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Introduction to GBIF for the African Open Science Platform/Melianie Raymond


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Presented during the AOSP ICT Infrastructure Meeting on 14 May 2018, Pretoria, SA.

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Introduction to GBIF for the African Open Science Platform/Melianie Raymond

  1. 1. 14 MAY 2018 Introduction to GBIF for the African Open Science Platform Melianie Raymond, Senior Programme Officer for Node Development, GBIF Secretariat FatimaParker-Allie & JeanCossi Ganglo Regional representatives GBIFAfrica
  2. 2. GBIF ORIGINS 1999: recommendation of Biodiversity Informatics Subgroup of OECD Megascience Forum “An international mechanism is needed to make biodiversity data and information accessible worldwide” 2001: GBIF Memorandum of Understanding opened for signature 2003: Secretariat established in Copenhagen under country host agreement with Denmark 2004, 2008, 2012: MoU renewed, last version NOT time limited
  3. 3. FROM DATA SOURCES TO DATA RE-USE Ensure free and open access to all sources of biodiversity data in structured forms Sources of biodiversity data Collections, field observations, monitoring activities, genomics, citizen science, remote sensing, expert knowledge, historical literature, ... Uses of biodiversity data Taxonomy, conservation, biosecurity, land-use planning, climate change response, crop development, resource management, materials development, forensics … Collaborators • Environment Ministry • Science Ministry • Agriculture Ministry • Local Government • Museums • Herbaria • Universities • Public • ...
  4. 4. MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING (MOU) • Non-binding agreement signed by all Participants • Establishes principles of open data sharing • Sets out governance arrangements
  5. 5. THE GBIF NETWORK • Data publishing institutions • Participant nodes coordinating national activity • Regional-level collaboration between nodes • Governing Board (all Participants), advisory committees • Secretariat in Copenhagen
  7. 7. GBIF.ORG - DATA DISTRIBUTION Each dot represents evidence of species occurrence with standardized information on e.g.: What? Where? When? By whom?
  8. 8. GBIF.ORG
  9. 9. 55 976,620,725 BYTHENUMBERS 1 May 2018 38,829 Species occurrence records Datasets 1,17636 Publishers Organizational Participants Country Participants 121.6billion 167,833 Average records downloaded per month (2018) Avg monthly user sessions (2018)
  11. 11. PUBLISHING PROCESS Secure institutional agreements Request endorsement Select publishing tools and partners Prepare data for publication Choose a creative commons license Publish data sets
  12. 12. Darwin Core (DwC) standard BiodiversityDataStandards List of fields and their definitions, as they relate to biodiversity data. What is DwC? Standard Governance
  13. 13. Darwin Core (DwC) standard BiodiversityDataStandards quality-requirements GBIF Data Quality Requirements
  17. 17. Peer-reviewed publications using GBIF-mediated data through28Feb2018
  19. 19. THE GBIF INVESTMENT Global (funding from voting participants, supplementary grants): • Technical infrastructure, data indexing,, API • Documentation and guidance, training, capacity enhancement • Collaboration and governance National (funding from ministries, research councils etc.): • Coordination of national biodiversity information facilities • Stakeholder engagement, training, workshops • Technical support for data management and publication • National data discovery platforms, supporting applications in research and policy Institutional (funding from institutional budgets, grants): • Digitization of collections • Data management skills and IT capacity • Data analysis, research applications, publication
  20. 20. “Focused on mechanisms that share expertise between members of the network, through information exchange, collaborative activities, and training and mentoring programmes” GBIF CAPACITY ENHANCEMENT APPROACH Challenges include: - Expanding network of countries, institutions and people - Rapidly evolving tools and processes - ‘Small’ secretariat Countries involved in developing capacity through the ALA collaboration, Francisco Pando, 2015 GBIF Capacity Enhancement Framework (2015):
  22. 22. BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION FOR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME • Four-year programme, 2015-2018 • Funded by EU, run by Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) • Aims to increase biodiversity information available in Africa, Caribbean, Pacific • Supports capacity enhancement, mobilization of data, strengthening networks • Focus on data to support policy needs (invasives, protected areas, threatened species)
  23. 23. ‘AFRICA RISING’ CONFERENCE • Launch event for BID Africa, Kirstenbosch Botanical Garden, May 2015 • Nearly 100 delegates from national agencies, research institutions, international organizations • Joint funding from JRS Biodiversity Foundation, SANBI, UNEP-WCMC • ‘Declaration on biodiversity information for sustainable development in Africa’
  24. 24. MAIN ACTIVITIES • Regional meetings • Studies • Calls for proposals • Capacity self-assessments • Capacity enhancement workshops • Strengthened community of practice • Promotion of results • Guiding examples Documented needs and priorities Data mobilization, strengthened sustainable networks, application of the data Enhanced capacity for effective mobilization and use of biodiversity information Ongoing application of the mobilized data
  25. 25. BID GRANT TYPES Three types of project supported by programme • Small data mobilization projects (single institutions) • National grants (establish/strengthen national biodiversity information facilities) • Regional consortia (three or more ACP countries), collaborations to increase biodiversity data mobilization
  27. 27. A MEGA-DIVERSE CONTINENT • It is one of the most megadiverse continents in the world. • Here biodiversity plays a critical role in sustainable development, provides vital ecosystem services and is one of our greatest regional assets. • Africa is a continent grappling with many challenges, but it is also alive with possibility and brimming with optimism.
