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Open Science and Open Data Initiatives in Namibia/Lischen Haoses-Gorases


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Presentation during the 14th Association of African Universities (AAU) Conference and African Open Science Platform (AOSP)/Research Data Alliance (RDA) Workshop in Accra, Ghana, 7-8 June 2017.

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Open Science and Open Data Initiatives in Namibia/Lischen Haoses-Gorases

  1. 1. Open Science and Open Data Initiatives Namibia 7 & 8 June 2017, Palm Beach Hotel, Accra Presenter: Prof. L. Haoses-Gorases University of Namibia
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  Different Ministries, Agencies, Private Institutions, Institutions of Higher Learning were creating and managing data on their own  This was mainly done for the purpose of planning, budgeting, implementation of new programmes and monitoring and evaluation of new programs
  3. 3. Cont..  In order to make projections for new programs  Government together with these various sectors have realized the need for consolidated database in order to have appropriate information for those in need of it to respond to the needs of the nation
  4. 4. Cont..  For example. National Demographic Health Survey to inform Vision 2030, National Development Plans (1-5)  Based on the above-mentioned information National Commission on Research Science and Technology (NCRST) was set up in recognition of the importance of Research, Science and Technology as an engine of social growth
  5. 5. Cont..  The mission of NCRST is to establish a national system in Namibia that promotes and develops Research, Science and Technology as well as Innovation towards knowledge-based society
  6. 6. University of Namibia  National leading Institution of Higher Learning in Namibia  Established in 1992  Consists of 8 faculties  Science, Education, engineering, Humanities and Social Sciences, Economics and Management Sciences, Agriculture and Natural Resources, Health Sciences with four Schools and Faculty of Law  School of Postgraduate Studies, Military Science and Vetenerian Sciences
  7. 7. Cont..  Department of Research and Publications  Multidisciplinary Research Centre (MRC)  University Consultancy Bureau (UCCB)  Hentiesbay Research Centre, called  Jose Eduardo Dos Santos Campus
  8. 8.  Research Policy and strategy as approved by Senate  UNAM Policy on Ethics  Institutional Ethics and Review Committee  Consultancy Policy  Policy on Intellectual Property  Policy on cheating and plagarism  Research groups established in each faculty
  9. 9. Collaboration in Research  Collaborate institutionally interdisciplinary, intersectoral, regionally and internationally  Collaboration is for capacity building, sharing of expertise and skills to access facilities, funding purposes/opportunities strengthening research output  Gaining recognition in University or Institutional rankings
  10. 10. ICT infrastructure in Namibia  Namibia’s Technology (ICT infrastructure) amongst the best in Africa  However technological activities are urban based and trends to follow traditional diffusion pattern of national road network  Broadcasting is an exception whereby Radio and TV programmes are well covered country-wide  Direct communication satellite links exist with neighbouring countries  Tele density in fixed lines improved
  11. 11.  MTCs 3G network deployed over a 5% of the country making access to internet available through their 3G devices and internet enabled phones in partnership
  12. 12. ICT in Higher Education  Higher Education Institutions are the major ICT hubs for servers, computers, learning media systems and internet access through narrow band and broad band technologies offered by Telecom of Namibia. MTC and other service providers  National University of Science and Technology has over 2,200 PC’s and laptops in more than 35 labs and in the Library and offices. About 259 laptops are used by students and staff as well as 120 servers
  13. 13. Cont..  Current student enrolment are as follows at the Higher Educational Institutions  University of Namibia 24 759 students  National University of Science & Technology 11500  International University of Management 8400
  14. 14.  The Government of Republic of Namibia recognised importance of Research, Science and Technology  As an engine of economic growth and development  National Commission on Research, Science and Technology( NCSRT) was established, hence the enactment of Research Science and Technology Act 2004. (Act no. 23 of 2004)
  15. 15. Vision  To be a leading agency that facilitates the development of Research, Science, Technology and Innovation towards socio-economic advancement for Namibia.  The vision attempts to galvanize the various stakeholders and mechanisms/means that make up the funnel towards the creation of Research, Science, Technology and Innovation deliverables into an Research and Development commitment and spend that as a lead indicator will further socio- economic development in the context of a knowledge-based economy.
  16. 16. Mission  Establish a national system that promotes, develops, coordinates and informs Research, Science, Technology and Innovation towards a knowledge-based society.  The emphasis is on creating a systematic approach that links and coordinates stakeholders in a delivery funnel towards achieving optimal RSTI relevant deliverables and in that process furthers meaningful progress towards a knowledge based society (socio-economic system/society). 
