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Bridging the Gap *Climate Studies and Modelling, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research [email_address] Experience...
<ul><li>Climate change is a  cross-cutting issue  that will affect, and need to be addressed by, many actors </li></ul><ul...
Challenges for Adaptation <ul><li>Lack awareness  around climate change at the local level </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of data ...
Tackling the Challenges <ul><li>Improving the  science-practise dialogue </li></ul>AfricaAdapt Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9-1...
Two examples from southern Africa 1. Boundary organisation acting between  RIACSO  and climate and weather scientists 2. U...
1. RIACSO AfricaAdapt Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9-11 March 2011 Forum for humanitarian organisations working in southern Afr...
RIACSO process <ul><li>Incorporate climate variability (droughts, floods, cyclones) into planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Co...
Evaluation and next steps <ul><li>Benefits of process  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humanitarian organisations can be more effect...
AfricaAdapt Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9-11 March 2011
Facilitate the science-policy-practice link <ul><li>Provide decision makers at  national, provincial and local levels   in...
Process <ul><li>Stakeholder engagement  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questionnaires </li></u...
Case Study: Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region <ul><li>Development of climate change handbook </li></ul><ul><li>Projection...
Possible adaptation responses Multiple benefits
Process cont. <ul><li>Stakeholder engagement  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questionnaires </...
Some lessons learnt so far <ul><li>Working with a professional science communicator : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows scienti...
Some successes so far <ul><li>1. Mpumalanga Tourism and Parks Agency (MTPA) is now developing an climate change response s...
Thank You <ul><li>Contact Details </li></ul><ul><li>www.rvatlas.org.za </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Email:  [email_address]   </l...
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Claire Davis: Bridging the gap: experiences of communicating climate information between producers and end-users in southern Africa

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Claire Davis: Bridging the gap: experiences of communicating climate information between producers and end-users in southern Africa

  1. 1. Bridging the Gap *Climate Studies and Modelling, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research [email_address] Experiences of communicating climate information between producers and end-users in southern Africa Katharine Vincent, Claire Davis* , Tracy Cull and Emma Archer
  2. 2. <ul><li>Climate change is a cross-cutting issue that will affect, and need to be addressed by, many actors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At different levels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understanding possible climate change impacts is essential to improve adaptation responses </li></ul><ul><li>Key question has shifted from: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Will we have to deal with the consequences of climate change’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ How should we adapt to the changes which are most likely to occur’. </li></ul>Rationale AfricaAdapt Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9-11 March 2011
  3. 3. Challenges for Adaptation <ul><li>Lack awareness around climate change at the local level </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern hemisphere research bias </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa: fewer scientists per capita </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate spatial scales </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack access to information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand for scientific products from on-the-ground managers/planners/decision-makers in high but often seldom met </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of understanding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulty of communicating climate information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uncertainty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complexity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restricted by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extent of human capital development and training </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Number of networks and partnerships in the region for co-learning </li></ul></ul></ul>AfricaAdapt Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9-11 March 2011
  4. 4. Tackling the Challenges <ul><li>Improving the science-practise dialogue </li></ul>AfricaAdapt Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9-11 March 2011 <ul><li>Stakeholder engagement: </li></ul><ul><li>two-way communication process between information producers and information users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>best facilitated by a “boundary organisation” or professional science communicator </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Two examples from southern Africa 1. Boundary organisation acting between RIACSO and climate and weather scientists 2. Using a professional science communicator in the development of the South Africa Risk and Vulnerability Atlas AfricaAdapt Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9-11 March 2011
  6. 6. 1. RIACSO AfricaAdapt Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9-11 March 2011 Forum for humanitarian organisations working in southern Africa to coordinate preparedness and response activities
  7. 7. RIACSO process <ul><li>Incorporate climate variability (droughts, floods, cyclones) into planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultant from IRI undertook stakeholder mapping and user needs consultation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boundary organisation introduced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presented seasonal forecasts and facilitated evaluation of their use and limitations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presented “wishlist” to scientists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: distribution of rainfall in the season versus amount rainfall </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientists presented their </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>feedback on the current and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>anticipated future viability of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the “wishlist” </li></ul></ul>Source: Vogel, C.H. and O’Brien, K. 2006. Who can Eat Information? Examining the Effectiveness of Seasonal Climate Forecasts and Regional Climate-Risk Management Strategies.  Climate Research  33: 111-122.
  8. 8. Evaluation and next steps <ul><li>Benefits of process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humanitarian organisations can be more effective through incorporation of climate risk in programming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientists can amend their outputs and research focus based on demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stakeholder engagement avoids “front end loader” approach to information transfer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Dialogue continues , brokered by the boundary organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Activities include commentaries on topical issues and training </li></ul>AfricaAdapt Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9-11 March 2011
  9. 9. AfricaAdapt Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9-11 March 2011
  10. 10. Facilitate the science-policy-practice link <ul><li>Provide decision makers at national, provincial and local levels in South Africa with information to make timely and informed decisions that will minimize sensitivity to climate change risks and improve the chances of adaptation. </li></ul>AfricaAdapt Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9-11 March 2011 One-stop shop for relevant environmental risks and related information
  11. 11. Process <ul><li>Stakeholder engagement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questionnaires </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of spatial data portal </li></ul><ul><li>Development of hard copy Atlas </li></ul><ul><li>Local sector based case studies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>demonstrate how information in the Atlas can be used to facilitate decision-making around climate change </li></ul></ul>AfricaAdapt Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9-11 March 2011
  12. 12. Case Study: Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region <ul><li>Development of climate change handbook </li></ul><ul><li>Projections for the region: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rainfall, min and max temperature, evaporation, rain days, duration of dry periods </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Possible adaptation responses Multiple benefits
  14. 14. Process cont. <ul><li>Stakeholder engagement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questionnaires </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of spatial data portal </li></ul><ul><li>Development of hard copy Atlas </li></ul><ul><li>Local sector based case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Engagement with business </li></ul><ul><li>User Workshops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SALGA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Human capital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extension into SADC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(including capacity building) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Some lessons learnt so far <ul><li>Working with a professional science communicator : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows scientists to spend more time on the “science” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaches scientist key lessons in translating their work into a format understandable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climate change adaptation is already underway (not termed adaptation): </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholder engagement has proved essential in ensuring that the outcomes reflect the information needs </li></ul><ul><li>Plan enough time for effective stakeholder engagement </li></ul><ul><li>A variety of techniques need to be employed to understand the range of stakeholder views </li></ul><ul><li>Important to remember that people give their own views and identify what the potential issues are for them – value laden statements </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to listen </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of tracking stakeholders uptake of climate information </li></ul>AfricaAdapt Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9-11 March 2011
  16. 16. Some successes so far <ul><li>1. Mpumalanga Tourism and Parks Agency (MTPA) is now developing an climate change response strategy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drive research to address knowledge gaps by supporting MSc and PhD students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on ex-situ conservation vs. expansion protected areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Provincial policy is being influenced – Gauteng Climate Change Response Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>3. Data and information provided through this project is being used in reports (Regional Forestry Strategy) and in local studies (ground water and private conservation management) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Started a dialogue between stakeholders in the region </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Share common goal: sustainability of the region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Altas Project is ongoing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continued engagement and follow-up and evaluation </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Thank You <ul><li>Contact Details </li></ul><ul><li>www.rvatlas.org.za </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tel: +27 - (0)11 - 358 0168 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fax: +27 - (0)11 - 726 5405 </li></ul></ul>AfricaAdapt Symposium, Addis Ababa, 9-11 March 2011

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