Mansard Insurance Plc HY 2012 results

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Mansard Insurance Plc HY 2012 results

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Mansard Insurance Plc HY 2012 results

  1. 1. Together with the Directors' and Auditor's Reports Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statements 6 Months ended 30 June 2012
  2. 2. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Contents Page Corporate information 1 Director's report 2 Director's responsibilities 5 Corporate governance report 6 Certificate pursuant to section 60(2) of Investment and Securities Act No. 29 of 2007 9 Audit and compliance committee report 10 Independent auditor's report 11 Consolidated interim statement of financial position 13 Consolidated interim income statement 14 Consolidated interim statement of comprehensive income 15 Consolidated interim statement of changes in equity 16 Consolidated interim statement of cashflows 19 1.0 General information 20 2.0 Summary of significant accounting policies 20 2.1 Basis of preparation 20 2.2 Consolidation 21 2.3 Segment reporting 22 2.4 Foreign currency translation 22 2.5 Property, plant and equipment 23 2.6 Investment properties 23 2.7 Intangible assets 24 2.8 Financial assets 24 2.9 Reclassification of financial assets 24 2.10 Impairment of asset 26 2.11 Offsetting financial instruments 26 2.12 Cash and cash equivalents 28 2.13 Share capital 28 2.14 Technical reserves 28 2.15 Treasury shares 28 2.16 Earnings per share 28 2.17 Dividends 29 2.18 Insurance and investment contracts - classification 29 2.19 Borrowings 30 2.20 Current and deferred income tax 31 2.21 Investment contracts 31 2.22 Employee benefits 31 2.23 Financial guarantee contracts 32 2.24 Borrowing costs 32 2.25 Provisions 33 2.26 Revenue recognition 33
  3. 3. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 2.27 Interest income and expense 33 2.28 Deficit and surpluses on actuarial valuation 34 2.29 Contingent liabilities 34 3.0 Critical accounting estimates and judgments 34 4.0 Management of insurance and financial risk 35 4.1 Insurance risk 35 4.2 Financial risk 41 4.3 Capital management 54 4.4 Fair value hierarchy 55 5.0 Segment information 57 6.0 Cash and cash equivalents 60 7.0 Financial assets 60 8.0 Loans and receivables including insurance receivables 62 9.0 Reinsurance assets 63 10.0 Pledged assets 63 11.0 Investment properties 63 12.0 Deferred aqcquisition cost 64 13.0 Intangible assets 64 14.0 Property, plant and equipment 65 15.0 Statutory deposit 67 16.1 Share capital 67 16.2 Share premium 67 16.3 Other regulatory reserves 67 16.4 Capital reserves 68 16.5 Retained earnings 68 16.6 Regulatory risk reserves (life fund) 68 16.7 Regulatory reserves (premium receivables) 68 17.1 Treasury shares 69 17.2 Available for sale reserves 69 18.0 Non-controlling interests 69 19.0 Insurance liabilities and reinsurance assets 70 20.0 Investment contract liabilities 84 21.0 Borrowings 84 22.0 Trade and other payables and deferred income 85 23.0 Deferred income tax 85 24.0 Current income tax liabilities 86 25.0 Contingent liabilities 86 26.0 Net insurance premium revenue 87 27.0 Fee income 87 28.0 Investment income 87 29.0 Net realised gains on financial assets 87 30.0 net fair value gains on assets at fair value through profit or loss 88 31.0 Other operating income 88 32.0 Insurance benefits 88 33.0 Profit or loss on investment contracts 88 34.0 Expenses for the acquisition of insurance and investment contracts 88 35.0 Expenses for Marketing and Administration 89
  4. 4. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 36.0 Employee benefit expense 89 37.0 Other operating expense 89 38.0 Finance costs 89 39.0 Earnings per share 89 40.0 Supplementary profit and loss information 90 41.0 Net cash flow from operating activities before changes in operating assets 91 42.0 Actuarial valuation of the life fund 92 43.0 Contravention of laws and regulations 92 44.0 Post balance sheet events: 92 45.0 Prior year corresponding figures 92 46.0 Principal subsidiary undertakings 93 47.0 Related parties 94 48.0 Seasonality of revenue 94 49.0 Explanation of transition to IFRSs 95 50.0 general business revenue account 104 51.0 Life revenue account 105 Appendix
  5. 5. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Corporate information Chairman Mr. Victor Gbolade Osibodu Directors Mrs. Yetunde Ilori Mr. Tosin Runsewe Mr. Kunle Ahmed Mr. Hakim Khelifa Ms. Runa Alam Mr. Idris Mohammed Mr. Jatin Muhki Mrs. Abiola Ojo-Osagie Mr. Karl Weinfurtner Mr. Olusola Adeeyo Registered Office Santa Clara Court, Plot 1412, Ahmadu Bello Way, Victoria Island, Lagos. www.mansardinsurance.com Auditors PricewaterhouseCoopers Limited 252E Muri Okunlola Street, Victoria Island, Lagos. Tel: (01) 2711700 www.pwc.com/ng Company Secretary Mrs. Omowunmi Mabel Adewusi Bankers Guaranty Trust Bank First Bank of Nigeria First City Monument Bank Stanbic IBTC Re-insurers African Reinsurance Corporation Continental Reinsurance Plc. General Insurance Company of India Munich Reinsurance Company Limited Actuaries HR Nigeria Ltd Alexander Forbes Nigeria Ltd Registrar & Transfer Office GTB Registrar Limited RC No. 133276 1
  6. 6. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Legal Form and Principal Activity June June 2012 2011 Profit before tax 1,029,210 743,970 (127,066) (188,910) Profit after tax 902,144 555,060 Transfer to contingency reserve 218,028 152,723 Retained earnings for the period 672,368 402,337 Retained earnings, beginning of period 189,873 390,440 Transfer to other reserves (130,970) 245 Final dividend paid - 2011 (800,000) (900,000) Dividend on own shares adjusted (6,366) - Retained earnings, end of period (75,095) (106,978) Earnings per share – Basic 7k 5k Declared dividend per share - Final Nil 4k Directors’ Report For the period ended 30 June 2012 The Directors are pleased to present their report on the affairs of Mansard Insurance Plc (“The Company") and the subsidiary companies (“The Group”), together with the group audited financial statements and the auditor's report for the period ended 30 June 2012. The Company was incorporated on 23 June 1989 as a private limited liability company called “Heritage Assurance Limited” and issued with a composite insurance license by the National Insurance Commission in March 2004. The Company’s name was changed to Guaranty Trust Assurance Limited in September 2004 following the acquisition of a majority shareholding by Guaranty Trust Bank Plc, and changed again to Guaranty Trust Assurance Plc in March 2006 following the increase in number of members beyond the maximum required for a private company. In November 2009, the Company became listed on the Nigeria Stock Exchange. On September 29, 2011 Guaranty Trust Bank Plc divested its holding from the Company following the Central Bank of Nigeria's directive that all banks should divest from non core banking activities. The Company's major shareholding was acquired by Assur Africa Holdings (AAH). AAH is a special purpose vehicle incorporated in Mauritius for the purpose of the Guaranty Trust Assurance Plc acquisition. The Company latter changed its corporate identity from Guaranty Trust Assurance to Mansard Insurance on July 17, 2012. The shareholding structure of AAH is made up of 6 members comprising 3 private equity funds with substantial investment across Africa- Africa Development Partners, advised by Development Partners International ("DPI") based in the United Kingdom, Africlnvest II LLC and Africlnvest Financial Sector Limited, both advised by Africlnvest Capital Partners ("ACP") based in Tunisia - and 3 international developmental finance institutions - DEG (Germany), Proparco (France) and FMO (Netherlands). The Company’s principal activity continues to be provision of risk underwriting and related financial services to its customers. Such services include provision of life and non-life insurance services for both corporate and individual customers. The Company has two wholly owned subsidiaries: Assur Asset Management Limited and Barista Property Development Company Limited, the latter being special purpose company; and a partly owned subsidiary, APD Limited - a special purpose company. Assur Asset Management Limited was incorporated as a private limited liability company on 9 January 2008 and its principal activity involves provision of portfolio management services to both individual and corporate clients. Barista Property Development Company Limited was incorporated on 7 July 2008 to provide property development and investment services to both individual and corporate clients. APD Limited was incorporated on 2 September 2010 for the purpose of holding and developing the Company's former office block located at Plot 928A/B, Bishop Aboyade Cole Street, Victoria Island, Lagos to an ultra modern office structure. Operating Results: The following is a summary of the Group’s operating results: Taxation 2
  7. 7. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Directors’ Report For the period ended 30 June 2012 Directors and Their Interests 2012 2011 Mr. Victor Gbolade Osibodu - Chairman 131,953,125 131,953,125 Mrs. Yetunde Ilori 4,814,875 5,114,875 Mr. Tosin Runsewe 31,267,704 20,064,375 Mr. Kunle Ahmed (Appointed 15 February 2012) 3,788,125 3,788,125 Mr. Idris Mohammed Nil Nil Ms. Runa Alam Nil Nil Mr. Jatin Muhki Nil Nil Mrs. Abiola Ojo-Osagie Nil Nil Mr. Karl Weinfurtner Nil Nil Mr. Hakim Khelifa (Tunisian) Nil Nil Mr. Olusola Adeeyo - Independent Director Nil Nil No. of Shares % Holding 7,378,363,308 73.78% Stanbic Nominees Nigeria limited - SNNL 579,168,098 5.79% No. of Shareholders % of Shareholders No. of Holdings % of Holdings 1 - 1,000 388 14% 224,069 0.00% 1001 - 5,000 522 18% 1,653,626 0.02% 5,001 - 10,000 304 11% 2,615,557 0.03% 10,001 - 50,000 599 21% 16,371,462 0.16% 50,001 - 100,000 249 9% 20,712,539 0.21% 100,001 - 500,000 344 12% 88,750,583 0.89% 500,001 - 1,000,000 154 5% 127,035,623 1.27% 1,000,001 - 1,000,000,000 267 9% 2,364,273,233 23.64% 1,000,000,001 - 10,000,000,000 1 0% 7,378,363,308 73.78% Total 2,828 100% 10,000,000,000 100% Information relating to changes in property and equipment during the year is given in Note 14 to the financial statements. The analysis of the distribution of the shares of the Company at the end of the period was as follows: Share Range Property and equipment Analysis of Shareholding The directors of the Company who held office during the period together with their direct and indirect interest in the share capital of the Company were as follows: Retirement of Directors No director retired from the Board of the Company during the period. Appointment of Directors Major Shareholding According to the Register of Members, no shareholder other than the under-mentioned held more than 5% of the issued share capital of the Company as at 30 June 2012: Assur Africa Holding Limited Number of Ordinary Shares The Company appointed an Executive director during the period to join the Board of Directors. 3