  17. 17. The objectives as outlined in section 2 of the Act 23 of 2004 are:-  To ensure the coordination, monitoring and supervision of research, science and technology in Namibia  To promote and develop research, science and technology in Namibia  To promote common ground in research, scientific and technological thinking across all disciplines, including the physical, mathematical and life sciences, as well as human, social and economic sciences;
  18. 18. Cont  To encourage and promote innovative and independent thinking and the optimum development of intellectual capacity of people in research, science and technology  To ensure dedicated, prioritized and systematic funding for research, science and technology application and development in Namibia  To promote linkages between Namibia and international institutions and bodies on the development of research, science and technology
  19. 19. Has Innovation and Industrial research division to:-  Create and manage linkages/platforms that promote:  Innovation and industrial research  Innovations spin offs  Value addition  Technology transfer  Facilitate R&D activities  Contribute to the development of the 2 STI infrastructure and ensure stakeholder access
  20. 20. Policy  National Policy on Research Science and Technology (NPRST) adopted in 1999  Inactment of the Science and Technology Act 2004 (Act no 23 of 2004)  The adoption of these documents signify the importance of effective application of scientific and technological skills for production of goods and services to national development  National Programme on Research, Science and Technology was developed in terms of Section 18 of RST Act  The aim was to provide comprehensive framework for actualization of Namibia’s STI development aspirations
  21. 21. Various Stakeholders Nationally and Institutionally  Government Ministries for e.g. Ministry of Education, Science, Technology and Innovation  Civil society  Private sector  Non-governmental organizations  Research institutions in STI  Development partners and Universities
  22. 22. Regional  NPRSTI is also aligned with the African Union (AU), Africa Science and Technology Consolidated Plan of Action (CPA) as well as the new partnership for Africa’s development (NEPAD) African Science, Technology and Innovation indicators initiatives  Geared to improve policy conditions and building innovation modernisms within and between countries
  23. 23. Open Science / Research is incented / acknowledgement  In order to remain innovative, progressive and a relevant nation in the global economy, the following national institutions and partners in SRT support Open Science and Research  National Commission on Research Science and Technology  Ministry of Education  Research and Publications Committee (UNAM)
  24. 24. Cont..  In general research institutions in various fields in Namibia, private sector and non-governmental institutions for example, Friedrich Stiftung Agency (German-based) and others
  25. 25. Latest Developments  NCRST have formalised their partnership by signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) of 6 April 2017 with Namibia Scientific Society (NSS)  NCRST and Namibia Alliance for Improved Nutrition (NAFIN) signed MOU towards undertaking a survey to determine nutritional status of SAN infants in Namibia
  26. 26. South Africa and Namibia collaborate on producing national indicators on Science Technology and Innovation (HSRC) for Science, Technology and Innovation
  27. 27. NCRST signed MOU with the Namibia Standards Institution (NSI)
  28. 28. Cont..  Sarima Annual Conference 22 – 25 May took placed and with the aim to celebrate the 15 years of developing the Research and Innovation Chain  The National Commission on Research, Science and Technology (NCRST) is mandated to administer the measures to regulate activities that involve the research, development, production, marketing, transportation, applications and other uses
  29. 29.  Minister of Higher Education, Training and Innovation launches the Research and Experimental Development (R&D) Survey Report 2013/14 fiscal year) The National Commission on Research, Science and Technology (NCRST) officially
  30. 30. Cont..  The NCRST in cooperation with the International Management Corporation (IMC), Ireland, through the IIST-Africa initiative organised a training workshop on Horizon 2020 in Windhoek on 26 October, specifically focused on the ICT- 39-2017  NCRST launched Month of Science at Ongwediva Festival 2016 in August 2016,Namibia
  31. 31. Conclusion  Progress have been made in Open Science & Open data in recent years  Linkages built, nationally, regionally and internationally  Researchers Science and Technology remains the backbone of development  Africa is moving forward in the area of RST that needs strengthening through capacity building and collaboration
  32. 32. Cont..  It will definitely succeed in creating of critical mass to tap wisdom from the inputs of all interested parties.  Challenges can be met with intersectoral approach because there are different perspectives on areas/disciplines in Science and Technology.
  33. 33. • UNAM website Thank you!