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The Case for African NRENs: Access to Open Science Platform/Meoli Kashorda


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Presentation during the 14th Association of African Universities (AAU) Conference and African Open Science Platform (AOSP)/Research Data Alliance (RDA) Workshop in Accra, Ghana, 7-8 June 2017.

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The Case for African NRENs: Access to Open Science Platform/Meoli Kashorda

  1. 1. Transforming education with ICT The Case for African NRENs Access to Open Science Platform Presentation at the Open Science Platform Forum Accra, Kenya June 7, 2017 Meoli Kashorda, B.Sc (Eng.), PhD, MIEEE Executive Director and CEO, KENET and Non-executive board member, UbuntuNet Aliance African Open Science Platform 1Meoli Kashorda
  2. 2. What is Our Agenda • African NRENs and Open Data Platforms • State of research infrastructures in Kenya – KENET identity provider and Certification Authority – Open research data repository • Discovery of Researchers and Emerging KENET Special Interest Groups (SIGs) – SIG on Data Science (Bio-informatics, computational biology, IoT and Internet measurements • Conclusions African Open Science Platform 2Meoli Kashorda
  3. 3. State of African NRENs Meoli Kashorda African Open Science Platform 3
  4. 4. Transforming education using ICT What Do NRENs like KENET do? • Provides affordable broadband Internet and community cloud services for members and researchers • Regularly Conducts E-readiness Survey of Connected Universities – 2006, 2008, 2013 and 2015 (seee-readiness results – Data-driven advocacy and influencing ICT strategies to increase use of ICT in education and research • Aims to build and/or host Open data portals for researchers and members – Current Request a marine biology for a research institution that has been hosting it in Belgium Meoli Kashorda African Open Science Platform 4
  5. 5. Google Confidential and Proprietary KENET build access fiber networks to universities in different parts of Kenya i. Last Mile Fiber Development in Nyahururu town for Laikipia University
  6. 6. Google Confidential and Proprietary • . Somalia INDIAN OCEAN LTK fiber-underground (Primary) Jamii fiber -overhead(Backup) KENET POP POP No. of Campuses Connected No of Schools connected Nairobi POP 100 48 Kisumu POP 20 1 Mombasa POP 16 0 Eldoret POP 22 0 Nakuru POP 17 0 Meru POP 15 1 Total Campuses connected 230+ 50 Italian Space Agency -Luigi Broglio Space Centre- Malindi KENET National Broadband Network Coverage • Leased NOFBI Dark Fiber - 1262KM • KENET Owned Last Mile Fiber Spurs – 246KM • Leased Dark Fiber Rings – 510KM • Total KENET dark fiber distance – 2018KM • Connected Schools classified as follows;  KENET/Wananchi Partnership schools – 150 (all in Nairobi)  KENET Schools – 4 (Alliance schools, Kisii and Marsabit Girls) Uganda Tanzania EthiopiaLokichoggio Lodwar Kitale Weybuye__ Kakameg a Eldoret Kisumu Kisii Kericho Bomet Narok Rong o Isebania Nairobi Kaljiado Namanga Tal a Kitui Mwingi Garissa Garsen Thika Muranga Nyeri Emb u Meru NanyukiNyahururu Nakuru Isielo Wajiir Marsabi t Moyale Mandera 15 9 Mombasa Malindi KilifiMombasa POP Meru POP USIU DC Kisumu POP Nakuru POP UoN POP Eldoret POP 500KM 400KM 500KM 400KM 350KM 350KM150KM Marsabit Girls Garissa University College SEACOM International capacity (3150Mb/s) KTCIP TEAMS International capacity (1200Mb/s) SEACOM (3150Mb/s) WIOCC International capacity (1000Mb/s) KTCIP TEAMS/SEAMEWE4 (1200Mb/s) WIOCC (1000Mb/s) TEAMS Landing station SEACOM Landing station GOK TEAMS to Fujairah (600Mb/s) GOK TEAMS International capacity (600Mb/s) Wananchi IPT (1000Mb/s) Wananchi IPT (1000Mb/s)
  7. 7. What is the state of African NRENs – source: World Bank report 2016 Meoli Kashorda African Open Science Platform 7
  8. 8. Research Infrastructures Meoli Kashorda African Open Science Platform 8
  9. 9. Meoli Kashorda African Open Science Platform 9
  10. 10. KENET Digital Certification Authority and Identity Provider ● KENET operates a fully functional Certification Authority capable of issuing one year Personal and Robot public key certificates (compliant with the X.509 standard). ● Users can request for personal certificates, host certificates, renew and check certificate revocation lists. ● Fully accredited by EUGRIDPMA – example grids accessible – The Africa Grid Science Gateway – – EGI – European Grid Infrastructure – SURFSara (Dutch National Grid) • KENET is the Identity Provider of Kenyan researchers (single sign-on) – KENET Open Data repository integrated with iDP – Eduroam operational • Essential for Open Science Data Platform or for collaboration Meoli Kashorda African Open Science Platform 10
  11. 11. Transforming education using ICT Open Data Repository • Demand from SIG on engineering members for an Open Data repository – Started with mini-grant for Raspberry Pi educational / research projects for 4 university teams (see ) – Two university teams using the Raspberry Pi as part of IoT to collect data on birds and horticulture – They needed a data repository – data collected growing at exponential rate • KENET engineers decided to build an open data repository that is now integrated to KENET iDP (identity provider) – Will be used by researchers publishing in Open Access Journals that demand research is published – Researchers without adequate storage facilities at their universities • Problem: Institutions have Open Access Policies but NOT research data policies – urgent solution needed. • New initiative for the FY 2017-2018 – Build a fully-fledged Open Research Data repositoryMeoli Kashorda African Open Science Platform 11
  12. 12. Transforming education through ICT First CODATA Task Group in Kenya • TG on Agriculture Data, Knowledge for learning and innovation • Participating organizations – Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) – Boniface Akuku as Team leader – JKUAT (Prof Wafula) – University of Nairobi (Prof Waema) – KENET • First Meeting on March 1, 2017 Meoli Kashorda African Open Science Platform 12
  13. 13. Transforming education through ICT Increasing Interest in Data Science • Pilot project in Kenya for use of Big Data for price regulation – ITU / Communications Authority Initiative • Two of the large mobile operators in Kenya announcing plans to use BIG data for market analysis – Hiring Data Science • IBM Cloud Lab courses on Big Data in business / organizations – Cloud Lab hosted by KENET and FREE courses for faculty and students • IBM Africa lab in Nairobi also promoting BIG data studies in Kenya • Universities starting to offer Masters Degrees in Data Science • Africa Data Science Initiative • Doctoral students with a focus on BIG data and data science – E.g., collecting netflow data from KENET for use in traffic engineering Meoli Kashorda African Open Science Platform 13
  14. 14. Transforming education through ICT Conclusions? • NRENs facilitate building national research infrastructures • African NRENs are not strong on the whole – Providing basic Internet bandwidth – Are in many cases not recognized by governments • Institutional Research Data policies missing in Kenyan institutions – Except the CGIAR International research institutions • How shall we strengthen African NRENs in area of Open Research Data? Meoli Kashorda African Open Science Platform 14
  15. 15. Transforming education through ICT Questions African Open Science Platform 15Meoli Kashorda
  16. 16. Jomo Kenyatta Memorial Library, University of Nairobi P. O Box 30244-00100, Nairobi. 0732 150 500 / 0703 044 500 Thank You African Open Science Platform 16Meoli Kashorda