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The Role of Librarians in transforming the world through Open Data and Open Science/Ina Smith

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AOSP participation during SCECSAL XXIII, Entebbe, Uganda (23-28 April 2018)

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The Role of Librarians in transforming the world through Open Data and Open Science/Ina Smith

  1. 1. The Role of Librarians in transforming the world through Open Data and Open Science Presented by Ina Smith & Susan Veldsman Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf) XXIII SCECSAL Conference, Entebbe, Uganda 24 April 2018
  2. 2. Agenda • Overview of Open Data & Open Science • Data in support of achieving the SDGs • Role of Librarians • African Open Science Platform Project
  3. 3. Data Driven World
  4. 4. Data Challenges
  5. 5. Fake Data, Fake Research http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-39357819
  6. 6. Open Science (incl. Data) Defined “Open Science is the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods.” - FOSTER Project, funded by the European Commission
  7. 7. Open Data, Open Science & Research Lifecycle (Foster)
  8. 8. Original Research Data Lifecycle image from University of California, Santa Cruz http://guides.library.ucsc.edu/datamanagement/ Repositories Repositories Tools Plan Policy&Infrastructure
  9. 9. Benefits of Open Research Data (1) • Predict trends, help make informed decisions, informs policy • Collaboration advances science, discovery • Drives development, improves livelihoods of citizens of countries • Increases return on investment (funders), avoid duplication – research is expensive • More and more entrepreneurs are using data in innovative ways, creating more jobs which is much needed on our continent
  10. 10. Benefits of Open Research Data (2) • Helps improve service delivery e.g. mobile apps, robots, artificial intelligence (AI) • Provides evidence for research conducted • Data potentially has far more outcomes when open, with a higher impact • Use for tenure/promotion/measure contribution of researchers (data citation)
  11. 11. https://theodi.org/news/new-report-reveals-how-open-data-is-fuelling-problemsolving-in-the-developing- world-from-mapping-ebola-to-protecting-banana-crops Data in support of the SDGs
  12. 12. Protecting banana farmers’ livelihoods (Uganda) Using maps to increase access to education (Kenya) Monitoring child malnutrition (Uganda)
  13. 13. http://theconversation.com/what-115-years-of-data-tells-us-about-africas-battle-with-malaria-past-and- present-85482 The prevalence of malaria infection in sub- Saharan Africa today is at the lowest point since 1900.
  14. 14. http://www.nature.com/news/data-sharing-make- outbreak-research-open-access-1.16966
  15. 15. H3ABioNet (H3Africa) 30 institutions, 15 African countries, 2 partners outside Africa
  16. 16. Square Kilometre Array (SKA) • Data collection on a massive scale • Telescope array to consist of 250,000 radio antennas between Australia & SA • Investment in machine learning and artificial intelligence software tools to enable data analysis • 400+ engineers and technicians in infrastructure, fibre optics, data collection • Supercomputers to process data (IBM) • To come: super computer 3x times power of world’s current fastest computer (Tianhe-2) to cope with SKA data
  17. 17. Testing Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity; imaging neutral hydrogen—the building blocks for stars – in the distant universe; and examining galaxies that were formed billions of years ago. “Construction of the SKA is due to begin in 2018 and finish sometime in the middle of the next decade. Data acquisition will begin in 2020, requiring a level of processing power and data management know-how that outstretches current capabilities. Astronomers estimate that the project will generate 35,000- DVDs-worth of data every second. This is equivalent to “the whole world wide web every day,” said Fanaroff.”
  18. 18. Data Stakeholders • Governments (policy) • Institutions (policy & strategy) • Research Offices (reporting, impact) • Researchers (collecting data in an ethical and trusted way so that it can be re-used) • Statisticians (processing, analysing and visualising data) • System engineers (to maintain a network and allow for data to be digitally transmitted) • Librarians (managing and organizing the data, and making sure it is digitally preserved for the unforeseeable future)
  19. 19. Librarian Jobs of the Future
  20. 20. Why Librarians as Data Partners? • Information standards • Organizational skills • Setting up file structures (organizing information) • Knowledge of workflows • Knowledge of collection management • Describing data using established metadata schemes & controlled vocabulary • Collection curation/preservation
  21. 21. Role of Librarians • Advocate for transparency, openness in research, access to data • Initiating conversation on Open Science Open Data Policy & Strategy - implement • Develop own data skills (data skills but also informed on copyright, licensing, citation) • Increase visibility of research data • Manage & register trusted data repositories • Recommend trusted data repositories • Promote & support proper research data management planning among researchers
  22. 22. Data Skills for Librarians (1) • Data terminology • Unix-style command line interface, allowing librarians to efficiently work with directories and files, and find and manipulate data • Cleaning and enhancing data in OpenRefine and spreadsheets • Git version control system and the GitHub collaboration tool • Web scraping and extracting data from websites • Scientific writing in useful, powerful, and open mark-up languages such as LaTeX, XML, and Markdown • Formulating and managing citation data, publication lists, and bibliographies in open formats such as BiBTeX, JSON, XML and using open source reference management tools such as JabRef and Zotero
  23. 23. Data Skills for Librarians (2) • Transforming metadata documenting research outputs into open plain text formats for easy reuse in research information systems in support of funder compliance mandates and institutional reporting • Scholarly identity with ORCiD and managing reputation with ORCiD- enabled scholarly sharing platforms such as ScienceOpen • Authorship, contributorship, and copyright ownership in collaborative research projects • Demonstrating best practices in attribution, acknowledgement, and citation, particularly for non-traditional research outputs (software, datasets) • Identifying reputable Open Access publications and Open Institutional/Open Data repositories • Scholarly annotation and open peer review • Investigating and managing copyright status of a work, and evaluating conditions for Fair Use
  24. 24. African Open Science Platform (AOSP) • Platform = opportunity to engage in dialogue, create awareness, connect all, provide continental view • Funded by SA Dept. of Science & Technology through National Research Foundation • 3 years (1 Nov. 2016 – 31 Oct. 2019) • Managed by Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf) • Through ASSAf hosting ICSU Regional Office for Africa (ICSU ROA) • Direction from CODATA http://africanopenscience.org.za/
  25. 25. Accord on Open Data in a Big Data World • Proposes comprehensive set of principles • FAIR Principles • Data as open possible, as closed necessary • Provides framework & plan for African data science capacity mobilization initiative – AOSP Call to Endorse
  26. 26. Open Data Repositories (re3data - 16)
  27. 27. http://opendatabarometer.org/?_year=2016&indicator=ODB
  28. 28. https://index.okfn.org/place/#map
  29. 29. AOSP Focus Areas Policy Infrastructur Capacity Building Incentives
  30. 30. https://www.targetmap.com/viewer.aspx?reportId=56245 Please note: this is just a preview and data still to be cleaned and updated and corrected. African Open Science Platform (AOSP) Landscape Study
  31. 31. Workshop 4: Open Science & Open Data for Librarians 14:00 – 17:30 • Introduction to Open Science/Open Data • Data informing the library profession • Data in support of research • Working with data – tools & applications • Towards a data strategy for your library & institution
  32. 32. http://internationaldataweek.org/
  33. 33. Conclusion Only if research and data are open and democratized so that all can have equal access, it would be possible to work towards achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals Librarians to adapt service delivery to new way of doing research (systemic changes), providing data related support to researchers
  34. 34. Thank you Ina Smith Project Manager, African Open Science Platform Project, Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf) ina@assaf.org.za Susan Veldsman Director, Scholarly Publishing Programme, Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf) susan@assaf.org.za Visit http://africanopenscience.org.za

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