Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Data driving sustainability - the African Open Science Platform project

335 views

Published on

Presented at the ELPUB2018 Conference in Toronto, Canada, 23 June 2018.

Published in: Data & Analytics
  • Be the first to comment

Data driving sustainability - the African Open Science Platform project

  1. 1. Data Driving Sustainability – the African Open Science Platform Project Presented by Ina Smith Project Manager African Open Science Platform DOAJ Ambassador
  2. 2. Rationale – Data Driven World
  3. 3. Fake Data, Fake Research http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-39357819
  4. 4. Slide Credit: Laura Merson, IDDO Ebola Outbreak 2014-15
  5. 5. Slide Credit: Laura Merson, IDDO After the Outbreak Post 2015
  6. 6. http://www.nature.com/news/data-sharing-make-outbreak- research-open-access-1.16966
  7. 7. Repatriation of Data
  8. 8. Intellectual Property Rights Policy “In many African countries, intellectual property protection is undeveloped, ineffective, expensive and unenforced and in some African countries there exists uncertainty on protection of IP and the threat of innovation being stolen away from inventors.” https://ipstrategy.com/2016/12/05/a-new-look-at-intellectual-property-and- innovation-in-africa/
  9. 9. Trusted Research & Data • Trust and credibility are at the centre of the process of science • Trusted research & researchers who have your best interest at heart • Build new research on existing research/data • To be trusted, it needs to be managed
  10. 10. Open Science Defined “Open Science is the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods.” - FOSTER Project, funded by the European Commission
  11. 11. Open Data, Open Science & Research Lifecycle (Foster) Data
  12. 12. Original Research Data Lifecycle image from University of California, Santa Cruz http://guides.library.ucsc.edu/datamanagement/ Repositories Repositories Tools Gold/Green OA Plan Policy.Infrastructure,Capacity&Skills,Incentives
  13. 13. Benefits of open data • Provide evidence for research conducted • Collaboration advances science, discovery • Predict trends & informed decisions • Drive development, service delivery • More entrepreneurs – using data in innovative ways, create jobs • Have potentially far more outcomes when open, higher impact • Identify gaps in research – attrack funders • Democratising research & data towards achieving 2030 Sustainable Development Goals
  14. 14. SDG UN Examples African Examples/Initiatives/Projects No Poverty Spending patterns on mobile phone services can provide proxy indicators of income levels. DataFirst e.g. data quality of household surveys, and the analysis of inequality and labour markets in South Africa (Prof Martin Wittenberg). Zero Hunger Crowdsourcing or tracking of food prices listed online can help monitor food security in near real-time. Agricultural Science Technology Indicators (ASTI) Kenya Data - Open- access data and analysis on agricultural research investment and capacity in low- and middle-income countries. Good health & Well-being Mapping the movement of mobile phone users can help predict the spread of infectious diseases. H3ABioNet - Develop a core bioinformatics infrastructure (hardware and human resources) to aid research in genomic medicine, high throughput biology, systems biology, genetics, and medicine, for the study of human heredity and health. MURIA - access to data to address challenges to current drug utilisation research in Africa.
  15. 15. SDG UN Examples African Examples/Initiatives/Projects Quality Education Citizen reporting can reveal reasons for student drop-out rates. Kenya Open Data Portal provides data on location of key infrastructure including health facilities, schools, water and electricity. Data maps used to increase access to education (Kenya). Gender Equality Analysis of financial transactions can reveal the spending patterns and different impacts of economic shocks on men and women. African Development Bank Equality Index to help inform policymaking to further mainstream gender, which will lead to more inclusive growth. Most comprehensive assessment of the state of gender equality on the continent, examining the role of women as producers, economic agents, in human development, and as leaders in public life. Clean Water and Sanitation Sensors connected to water pumps can track access to clean water. South Africa Data Portal provides public information on water. Aquastat - % fresh water a country could sustainably provide vs actually consumed there.
  16. 16. SDG UN Examples African Examples/Initiatives/Projects Affordable and Clean Energy Smart metering allows utility companies to increase or restrict the flow of electricity, gas or water to reduce waste and ensure adequate supply at peak periods. Integrated Waste Management Plan Toolkit consists of interactive data forms with information about demographic population and waste. Provides situation analysis data for municipality in table and graph format. WIMEA-ICT a collaborative effort at improving weather information management in East Africa. iGRID - a Smart Grid Capacity Development and Enhancement to improve delivery efficiency and to optimize operational costs in the electrical power system in Tanzania. Decent Work and Economic Growth Patterns in global postal traffic can provide indicators such as economic growth, remittances, trade and GDP. DataFirst e.g. data quality of household surveys, and the analysis of inequality and labour markets in South Africa (Prof Martin Wittenberg).
