Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Ethiopian Cyberinfrastructure/Zelalem Assefa

147 views

Published on

UbuntuNetConnect 2017 1 Nov 2017 AOSP Workshop

Published in: Data & Analytics
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Ethiopian Cyberinfrastructure/Zelalem Assefa

  1. 1. By Zelalem Assefa Ethiopian Cyberinfrastructure
  2. 2. Agenda  What is Cyberinfrastructure?  Major Areas and Elements  Ethiopian Status on the Major area of Cyberinfrastructure  Networking  Organizations  Software  Computational Resources  Collaboration tools  Data  Expertise 2
  3. 3. Cyberinfrastructure  As defined by Indiana University “Cyberinfrastructure consists of computing systems, data storage systems, advanced instruments and data repositories, visualization environments, and people, all linked together by software and high performance networks to improve research productivity and enable breakthroughs not otherwise possible.” 3
  4. 4. Discovery Collaboratio n Education Major Areas and Elements Organizations Universities, schools Government labs, agencies Research and Medical Centers Libraries, Museums Virtual Organizations Communities Expertise Research and Scholarship Education Learning and Workforce Development Interoperability and operations Cyberscience Networking Campus, national, international networks Research and experimental networks End-to-end throughput Cybersecurity Computational Resources Supercomputers Clouds, Grids, Clusters Visualization Compute services Data Centers Data Databases, Data repositories Collections and Libraries Data Access; storage, navigation management, mining tools, curation, privacy Scientific Instruments Large Facilities, MREFCs,,telescopes Colliders, shake Tables Sensor Arrays - Ocean, environment, weather, buildings, climate. etc Software Applications, middleware Software development and support Cybersecurity: access, authorization, authentication Advanced Computational Infrastructure Data Infrastructure Program
  5. 5. Ethiopian Context on the Major area of Cyberinfrastructure 1. Networking  Campus, national, international networks  Research and experimental networks  Cybersecurity 2. Organizations  Universities  Government labs, agencies  Research and Medical Centers  Libraries, Museums  Virtual Organizations  Communities 5
  6. 6. Continued .. 3. Software  Applications, middleware  Software development and support  Cybersecurity: access, authorization, authentication 4. Computational Resources  Supercomputers  Clouds, Grids, Clusters  Visualization  Compute services  Data Centers 5. Collaboration Tools 6. Data  Databases, Data repositories  Collections and Libraries  Data Access; storage, navigation, management, mining tools, curation, privacy6
  7. 7. Continued .. 6. Expertise  Research and Scholarship  Education  Learning and Workforce Development  Interoperability and operations  Cyberscience 7. Scientific Instruments  Large Facilities, Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction ,telescopes  Colliders, shake Tables  Sensor Arrays; Ocean, environment, weather, buildings, climate. etc 7
  8. 8. Networking 1. Campus, national, international networks 2. Research and experimental networks 3. Cybersecurity 8
  9. 9. Campus Network Infrastructure for Universities EthERNet is coordinating the universities in building standard and state of the art campus network, which includes  Data Center Infrastructure.  Fibre and UTP Cabling  Security ,Wired & Wireless LAN, VOIP etc 9
  10. 10. National Network -EthERNet  Ethiopian Education and Research Network (EthERNet) is the Ethiopian National Research and Education Network (NREN). It is also a Research and experimental networks  EthERNet 40G backbone with 10G access to 36 public Universities and Institute of Technologies having its own state of the art Data Center and Network Operation Center  The optical (fiber) backbone is built on highly reliable OPGW and ADSS on EEU high voltage lines. 4841 Km of fibers are used  Costs More than 1.2 billion ETB  Exchange Point/Internet Gateway is at EthERNet Data Center in Addis Ababa to peer with neighboring NRENs (SudREN, KENET, SolmaliREN) and ultimately will connect to UbuntuNet, GiANT, Internet2 and all other global research and education network.  Current Member of UbuntuNet Alliance
  11. 11. National Network -EthERNet