  8. 8. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Directors’ Report For the period ended 30 June 2012 Organizations: 2012 2011 Lekki British International High School 75,000 Nigerian Accounting Standards Board (Establishment Of IFRS Academy) 500,000 ACEN Workshop On Professional Indemnity Insurance - 100,000 Women & Children Intellectual Enhancement Centre (WOCIA), Abuja - 200,000 Azibaola Charity Foundation Orphanage & Destitute Home, Port Harcourt - 200,000 Hearts Of Gold Hospices, Lagos - 200,000 - 1,275,000 Employee Involvement and Training Contracts Acquisition of Own Shares Post-Balance Sheet Events Auditors BY ORDER OF THE BOARD Mrs. Omowunmi Mabel Adewusi Company Secretary Plot 1412, Ahmadu Bello Way, Victoria Island, Lagos 17 August 2012 Donations and Charitable Gifts There were no donations during the period under review. (December 2011: N 1,275,000). Employment of Disabled Persons The Company operates a non-discriminatory policy in the consideration of applications for employment, including those received from disabled persons. The Company’s policy is that the most qualified and experienced persons are recruited for appropriate job levels irrespective of the applicant’s state of origin, ethnicity, religion or physical condition. In the event of any employee becoming disabled in the course of employment, the Company is in a position to arrange appropriate training to ensure the continuous employment of such a person without subjecting him/her to any disadvantage in his/her career development. As at 30 June 2012, the Company had no disabled persons in its employment. Health, Safety and Welfare of Employees The Company maintains business premises designed with a view to guaranteeing the safety and healthy living conditions of its employees and customers alike. Health, safety and fire drills are regularly organized to keep employees alert at all times. Employees are adequately insured against occupational hazards. In addition, the Company provides medical facilities to its employees and their immediate families at its expense. The Company encourages participation of employees in arriving at decisions in respect of matters affecting their well being. Towards this end, the Company provides opportunities for employees to deliberate on issues affecting the Company and employees’ interests, with a view to making inputs to decisions thereon. The Company places a high premium on the development of its manpower. Consequently, the Company sponsored its employees for various training courses both in Nigeria and abroad in the year under review. In accordance with Section 277 of the Companies and Allied Matters Act of Nigeria, none of the directors has notified the Company of any declarable interest in contracts deliberated by the Company during the period under review. The Company did not purchase any of its own shares during the period. Subsequent to the period end, the name of the Company was changed from Guaranty Trust Assurance Plc to Mansard Insurance Plc. This has no impact on the financial position and going concern status of the Company. Messrs KPMG Professional Services have indicated their willingness not to continue in office in accordance with NAICOM Corporate Governance regulation as such Messrs PricewaterhouseCoopers has been appointed as Auditor in accordance with section 357(2) of the Companies and Allied Matters Act of Nigeria. 4
  9. 9. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 SIGNED ON BEHALF OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS BY: Mrs. Yetunde Ilori Mr. Gbolade Osibodu 17 August 2012 17 August 2012 The directors have made assessment of the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern and have no reason to believe that the Company will not remain a going concern in the year ahead. The directors are of the opinion that the financial statements give a true and fair view of the state of the financial position of the Group and of the profit for the year. The directors further accept responsibility for the maintenance of accounting records that may be relied upon in the preparation of financial statements, as well as adequate systems of internal financial control. i. keeps proper accounting records that disclose, with reasonable accuracy, the financial position of the Group and comply with the requirements of the Companies and Allied Matters Act and the Insurance Act. ii. establishes adequate internal controls to safeguard its assets and to prevent and detect fraud and other irregularities; and iii. prepares its financial statements using suitable accounting policies supported by reasonable and prudent judgements and estimates, that are consistently applied. - International Accounting Standard 34 on interim reporting; - the requirements of the Insurance Act; - relevant guidelines and circulars issued by the National Insurance Commission (NAICOM); and - the requirements of the Companies and Allied Matters Act. Statement of Directors’ Responsibilities in Relation to the Financial Statements for the period ended 30 June 2012 The directors accept responsibility for the preparation of the annual financial statements that give a true and fair view of the statement of financial position of the Group at the end of the period and of its profit or loss. in the manner required by the Companies and Allied Matters Act of Nigeria and the Insurance Act of Nigeria. The responsibilities include ensuring that the Group: The directors accept responsibility for the consolidated interim financial statements, which have been prepared using appropriate accounting policies supported by reasonable and prudent judgments and estimates, in conformity with, 5
  10. 10. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Corporate Governance Report Introduction Board of Directors The Chairman of the Board The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) The Chief Client Officer (CCO) The Chairman has the responsibility to lead and manage the Board to ensure that it operates effectively and fully discharges all its legal and regulatory responsibilities whilst promoting effective relationship and open communication within the Boardroom. The Chief Executive Officer is charged with the supervisory role over the technical operations of the Company which involves risk management, formulation of policies and the implementation of operational decisions. The CEO is the first line of reference for issues to be discussed at the Board and is charged with ensuring compliance with regulations and policies of both the Board and Regulatory Authorities. The Chief Client Officer’s role as an Executive on the Board is to develop strategic business direction and implementation plans that will ensure that the Company’s assets, objectives and resources are channeled in areas that will propel the company forward and ensure growth. The Board of Directors is responsible for the efficient operation of the Company and to ensure the Company fully discharges its legal, financial and regulatory responsibilities. The Board is also responsible to shareholders for creating and delivering sustainable shareholders value through the management of the Company’s business. Mansard Insurance plc ("The Company") has consistently maintained corporate policies and standards designed to encourage good and transparent corporate governance to avoid potential conflicts of interest whilst promoting ethical business practices. The recent divestment of Guaranty Trust Bank (GTBank) from the Company in compliance with the repeal of the universal banking license by the Central Bank of Nigeria, paved way for the Company to change its corporate identity to reflect its new independent status from GTBank. The activities of the Company are at all times done with high standards of professionalism, accountability and integrity with due regard to the genuine interests of all our stakeholders. This is the foundation of our history, values and culture as a Company for building and sustaining an endurable institution that guarantees profitability and professionalism whilst enhancing shareholders’ value. The acquisition of Mansard Insurance plc by AAH as a majority shareholder has further enhanced the improvement of our processes, procedures and operations particularly in the areas of corporate governance that are in line with global best practice thus ensuring the highest standards of accountability of its officers, continuous transparency of the Board and disclosure of information to all stakeholders. A key governance development during the period under review is the establishment of additional committees in compliance with the Code of Corporate Governance of National Insurance Commission (NAICOM) and Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for public companies with a defined charter on their functions, composition, structure and duties. The purpose of this is to ensure an effective Board accountable to its stakeholders. Mansard Insurance plc is committed to the continuous management of its business operations by identifying and implementing key governance indicators which aid sustainable development and guarantee shareholder excellent return on investment. The membership of the Board is a mix of executive and non-executive directors based on integrity, professionalism, career success, recognition and the ability to add value to the organisation. In reviewing Board composition, the Board ensures a mix with representatives from different industry sectors. During the period under review, there are eleven (11) members; including the Chairman, six (6) Non-Executive Directors, one (1) Independent Director and three (3) Executive Directors 6
  11. 11. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Corporate Governance Report Independent Director Board Meetings No. of Board meetings attended 26-Feb-12 26-Apr-12 S/N Name of Director 1 Mr. Victor Osibodu Chairman 2 X X 2 Mrs. Yetunde Ilori Director 2 X X 3 Mr. Tosin Runsewe Director 2 X X 4 Mr. Jatin Mukhi Director 2 X X 5 Mr. Idris Mohammed Director 2 X X 6 Ms. Runa Alam Director 2 X X 7 Mr. Karl Weinfurtner Director 2 X X 8 Mr. Hakeem Khelifa Director 2 X X 9 Mr. Kunle Ahmed Director 2 X X 10 Mr. Olusola Adeeyo Director 2 X X 11 Mrs. Abiola Ojo-Osagie Director 2 X X Board Committees Board Audit & Compliance Committee Name Status Designation Attendance Mr. Olusola Adeeyo Independent Director Chairman 2 Mr. Afolabi Afolayan Shareholders Representative Member 2 Mr. Akingbola Akinola Shareholders Representative Member 2 Mr. Idris Mohammed (Mrs. Abiola Ojo-Osagie Alternate to Mr. Mohammed) Non Executive Director Member 2 The Committee has supervisory functions over audit, internal control and compliance issues. The Committee is responsible for the review of the integrity of data and information provided in the Audit/Financial Reports. This Committee is further responsible for oversight functions on internal control, risk management functions and compliance with all regulatory directives. The Committee is made up of the following members: The Independent Director is responsible for the protection and implementation of shareholders rights/interests in the Company in line with the NAICOM code of corporate governance practices. The Independent Director does not represent any particular shareholding interest nor holds any business interest in the Company to ensure his objective contributions to the Company’s development. The Board of Directors meetings are held every quarter or as the need arises to consider the Financial Statement of the Company for the period, review of management accounts for the quarter, consider the reports and minutes of board committees and any other reports pertaining to issues within the purview of the Board’s responsibilities. The Board met two (2) times during the period under review. 7