  17. 17. SDG UN Examples African Examples/Initiatives/Projects Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure Data from GPS devices can be used for traffic control and to improve public transport. Kenya National Public Health Gateway saving lives through science and technology to mitigate the effects of motorcycle-related accidents in Kenya, which cause more deaths than those involving bicycles and cars. Reduced Inequality Speech-to-text analytics on local radio content can reveal discrimination concerns and support policy response. Reproducible Automatic Speech Recognition combines compute resources, ASR workflows, Open Access data repositories, metadata libraries, and persistence and uniqueness frameworks to allow researchers to discover, extend and reproduce ASR work. Sustainable Cities and Communities Satellite remote sensing can track encroachment on public land or spaces such as parks and forests. Smart Cities e.g. Madagascar. Mobile & static infrastructure technologies are enabling intelligent low-emissions transportation systems, safer communities, new low-cost utility services, more efficient city operations, and much more.
  18. 18. SDG UN Examples African Examples/Initiatives/Projects Responsible Consumption and Production Online search patterns or e- commerce transactions can reveal the pace of transition to energy efficient products. openAfrica contains data sets on many disciplines, and also on e- Commerce. Data from across Africa collected. Climate Action Combining satellite imagery, crowd-sourced witness accounts and open data can help track deforestation. WASCAL Data Discovery Portal – West African Science Service Centre on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use. Provides climate data, food security data and many more. Life Below Water Maritime vessel tracking data can reveal illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing activities. Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas - SOCAT enables quantification of the ocean carbon sink and ocean acidification and evaluation of ocean biogeochemical models. Biogeochemical and climate research information which informs policy.
  19. 19. SDG UN Examples African Examples/Initiatives/Projects Life on Land Social media monitoring can support disaster management with real-time information on victim location, effects and strength of forest fires or haze. Kenya National Public Health Gateway saving lives through science and technology to mitigate the effects of motorcycle-related accidents in Kenya, which cause more deaths than those involving bicycles and cars. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions Sentiment analysis of social media can reveal public opinion on effective governance, public service delivery or human rights. Kenya Online Voting System - system enables the electoral body to cut costs incurred during elections. Data Zetu – Helps communities to make better, more evidence-based decisions to improve their lives, build skills and develop digital and offline tools that make information accessible to everyone (Tanzania). Partnerships for the Goals Partnerships to enable the combining of statistics, mobile and internet data can provide a better and realtime understanding of today’s hyper- connected world. H3ABioNet, SKA, GBIF – collaborative projects on genomes, origin of the universe, and biodiversity, impacting on all.
  20. 20. “Several open science activities are underway across Africa, but a great deal will be gained if, in the context of developing inter-regional links, these activities were to be coordinated and developed through such a coordinating initiative.” - CODATA
  21. 21. Open Data Repositories (re3data - 16)
  22. 22. Square Kilometre Array (SKA) Ghana, Zambia, Madagascar, Botswana, Namibia, Kenya, Mauritius and Mozambique
  23. 23. Testing Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity; imaging neutral hydrogen—the building blocks for stars – in the distant universe; and examining galaxies that were formed billions of years ago “Construction of the SKA is due to begin in 2018 and finish sometime in the middle of the next decade. Data acquisition will begin in 2020, requiring a level of processing power and data management know-how that outstretches current capabilities. Astronomers estimate that the project will generate 35,000-DVDs- worth of data every second. This is equivalent to “the whole world wide web every day,” said Fanaroff.”
  24. 24. H3ABioNet (H3Africa) 30 institutions, 15 African countries, 2 partners outside Africa
  25. 25. http://theconversation.com/what-115-years-of-data-tells-us-about-africas-battle-with-malaria-past-and-present- 85482 The prevalence of malaria infection in sub-Saharan Africa today is at the lowest point since 1900.