  28. 28. GBIF IN AFRICA Vision of GBIF Africa A world in which Africa’s biodiversity information is freely and universally available, in service to science, economy, decision making and the public good for a sustainable future in Africa. Mission of GBIF Africa To facilitate GBIF Nodes to be the focal point for BDI coordination and dissemination, in support of national, regional and international biodiversity To develop a biodiversity informatics research agenda. To contribute to training and capacity development for promoting global access to biodiversity data and to enhance the BD I capacity and technical skills base of developing countries. To generate relevant knowledge from biodiversity data that supports the science–policy interface. To advance strategic partnerships with national, regional and global biodiversity initiatives The establishment of GBIF Africa (GA) In 2009 the GB endorsed the recommendation to have a series of reg. meetings to improve the coordination & collaboration Node Managers from approx. 16 countries and 5 Participant org, have shown a continual increase in collaboration and capacity GA is a sub-committeee of the GBIF Nodes Committee and is guided by ToR To be dynamic and grow – we should also include strategic Partners (JRS, ACC)
  29. 29. GBIF-AFRICA REGIONAL ENGAGEMENT STRATEGY & BUSINESS CASE 1.INTRODUCTION 2. PURPOSE 2.1. Strategic Objectives 2.2. SANBI’s role in the national and regional landscape to support a Convening Function for the ACM 3.BACKGROUND & POLICY CONTEXT 3.1. Context: South Africa’s role 3.2. Policy framework 3.2.1. International (The GBIF-Strategic Plan, SDGs; Aichi Targets) 3.2.2. Regional; 3.2.3. National 4.PAST & CURRENT INITIATIVES LED & SUPPORTED NODES 5.THE GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION FACILITY IN AFRICA 5.1. Vision of GBIF Africa, 5.2. Mission of GBIF Africa 5.3. The establishment of GBIF Africa 6. AFRICAN REGIONAL BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION COORDINATION MECHANISM 6.1. Structure and 6.2. Functions of the ACM 7. THE KEY ACHIEVEMENTS OF GBIF-AFRICA  7.1.1. Data Mobilization and Publishing 7.1.2. Training and Capacity Development 7.1.3. Regional Engagement 8. SCIENCE REVIEW AND PRIORITY THEMATIC AREAS 9. THE WAY FORWARD (Strategic objectives and key outcomes) 10. THE WORKPLAN (2016-2018)
  30. 30. STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES Strategic Objective 1 Strengthen capacity to mobilise foundational data to fill the data and knowledge gaps in support of education, research and analysis that is necessary for decision making for sustainable development. Strategic objective 2 Build institutional capacity in Biodiversity Information Management through empowering stakeholders to produce, make accessible and use accurate biodiversity data, information & knowledge in support of sustainable development. Strategic objective 3 Build capacity to deliver relevant data across the data-science-policy interface, to support biodiversity research, assessments, scenario modelling and planning for decision making. Strategic Objective 4 Strengthen regional engagement through advocacy, awareness-raising and enhancing GBIF-Africa’s role in supporting regional strategies (eg. Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy for Africa 2024) and in fulfilment of international conventions including UNFCCC, CITES, UNCCD, CBD.
  31. 31. THE KEY ACHIEVEMENTS OF GBIF-AFRICA REGIONAL ENGAGEMENT A number of consortiums have developed on the continent, which is a result of ongoing coordination and leadership enabled by GBIF, JRS, SANBI-GBIF and the Biodiversity for Development Initiative, as well as some key GBIF Nodes. West African Consortiums (JRS & BID funded) have developed through two exciting initiatives including: the “the capture of primary biodiversity data on West African plants (Benin, Ghana, Cameroon & Togo, Nigeria), in Partnership with 5 major global herbaria of the world (Europe and North America). The second is a West African Consortium project is “Capacity building and biodiversity data mobilization for conservation and policy”, is led by GBIF-Benin and is implemented by a consortium of eight African countries – Senegal, Côte-d’Ivoire, Mali, Guinea, DRC, Niger, Madagascar. Niger has become an Associate Participant. Another consortium is being driven by the Albertine Rift Conservation Society bringing together DR Congo, Rwanda and Uganda to strengthen the Biodiversity Information Management System of the ARCOS by enhancing their data portal, mobilizing data and expanding the data manager’s network. The University of Rwanda is also a Partner The South African Lead ABC project – working with 4 African countries to mobilise data and establish a national networks in BDI, rollout of BIMF’s following the SA example. Benefits: Small groups make it easier for participants to engage, enabling action plans and recommendations more easily & Face to face interactions are efficient in facilitating the sharing of expertise & best practices making virtual follow-up easier
  32. 32. Public health: Mapping the niche of Ebola host animals Invasive alien species: Building national watch lists for invasive alien species Food security: Conserving genetic diversity of crops in West Africa Showcases: Use and Application of Biodiversity Data Mediated through GBIF
  33. 33. NEEDS TO PROMOTE GBIF IN AFRICA With respect to needs in infrastructures • Portals for nodes that still need it for more visibility of the richness of biodiversity across countries • IPT installation for nodes that still need it to enhance data publishing in countries • Whenever deemed necessary, IPT installation in national partner institutions to enhance data publishing • Laptops and working stations whenever required in nodes With respect to needs in capacity building • Data digitization for new comers • Data cleaning an data publishing for nodes and nodes national partners • Data analysis and data uses to produce relevant research results to inform decisions on biodiversity conservation • Sound / in-depth capacity building in biodiversity informatics to students, researchers, teachers etc. for more sustainable and relevant data uses to support decision making on biodiversity conservation and sustainable uses. Jean Cossi Ganglo,, Deputy regional representative, Node Manager Benin
  34. 34. 14 MAY 2018 Introduction to GBIF for the African Open Science Platform Melianie Raymond, Senior Programme Officer for Node Development, GBIF Secretariat FatimaParker-Allie & JeanCossi Ganglo Regional representatives GBIFAfrica
  35. 35. DATA PAPERS
  36. 36. DATA PAPERS