  12. 12. 12 Gonder Debre Zebit Defence Debere Tabour Debre Markos Jigjiga Adigrat Axum Dire Dawa Haromaya Arbaminch Wolayita Sodo Mizan Teferi Jimma Hawassa Bule Horra Meda Welabu Dilla D Berhan WollegaAmbo Assosa Civil service AASTU KOTEBE Mekel Woldiya Semera Wollo Bahirdar Adama AAUWachamo EiABC IOT Bahirdar(5) Adama(8) Welkete(7) EPR-1(1) EPR-2(2) Kombolcha(6) T8000 M6000-3s 10G 40G Sidst Kilo(3) Bole(4) Aggregation layer Edge layer Welkete Metu IP Network -EthERNet
  13. 13. International Network -AfricaConnect project  The AfricaConnect project will benefit researchers, educators and students in Southern and Eastern Africa, focusing on the member countries of the UbuntuNet Alliance.  It aims to establish a high-capacity Internet network for research and education in Southern and Eastern Africa to provide the region with a gateway to global research collaboration.  Organizing a direct interconnection of the resulting regional TENET SEACOM 10GE (Existing) TENET Amsterdam 10GE (Existing) London (UK) Gateway PoP (Existing) Wet Backbone Links Existing Circuits P/PE Wet backbone Core Gateway PoP (Non-African Circuits) Dar Es Salaam (TZ) P/PE Core PoP Maputo (MZ) P/PE Core PoP Blantyre (MW) Lusaka (ZM) Nairobi (KE) Addis-Ababa (ET) Kampala (UG) Kigali (RW) Edge (Country) PoP Cross Border Circuit TENET CLOUD Kinshasa (CD) Windhoek (NA) Mtunzini (ZA) Gateway PoP Phase 2 Circuit MPLS X-Connect Phase 2 PoP Future WACS Cable Africa – Europe EIG Circuit Amsterdam (NL) Gateway PoP (Existing) Intercontinental Circuit Mombasa (KE) Gateway PoP Khartoum (SS)  Agreement between AU and EU (Co-funded by funded by EU80% )  But we are also negotiating with international provider to hook us to UbuntuNet alliance router in London
  14. 14. International Network – Ethiopia’s connection the outside World 14 3 International Gateways • Sudan (Port Sudan) • Djibouti • Kenya (Mombasa) Redundant National Gateways • Addis Ababa • Bahir Dar (North through Sudan) • Dire Dawa (East though Djibouti) • Shashemene (South through Kenya) Internet Bandwidth • Total capacity is 27.74 • Through Djibouti = 14.88 • Through Sudan = 7.74 (Canar Tele=4.34 and Sudan Tel = 3.1) • Keney (SAFARICOM) = 1.24 • Satellite = 0.465 National Backbone • Broadband, Mobile & Fixed Telephone • 10 Gbps are currently being upgraded to 40Gbps • Currently 12.5k( Km) fiber all over the country and upgraded to 18k (KM) after a year Khartoum Addis Ababa Dire-Dawa Shashemene Bahir Dar
  15. 15. Cybersecurity  We have 2 firewalls to protect the whole network applications. Those two firewall are running HA (active- passive) mode and provide access, authorization, authentication. Firewall deployment topology as follows, US6820-1 10G 10G EthERnet Heartbeat Heartbeat Cisco Nexus 7009-1 10G 10G Smart Group1 Smart Group1 HA(Active-Passive) Port1 Port2 Eth1/1 FMC1/1 US6820-2 Cisco Nexus 7009-2 Eth1/1 Email Web Hosting Identity Management system Other application system ... Vlan101Vlan100 Vlan102 VlanNVlanx LAN FMC1/1 FMC1/2 FMC1/2
  16. 16. Organizations 1. Universities 2. Agricultural/Gov labs, agencies 3. Research and Medical Centers 4. Libraries, Museums 5. Virtual Organizations 6. Communities 16
  17. 17. Organizations to be Connected - EthERNet Phase II Project 1. 100 or more higher education and other organizations to be connected to the EthERNet network. 2. Meshed transmission  The transmission network will be meshed topology, and the ring topology shall increase from 2 to 5 Rings.  This will enhance the network security, strengthen service availability. 3. Full OPGW migration  Most of the fiber route uses the existing OPGW cable, but needs to migrate the rest that uses the existing ET’s optical fiber cable. Meanwhile, it needs to push EEU to prioritize the OPGW construction in favor of the cities which accommodate universities. 4. Redundancy at the aggregation layer  For the aggregation layer, one more AG router should be for
  18. 18. Debark Engebara Maichew Kebridahar Jinka Bonga Asebe Teferi Worabe BIHAR DAR-ARB Adama-ARA WELKETE-ARA DataCenter-EPR-1 DataCenter- EPR-2 KOMBOLCHA-ARA T8000 M6000-3s 10G 40G SIDIS KILO- ARA BOLE-AR2A Aggregation layer Edge layer Fiche Mekidla Amba Asela SIDIS KILO-ARB BOLE-AR2B KOMBOLCHA- ARBBIHAR DAR-ARA WELKETE-ARB Adama-ARB Gambela Dembidolo Black Lion Medical College Paulos Mill.Medical Coll
