Planning for Regional Poverty Alleviation
in Guizhou province of China

Shang Jing, CAUPD
2012.07.30
CAUP
D
中
国
城
市
规
划
设
计
研
究
院

CONTENT
General Situation of
Guizhou
Urbanization and
Poverty Alleviation
Pro-poor urbani...
CAUP
D
中
国
城
市
规
划
设
计
研
究
院

CONTENT
General Situation of
Guizhou
Urbanization and
Poverty Alleviation
Pro-poor urbani...
1. General situation
– Location : Southwest China
– Gross area: 176,000 KM2, 1.8% of
China
– Mountainous region

AUPD

– U...
2. under developed
 The 2010 GDP of Guizhou rank
the sixth from the bottom.
Meanwhile the per capita GDP
was the last one...
3. rural poverty
 The poor population in the rural area is 11,490,000, (income 1
dollar per day), which takes up 9.4% of ...
CAUP
D
中
国
城
市
规
划
设
计
研
究
院

CONTENT
General Situation of
Guizhou
Urbanization and
Poverty Alleviation
Pro-poor urbani...
1. National level
Phases 1 (1978-1992): Reform
and opening-up
Income growth:
AUPD

wage income: ¥ 106185, increased
75%
f...
1. National level
Phases 2 (1993-2000): the initial
stage of urbanization
Income growth:
AUPD
Wage income: ¥ 195703, incr...
1. National level
Phases 3 (2001-) : Speeding-up
stage of urbanization
Income growth:
Wage income: ¥ 7722061,
AUPD
increa...
2. What did the urbanization benefit the rural
 provided jobs for the peasants, improved the wage income, there’re
two ch...
3. Why is so hard in Guizhou?
2007年西南六省制造业结构比较

 Why wage income is low?

100%

– Lack of employment in local cities:
the...
3. Why is so hard in Guizhou?
 

 Why wage income is low?

– In 2011, about 7,140,000
people moved out for job,
which is ...
3. Why is so hard in Guizhou?
 Why family business income is low?
– Lack of infrastructure: High cost of
construction due...
3. Why is so hard in Guizhou?
 Why family business income is low?
– the environment weakness and lack of farmland
– The b...
3. Why is so hard in Guizhou?
 Why family business income is low?
– The rural economy is not sufficiently proved by the u...
4. Case study: Pro-poor Urban Development
 In southwest part of China Hunan and
Sichuan are better.
AUPD

2008

2009 the ...
4. Case study: Pro-poor Urban Development
 Urbanized area + Characteristic area
– Densely Urbanized Region: promote
devel...
CAUP
D
中
国
城
市
规
划
设
计
研
究
院

CONTENT
General Situation of
Guizhou
Urbanization and
Poverty Alleviation
Pro-poor Urbani...
1.Promote urbanization to let people move
 The only way to improve income and meanwhile protect the
environment is to spe...
Environment

1.Promote urbanization
 Analyze where is better to be the densly urbanized
area.
 Conditions of developing ...
1.Promote urbanization: adjust population Structure
 Suggesting an overall arrangement “urbanized area + Characteristic
a...
2. Emphatically develop towns with job creation and
economic boosts
 Pay attention to 5 types of urban
development with a...
2. Emphatically develop towns with job creation and
economic boosts
 Provide governmental supports on towns which
have im...
3.Pay specific attention on urban planning with public
services
 In order to improve
the public service,
urban constructi...
3.Pay specific attention on urban planning with public
services
 According to population
distribution, 4 levels are divid...
3.Pay specific attention on urban planning with public
services
 Allocation of funds for New Rural Construction will be m...
3.Pay specific attention on urban planning with public
services
hous empl Administration

Public Culter

ing oyme

and pub...
The end, thanks!
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Pro-Poor Urban Development: China and Africa Workshop - "Affordable Housing Finance in Africa", Dr. Shang Jing - Regional poverty in China 07/30/2012

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Pro-Poor Urban Development: China and Africa Workshop - "Affordable Housing Finance in Africa", Dr. Shang Jing - Regional poverty in China 07/30/2012