  26. 26. https://theodi.org/news/new-report-reveals-how-open-data-is-fuelling-problemsolving-in-the-developing-world-from- mapping-ebola-to-protecting-banana-crops
  27. 27. Protecting banana farmers’ livelihoods in Uganda Using maps to increase access to education in Kenya Monitoring child malnutrition (Uganda)
  28. 28. Africa & Climate Change United Nations Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Climate & Water
  29. 29. https://aasopenresearch.org/
  30. 30. Accord on Open Data in a Big Data World • Proposes comprehensive set of FAIR principles to manage data • Values of open data in emerging scientific culture of big data • Need for an international framework • Provides framework & plan for African data science capacity mobilization initiative Call to Endorse
  31. 31. Key Stakeholders • African Governments • Global Network of Science Academies (IAP) • International Council for Science (ICSU) • The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) • Research Data Alliance (RDA) • NRENs (Internet Service Providers for Education) • Association of African Universities (AAU) • African Science Academies (AAS and NASAC) • African Research Councils (incl. DIRISA, funders – Science Granting Initiative) • African Universities • Librarians (AfLIA, IFLA Africa) • Other e.g. SPARC Africa, Open Knowledge Foundation
  32. 32. Governance & Funding • Funded by SA Dept of Science & Technology through the National Research Foundation • Managed by ASSAf, directed by CODATA (ICSU) • Advisory Council • Technical Advisory Board • Research Community • Project Team at ASSAf (3)
  33. 33. Phase 1 (Nov 2016 – Nov 2019) Explore the African Landscape & Engage in Dialogue & Create Awareness & Establish existing status/needs on: • Open science policy and strategy; • Open science information technology (IT) infrastructure; • Capacity building/training to support open science; and • Incentives for sharing science output and specifically the underlying data sets, in an open and transparent way.
  34. 34. Deliverables Phase 1 • Landscape Study – initiatives, experts on African continent identified • Engaged with high level national stakeholders through meetings e.g. Uganda, Madagascar, Botswana • Science diplomacy: Numerous workshops, presentations to create awareness & advocate for OS • Frameworks & Roadmaps to guide Open Science Policy, ICT Infrastructure, Skills & Capacity Building, Incentives
  35. 35. Frameworks • Frameworks and guidance to assist policy development at national and institutional level • Study and recommendations to reduce barriers and provide constructive incentives for Open Science • Framework for data science training (including RDM, data stewardship and science of data); curriculum framework, training materials, recommendations for training initiatives • Framework and roadmap for data infrastructure development: emphasising partnerships and de- duplication between national systems, economies of scale, institutions and domain initiatives
  36. 36. Draft Landscape Study Initiatives/Country https://www.targetmap.com/viewer.aspx?reportId=56245 Please note: this is just a preview and data still to be cleaned and updated and corrected.
  37. 37. AOSP Phase 2 - Platform  Vision of a coordinating activity to help put in place and link the enabling practices, capacities and technologies for Open Science  Pan African in ambition  Phase 1 in preparation of the foundations for a broader initiative in terms of outputs and network building  Successful first strategy workshop (March 2018) followed by a stakeholder workshop (Sept 2018) to prepare the platform initiative  Aim for this to be launched at Science Forum South Africa, Dec 2018
  38. 38. Phase 2 Suggested Activities 1. Registry of African data initiatives, collections and services 2. Coordination and provision of network, compute and storage (building on current work of NRENs, targeting needs of Open Science, achieving economies of scale). 3. A virtual space for scientists to find, deposit, manage, share and reuse data, software and metadata (i.e. support for / or provision of FAIR data components, data stewardship and Research Infrastructures). 4. An African Data Science Institute (to develop African capacities at the international cutting edge of research in data analytics, artificial intelligence, machine learning and data stewardship). 5. Major data-intensive programmes in science areas where Africa is data-asset rich (process for identifying these areas, obtaining funding, ensuring that RIs are in place). 6. Network for Education and Skills in Data and Information (training programmes in data science, data stewardship, data literacy, targeted at all stages of education). 7. Network for Open Science Access and Dialogue (building full engagement and joint action in transdisciplinary and citizen science initiatives as an essential component of Open Science).
  39. 39. INTERNATIONAL DATA WEEK IDW 2018 Gaborone, Botswana: 5-8 November 2018 Information: http://internationaldataweek.org/ Deadline for abstracts, 31 May: https://www.scidatacon.org/IDW2018/
  40. 40. Thank you http://africanopenscience.org.za Ina Smith ina@assaf.org.za Susan Veldsman susan@assaf.org.za

×