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Data Sharing Principles in Madagascar/Frédéric Joël Ramarolahivonjitiana

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Presentation during the 14th Association of African Universities (AAU) Conference and African Open Science Platform (AOSP)/Research Data Alliance (RDA) Workshop in Accra, Ghana, 7-8 June 2017.

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Data Sharing Principles in Madagascar/Frédéric Joël Ramarolahivonjitiana

  1. 1. Data Sharing Principles in Madagascar Presented by RAMAROLAHIVONJITIANA Frédéric Joël GEO Principal MADAGASCAR Prepared with Mrs Noasilalaonomenjanahary Ambinintsoa Lucie National Focal Point of AfriGEOSS GEO Principal Alternate June, 7th 2017
  2. 2. 1. About Madagascar 2. Context of the GEOSS Data Sharing Principles 3. Commitment of the GEOSS Data Sharing Principles 4. Features and Implementation of the GEOSS Data Sharing in Madagascar PLAN OF PRESENTATION
  3. 3. I. ABOUT MADAGASCAR
  4. 4. Area: 590.000 square kilometers Population (2011) : 20 696 070. 5 times in comparaison of 1950. Localisation : The big island is located between 43° and 51° longitude -East, and 12° and 26° latitude - South. Langage: Malagasy Paradis of naturalistes: exceptional variety : biodiversity, tropical forest , mangroves, tsingy and so on… Diversities of cultures such as: mangoes, litchis, vanilla, apple, pear, bananas, pine apple, peach, advocats…)
  5. 5. MADAGASCAR ENDEMISM AND THREATS TO BIODIVERSITY Geographically and biologically isolated for millions of years, Madagascar is home to a vastarray of plants and animals found nowhere else in the world, including an estimated 101 endemic mammals, 202 endemic amphibians, 130 endemic birds, 370 endemic reptiles. If we refer of the result of searcher realized by WWF in Madagascar, 615 new animal and vegetal species is found and recensed in 10 years ago such as: 42 invertebrated, 17 fishes, 69 amphibians, 61 reptiles and 41 mammals,
  6. 6. Samples of species endemic - mammals »
  7. 7. Comète or butterfly –moon (papillon-lune) (Argema mitrei), endemic species in the humide drills of Madagascar Photo : Hery A. Rakotondravony.
  8. 8. The marvelous natural resources in Madagascar »
  9. 9. Species endemic plants Trees and bushes: 95,5% endemic Ptéridophyte: 50% endemic Palm: 100% endemic Orchids: 95% During 2008-2010, the number of the vascular endemic plants submitted in UICN is: 1676
  10. 10. SAMPLES OF THE SPECIES ENDEMIC PLANTS
  11. 11. EMERAUDE SEA
  12. 12. TSINGY
  13. 13. II.CONTEXT OF THE GEOSS DATA PRINCIPLES
  14. 14. Difficulties at a glance Data collection Human ressources Compartmentalization of data Capacity building infrastructure funding
  15. 15. IN GE SINCE 17 NOV 2009 Madagascar was in GEO- Data Sharing Working Group since 2012
  16. 16. Presentation of the implementation of the GEOSS Data Sharing in Madagascar in the GEO Ministerial Summit in Geneva-January 2014 with the Prime Minister
  17. 17. III. COMMITMENT OF GEOSS DATA SHARING
  18. 18. ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SHARING http://madagascarportal.org/lizmap
  19. 19. In the Madagascar Portal: The data from the forestry administration informing the exploitation authorization issued per Region (Forest) The data showing the quantity of woods exploited per Region The data showing cultivated area in comparaison of the extent of the Region (Min Agriculture), The data showing annual trend of the quantity of exploited woods (Forest) Categorization of the mining exploitation The data showing the trend on active fire detected per Region Climate zone distribution of Madagascar (Meteorogical) Data showing trend on burned area Data showing reforested area over the Region Spatial localisation at the zones adopting improved cultivation technique Data showing the extent of the protected area over Madagascar Delimitation of the zones managed by the Community
  20. 20. Data and Information Systems and Spatial Data Infrastructure
  21. 21. 1. OCEAN FISHERIES
  22. 22. 3. Monitoring OF FISHING 2011:The GEO AMESD-IOC -: set 2 satelite antenna with 3 x 2 computors in the Ministry of fisheries in the center and in the High Marine Institut in the South West of Madagascar (Toliara).
  23. 23. PROJECT SEAS-OI The project SEAS-OI – (Surveillance Environnementale Appliquée à la Satelite) monitor the quality of the sea and the potential zone of fishing. The Satelite Station is based in Reunion- France
  24. 24. SATELITE STATION BASED IN REUNION – FRANCE Madagascar was in GEO- Data Sharing Working Group since 2012