  12. 12. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Corporate Governance Report Board Investment & Finance Committee: Name Status Designation Attendance Mr. Hakim Khelifa Director Chairman 2 Mr. Karl Weinfurtner Director Member 2 Mr. Idris Mohammed Director Member 2 Mr. Tosin Runsewe Director Member 2 Board Risk Management & Technical Committee Name Status Designation Attendance Mr. Jatin Mukhi Director Chairman 2 Mr. Karl Weinfurtner Director Member 2 Mr. Tosin Runsewe Director Member 2 Mrs. Yetunde Ilori Director Member 2 Mr. Kunle Ahmed Director Member 2 Board Governance, Remuneration, Establishment & General Purpose Committee Name Status Designation Attendance Ms. Runa Alam Director Chairman 2 Mr. Sola Adeeyo Independent Director Member 1 Mrs. Abiola Ojo-Osagie Director Member 2 Mr. Hakim Khelifa Director Member 2 Shareholders This Committee has supervisory functions over risk management, technical and underwriting functions of the Company. The Committee is made up of the following members: This Committee has supervisory functions over the whole establishment, staffing, remuneration and corporate governance issues. The Committee is made up of the following members: The Company recognizes the rights of its shareholders and other stakeholders and is driven by its desire to deliver desired value to its shareholders and stakeholders. The shareholders are provided with detailed information on the Company’s activities and financial results via the annual returns to provide an opportunity to make enquiries, obtain information, share ideas and express their concerns and opinions on all issues (if any) directly through the Investor Relations Unit within the Company which is communicated to Management and the Board and on a broader scale at the Annual General Meeting of the Company. The Committee is responsible for supervisory functions over investment and other finance-related issues such as capital & funding requirements. The Committee is responsible for the management of the Company’s investment portfolio by ensuring that risk identification procedures were adhered to in investment decisions and approved portfolio limits in all areas of asset management by the Company. The responsibility for the disclosure, budgetary control and review of all information relating to prospective investment before approval is granted defers to the Committee. The Committee is made up of the following members: 8
  13. 13. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 9 CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO SECTION 60(2) OF INVESTMENT AND SECURITIES ACT NO.29 OF 2007 We the undersigned hereby certify the following with regards to our audited interim report for the period ended 30th June 2012that: (a) We have reviewed the report; (b) To the best of our knowledge, the report does not contain: (i) Any untrue statement of a material fact, or (ii) Omit to state a material fact, which would make the statements, misleading in the light of circumstances under which such statements were made; (c) To the best of our knowledge, the financial statement and other financial information included in the report fairly present in all material respects the financial condition and results of operation of the company as of, and for the periods presented in the report. (d) We: (i) Are responsible for establishing and maintaining internal controls. (ii) Have designed such internal controls to ensure that material information relating to the company and its consolidated subsidiary is made known to such officers by others within those entries particularly during the period in which the periodic reports are being prepared; (iii) Have evaluated the effectiveness of the company’s internal controls as of date within 90 days prior to the report; (iv) Have present in the report our conclusions about the effectiveness of our internal controls based on our evaluation as of that date; (e) We have disclosed to the auditors of the company and audit committee: (i) All significant deficiency in the design or operation of internal controls which would adversely affect the company’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial data and have identified for the company’s auditors any material weakness in internal controls, and (ii) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have significant role in the company’s internal controls; (f) We have identified in the report whether or not there were significant changes in internal controls or other factors that could significantly affect internal controls subsequent to the date of our evaluation, including any corrective actions with regard to significant deficiencies and material weaknesses. ………………………………… ……………………………... Mrs. Rashidat Adebisi Mrs. Yetunde Ilori Chief Financial Officer Chief Executive Officer Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 9 CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO SECTION 60(2) OF INVESTMENT AND SECURITIES ACT NO.29 OF 2007 We the undersigned hereby certify the following with regards to our audited interim report for the period ended 30th June 2012that: (a) We have reviewed the report; (b) To the best of our knowledge, the report does not contain: (i) Any untrue statement of a material fact, or (ii) Omit to state a material fact, which would make the statements, misleading in the light of circumstances under which such statements were made; (c) To the best of our knowledge, the financial statement and other financial information included in the report fairly present in all material respects the financial condition and results of operation of the company as of, and for the periods presented in the report. (d) We: (i) Are responsible for establishing and maintaining internal controls. (ii) Have designed such internal controls to ensure that material information relating to the company and its consolidated subsidiary is made known to such officers by others within those entries particularly during the period in which the periodic reports are being prepared; (iii) Have evaluated the effectiveness of the company’s internal controls as of date within 90 days prior to the report; (iv) Have present in the report our conclusions about the effectiveness of our internal controls based on our evaluation as of that date; (e) We have disclosed to the auditors of the company and audit committee: (i) All significant deficiency in the design or operation of internal controls which would adversely affect the company’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial data and have identified for the company’s auditors any material weakness in internal controls, and (ii) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have significant role in the company’s internal controls; (f) We have identified in the report whether or not there were significant changes in internal controls or other factors that could significantly affect internal controls subsequent to the date of our evaluation, including any corrective actions with regard to significant deficiencies and material weaknesses. ………………………………… ……………………………... Mrs. Rashidat Adebisi Mrs. Yetunde Ilori Chief Financial Officer Chief Executive Officer Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 9 CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO SECTION 60(2) OF INVESTMENT AND SECURITIES ACT NO.29 OF 2007 We the undersigned hereby certify the following with regards to our audited interim report for the period ended 30th June 2012that: (a) We have reviewed the report; (b) To the best of our knowledge, the report does not contain: (i) Any untrue statement of a material fact, or (ii) Omit to state a material fact, which would make the statements, misleading in the light of circumstances under which such statements were made; (c) To the best of our knowledge, the financial statement and other financial information included in the report fairly present in all material respects the financial condition and results of operation of the company as of, and for the periods presented in the report. (d) We: (i) Are responsible for establishing and maintaining internal controls. (ii) Have designed such internal controls to ensure that material information relating to the company and its consolidated subsidiary is made known to such officers by others within those entries particularly during the period in which the periodic reports are being prepared; (iii) Have evaluated the effectiveness of the company’s internal controls as of date within 90 days prior to the report; (iv) Have present in the report our conclusions about the effectiveness of our internal controls based on our evaluation as of that date; (e) We have disclosed to the auditors of the company and audit committee: (i) All significant deficiency in the design or operation of internal controls which would adversely affect the company’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial data and have identified for the company’s auditors any material weakness in internal controls, and (ii) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have significant role in the company’s internal controls; (f) We have identified in the report whether or not there were significant changes in internal controls or other factors that could significantly affect internal controls subsequent to the date of our evaluation, including any corrective actions with regard to significant deficiencies and material weaknesses. ………………………………… ……………………………... Mrs. Rashidat Adebisi Mrs. Yetunde Ilori Chief Financial Officer Chief Executive Officer
  14. 14. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Report of the Audit and Compliance Committee For the period ended 30 June 2012 • • • Mr. Olusola Adeeyo Chairman, Audit and Compliance Committee Members of the Audit and Compliance Committee are: 1. Mr. Olusola Adeeyo (Independent Director) - Chairman 2. Mr. Afolabi Folayan (Shareholders' representative) 3. Mr. Akingbola Akinola (Shareholders' representative) 4. Mr. Mohammed Idris (Non-Executive Director) In attendance: Mr. Henry Akwara - Secretary To the members of Mansard Insurance Plc: In accordance with the provisions of Section 359(6) of the Companies and Allied Matters Act of Nigeria, the members of the Audit and Risk Management Committee of Mansard Insurance Plc hereby report as follows: We have exercised our statutory functions under Section 359(6) of the Companies and Allied Matters Act of Nigeria and acknowledge the co-operation of management and staff in the conduct of these responsibilities. We are of the opinion that the accounting and reporting policies of the Company are in accordance with legal requirements and agreed ethical practices and that the scope and planning of both the external and internal audits for the period ended 30 June 2012 were satisfactory and reinforce the Company's internal control systems. We have deliberated with the external auditors, who have confirmed that necessary cooperation was received from Management in the course of their statutory audit and we are satisfied with Management’s responses to their recommendations for improvement and with the effectiveness of the Company's system of accounting and internal control. 17 August 2012 10
  15. 15. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Consolidated Interim Statements of Financial Position (All amounts in Naira thousands unless otherwise stated) Notes 30-Jun-2012 31-Dec-2011 1-Jan-11 ASSETS Cash and cash equivalents 6 1,899,858 2,606,744 5,370,113 Financial assets 7 Equity securities: – Available for sale 7.2 3,055,790 2,868,374 1,558,017 – At fair value through profit or loss 7.3 149,187 532,424 719,392 Debt securities: – Held to maturity 7.1 4,219,464 2,942,655 1,665,320 – Available for sale 7.2 - - 1,386,262 – At fair value through profit or loss 7.3 5,280,308 4,000,887 1,229,189 Other financial assets designated at fair value 7.4 1,226,797 1,042,101 846,674 Loans and receivables including insurance receivables 8 3,454,116 1,945,815 1,430,492 Reinsurance assets 9 2,448,533 1,248,922 571,491 Pledged assets 10 473,000 - - Investment properties 11 5,521,170 5,476,237 4,418,173 Deferred acquisition cost 12 380,076 196,657 145,042 Deferred tax asset - - 4,705 Intangible assets 13 61,198 41,697 27,654 Property, plant and equipment 14 1,431,785 1,287,899 362,976 Statutory deposit 15 500,000 500,000 500,000 TOTAL ASSETS 30,101,283 24,690,413 20,235,501 EQUITY and LIABILITIES Equity Attributable to Owners of the Parent Ordinary Shares 16.1 5,000,000 5,000,000 5,000,000 Share Premium 16.2 3,843,243 3,843,243 3,843,243 Other Regulatory Reserves 16.3 1,459,039 1,241,011 988,221 Capital Reserves 16.4 2,500,000 2,500,000 2,500,000 Retained Earnings 16.5 (75,095) 189,872 390,440 Regulatory Risk Reserves-Life Fund 16.6 24,596 - - Regulatory Reserves-Premium Receivables 16.7 193,155 86,781 74,071 Treasury shares 17.1 (176,895) (176,895) (176,895) Available for Sale Reserves 17.2 1,035,467 877,997 711,823 13,803,509 13,562,009 13,330,902 Non-controlling interests 18 315,824 304,076 - TOTAL EQUITY 14,119,333 13,866,085 13,330,902 LIABILITIES Insurance liabilities 19 6,489,437 4,462,179 3,272,590 Financial liabilities: Investment contracts: – At amortised cost 20.1 1,802,542 1,513,107 975,990 – At fair value 20.2 1,226,797 1,042,101 846,674 Borrowing 21 3,712,112 - - Trade and other payables 22 2,368,046 3,073,797 1,026,313 Deferred Income Tax 23 117,961 145,445 132,703 Current Income Tax Liabilities 24 265,054 587,699 650,328 TOTAL LIABILITIES 15,981,950 10,824,329 6,904,598 TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY 30,101,283 24,690,413 20,235,500 Yetunde Ilori Gbolade Osibodu Chief Executive Officer Chairman The notes on pages 20 to 103 are an integral part of these interim financial statements. The financial statements on page 13 to 103 were authorised for issue by the board of directors on the 17 August 2012 and were signed on its behalf by: 13