  1. 1. Planning for Regional Poverty Alleviation in Guizhou province of China Shang Jing, CAUPD 2012.07.30
  2. 2. CAUP D 中 国 城 市 规 划 设 计 研 究 院 CONTENT General Situation of Guizhou Urbanization and Poverty Alleviation Pro-poor urbanization path 1
  3. 3. CAUP D 中 国 城 市 规 划 设 计 研 究 院 CONTENT General Situation of Guizhou Urbanization and Poverty Alleviation Pro-poor urbanization path 1
  4. 4. 1. General situation – Location : Southwest China – Gross area: 176,000 KM2, 1.8% of China – Mountainous region AUPD – Urbanization Rate : 33.8% – Population: 34,750,000(11,750,000 live in the cities and towns, 23,000,000 live in the countryside) – Multinational regions : 18 minority nationalities, population ratio is about 38.9%. 4
  5. 5. 2. under developed  The 2010 GDP of Guizhou rank the sixth from the bottom. Meanwhile the per capita GDP was the last one, even 20% lower than Yunnan, Who was the next AUPD to the last. 5
  6. 6. 3. rural poverty  The poor population in the rural area is 11,490,000, (income 1 dollar per day), which takes up 9.4% of the whole poor popultion of China and 33.8% of the whole population in AUPD Guizhou.  50/88 counties are national level poverty-stricken counties, with a area of 117,000 KM2, which is 65% of the province. Most of them are included in the 14州 湖南 广西 重庆 四川 贵 concentrated poorest 云南 5000 4500 areas 。 of the peasant Income 4000  Peasants’Income ranks the lowest in southwest China. 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 0 8 9 1 8 9 1 2 8 9 1 3 8 9 1 4 8 9 1 5 8 9 1 6 8 9 1 7 8 9 1 8 9 1 8 9 1 0 9 1 9 1 2 9 1 3 9 1 4 9 1 5 9 1 6 9 1 7 9 1 8 9 1 9 1 0 2 1 0 2 0 2 3 0 2 4 0 2 5 0 2 6 0 2 7 0 2 8 0 2 9 0 2 6
  7. 7. CAUP D 中 国 城 市 规 划 设 计 研 究 院 CONTENT General Situation of Guizhou Urbanization and Poverty Alleviation Pro-poor urbanization path 1
  8. 8. 1. National level Phases 1 (1978-1992): Reform and opening-up Income growth: AUPD wage income: ¥ 106185, increased 75% family business income: ¥ 63562, increased 790% transfer income: ¥ 2242, increased 91% Structure: wage income: 56%21% family business income: 33%72 Transfer income : 12%5%
  9. 9. 1. National level Phases 2 (1993-2000): the initial stage of urbanization Income growth: AUPD Wage income: ¥ 195703, increased 261% Family business income: ¥ 6791427, increased 110% Transfer income: ¥ 4279, increased 88% Structure: Wage income: 21%31% Family business income: 74%63% Transfer income: 5%3%
  10. 10. 1. National level Phases 3 (2001-) : Speeding-up stage of urbanization Income growth: Wage income: ¥ 7722061, AUPD increased 167% Family business income: ¥ 14602526, increased 73% Transfer income: ¥ 88398, increased 352% Structure : Wage income: 31%40% Family business income: 62%49% Transfer income: 4%8%
  11. 11. 2. What did the urbanization benefit the rural  provided jobs for the peasants, improved the wage income, there’re two choices they can make: move to the cities or just work there.  Economy in rural areas is changed by cities: City is a consumption AUPD market for rural areas. Family business income grew, which in turn support and help the structure coordination of local employments, boosting industrial economy development in both urban and rural areas. In a word, urbanization is the force of rural industrial restructuring.  Received central and local governmental financial support, building infrastructure and communal facilities in rural areas in order to improve rural living and producing conditions, elevate qualities of rural people, and to lay a foundation for sustainable rural development. 。
  12. 12. 3. Why is so hard in Guizhou? 2007年西南六省制造业结构比较  Why wage income is low? 100% – Lack of employment in local cities: the process of urbanization was slow due to the industry structure AUPD which is mainly focused on mineral resources and lack of laborintensive industries. 20 15 80% 10 60% 5 0 40% -5 20% - 10 - 15 0% 全国 开采冶炼 贵州 云南 原料加工 广西 湖南 消费品制造 四川 重庆 机械制造 A comparison on urbanization between Guizhou and national average level in 1978-2010. 12 - 20
