Implications Of Ip Over Protectionism


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Implications Of Ip Over Protectionism

  1. 1. Eve gray & priachetty<br />28 september 2009<br />Implications of IP Over Protectionism<br />
  2. 2. Global Stage <br /><ul><li>Towards an Information Society
  3. 3. Developments in IP & Digital Domain
  4. 4. Technology Protectionism (DRM) (TPM)
  5. 5. IP Policy Protectionism (TRIPS) (WCT) (WPPT)
  6. 6. Development oriented responses
  7. 7. Criticism of DRM
  8. 8. Doha Declaration
  9. 9. Development Agenda
  10. 10. Back Home/ ACA2K Project
  11. 11. ACA2K Project Outcomes</li></li></ul><li>
  12. 12. A Digital Age<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16. The Dream of an Information Society <br /><ul><li>“We declare our common desire and commitment to build a people-centred, inclusive and development oriented Information Society, where everyone can create, access, utilize and share information and knowledge, enabling individuals, communities and peoples to achieve their full potential in promoting their sustainable development and improving their quality of life, premised on the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and respecting fully and upholding the Universal Declaration of Human Rights...”</li></ul>World Summit on Information Society, Declaration of Principles, Document WSIS-03/GENEVA/DOC/4-E, 12 December 2003, Para 1.<br />
  17. 17. Threats to Information Society (Developing Countries) <br /><ul><li>Practically Dealing with Divide & Effective Use of ICT
  18. 18. Policy Framework Appropriate balance: incentives and social benefits & public domain
  19. 19. IP on Internet Presents opportunities & challenges – ease of reproduction and distribution
  20. 20. Increased Protection Technology (limit or block access, monitor and record use of works) Law (expansion of subject matter, rights and term of protection, increased enforcement) </li></li></ul><li>TECHNOLOGY<br />
  21. 21. Deciding on DRM <br /><ul><li>Rights holders determine how rights are enforced (Licence)
  22. 22. Negatives for consumers iro access and usage restrictions
  23. 23. TPMs control copying, printing and altering post access</li></li></ul><li>International Legal Framework<br /><ul><li>1996 WIPO Internet Treaties (in force 2002) (60 countries)
  24. 24. WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT)
  25. 25. WIPO Performers & Phonograms Treaty (WPPT)
  26. 26. 3 main developments:
  27. 27. Copyright extends to digital environment
  28. 28. TPMs may be used to control access
  29. 29. Prohibition on circumvention of TPMs and remedies increase control over content on internet.
  30. 30. Signatories are bound to obligations however flexibilities are allowed
  31. 31. Different interpretation of TPMs & legal protection (and which laws)
  32. 32. Exceptions may be applied
  33. 33. South Africa is signatory to both the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT) of 1996. However, has not implemented the provisions.</li></li></ul><li>International Legal Framework<br /><ul><li>Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) (1994)
  34. 34. Term of protection
  35. 35. Automatic copyright
  36. 36. Exceptions to copyright limited (3 step test)
  37. 37. As a WTO member, South Africa is a party to the TRIPS Agreement.
  38. 38. WTO Statement Doha Declaration (TRIPS interpreted in light of promotion of access to medicine)
  39. 39. WIPO adopted Development Agenda (45 recommendations on IP and development) 2007 </li></li></ul><li>Back Home/ ACA2K<br /><ul><li>Education - Learning Materials (Knowledge) – Copyright
  40. 40. ACA2K Project probes the relationship between South Africa’s copyright environment on the one hand and access to learning materials on the other hand ( 7 other countries)
  41. 41. Hypotheses:
  42. 42. The South African copyright environment does not maximise effective access to learning materials.
  43. 43. The South African copyright environment can be changed to maximise effective access to learning materials.</li></li></ul><li>Back Home/ ACA2K<br /><ul><li>Copyright Act does not make use of most flexibilities contained in TRIPS
  44. 44. Copyright Act does not permit the scanning, translation, adaptation or conversion of works for the sensory disabled in the absence of permission from the copyright holder
  45. 45. No clarity on fair dealing of digitised works undermines ICT developments (technology and law)
  46. 46. Anti-circumvention of DRM provisions in ECT Act may over-ride fair dealing provisions of Copyright Act
  47. 47. Government funded research is not in public domain (IPR Bill)
  48. 48. No provisions for orphan works
  49. 49. Reasonable portion iro education exceptions is unclear
  50. 50. Does not facilitate distance learning (1 copy & not on behalf of)</li>