  16. 16. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Consolidated Interim Income Statement For the period ended 30 June 2012 (All amounts in Naira thousands unless otherwise stated) Notes Half year Quarter 2 Full year Half year Quarter 2 30 June Apr-June 31 December 30 June Apr-June 2012 2012 2011 2011 2011 Gross premium written 7,890,187 2,561,442 10,004,771 6,101,553 1,752,426 Insurance premium revenue 4,193,141 2,143,969 6,897,266 3,113,792 1,597,889 Insurance premium ceded to reinsurers 1,809,603 882,044 2,767,871 1,218,094 546,786 Net insurance premium revenue 26 2,383,538 1,261,925 4,129,395 1,895,698 1,051,103 Fee income: – Insurance contracts 27 213,591 88,387 270,641 154,761 67,527 Investment income 28 688,408 370,171 669,687 406,036 248,890 Net realised gains on financial assets 29 41,235 31,228 (33,550) (199,409) (159,062) Net fair value gains/(loss) on financial assets at fair value through profit or loss 30 14,631 11,431 110,474 14,873 12,720 Other operating income 31 10,525 (2,868) 59,290 165,871 153,764 Profit or loss on investment contracts 33 93,771 59,184 (14,140) (11,542) (3,362) Shareholder's share of Life Fund valuation surplus 19.4 39,189 40,993 17,373 15,506 (36,414) Net income 3,484,889 1,860,452 5,209,170 2,441,794 1,335,166 Insurance benefits Insurance claims and loss adjustment expenses 32 1,305,951 853,703 1,785,600 679,874 337,818 Insurance claims and loss adjustment expenses recovered from reinsurers 32 (279,011) (233,125) (287,273) (59,680) (33,050) Net insurance benefits and claims 1,026,940 620,578 1,498,327 620,194 304,768 Expenses for the acquisition of insurance and investment contracts 34 546,611 264,381 978,401 474,074 239,967 Expenses for marketing and administration 35 164,997 46,467 221,500 9,496 6,911 Employee benefit expense 36 307,058 164,055 668,551 235,437 120,113 Other operating expenses 37 402,209 196,055 587,016 358,560 137,962 Expenses 2,447,815 2,989,297 3,953,796 1,697,761 809,721 Results of operating activities 1,037,074 568,915 1,255,375 744,033 525,445 Finance costs 38 7,864 7,864 - 63 63 Profit before tax 1,029,210 561,051 1,255,375 743,970 525,381 Income tax expense 24 127,066 33,377 290,442 188,910 95,843 Profit for the period 902,144 527,674 964,933 555,060 429,539 Appropriation: Other Regulatory Reserves 16.3 218,028 80,121 252,788 152,723 44,655 Profit attributable to: – Owners of the parent 672,368 442,140 712,143 402,337 384,884 – Non-controlling interests 11,748 5,412 - - - 684,116 447,552 712,143 402,337 384,884 Earnings per share for profit attributable to the equity holders of the Company during the year (expressed in Kobo per share): – Basic and diluted 39 7k 5 k 7k 5k 4 k – Declared dividend per share - The notes on pages 20 to 105 are an integral part of these interim financial statements 14
  17. 17. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Consolidated interim statement of comprehensive income (All amounts in Naira thousands unless otherwise stated) Period ended Quarter 2 Period ended Period ended Quarter 2 30 June Apr-June 31 December 30 June Apr-June 2012 2012 2011 2011 2011 Profit for the period 902,144 527,674 964,933 555,060 429,539 Other comprehensive income: Change in available-for-sale financial assets 61,371 61,371 52,873 77,195 77,195Change in liabilities for insurance contracts and investment contracts with DPF0 Currency translation differences 96,100 108,319 113,300 34,700 11,200 Other comprehensive income for the period 157,471 169,690 166,173 111,895 88,395 Total comprehensive income for the period 1,059,615 617,242 1,131,106 666,955 517,933 Attributable to: – Owners of the parent 1,047,867 611,830 1,131,106 666,955 517,933 – Non-controlling interests 11,748 5,412 - - - Total comprehensive income for the period 1,059,615 617,242 1,131,106 666,955 517,933 The notes on pages 20 to 103 are an integral part of these consolidated interim financial statements 15
  18. 18. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Consolidated Interim Statements of Changes in Equity (All amounts in Naira thousands unless otherwise stated) Period ended 30 June 2012 Share Share Capital Treasury Fair Other Regulatory Regulatory Retained Total Non- Total Capital premium reserves shares value regulatory risk reserves earnings Controlling equity reserves reserve reserves interest Balance at 1 January 2012 5,000,000 3,843,243 2,500,000 (176,895) 877,996 1,241,011 - 86,781 189,873 13,562,009 304,076 13,866,085 Total comprehensive income for the period Profit or loss for the period - - - - - 218,028 - 672,368 890,396 11,748 902,144 877,996 1,459,039 - 86,781 862,241 14,452,405 315,824 14,768,229 Other comprehensive income - - Change in available-for-sale financial assets 157,471 157,471 157,471 Transfer to regulatory reserves (premium receivables) 106,375 (106,375) - - Life fund revaluation surplus 24,596 (24,596) - - - - Total other comprehensive income for the period - - - - 157,471 - 24,596 106,375 (130,970) 157,471 - 157,471 Total comprehensive income for period - - - - 157,471 218,028 24,596 106,375 541,398 1,047,867 11,748 1,059,615 Transactions with owners, recorded directly in equity Contributions by and distributions to owners Dividends to equity holders relating to 2012 - - - - - - (800,000) (800,000) (800,000) Dividend on own shares adjusted (6,366) (6,366) (6,366) Total transactions with owners - - - - - - - (806,366) (806,366) - (806,366) At end of period 5,000,000 3,843,243 2,500,000 (176,895) 1,035,467 1,459,039 24,596 193,155 (75,095) 13,803,510 315,824 14,119,333 16
  19. 19. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Consolidated Interim Statements of Changes in Equity (All amounts in Naira thousands unless otherwise stated) Year ended 31 December 2011 Share Share Capital Treasury Fair Other Regulatory Regulatory Retained Total Non- Total Capital premium reserves shares value regulatory risk reserves earnings Controlling equity reserves reserve reserves interest Balance at 1 January 2011 5,000,000 3,843,243 2,500,000 (176,895) 711,823 988,221 - 74,071 390,440 13,330,902 - 13,330,902 Total comprehensive income for the year - - - Profit or loss for the period 252,790 - - 712,143 964,933 964,933 711,823 1,241,011 - 74,071 1,102,582 14,295,835 - 14,295,835 Other comprehensive income - - Fair value gains on financial instruments 166,173 166,173 166,173 Transfer from retained earnings to regulatory reserves - - - - Transfer to regulatory reserves (premium receivables) 12,710 (12,710) Total other comprehensive income for the period - - - - 166,173 - - 12,710 (12,710) 166,173 - 166,173 Total comprehensive income for period - - - - 166,173 252,790 - 12,710 699,432 1,131,106 - 1,131,106 Transactions with owners, recorded directly in equity Contributions by and distributions to owners Dividends to equity holders relating to 2011 (900,000) (900,000) (900,000) APD Shares transferred to Non controlling interest 304,076 304,076 Total transactions with owners - - - - - - - - (900,000) (900,000) 304,076 (595,924) At end of year end 5,000,000 3,843,243 2,500,000 (176,895) 877,996 1,241,011 - 86,781 189,872 13,562,009 304,076 13,866,085 17
  20. 20. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Consolidated Interim Statements of Changes in Equity (All amounts in Naira thousands unless otherwise stated) Period ended 30 June 2011 Share Share Capital Treasury Fair Other Regulatory Regulatory Retained Total Non- Total Capital premium reserves shares value regulatory risk reserves earnings Controlling equity reserves reserve reserves interest Balance at 1 January 2011 5,000,000 3,843,243 2,500,000 (176,895) 711,823 988,221 - 74,071 390,440 13,330,903 - 13,330,903 Total comprehensive income for the year Profit or loss for the period - - - - - 152,723 - - 402,337 555,060 - 555,060 Other comprehensive income Fair value gain on AFS financial assets - - - - 111,895 - - - - 111,895 - 18,005 Regulatory reserves - - - - - - - (245) 245 - - - Total other comprehensive income for the period - - - - 111,895 (245) 245 111,895 - 18,005 Total comprehensive income for period - - - - 111,895 152,723 - (245) 402,582 666,955 - 573,064 Transactions with owners, recorded directly in equity - - Contributions by and distributions to owners Dividends to equity holders relating to 2011 - - - - - - - - (900,000) (900,000) (900,000) Total transactions with owners - - - - - - - - (900,000) (900,000) - (900,000) At end of period 5,000,000 3,843,243 2,500,000 (176,895) 823,718 1,140,944 - 73,826 (106,978) 13,097,857 - 13,003,967 18
  21. 21. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Consolidated Interim Statements of Cash Flows (All amounts in Naira thousands unless otherwise stated) 6 months 12 months 6 months Period ended Year ended Period ended Notes 30 Jun 2012 31 Dec 2011 30 Jun 2011 Cash flows from operating activities Operating profit before changes in working capital 41 3,319,680 1,651,172 2,517,099 Changes in working capital Loans and receivables (1,625,265) (746,154) (1,430,001) Re-insurance asset (1,199,611) (677,431) (953,907) Deferred acquisition cost (183,419) (51,615) (159,830) Claims reported and loss adjustment expenses (315,429) 681,016 431,360 Claims reported and but not reported 73,888 - - Increase in investment contract 474,131 732,544 276,830 Trade and other payables (705,752) 2,144,803 842,741 Changes in working capital (161,778) 3,734,335 1,524,292 Income tax paid 24 (477,193) (335,623) (115,685) Net cash from operating activities (638,971) 3,398,712 1,408,607 Cash flows from investing activities Purchases of property, plant and equipment 14 (257,962) (1,095,797) (119,191) Purchases of intangible assets 13 (29,189) (26,500) (2,148) Proceed from the disposal of property and equipment 28 12,686 8,694 7,166 Dividend received 28 127,084 247,905 104,430 Purchase of HTM financial assets (1,276,809) (851,116) (938,257) Net purchase of trading securities (1,542,594) (2,905,408) (710,357) Proceed from the disposal of investment property 900,000 - 449,662 Capitalised construction cost on investment properties (906,880) (943,934) (719,740) Net cash used in investing activities (2,973,665) (5,566,156) (1,928,435) Cash flows from financing activities Dividends paid (800,000) (900,000) (900,000) Surplus distribution on the SIT Scheme (6,366) - - Proceed from NCI equity stake in APD 18 - 304,076 - Borrowings 21 3,712,112 - 220,063 Net cash used in financing activities 2,905,746 (595,924) (679,937) 1,698 Cash and cash equivalent at beginning of period/year 6 2,606,744 5,370,113 5,370,113 Net increase/decrease in cash and cash equivalents (706,889) (2,763,368) (1,199,764) Cash and cash equivalent at end of period 1,899,856 2,606,745 4,170,349 The notes on pages 20 to 105 are an integral part of these consolidated interim financial statements. 19
