. It has been said that the death rate associated with malaria per lac population was 0.37 in 2000 and now it is 0.11 Developing a global partnership: It seems like Bangladesh is not sufficiently active in developing global partnerships. At present, Bangladesh is trying to build regional partnerships, and while that may be a good sign there is still much left to be done on the international scale The first being putting it on our list of national priorities along with education and health, because it is just as important. Consumption of ozone depleting CFCs in metric tons was 195 is base year. The target is 0 but now it is 155 BD Status towards MDG Attainment
    38. 38. <ul><li>Current Performance Index of Bangladesh </li></ul>
    39. 39. <ul><li>How can business contribute to the accomplishment of the MDGs & Rural economic Development? </li></ul>
    40. 40. <ul><li>Social Investment </li></ul><ul><li>Invest in social entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><li>Building local capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Core business Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Providing affordable products & services </li></ul><ul><li>Building local business linkages & employment opportunities </li></ul>Corporate contribution to Development Goal 1 : eradicate extreme poverty & hunger <ul><li>Support public policy efforts to build the domestic private sector & attract foreign investment </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for fairer access to OECD markets </li></ul>Policy dialogue & Advocacy
    41. 41. Goal 2 : Achieve Universal Primary Education <ul><li>Tackle child labor </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver education services </li></ul><ul><li>Harness technology for education </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate the education for employees’ children </li></ul><ul><li>Investment in local school and support the work of education NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Core business Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Social Investment </li></ul>Policy dialogue & Advocacy <ul><li>Advocacy for education access, reform and quality </li></ul>
    42. 42. Goal 3 : Promote gender equality <ul><li>Reinforcement of women’s capacity as entrepreneurs, producers & employees </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminating work place violence against women </li></ul><ul><li>Support women issues </li></ul><ul><li>Invest in women’s leadership development beyond company’s operations </li></ul><ul><li>Core business Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Social Investment </li></ul>Policy dialogue & Advocacy <ul><li>Raise public awareness of women’s issues and promote women’s voices </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for equal access to education & economic assets </li></ul>
    43. 43. Goal 4 : Reduce child mortality <ul><li>Provide affordable products and services </li></ul><ul><li>Support children’s NGOs & awareness raising projects </li></ul><ul><li>Support programs for AIDS Orphans </li></ul><ul><li>Core business Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Social Investment </li></ul>Policy dialogue & Advocacy <ul><li>Advocate governments to support the rights of the child and to care children’s issues </li></ul>
    44. 44. Goal 5 : Improve maternal health <ul><li>Improve working conditions & occupational health for women </li></ul><ul><li>Support women’s NGOs and community health services </li></ul><ul><li>Combat stigmatization </li></ul><ul><li>Core business Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Social Investment </li></ul>Policy dialogue & Advocacy <ul><li>Encourage good public policy & public awareness on women’s health issues </li></ul>
    45. 45. Goal 6 : Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria & other diseases <ul><li>Implement workplace HIV/AIDS programs focused on education, prevention, treatment & care </li></ul><ul><li>Provide product donations </li></ul><ul><li>Support medical funds </li></ul><ul><li>Core business Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Social Investment </li></ul>Policy dialogue & Advocacy <ul><li>Establish national business alliances </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in global public policy networks </li></ul>
    46. 46. Goal 7 : Ensure environmental sustainability <ul><li>Understand & manage the company’s direct environmental impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Invest in process innovation & transform business models </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Address the challenge of sustainable consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Tackle climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Support international environmental NGOs & campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Support environmental awards & media campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilize core corporate competencies to support community-level environmental initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Core business Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Social Investment </li></ul>Policy dialogue & Advocacy <ul><li>Change market frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate global rules & develop voluntary standards </li></ul>
    47. 47. Goal 8 : Nurture a global partnership for development <ul><li>Research and development, patent protection, intellectual property rights & pricing </li></ul><ul><li>Providing low-cost technology to rural areas on a commercial basis </li></ul><ul><li>Donate technology & expertise to more effectively manage humanitarian crises </li></ul><ul><li>Promote investment in least developed countries, specially in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Core business Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Social Investment </li></ul>Policy dialogue & Advocacy <ul><li>Advocate OECD governments for increased market access, official development assistance & debt relief </li></ul><ul><li>Support NGOs or community-led projects through donating resources, expertise &technology </li></ul>
    48. 48. Can we make it happen? <ul><li>If all the wealthy nations of the world work together, we can accomplish all these things by .. . </li></ul><ul><li>2015 </li></ul>
    49. 49. Thank you for being the audience