  19. 19. IP Access Network -ISP 20 Broadband Internet • 84 IP DSLMS in 75 Major Cities (10 are in Addis) • DSLAMs provide broadband services using ADSL2+/VDSL2 technologies • About 2000 MSAGs in 75 major cities • MSAGs Provide broadband access with the capacity to support 1.2 Million Subscribers • MSAGSs Installed near all residential and business areas • 507 mini-DSLAMS in 507 Woreda Towns • Each DSLMS can support 24 customers • Out of the 507 Min-DSLAMs, the uplink of 200 of them is upgraded to FE. This means by adding additional cards, the number of customers to be connected can also be increased • DSLAMs are installed on Ethio CDMA • Wireless Local loop intended for rural areas • Provide Mobile Data services & 1x/e-video internet connection s • 90% geographic al coverage of the country • 1X: up to 153kbps • EV-DO: Up to 3.1Mbps Mobile (GSM) • 720 words & Main roads have coverage • GPRS (2.5G) data services is available for all mobile users • EDGE (2.75 G) data services for Addis Ababa & Major cities; current active user are 1.4M • 3G : 1.5M capacity available in Addis, 4.5 M capacity in regions under implementation to be complete in end 2015. • 4G : 400K capacity data services is available in Addis Ababa: • Currently 35,478,485M Mobile subscribers all over the country. • Network can support 60M subscribers • A project to upgrade the capacity to 60M subscribers is half way in its implementation. VSA Currently deployed VSAT system has the capacity to transmit both voice (television), data (Internet) and telephone 96% Government Secondary schools have VSAT 1357 schools are beneficiaries of Plasma Educational Broadcast TV program • Other organization can easily connected to the network using the ISP infrastructure
  20. 20. ISP existing Fiber link
  21. 21. Other sectors including Financials, Trade, Pubic Service,EEU etc
  22. 22. Computational Resources 1. Supercomputers 2. Clouds, Grids, Clusters 3. Visualization 4. Compute services 5. Data Centers 25
  23. 23. Cloud Infrastructure  EthERNet do have state of the art data center containing cloud infrastructure (virtualization and compute services) 26
  24. 24. 27 IBM V7000 Cisco Nexus 5596UP-1 US6820-1 10G 10G 1G 8G/10G Service network Network Fiber EthERnet 1G Heartbeat Heartbeat Heartbeat Cisco Nexus 7009-1 10G 10G 8G 8G 8G Smart Group1 Smart Group1 Pureflex HA(Active-Passive) Port1 Port2 Eth1/1 Eth1/1 FMC1/1 Eth1/5 Eth1/6 US6820-2 FC port1 FC1/1 8G 8G8G 1G Management network Cisco Nexus 5596UP-2 Cisco Nexus 7009-2 1G*21G*2 Eth1/3-4 Eth1/3-4 FC1/2 FC1/1 FC1/2 FC1/3 FC1/3 1G1G Eth1/7 Eth1/7 D-F7100-1 D-F7100-2 FMC1/1 FMC1/2 FMC1/2 1G 1G Bond1(Active-Backup) Eth1/8 Eth1/8 Physical Network Design
  25. 25. Proposed EthERNet HPC 28  We used Gaussian and Quantum Espresso previously using the Africa-Grid for our researchers
  26. 26. Collaboration Tools  Large File transfer  Videoconferencing-as-a-Service  Works with rooms, laptops/desktops, mobile and web.  Replay, Recording and Streaming. Manage lectures and content for live or on-demand viewing  (Private) Cloud like shared service for each university – no need to buy the servers for UC  Not “rip & replace” – existing H.323 in each universities estate can continue to participate  Reach out to partners and collaborators world-wide  A ready-made service!  Provide distance learning that is interactive and Can also be used for Support and training  Research: This is a particularly popular use of universities and research organizations, and their industry partners.  Promote greater interactions, High quality content sharing, and engagement among teachers and students
  27. 27. Continued….
  28. 28. Data Currently EthERNet provide  Open Access Repository (http://ethoar.sci-gaia.eu/) using DOI (digital object Identifier)  Databases, Data repositories  Collections and Libraries  Data Access; storage, navigation, management, mining tools, curation, privacy
  29. 29. Way forward  We invested on Technology, but not on people and effect  People are a key element  We have to do Linkage of technology elements by software and high-performance networks into a larger system  We have to organize and invest on Scientific Instruments (Large Facilities, telescopes, Sensor Arrays, etc)  Collaborate and work together MoST and other stack holders
  30. 30. Any Q ? Thank You!

×