  22. 22. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Notes to the consolidated interim financial statements Santa Clara Court, Plot 1412, Ahmadu Bello Way Victoria Island, Lagos, Nigeria. 2.0 Summary of significant accounting policies 2.1 Basis of presentation 2.1.1 Changes in accounting policy and disclosures (a) Use of estimates and judgments The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) Roadmap issued by the Financial Reporting Council of Nigeria (FRC), following a decision by the Federal Executive Council, requires all publicly listed and other significant public interest entities to adopt IFRS by the year starting 1 January 2012. As all insurance companies fall under this requirement, the National Insurance Commission of Nigeria (NAICOM) has also pronounced that the annual consolidated financial statements of Insurance Companies, for the year ended 31 December 2012, be prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). In compliance with the requirement of FRC and NAICOM, these interim consolidated financial statements has been prepared on the basis of the recognition, measurement and disclosures requirements of the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in issue by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and effective or available at 31 December 2012 or are expected to be endorsed and effective (or available for early adoption) at 31 December 2012, the Group’s first annual reporting date at which it is required to adopt IFRS. Based on these adopted and unadopted IFRSs, the directors have made assumptions about the accounting policies expected to be applied, which are as set out below, when the first annual IFRS financial statements are prepared for the year ended 31 December 2012. In addition, the adopted IFRS that will be effective in the annual financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2012 are still subject to change and to additional interpretations and therefore cannot be determined with certainty. Accordingly, the accounting policies for that annual period will be determined finally only when the annual financial statements are prepared for the year ended 31 December 2012. The consolidated financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, as modified by the revaluation of land, investment property, available-for- sale financial assets, and financial assets and financial liabilities (including derivative instruments) at fair value through profit or loss. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) requires the use of certain critical accounting estimates. It also requires the directors to exercise judgment in the process of applying the Group’s accounting policies. The areas involving a higher degree of judgment or complexity, or areas where assumptions and estimates are significant to the consolidated financial statements are disclosed in Note 3. 1.0 General information The Company is a public limited company incorporated and domiciled in Nigeria. The address of its registered office is: The Company is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange. The consolidated financial statements, including the assets and liabilities of the Company and all its subsidiaries, and were authorised for issue by the directors on 17 August 2012. An explanation of how the transition to International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) has affected the reported financial position, financial performance and cash flows of the Group is provided in note 49. This note includes reconciliations of equity and profit or loss for comparative periods reported under Nigerian GAAP (previous GAAP) to those reported for this period under IFRS. The preparation of financial statements requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of policies and reported amounts of assets and liabilities, income and expenses. The estimates and associated assumptions are based on historical experience and various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis of making the judgments about carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions and conditions. The principal accounting policies applied in the preparation of these consolidated financial statements are set out below. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented, unless otherwise stated. Mansard Insurance Plc (‘the Company’) and its subsidiaries (together ‘the Group’) formerly known as Guaranty Trust Assurance Plc underwrite life and non-life insurance risks, such as those associated with death, disability, health, property and liability. The Group also issues a diversified portfolio of investment contracts to provide its customers with asset management solutions for their savings and retirement needs. All these products are offered to both domestic and foreign markets. The Group does business in Nigeria and employs over 200 people. 20
  23. 23. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Notes to the consolidated interim financial statements (i) Subsidiaries IFRS 13, ‘Fair value measurement', aims to improve consistency and reduce complexity by providing a precise definition of fair value and a single source of fair value measurement and disclosure requirements for use across IFRS. The requirements, which are largely aligned between IFRS and US GAAP, do not extend the use of fair value accounting but provide guidance on how it should be applied where its use is already required or permitted by other standards within IFRSs or US GAAP. The Group is yet to assess IFRS 13’s full impact and intends to adopt IFRS 13 no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2013. 2.2 Consolidation IFRS 12, ‘Disclosures of interests in other entities’, includes the disclosure requirements for all forms of interests in other entities, including joint arrangements, associates, special purpose vehicles and other off balance sheet vehicles. The Group is yet to assess IFRS 12’s full impact and intends to adopt IFRS 12 no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2013. IFRS 10, ‘Consolidated financial statements', builds on existing principles by identifying the concept of control as the determining factor in whether an entity should be included within the consolidated financial statements of the parent company. The standard provides additional guidance to assist in the determination of control where this is difficult to assess. The Group is yet to assess IFRS 10’s full impact and intends to adopt IFRS 10 no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2015. Subsidiaries are all entities (including special purpose entities) over which the Group has the power to govern the financial and operating policies generally accompanying a shareholding of more than one half of the voting rights. The existence and effect of potential voting rights that are currently exercisable or convertible are considered when assessing whether the Group controls another entity. The Group also assesses existence of control where it does not have more than 50% of the voting power but is able to govern the financial and operating policies by virtue of de-facto control. De-facto control may arise in circumstances where the size of the Group’s voting rights relative to the size and dispersion of holdings of other shareholders give the Group the power to govern the financial and operating policies, etc. Subsidiaries are fully consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the Group. They are de- consolidated from the date that control ceases. IFRS 9, ‘Financial instruments’, addresses the classification, measurement and recognition of financial assets and financial liabilities. IFRS 9 was issued in November 2009 and October 2010. It replaces the parts of IAS 39 that relate to the classification and measurement of financial instruments. IFRS 9 requires financial assets to be classified into two measurement categories: those measured as fair value and those measured at amortised cost. The determination is made at initial recognition. The classification depends on the entity’s business model for managing its financial instruments and the contractual cash flow characteristics of the instrument. For financial liabilities, the standard retains most of the IAS 39 requirements. The main change is that, in cases where the fair value option is taken for financial liabilities, the part of a fair value change due to an entity’s own credit risk is recorded in other comprehensive income rather than the income statement, unless this creates an accounting mismatch. The Group is yet to assess IFRS 9’s full impact and intends to adopt IFRS 9 no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2015. IFRS 11, ‘Joint arrangements,’ is a more realistic reflection of joint arrangements by focusing on the rights and obligations of the arrangement rather than its legal form. There are two types of joint arrangement: joint operations and joint ventures. Joint operations arise where a joint operator has rights to the assets and obligations relating to the arrangement and hence accounts for its interest in assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses. Joint ventures arise where the joint operator has rights to the net assets of the arrangement and hence equity accounts for its interest. Proportional consolidation of joint ventures is no longer allowed. The Group is yet to assess IFRS 11’s full impact and intends to adopt IFRS 11 no later than the accounting period beginning on or after 1 January 2013. Information about significant areas of estimation uncertainty and critical judgments in applying accounting policies that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognised in the consolidated financial statements are described in note 3. (b) New standards, amendments and interpretations issued but not effective for the financial year beginning 1 January 2012 and not early adopted The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which the estimate is revised, if the revision affects only that period or if the revision affects both current and future periods. 21
  24. 24. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Notes to the consolidated interim financial statements (ii) Disposal of subsidiaries (iii) Special purpose entities 2.3 Segment reporting 2.4 Foreign currency translation (i) Functional and presentation currency Special purpose entities are entities that are created to accomplish a narrow and well-defined objective such as the securitisation of particular assets, or the execution of specific borrowings or lending transactions or the provision of certain benefits to employee. The financial statements of special purpose entities are included in the Group’s consolidated financial statements, where the substance of the relationship is that the Group controls the special purpose entity. Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the chief operating decision-maker. The chief operating decision-maker, which is responsible for allocating resources and assessing performance of the operating segments, has been identified as the Management Underwriting and Investment Committee (MUIC) that makes strategic decisions. Items included in the financial statements of each of the Group’s entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates (the ‘functional currency’). The consolidated financial statements are presented in thousands of Naira(=N=). Any contingent consideration to be transferred by the Group is recognised at fair value at the acquisition date. Subsequent changes to the fair value of the contingent consideration that is deemed to be an asset or liability is recognised in accordance with IAS 39 either in profit or loss or as a change to other comprehensive income. Contingent consideration that is classified as equity is not re-measured, and its subsequent settlement is accounted for within equity. Goodwill is initially measured as the excess of the aggregate of the consideration transferred and the fair value of non- controlling interest over the net identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed. If this consideration is lower than the fair value of the net assets of the subsidiary acquired, the difference is recognised in profit or loss. Inter-company transactions, balances, income and expenses on transactions between group companies are eliminated. Profits and losses resulting from inter-company transactions that are recognised in assets are also eliminated. Accounting policies of subsidiaries have been changed where necessary to ensure consistency with the policies adopted by the Group. Transactions with non-controlling interests that do not result in loss of control are accounted for as equity transactions – that is, as transactions with the owners in their capacity as owners. The difference between fair value of any consideration paid and the relevant share acquired of the carrying value of net assets of the subsidiary is recorded in equity. Gains or losses on disposals to non-controlling interests are also recorded in equity. When the Group ceases to have control, any retained interest in the entity is re-measured to its fair value at the date when control is lost, with the change in carrying amount recognised in profit or loss. The fair value is the initial carrying amount for the purposes of subsequently accounting for the retained interest as an associate, joint venture or financial asset. In addition, any amounts previously recognised in other comprehensive income in respect of that entity are accounted for as if the Group had directly disposed of the related assets or liabilities. This may mean that amounts previously recognised in other comprehensive income are reclassified to profit or loss. If the business combination is achieved in stages, the acquisition date fair value of the acquirer’s previously held equity interest in the acquiree is re-measured to fair value at the acquisition date through profit or loss. Acquisition-related costs are expensed as incurred. The Group applies the acquisition method to account for business combinations. The consideration transferred for the acquisition of a subsidiary is the fair values of the assets transferred, the liabilities incurred to the former owners of the acquiree and the equity interests issued by the Group. The consideration transferred includes the fair value of any asset or liability resulting from a contingent consideration arrangement. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at their fair values at the acquisition date. The Group recognises any non-controlling interest in the acquiree on an acquisition- by-acquisition basis at fair value. 22
  25. 25. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Notes to the consolidated interim financial statements (ii) Transactions and balances 2.5 Property, plant and equipment Land and buildings comprise mainly outlets and offices occupied by the Group. -Buildings 25-50 years -Vehicles 2-5 years -Furnitures and fitting and equipment 3-8 years -Computer equipments 3-5 years Changes in fair values are recorded in the income statement. 2.6 Investment properties If an item of property, plant and equipment becomes an investment property because its use has changed, any difference arising between the carrying amount and the fair value of this item at the date of transfer is recognised in other comprehensive income as a revaluation of property, plant and equipment. However, if a fair value gain reverses a previous impairment loss, the gain is recognised in the income statement. Upon the disposal of such investment property and surplus previously recorded in equity is transferred to retained earnings; the transfer is not made through profit or loss. Property located on land that is held under an operating lease is classified as investment property as long as it is held for long-term rental yields and is not occupied by the companies in the consolidated Group. The initial cost of the property is the lower of the fair value of the property and the present value of the minimum lease payments. The property is carried at fair value after initial recognition. If an investment property becomes owner-occupied, it is reclassified as property, plant and equipment, and its fair value at the date of reclassification becomes its cost for subsequent accounting purposes. Property held for long-term rental yields that is not occupied by the companies in the Group is classified as investment property. Investment property comprises freehold land and buildings. It is carried at fair value. Fair value is based on active market prices, adjusted, if necessary, for any difference in the nature, location or condition of the specific asset. If this information is not available, the Group uses alternative valuation methods such as discounted cash flow projections or recent prices in less active markets. These valuations are reviewed annually by an independent valuation expert. Investment property that is being developed for continuing use as investment property, or for which the market has become less active, continues to be measured at cost. Gains and losses on disposals are determined by comparing the proceeds with the carrying amount. These are included in the income statement in operating income. When revalued assets are sold, the amounts included in the revaluation surplus are transferred to retained earnings. Land is not depreciated. Depreciation on other assets is calculated using the straight-line method to allocate the cost to the residual values over the estimated useful lives as follows. The assets residual values and useful lives are reviewed at the end of each reporting period and adjusted if appropriate. An asset’s carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the asset’s carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount. Land is shown at fair value, based on periodic, but at least triennial, valuations by external independent appraisers. All other property, plant and equipment are stated at historical cost less depreciation. Historical cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the items. Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognised as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Group and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to the income statement during the financial period in which they are incurred. Increases in the carrying amount arising on revaluation of land are credited to the revaluation surplus in shareholders equity. Decreases that offset previous increases of the same asset are charged against revaluation surplus directly in equity; all other decreases are charged to the profit or loss. Foreign exchange gains and losses are presented in profit and loss within ‘Other operating income’ or ‘Other operating expenses’. Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transactions. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation at year-end exchange rates of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in the profit or loss. 23
  26. 26. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Notes to the consolidated interim financial statements 2.7 Intangible assets Computer software 2.8 Financial assets 2.8.1 Classification (a) Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss (b) Loans and receivables Financial assets designated as at fair value through profit or loss at inception are those that are: Loans and receivables are non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market other than those that the Group intends to sell in the short term or that it has designated as at fair value through profit or loss or available for sale. Receivables arising from insurance contracts are also classified in this category and are reviewed for impairment as part of the impairment review of loans and receivables. - Held in internal funds to match insurance and investment contracts liabilities that are linked to the changes in fair value of these assets. The designation of these assets to be at fair value through profit or loss eliminates or significantly reduces a measurement or recognition inconsistency (sometimes referred to as ‘an accounting mismatch’) that would otherwise arise from measuring assets or liabilities or recognising the gains and losses on them on different bases; and - Managed and whose performance is evaluated on a fair value basis. Information about these financial assets is provided internally on a fair value basis to the Group’s key management personnel. The Group’s investment strategy is to invest in equity and debt securities and to evaluate them with reference to their fair values. Assets that are part of these portfolios are designated upon initial recognition at fair value through profit or loss (see Note 4.2 for additional details on the Group’s portfolio structure). This category has two sub-categories: financial assets held for trading and those designated at fair value through profit or loss at inception. A financial asset is classified into the ‘financial assets at fair value through profit or loss 'category at inception if acquired principally for the purpose of selling in the short term, if it forms part of a portfolio of financial assets in which there is evidence of short-term profit-taking, or if so designated by management. Computer software development costs recognised as assets are amortised over their useful lives, which does not exceed five years. The Group classifies its financial assets into the following categories: at fair value through profit or loss, loans and receivables, held to maturity and available for sale. The classification is determined by management at initial recognition and depends on the purpose for which the investments were acquired. Directly attributable costs that are capitalised as part of the software product include the software development employee costs and an appropriate portion of directly attributable overheads. Other development expenditures that do not meet these criteria are recognised as an expense as incurred. Development costs previously recognised as an expense are not recognised as an asset in a subsequent period. Costs associated with maintaining computer software programmes are recognised as an expense as incurred. Development costs that are directly attributable to the design and testing of identifiable and unique software products controlled by the Group are recognised as intangible assets when the following criteria are met: - It is technically feasible to complete the software product so that it will be available for use; - Management intends to complete the software product and use or sell it; - There is an ability to use or sell the software product; - It can be demonstrated how the software product will generate probable future economic benefits; - Adequate technical, financial and other resources to complete the development and to use or sell the software product are available; and - The expenditure attributable to the software product during its development can be reliably measured. 24