  13. 13. 3. Why is so hard in Guizhou?    Why wage income is low? – In 2011, about 7,140,000 people moved out for job, which is 80% of the labor in the rural and rank top 1 in China. People with University  education per 100,000 people People with High School  diploma per 100,000 people People with Middle School  diploma per 100,000 people People with Primary Scholl  diploma per 100,000 people Illiteracy Rate 贵州 2500 四川 重庆 8930 5292 Guizhou V.S National  Level -3638 14032 7282 -6750 38788 29789 -8999 26779 39373 +12594 4.08 8.74 广西 湖南 +4.66 云南 The wage income The wage income 2000 1500 1000 500 0 13 0 8 9 1 8 9 1 2 8 9 1 3 8 9 1 4 8 9 1 5 8 9 1 6 8 9 1 7 8 9 1 8 9 1 8 9 1 0 9 1 9 1 2 9 1 3 9 1 4 9 1 5 9 1 6 9 1 7 9 1 8 9 1 9 1 0 2 1 0 2 0 2 3 0 2 4 0 2 5 0 2 6 0 2 7 0 2 8 0 2 9 0 2 – A huge amount of peasant moved out to work, but the wage income is low because AUPD of the low-level education. National  Guizhou level
  14. 14. 3. Why is so hard in Guizhou?  Why family business income is low? – Lack of infrastructure: High cost of construction due to the landform: The bridges and tunnels of the road is over 70%. So the average cost is 3 AUPD times as in the plain area, further more the fee is also 2-3 times. So does irrigation works. 14
  15. 15. 3. Why is so hard in Guizhou?  Why family business income is low? – the environment weakness and lack of farmland – The bad cycle AUPD Population growth Lack of farmland Agricultural outputs per land ( Yuan/acre ) Reclaim farmland on the hill Environment degradation 15
  16. 16. 3. Why is so hard in Guizhou?  Why family business income is low? – The rural economy is not sufficiently proved by the urban. Rural industry in Guizhou is based on food-planting, urbanized agriculture, forestry, fishery andAUPD husbandry with good economic benefits take up only a low animal percentage. Family business income Family business income 16
  17. 17. 4. Case study: Pro-poor Urban Development  In southwest part of China Hunan and Sichuan are better. AUPD 2008 2009 the per capita GDP per capita GDP (yuan) Guizhou Yunnan Guangxi Sichuan Hunan Chongqing 8824 12587 14966 15378 17521 18025 Poor population Ten thousand % 581 555 187 253 171 75 9.0% 8.1% 3.6% 3.4% 3.0% 5.3% impoverishe d rate ( % ) 17.6% 15.3% 4.6% 3.7% 3.1% 3.1% poverty-stricken counties number % 50 73 28 36 20 14 60% 57% 32% 22% 20% 17 31%
  18. 18. 4. Case study: Pro-poor Urban Development  Urbanized area + Characteristic area – Densely Urbanized Region: promote development of big cities and urban agglomeration, provide job vacancies to rural population in order to facilitate AUPD economic efficient development, release population pressure of Characteristic regions. – Characteristic Region: based on local resources, construct professional cities, achieve economic development and local industrial development at the background of population-decrease. Total population Urban population GDP Provin Urbanized Characteristi Provinc Urbanized Characteristi Province Characteristic Urbanized Area ce Area c Area e Area c Area Area 万元 万元 % 万元 % 万人 万人 万人 % 万人 万人 % % % 万人 湖南 四川 重庆 广西 云南 6343 8911 3277 5288 4529 4716 7233 2451 3258 786 74% 81% 75% 62% 17% 1627 1678 826 2030 3743 26% 19% 25% 38% 83% 1462 2161 1523 944 799 1244 1862 1418 640 335 85% 86% 93% 68% 42% 218 299 105 304 464 15% 14% 7% 32% 58% 13143 13885 6611 7606 6252 11508 11841 5931 5396 2606 87.57% 1634 85.28% 2044 89.72% 680 70.94% 2210 41.68% 3646 12.43% 14.72% 10.28% 18 29.06% 58.32%
  19. 19. CAUP D 中 国 城 市 规 划 设 计 研 究 院 CONTENT General Situation of Guizhou Urbanization and Poverty Alleviation Pro-poor Urbanization Path 1
  20. 20. 1.Promote urbanization to let people move  The only way to improve income and meanwhile protect the environment is to speed up the process of urbanization first. While people moving out to urban areas, no matter finding jobs for a short time or settling down, the bad cycle would be broken. AUPD  So the overall route of poverty alleviation is to figure out a path which works out a good urban development, realizes interactive development between cities and rural areas, and balances people and environment.
  21. 21. Environment 1.Promote urbanization  Analyze where is better to be the densly urbanized area.  Conditions of developing city and town AUPD Agricultural  Mineral products Construction condition Location & transportation Tourist resources Existing towns
