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Europe's Open Science Policy and Policy Platform/Jean-Claude Burgelman


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Presented during the AOSP High-level Stakeholder Meeting on 3 and 4 September 2018, Pretoria, Centurion.

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Europe's Open Science Policy and Policy Platform/Jean-Claude Burgelman

  1. 1. Europe’s Open Science Policy and Policy Platform Rationale, achievements and lessons learnt JC Burgelman Roy Keesenberg Rene Von Schomberg DG RTD EC Brussels AOSP WS, DST Pretoria 3-4 September 2018
  2. 2. Systemic transition of science system which affects the way • research is performed • knowledge is shared/diffused/preserved • research projects/results are evaluated • research is funded • researchers are rewarded • future researchers are trained Affecting the whole research cycle and all its stakeholders  A typical techno-economic paradigm shift a la Perez (technology, market and institutional change go hand in hand)  or to put it different: disruptive and hence disturbing…. Europe has a holistic view on OS
  3. 3. • Better ROI of the R&I investments: self evident: if all the results of our public research are made reusable, it will follow that better use is made • Faster circulation of new ideas: we have 22 million EU SME's that will have access to top notch research without having to significantly pay for it! • More transparency of the science system as such: the public taxpayer has this right • Fit for 21st century science purpose: all grand societal challenges NEED cross disciplinary research For researchers: • Wider dissemination and sharing of the results • More visibility and credit for those collecting and sharing underlying research data • New career paths e.g. data scientists, start-ups, science diplomacy Why is OS important?
  4. 4. 2005 first decisions, leading to FP7 OA Green or Gold+Green Pilot H2020 OA Green or Gold+Green obligation & ORD Pilot H2020 OA Green or Gold+Green obligation & ORD by default OS policy in the EC is there since 2005
  5. 5. Source: RTD European researchers face data fragmentation and unequal access to quality information sets The European Open Science Cloud is the logical follow up of the EC’s open data policy Researcher CERN, EMBL, ELIXIR, etc. Institutional repository Member State Infrastructure Access to data and resources Limited and limiting access for an ordinary European researcher • Fragmented access (across scientific domains, countries and governance models; varying access policies) • Limited cross-disciplinary access to data sets (i.e. interdisciplinary research) • Non-interoperable services and data • Closed data 5
  6. 6. 6 Source: RTD EOSC will allow for universal access to open research data and create a new level playing field for EU researchers CERN, EMBL, ELIXIR, etc. Institutional repository Member State Infrastructure New provider/ service Researcher • Easy access through a universal access point for ALL European researchers • Cross-disciplinary access to data unleashes potential of interdisciplinary research • Services and data are interoperable (FAIR data) • Data funded with public money is in principle open (as open as possible, as closed as necessary) 1.Access to all European research data 2.Access to world-class data services 3.Clear rules of use and service provision 4.FAIR data tools, training and standards 5.Sustainable after the grant Seamless environment and enabling interdisciplinary research 6 EOSC: a researcher-centric project
  7. 7. EOSC’s public service rationale • 1. (Research) data will be the new (money making) frontier in the science industry. • 2. This will lead to lock in strategies of the user/researcher at all phases of the value chain/research process (grant proposal to blog). • 3. EOSC is therefore much more than making data available in open formats. It is our policy guarantee to safeguard the public character of publicly funded research in Europe and hence use science for the issues society deems relevant (EOSC is commons).
  8. 8. The EU’s Open Science Policy Platform was a bottom up demand too • Created in 2016 - as such the first of his kind in the world • Top level political backing BUT independent from politics • Hosting 26 top level representatives from the science stakeholders • Mandate to offer integrated advice to the EC on open science and how to translate that into policy • Mode: co-creation • Task: to mobilise the stakeholders to take on board the advice (not a ‘’Brussels’’ dictate policy)
  9. 9. Political framing May 2015 Competitiveness Council. • Welcomed the development of an Open Science Agenda and agreed that stakeholder engagement is crucial for 1. the successful advancement of Open Science and 2. to fulfil the shared expectation that Open Science will radically increase the quality and impact of European science. Spring 2016 • Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation decided to establish an Open Science Policy Platform to support the development of Open Science Policy. • The Platform consists of a Group of 25+ key representatives, at the highest level, of the key stakeholders of the European research system.
  10. 10. Purpose, objectives and scope Eight topics were identified that needed to be addressed through dedicated OSPP Working Groups:  FAIR Open Data  Open Science Cloud  Changing business models for scientific publishing  Altmetrics  Rewards  Open Science Education and Skills  Research Integrity  Citizen Science
  11. 11. OSPP (2016-2018): lessons learned In May 2018 the OSPP delivered their integrated advice on the eight Open Science topics. • The election and composition of the group was highly visible and disputed • Thin line between offering integrated advice and defending vested interests • People make the difference…. • Running the OSPP requires thorough preparation of the work plan and meetings, a high level of secretarial support and experts that can dedicate enough time to the OSPP to ensure targets are reached on time. • 100% consensus never possible - so it is important to have to option to move forward on certain topics even when full consensus is lacking.
  12. 12. To conclude • Europe is certainly leading the way in Open Science ….up till now … because we think it is essential for science and innovation • The OSPP was a crucial instrument to offer a place where offen conflicting interests could meet. • Spinning off key achievements (like EOSC) is essential to guarantee functional approaches remain the focus • On the mid to long term a soft policy approach (as now) needs to be replaced by a more regulatory approach. • After all science is also a business like any other where guaranteeing maximum competition at the best price and quality is as valid as in any other industry