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African Open Data Policies: Case of Kenya/Joseph Wafula

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High-level Meeting & Workshop on Environmental and Scientific Open Data for Sustainable Development Goals in Developing Countries. Madagascar, 4-6 December 2017

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African Open Data Policies: Case of Kenya/Joseph Wafula

  1. 1. A International Workshop on Environmental and Scientific Open Data for Sustainable Development Goals in Developing Countries. Hotel Carlton, Antananarivo, Madagascar 5-6th September 2017 African Open Data Policies: Case of Kenya . (Les Politiques De Donnees Ouvertes D’Africain) Prof Joseph Muliaro Wafula Chair, CODATA- Kenya & Director, iCEOD Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Kenya
  2. 2. ODI Benefits (Les Avantages d’ODI)  Transparency and Accountability of the government, Citizens participation, self- empowerment, economic growth, data- driven innovation (Janssen et al., 2012, Lundqvist, 2012, Tauberer, 2009, Huijboom and Broek, 2011, Zhang et al., 2005, Zuiderwijk et al., 2012). Support Millennium Development Goals and the post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals. (World Bank Group report 2015) Transparence et Responsabilite de le government,Participation citoyenne,autonomisation,croissa nce economique,innovation basee sur les donees. Support MDG et les objectifs de developpement durable post 2015
  3. 3. ODB Report 2015:Top 10 & Bottom 10
  4. 4. Open Data Status in Africa Most countries have not put open data policies, strategies and guidelines to regulate the open data ecosystem (Kaplan 2015). Open data is still in its early stages in developing countries with very limited data and access to the available data (Schwegmann, 2012). In Africa, most countries are yet to demonstrate clear political leadership with defined policies and strategies on open data (Open Data Barometer, 2015) La plupart de pays Africain n’ont pas les politiques de donnees ouvertes,strategies et les instrutions generals pour regler l’ecosysteme de donnees ouvertes. Donnees oververtes en sont encore a ses debuts dans les pays developpes avec les donnees tres limitees et l’acces aux donnees disponibles. En Afrique,la plupart des pays doivent encore demontrer une direction politique clair avec des politiques et des strategies definies sur les donnees ouvertes
  5. 5. Open Data Barriers
  6. 6. Data-driven Innovation (Innovation basee sur les donnees) successfully capitalizing on data revolution requires public policies and strategies designed to allow data-driven innovation to flourish(2013 WB). These policies and strategies will remove barriers , stimulate release, use and impact assessment of open data (Rininta et al., 2015). Open Data Policy Strategy Action Plan
  7. 7. Open Data Initiative(ODI) 1: JORD Policy http://www.jkuat.ac.ke/directorates/iceod/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/JORD-Policy-ISO-ref-April-2016.pdf JKUAT with the support of CODATA, developed and implemented an open research data policy (JORD) Policy (February 2016) 8 ROI Encouragement of diverse studies and opinion Promotion of new areas of work not envisioned by the initial investigators Development of new products and services Strengthen the credibility of scholarly publications Development of new products and services
  8. 8. ODI 2: Innovative Open Data and Visualization (iODaV)-JKUAT and PAUST The specific objectives of AFRICA ai JAPAN Project Sub-Task Force are as follows: i See Link http://www.jkuat.ac.ke/wp- content/uploads/2017/02/Innovation- Research-Grants-AFRICA-ai-JAPAN- Project.pdf iODaV Open Research Data-based Innovation Data Analytics Data,Info & Scientific Visualization Smart Learning- ThinkBoard S/W Open Data Principles, Stds & JORD Reuse of Research Data 9
  9. 9. ODI 3: DRAFT NATIONAL INFORMATION & COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY (ICT) POLICY JUNE 2016 (http://icta.go.ke/pdf/National-ICT-Policy-20June2016.pdf) • Article 5.10 –Data Centre:The government will:  Promote Data Centre infrastructure buildout carried out in cognizance of globally approved standards for purposes of ensuring quality of service under open access, carrier neutral model;  (b) Develop incentives to ensure and protect investment in the field of data centre; (c) Facilitate the development and enactment of legislation on localization to support growth in IT service consumption – as an engine to spur data centre growth; (d) Ensure that Data is processed fairly and lawfully in accordance with the rights of citizens and obtained only for specific, lawful purposes In support of Kenya Open Data Initiative (http://www.opendata.go.ke/) 10
  10. 10. ODI 3….2 • Article 7.1- Digital Content  (a) Adopting Open Data principles: - in order to share historical/archive data that can be a rich source for the creative and broadcast industry; (b) Promoting Animation Labs (A-Lab):- Government will support incubation labs focused on animation & film production that is largely computer generated; (c) Content Ratings: - The Government will, develop policies and legislation that take into consideration age appropriate content that upholds national values. (d) Copyright Protection:- Government will recognise digital content as copyright material and will actively protect the rights of copyright owners through law enforcement to prevent digital content piracy. 11
  11. 11. ODI 3….3 • 15.4 Information Security The government will develop information security policies and guidelines to ensure protection of the confidentiality, integrity and availability of information 12
  12. 12. ODI 4: DIGITAL HEALTH APPLIED RESEARCH CENTRE (DHARC) -JKUAT • DHARC is one of the deliverables of HIGDA Project funded by USAID 5 yr project started Oct 2016 • DHARC -implementation of interoperability solutions informed by Open Data Principles and Stds. • DHARC will join a network of interoperability labs which have been established in Canada (2007), South Africa (2010), and the Philippines (2016) • It will provide examples of how key components (DHIS2, DATIM, MFL ver2, AMRS and other mHealth solutions) interoperate, providing guidelines-based care workflows, policies, and M&E mandates. 13
  13. 13. ODI 5: Open Data and its Relevance in Agricultural Research: The Case of Arid and Semi-Arid Lands Agricultural Productivity Research Project (ASAL APRP) • Scientists and Partners implementing the ASAL- APRP activities sensitized on open data- in agricultural research (concepts, principles, data management, best practices and the value of data through data sharing) • Over 30 datasets on ASAL-APRP activities collected and published on the ASAL Knowledge Hub for free public access • Open data practice in agriculture research has the potential to contribute to food security in the ASALs 14
  14. 14. ODI 5…2 • Agricultural Science Technology Indicators (ASTI) Kenya Data is another initiative. • It is led by International Food Policy and Research Institute (IFPRI) and managed by KALRO. • ASTI datasets include: financial and human resources, institutional information, and Research and Development (R&D). 15
  15. 15. Thank you-Asante Sana MERCI

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