  22. 22. 1.Promote urbanization: adjust population Structure  Suggesting an overall arrangement “urbanized area + Characteristic area” – Central: densely-urbanized region: develop metropolitan AUPD areas, urban agglomerations to accommodate urbanized population and conciliate men and land contradiction – West: mineral towns district: encourage a large move-out of the rural population to central region since it is with the largest rural population and vulnerable ecology. – Northwest: agricultural products processing and tourism area: develop to be a region with good job supply and large rural population Characteristic area Urbanized area Characteristic area Characteristic area
  23. 23. 2. Emphatically develop towns with job creation and economic boosts  Pay attention to 5 types of urban development with a good combination of rural and urban AUPD economy: comprehensive urban, mineral, agricultural characteristic, national tourism and traditional agriculture Ⅰ.Comprehensive Urban Ⅱ.Mineral Ⅲ.Agricultural characteristic Ⅳ.national tourism Ⅴ.Traditional Agriculture 23
  24. 24. 2. Emphatically develop towns with job creation and economic boosts  Provide governmental supports on towns which have important effects on rural economy according to the distribution of economic AUPD factors(such as mineral materials, distinctive agricultural products, tourism resources etc.)
  25. 25. 3.Pay specific attention on urban planning with public services  In order to improve the public service, urban construction with specific public AUPD service is also provided for the advance of rural population quality  We’ll first study on the distribution of urban and rural population to best satisfy the demands for public service infrastructure. 图 1 村均人口规模 图 3 乡镇域平均面积 图 2 行政村平均面积 图 4 乡镇域平均总人口
  26. 26. 3.Pay specific attention on urban planning with public services  According to population distribution, 4 levels are divided (they are regional, town, county AUPD and village level ), three public service infrastructure will be offered according to the level (they are regular, additional and shared system) Regular Regional town county village Additional Shared Capi Capi tal tal Capi Capi tal tal capit capit al al 县 县 县 县 县 县 重点镇 多乡镇联 合中心 一般建制镇 中心村 新型社区 基层 村
  27. 27. 3.Pay specific attention on urban planning with public services  Allocation of funds for New Rural Construction will be made according to the demands for public services infrastructure of different types of towns. These infrastructures cover domain of education, medical care, AUPD social security, culture, housing and employment Public Education Type 1 : Basic demands Higher Profes Medical Care( family planning) Nati professioa Preven com comm Nati Primary sional onal tion l 1 1 development 11 12 Region Capital △ △ △ △ △ △ ○ △ △ ○ Town pre unity onal Welfare protect ion center hen for al Socail Security city Key Count town United y center Central 3 14 18 19 21 22 23 24 25 △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ ○ ○ △ △ ○ △ △ △ △ △ ○ ○ ○ ○ △ △ △ ○ △ △ 5 16 17 sive 26 27 28 29 31 32 33 34 35 △ △ △ △ △ △ △ ○ △ △ △ △ △ ○ △ ○ △ ○ ○ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △
  28. 28. 3.Pay specific attention on urban planning with public services hous empl Administration Public Culter ing oyme and public Type 2 : AUPD compr profession entertainm C. Pro. com Nati insti instit nt Improving ehensi al ent ve l Town m ity 49 410 △ △ △ △ △ △ △ ○ △ △ △ City   ○ △ △ △ △ △ ○ △ △ Key     ○ ○ △ △ △ ○ △ County       ○ △ △ △ ○         ○ ○ △             △ town United center center Village basic A. service S. Commercial Gy Gym mun onal tutio ution Instituio Institu 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 Regiona Capital commerce 411 412 n n facility ion 51 61 71 72 73 74 75 81 82 83 84 ○ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △   △ ○ △ △ △ △ △ △ △   △ △   ○ △ ○ ○ ○ △ △ △ △ △   △ △       △ ○     △ △ △ △ △   △ △   ○     △ ○     ○   ○   △   ○ △ △ ○     △ ○     ○   ○   △       △
  29. 29. The end, thanks!

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