Telecommunication Use in Akatsi, Rural Ghana              Presentation by            Dipl.-Ing. Agr Marcus Koll           ...
Content1. Akatsi - an Overview2. Questionnaire Design3. Telecommunication-Use Overview  3.1 Landline Use  3.2 Cell Phone U...
1. Akatsi - an OverviewAkatsi district – Southern Volta region                                          3
1. Akatsi - an Overview Population: 93,483 (2002) District area: ca. 1000 km2 Around 75% of the population of the district...
1. Akatsi - an Overview Around 20 public telephone booths available in Akatsi Town Three mobile phone providers are used: ...
2. Questionnaire Design  The Questionnaire contains 3 main  parts: a. General household information b. Information about u...
2. Questionnaire Design c. Information about the economic    activities and performance of the    households  Sample Size:...
3. Telecommunication-Use Overview    90                  85    80    70                                                   ...
3. Expenditures for Communication3500000                                          X = 3,145k3000000                       ...
3.1 Landline Use More than 9% of the Households reports, that they have their own landline installed More than 20 public p...
3.1 Problems of Landline Use Only 26% of landline users reported to have no problems The same number of respondents are co...
3.1 Facilities of Landline Use      100                                                            87       90       80   ...
3.2 Cell Phone Use Space to Space Operators replaced Communication Centres in the 3 villages quite completely Around 55% o...
3.2 Development of Cell-phone                                                Start of Cell-phone use                      ...
3.2 Distribution of Providers                                       0%                          5%                        ...
3.2 Benefits of Cell-phone use    40,00                                                                             36,30 ...
3.2 Problems of Cell Phone Use Only 16% of the respondents report to have no problems The most problems are reported accor...
3.3 Internet Use                   18
3.3 Internet Use One Internet cafe in Akatsi town itself (the next are in Aflao and Sogakope) 5 Computer in use with 1 Dia...
3.3 Problem of Internet Use The main problem is the lack in computer skills Around 40% of the users are complaining it is ...
4. Summary Especially the introduction of Space to Space made telephone services available in a broader scale Even if stil...
5. Outlook              First step:Modeling determinants of ICT use         Maximum Likelihood        Estimation (odds rat...
5. Outlook  Qualitative analysis of ICT strategies  to identify the key-elements for rural  communities  Using the results...
Thank you very much !!                         24
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Telecommunication Use in Akatsi

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Presentation to Africa Next Knowledge Brokerage by Marcus Koll, Accra, January 2007

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Telecommunication Use in Akatsi