  25. 25. Pays concernés La Réunion Madagascar Maurice Seychelles Comores Mozambique Malawi Swaziland Tanzanie Zimbabwe Afrique du Sud
  26. 26. ROLE OF THIS ANTENNA Monitoring of the temperature of the sea surface Monitoring of the level of the sea Monitoring of the Fishery boat in the Indian Ocean Monitoring of the concentration of the chlorophylle, the highspeed of the wind Identify the potential fishery zone
  27. 27. INAUGURATION OF THE SATELITE ANTENNE IN MADAGASCAR In the area of the Ministry in charge of fisheries in Madagascar on 2009,
  28. 28. 2. BIODIVERSITY Using the remote sensing for the best conservation of the biodiversity. Madagascar – Biodiversities hotspots
  29. 29. Zone OF Study of the World Conservation Society – Masoala and Makira
  30. 30. Terrestrials of the habitats in Makira and Masoala Images LANDSAT- Résolution middle
  31. 31. Marine Habitats- Masoala and Mananara North Images QUICKBIRD Very high Résolution
  32. 32. http://www.madagascar-baieantongil.org/ Differents types of reef habitat
  33. 33. Modèle of the distribution of the species Occurrence data Terrestrial HabitatsClimat Variable
  34. 34. D. C. Lees Habitat propice for the species Modèle of the distribution of the species
  35. 35. Portail de Données http://data.rebioma.net
  36. 36. Data Portal http://data.rebioma.net
  37. 37. Climate Change Projection of the distribution of the species for 2050
  38. 38. Changement Climatique 23 species are analyzed : - 08 birds - 04 mammifères - 11 plantes
  39. 39. Perspectives Appui MRV Biodiversité – REDD + Combinaison télédétection « classique » et « Drones » -> Suivi
  40. 40. BIODIVERSITY OF MADAGASCAR IN THE WORLD NETWORK
  41. 41. 3. DISASTER
  42. 42.  Madagascar has a National Office of Management of Risks and Disaster Le Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et Catastrophes (BNGRC)  The BNGRC has prepared now how to face the future Cyclone in the next year. Madagascar has his plan of contingency The representant of ESA is visiting our office in april 2012.
  43. 43. SEISME  in 16 mars 2012 at 14h56mn 59s, between Amparafaravola and Ambatondrazaka: Lat: 17.73 S, Long: 48.32 E, Magnitude 4.67, duration: 10sec in 02 january 2017, 1578,8 km of Toliara (South West) In 11 January 2017 at 01h06mn long 46,6332 et la lat-20,1581. 52,85 km de Antsirabe, Magnitude 5,5
  44. 44. 4. DESERTIFICATION
  45. 45. The desertification intensity in Madagascar
  46. 46. 5. PIRACY MARITIME
  47. 47. MESA PROJECT
  48. 48. ILLEGAL BOAT IN THE IOC Centre Régional de Fusion d'Informations Maritimes (CRFIM)
  49. 49. GLOBAL CHANGES OF MADAGASCAR THROUGH SATELITE DATA DURING 40 YEARS
  50. 50. MIKEA FOREST 15 JUNE 1973 GREEN PART
  51. 51. MIKE FOREST 16 MARS 2003
  52. 52. 2. DEFORESTATION IN ITAMPOLO A- 2005A- 1975 B- 1975 B- 2005 D- 2005C- 2005D- 1975C- 1975
  53. 53. 3. DEFORESTATION IN ALAOTRA MANGORO REGION ALAOTRA-MANGORO Superficie de la Région 2 741 279ha Couverture Forestière En 1990 : 560 980ha, 20,46% En 2000 : 502 630ha, 18,33% En 2005 : 468 754ha, 17,09% Déforestation Perdue 90-00 : 58 350ha = 10,41% Perdue 00-05 : 33 876 ha = 06,74 %
  54. 54. 4. DEFORESTATION AROUND THE LAKE ALAOTRA
  55. 55. 5. RIVER DE MORONDAVA
  56. 56. 6. ELEVATION OF THE SEA IN THE WEST OF MADAGASCAR
  57. 57. IN Matsoarivo
  58. 58. IN BELO-TSIRIBIHINA
  59. 59. PROJET MADEOS MADagascar Earth Observations Systems
  60. 60. IV. FEATURES AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE GEOSS DATA SHARING IN MADAGASCAR
  61. 61. MADEOS FAO GEO PNUE GEOSS OMM OMS CI CODATA ASSAF AEO
  62. 62. The 4 components of MADEOS are: • Component I: Elaboration and implementation of the National Strategy of the Environmental and Spatial Information. • Component II: Installation of the Infrastructure of the MADEOS – Madagascar Earth Observations Systems •Component III: Collect of the Environmental Informations from the local to the national level. •Component IV: Développement of the Application Open Source - GEstion Nationale de l’Information Environnementale et Spatiales – GENIES
  63. 63. Date to remember 04-08 september 2017 - MADAGASCAR International Workshop on Open Data for Sustainable Development Goals in Developing Countries
  64. 64. THANK YOU
  65. 65. CONTACT RAMAROLAHIVONJITIANA Frédéric Joël vonjilahitiana@yahoo.fr +261340562075 GEO Principal MADAGASCAR Director of Information System - Ministry of Environment, Ecology and Forest Antananarivo 101 Madagascar

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