  27. 27. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Notes to the consolidated interim financial statements (c) Held-to-maturity financial assets (d) Available-for-sale financial assets 2.8.2 Recognition and measurement 2.8.3 Determination of fair value For example, a market is inactive when there is a wide bid-offer spread or significant increase in the bid-offer spread or there are few recent transactions. A financial instrument is regarded as quoted in an active market if quoted prices are readily and regularly available from an exchange, dealer, broker, industry group, pricing service or regulatory agency, and those prices represent actual and regularly occurring market transactions on an arm’s length basis. If the above criteria are not met, the market is regarded as being inactive. Interest on available-for-sale securities calculated using the effective interest method is recognised in the income statement. Dividends on available-for-sale equity instruments are recognised in the income statement when the Group’s right to receive payments is established. Both are included in the investment income line. See Note 2.10 for the Group’s accounting policies relating to the impairment of financial assets. For financial instruments traded in active markets, the determination of fair values of financial assets and financial liabilities is based on quoted market prices or dealer price quotations. This includes listed equity securities and quoted debt instruments on major exchanges. When securities classified as available for sale are sold or impaired, the accumulated fair value adjustments recognised in other comprehensive income are included in the income statement as net realised gains on financial assets. Changes in the fair value of monetary and non-monetary securities classified as available for sale are recognised in other comprehensive income. Available-for-sale financial assets and financial assets at fair value through profit or loss are subsequently carried at fair value. Loans and receivables and held-to- maturity financial assets are carried at amortised cost using the effective interest method. Gains and losses arising from changes in the fair value of the ‘financial assets at fair value through profit or loss 'category are included in the income statement in the period in which they arise. Dividend income from financial assets at fair value through profit or loss is recognised in the income statement as part of other income when the Group’s right to receive payments is established. Financial assets are initially recognised at fair value plus, in the case of all financial assets not carried at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are directly attributable to their acquisition. Financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are initially recognised at fair value, and transaction costs are expensed in the income statement. Financial assets are derecognised when the rights to receive cash flows from them have expired or where they have been transferred and the Group has also transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership. Regular-way purchases and sales of financial assets are recognised on trade-date – the date on which the Group commits to purchase or sell the asset. Interests on held-to-maturity investments are included in the consolidated income statement and are reported as 'Interest and similar income’. In the case of an impairment, it is reported as a deduction from the carrying value of the investment and recognised in the consolidated income statement as ‘Net gains/(losses) on investment securities’. Held-to-maturity investments are largely bonds. Available-for-sale investments are financial assets that are intended to be held for an indefinite period of time, which may be sold in response to needs for liquidity or changes in interest rates, exchange rates or equity prices or that are not classified as loans and receivables, held-to- maturity investments or financial assets at fair value through profit or loss. Held-to-maturity investments are non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments and fixed maturities that the Group’s management has the positive intention and ability to hold to maturity, other than: - those that the Group upon initial recognition designates as at fair value through profit or loss; - those that the Group designates as available for sale; and - those that meet the definition of loans and receivables. 25
  28. 28. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Notes to the consolidated interim financial statements 2.9 Reclassification of financial assets 2.10 Impairment of assets (a) Financial assets carried at amortised cost The Group uses widely recognised valuation models for determining fair values of non-standardised financial instruments of lower complexity like options or interest rate and currency swaps. For these financial instruments, inputs into models are generally market observable. The discount rate is the yield at the reporting date on government bonds that have maturity dates approximating the terms of the Group’s obligations and that are denominated in the same currency in which the benefits are expected to be paid. The Group first assesses whether objective evidence of impairment exists individually for financial assets that are individually significant. If the Group determines that no objective evidence of impairment exists for an individually assessed financial asset, whether significant or not, it includes the asset in a group of financial assets with similar credit risk characteristics and collectively assesses them for impairment. Assets that are individually assessed for impairment and for which an impairment loss is or continues to be recognised are not included in a collective assessment of impairment. - Significant financial difficulty of the issuer or debtor; - A breach of contract, such as a default or delinquency in payments; - It becoming probable that the issuer or debtor will enter bankruptcy or other financial reorganisation; - The disappearance of an active market for that financial asset because of financial difficulties; or The recoverable amount of an asset or cash-generating unit is the greater of its value in use and its fair value less costs to sell. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. - Observable data indicating that there is a measurable decrease in the estimated future cash flow from a group of financial assets since the initial recognition of those assets, although the decrease cannot yet be identified with the individual financial assets in the Group, including: Financial assets other than loans and receivables are permitted to be reclassified out of the held-for-trading category only in rare circumstances arising from a single event that is unusual and highly unlikely to recur in the near-term. In addition, the Group may choose to reclassify financial assets that would meet the definition of loans and receivables out of the held-for-trading or available-for-sale categories if the Group has the intention and ability to hold these financial assets for the foreseeable future or until maturity at the date of reclassification. If in a subsequent period, the amount of the impairment loss decreases and the decrease can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment was recognised (such as improved credit rating), the previously recognised impairment loss is reversed by adjusting the allowance account. The amount of the reversal is recognised in the income statement. For the purpose of a collective evaluation of impairment, financial assets are grouped on the basis of similar credit risk characteristics (that is, on the basis of the Group’s grading process that considers asset type, industry, geographical location, past-due status and other relevant factors). Those characteristics are relevant to the estimation of future cash flows for groups of such assets by being indicative of the issuer’s ability to pay all amounts due under the contractual terms of the debt instrument being evaluated. If there is objective evidence that an impairment loss has been incurred on loans and receivables or held-to-maturity investments carried at amortised cost, the amount of the loss is measured as the difference between the asset’s carrying amount and the present value of estimated future cash flows (excluding future credit losses that have been incurred) discounted at the financial asset’s original effective interest rate. The carrying amount of the asset is reduced through the use of an allowance account, and the amount of the loss is recognised in the income statement. If a held-to- maturity investment or a loan has a variable interest rate, the discount rate for measuring any impairment loss is the current effective interest rate determined under contract. As a practical expedient, the Group may measure impairment on the basis of an instrument’s fair value using an observable market price. Reclassifications are made at fair value as of the reclassification date. Fair value becomes the new cost or amortised cost as applicable, and no reversals of fair value gains or losses recorded before reclassification date are subsequently made. Effective interest rates for financial assets reclassified to loans and receivables and held-to-maturity categories are determined at the reclassification date. Further increases in estimates of cash flows adjust effective interest rates prospectively. The Group assesses at each end of the reporting period whether there is objective evidence that a financial asset or group of financial assets is impaired. A financial asset or group of financial assets is impaired and impairment losses are incurred only if there is objective evidence of impairment as a result of one or more events that have occurred after the initial recognition of the asset (a ‘loss event’) and that loss event (or events) has an impact on the estimated future cash flows of the financial asset or group of financial assets that can be reliably estimated. Objective evidence that a financial asset or group of assets is impaired includes observable data that comes to the attention of the Group about the following events: For all other financial instruments, fair value is determined using valuation techniques. In these techniques, fair values are estimated from observable data in respect of similar financial instruments, using models to estimate the present value of expected future cash flows or other valuation techniques, using inputs (for example, NIBOR yield curve, FX rates, volatilities and counterparty spreads) existing at the dates of the consolidated balance sheet. 26
  29. 29. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Notes to the consolidated interim financial statements (b) Assets classified as available for sale (c) Insurance receivables Period outstanding Up to 3 months Nil 3 - 6 months 50% Above 6 months 100% (d) Impairment of other non-financial assets Debtors are stated after deducting allowances made for specific debts considered doubtful of recovery. Allowances are made based on an impairment model which consider the loss given default for each customer, probability of default for the sectors in which the customer belongs and emergence period which serves as an impairment trigger based on the age of the debt. In order to comply with the requirements of the National Insurance Commission (NAICOM) guidelines, the group has created a regulatory risk reserves to recognize differences in allowances made for insurance receivables based on the impairment model and the requirements of the NAICOM guideline. NAICOM requirements are as follows: % Allowance required Assets that have an indefinite useful life – for example, land are not subject to amortisation and are tested annually for impairment. Assets that are subject to amortisation are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the asset’s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s fair value less costs to sell and value in use. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash flows (cash-generating units). The Group assesses at each date of the consolidated statement of financial position whether there is objective evidence that a financial asset or a group of financial assets is impaired. In the case of equity investments classified as available for sale, a significant or prolonged decline in the fair value of the security below its cost is an objective evidence of impairment resulting in the recognition of an impairment loss. In this respect, a decline of 20% or more is regarded as significant, and a period of 12 months or longer is considered to be prolonged. If any such quantitative evidence exists for available-for-sale financial assets, the asset is considered for impairment, taking qualitative evidence into account. The cumulative loss measured as the difference between the acquisition cost and the current fair value, less any impairment loss on that financial asset previously recognised in profit or loss is removed from equity and recognised in the consolidated income statement. Impairment losses recognised in the consolidated income statement on equity instruments are not reversed through the consolidated income statement. If in a subsequent period the fair value of a debt instrument classified as available for sale increases and the increase can be objectively related to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognised in profit or loss, the impairment loss is reversed through the consolidated income statement. 27