  1. 1. Telecommunication Use in Akatsi, Rural Ghana Presentation by Dipl.-Ing. Agr Marcus Koll PhD Student marcus.koll@uni-bonn.deZentrum für EntwicklungsforschungCentre for Development ResearchUniversity of Bonn, Germany 1
  2. 2. Content1. Akatsi - an Overview2. Questionnaire Design3. Telecommunication-Use Overview 3.1 Landline Use 3.2 Cell Phone Use 3.3 Internet Use4. Summary5. Outlook 2
  3. 3. 1. Akatsi - an OverviewAkatsi district – Southern Volta region 3
  4. 4. 1. Akatsi - an Overview Population: 93,483 (2002) District area: ca. 1000 km2 Around 75% of the population of the district works in agriculture Main crops: maize, cassava, sweet potato, groundnuts and vegetables 4
  5. 5. 1. Akatsi - an Overview Around 20 public telephone booths available in Akatsi Town Three mobile phone providers are used: Areeba, One-Touch and Tigo One existing Internet-Cafe in Akatsi Town 5
  6. 6. 2. Questionnaire Design The Questionnaire contains 3 main parts: a. General household information b. Information about use of telecommunication services and information flows Questions about Landline, Cell-phone and Internet use Questions about purposes of information search etc. 6
  7. 7. 2. Questionnaire Design c. Information about the economic activities and performance of the households Sample Size: Random sample of 362 Households in Akatsi-Town, Agbedrafor and Gefia 7
  8. 8. 3. Telecommunication-Use Overview 90 85 80 70 Landline use 60 52 Cell Phone use 50% 35 Internet use 40 No technology use 2006 30 No technology use 1999 20 12 13 10 0 ICT USESource: Akatsi Household Survey 2006 and Akatsi Screening Survey 1999 by Dr. Bertolini 8
  9. 9. 3. Expenditures for Communication3500000 X = 3,145k3000000 Average total monthly2500000 expenditure2000000 X = 1,620k1500000 Average monthly X = 950k expenditure for1000000 6,9% = 217k Cedi telecommunication 5,7% = 7,4% = 500000 120k Cedi 54k Cedi 0 Lower Average Higher income income income than than average averageSource: Akatsi Household Survey 2006 9
  10. 10. 3.1 Landline Use More than 9% of the Households reports, that they have their own landline installed More than 20 public phones are installed in Akatsi Communication Centres more or less vanished 10
  11. 11. 3.1 Problems of Landline Use Only 26% of landline users reported to have no problems The same number of respondents are complaining that it is to expensive Other Problems are: Faulty telephone booths, bad line quality and also corruption 11
  12. 12. 3.1 Facilities of Landline Use 100 87 90 80 70 60 53 1999 % 50 2006 40 27 30 15 20 6 9 10 2 1 0 c. h er e ot et on nt bo e ce Ph on e n n on ph io w ph at le O te ic le un Te s ur m bo om gh C ei N 12 Source: Akatsi Household Survey 1999 by Dr. Bertolini and HH Survey 2006
  13. 13. 3.2 Cell Phone Use Space to Space Operators replaced Communication Centres in the 3 villages quite completely Around 55% of the Households reports, that they own at least one Cell-Phone The main boost in Cell-Phone use was in the last 4 years 13
  14. 14. 3.2 Development of Cell-phone Start of Cell-phone use 80 70 60 Häufigkeit 50 40 Häufigkeit 30 20 10 0 In the 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 before last 2001 year YearSource: Akatsi Household Survey 2006 14
  15. 15. 3.2 Distribution of Providers 0% 5% 20% One Touch Arreba Tigo Kasapa 75% 15Source: Akatsi Household Survey 2006
  16. 16. 3.2 Benefits of Cell-phone use 40,00 36,30 35,00 27,59 30,00 25,00 % 20,00 16,14 15,00 9,80 10,00 6,45 5,00 1,93 1,79 0,00 e e ck st ) lity fit fy tim siv ne fa ba ci bi en pe be ry ed ila ss Ve ep (s le a fe o av N ex er es te d th ia ak ss oo O ed le t G It m s im i It s w llo a It 16 Source: Akatsi Household Survey 2006
  17. 17. 3.2 Problems of Cell Phone Use Only 16% of the respondents report to have no problems The most problems are reported according to bad network connection Around 30% of the respondents think it is still to expensive Other problems range from Ear-pains, corruption to especially the recharging problem 17
  18. 18. 3.3 Internet Use 18
  19. 19. 3.3 Internet Use One Internet cafe in Akatsi town itself (the next are in Aflao and Sogakope) 5 Computer in use with 1 Dial-up connection 1/3 of the time out of business in the last 12 month, according to power cuts, line failures etc. 19
  20. 20. 3.3 Problem of Internet Use The main problem is the lack in computer skills Around 40% of the users are complaining it is to expensive (12,000 Cedis/h in Akatsi) Further Problems range from slow speed to line failures and the suspicion to be cheated 20
  21. 21. 4. Summary Especially the introduction of Space to Space made telephone services available in a broader scale Even if still problems are reported, all in all, the quality of services increased (but not optimal) Need for an rural perspective in national ICT development strategies 21
  22. 22. 5. Outlook First step:Modeling determinants of ICT use Maximum Likelihood Estimation (odds ratio) Second step: Identifying changes in ICT use Third step: Descriptive statistics Assessing welfare Measuring compensating Variation 22
  23. 23. 5. Outlook Qualitative analysis of ICT strategies to identify the key-elements for rural communities Using the results from the econometric analysis to support the qualitative analysis 23
  24. 24. Thank you very much !! 24

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