  30. 30. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Notes to the consolidated interim financial statements 2.11 Offsetting financial instruments 2.12 Cash and cash equivalents 2.13 Share capital 2.14 Technical reserves (a) General insurance Contracts Reserves for unexipred risk Reserves for outstanding claims Other regulatory reserves (b) Life business General reserve fund Other regulatory reserves 2.15 Treasury shares These are computed in accordance with the provisions of Section 20, 21, and 22 of the Insurance Act 2003 as follows: In accordance with Section 20 (1) (a) of Insurance Act 2003, the reserve for unexpired risks is calculated on a time apportionment basis in respect of the risks accepted during the year. Where any Group company purchases the Company’s equity share capital (treasury shares), the consideration paid, including any directly attributable incremental costs (net of income taxes), is deducted from equity attributable to the Company’s equity holders. Where such shares are subsequently sold, reissued or otherwise disposed of, any consideration received is included in equity attributable to the Company’s equity holders, net of any directly attributable incremental transaction costs and the related income tax effects. The reserve for outstanding claims is maintained at the total amount of outstanding claims incurred and reported plus claims incurred but not reported ("IBNR") as at the balance sheet date. The IBNR is based on the liability adequacy test (See 2.18(c )) In accordance with Section 21 (2) of Insurance Act 2003, the contingency reserve is credited with the greater of 3% of total premiums, or 20% of the net profits. This shall accumulate until it reaches the amount of greater of minimum paid-up capital or 50 percent of net premium. This is made up of net liabilities on policies in force as computed by the actuaries at the time of the actuarial valuation and an additional 25% of net premium for every year between valuation dates. In accordance with Section 22 (1) (b) of Insurance Act 2003, the contingency reserve is credited with the higher of 1% of gross premiums or 10% of net profit. Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount reported in the consolidated balance sheet only when there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, or to realise the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. In the consolidated statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents includes cash in hand, deposits held at call with banks, other short- term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less and bank overdrafts. In the consolidated balance sheet, bank overdrafts are shown within borrowings in current liabilities. Shares are classified as equity when there is no obligation to transfer cash or other assets. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issue of equity instruments are shown in equity as a deduction from the proceeds, net of tax 28
  31. 31. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Notes to the consolidated interim financial statements 2.16 Earnings per share 2.17 Dividends 2.18 Insurance and investment contracts – classification Insurance contracts (i) General business insurance contracts Claims and loss adjustment expenses are charged to income as incurred based on the estimated liability for compensation owed to contract holders or third parties damaged by the contract holders. They include direct and indirect claims settlement costs and arise from events that have occurred up to the end of the reporting period even if they have not yet been reported to the Group. The Group does not discount its liabilities for unpaid claims other than for disability claims. Liabilities for unpaid claims are estimated using the input of assessments for individual cases reported to the Group and statistical analyses for the claims incurred but not reported, and to estimate the expected ultimate cost of more complex claims that may be affected by external factors (such as court decisions). Dividend distribution to the Company’s shareholders is recognized as a liability in the financial statements in the year in which the dividend is approved by the Company’s shareholders. The Group presents basic earnings per share (EPS) data for its ordinary shares. Basic EPS is calculated by dividing the profit or loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is determined by adjusting the profit or loss attributable to ordinary shareholders and the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding for the effects of all dilutive potential ordinary shares. Dividends on the Company’s ordinary shares are recognised in equity in the period in which they are paid or, if earlier, approved by the Company’s shareholders. The Group issues contracts that transfer insurance risk or financial risk or both. Insurance contracts are those contracts that transfer significant insurance risk. Such contracts may also transfer financial risk. As a general guideline, the Group defines as significant insurance risk the possibility of having to pay benefits on the occurrence of an insured event that are at least 10% more than the benefits payable if the insured event did not occur. (a) Recognition and measurement These contracts are accident and casualty and property insurance contracts. Accident and casualty insurance contracts protect the Group’s customers against the risk of causing harm to third parties as a result of their legitimate activities. Damages covered include both contractual and non-contractual events. The typical protection offered is designed for employers who become legally liable to pay compensation to injured employees (employers’ liability) and for individual and business customers who become liable to pay compensation to a third party for bodily harm or property damage (public liability). Short-duration life insurance contracts protect the Group’s customers from the consequences of events (such as death or disability) that would affect the ability of the customer or his/her dependants to maintain their current level of income. Guaranteed benefits paid on occurrence of the specified insurance event are either fixed or linked to the extent of the economic loss suffered by the policyholder. There are no maturity or surrender benefits. Property insurance contracts mainly compensate the Group’s customers for damage suffered to their properties or for the value of property lost. Customers who undertake commercial activities on their premises could also receive compensation for the loss of earnings caused by the inability to use the insured properties in their business activities (business interruption cover). For all these contracts, premiums are recognised as revenue (earned premiums) proportionally over the period of coverage. The portion of premium received on in-force contracts that relates to unexpired risks at the balance sheet date is reported as the unearned premium liability. Premiums are shown before deduction of commission and are gross of any taxes or duties levied on premiums. 29
  32. 32. Mansard Insurance Plc Consolidated Interim Financial Statement for the period ended 30 June 2012 Notes to the consolidated interim financial statements (ii) Life insurance contracts (b) Deferred policy acquisition costs (DAC) These contracts insure events associated with human life (for example, death or survival) over a long duration. The financial statements for life insurance contract have been prepared using the fund method in line with the current Insurance Act. Acquisition costs comprise all direct and indirect costs arising from the writing of insurance contracts. Deferred acquisition costs represent a proportion of commission and other acquisition costs, which are incurred during a financial year and are deferred to the extent that they are recoverable out of future revenue margins. It is calculated by applying to the acquisition expenses the ratio of unearned premium to written premium. (d) Reinsurance contracts held Reinsurance assets consist of short-term balances due from reinsurers, as well as longer term receivables that are dependent on the expected claims and benefits arising under the related reinsured insurance contracts. Amounts recoverable from or due to reinsurers are measured consistently with the amounts associated with the reinsured insurance contracts and in accordance with the terms of each reinsurance contract. Reinsurance liabilities are primarily premiums payable for reinsurance contracts and are recognised as an expense when due. Contracts entered into by the Group with reinsurers under which the Group is compensated for losses on one or more contracts issued by the Group and that meet the classification requirements for insurance contracts in Note 2.18 are classified as reinsurance contracts held. Contracts that do not meet these classification requirements are classified as financial assets. Insurance contracts entered into by the Group under which the contract holder is another insurer (inwards reinsurance) are included with insurance contracts. The Group assesses its reinsurance assets for impairment on a quarterly basis. If there is objective evidence that the reinsurance asset is impaired, the Group reduces the carrying amount of the reinsurance asset to its recoverable amount and recognises that impairment loss in the income statement. The Group gathers the objective evidence that a reinsurance asset is impaired using the same process adopted for financial assets held at amortised cost. The impairment loss is calculated following the same method used for these financial assets. These processes are described in Note 2.10. (e) Receivables and payables related to insurance contracts and investment contracts Receivables and payables are recognised when due. These include amounts due to and from agents, brokers and insurance contract holders. If there is objective evidence that the insurance receivable is impaired, the Group reduces the carrying amount of the insurance receivable accordingly and recognises that impairment loss in the income statement. The Group gathers the objective evidence that an insurance receivable is impaired using the same process adopted for loans and receivables. The impairment loss is calculated under the same method used for these financial assets. These processes are described in Note 2.10(c). (c) Liability adequacy test At each end of the reporting period, liability adequacy tests are performed to ensure the adequacy of the contract liabilities net of related DAC assets. In performing these tests, current best estimates of future contractual cash flows and claims handling and administration expenses, as well as investment income from the assets backing such liabilities, are used. Any deficiency is immediately charged to profit or loss initially by writing off DAC and by subsequently establishing a provision for losses arising from liability adequacy tests (the unexpired risk provision).` 2.19 Borrowings Borrowings are recognised initially at fair value, net of transaction costs incurred. Borrowings are subsequently stated at amortised cost; any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption value is recognised in the income statement over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest method. Fees paid on the establishment of loan facilities are recognised as transaction cost of the loan to the extent that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down. In this case, the fee is deferred until the draw-down occurs. To the extent there is no evidence that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down, the fee is capitalised as a pre-payment for liquidity services and amortised over the period of the facility to which it relates. 30

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