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Workplace Motivation

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Organizational Behavior

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Workplace Motivation

  1. 1. ORGANIZATION BEHAVIOUR -WORKPLACE MOTIVATION- NUR AFIFAH BT NORSILAN 211634
  2. 2. forDEFINITION AND THEORY • Many people incorrectly view motivation as a personal trait. • Motivation is “process that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal”. - Early Theories of Motivation - i) Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs ii) Theory X – assumptions are basically negative (lower-order needs) iii) Theory Y – assumptions are basically positive (higher-order needs) iv) Two Factor theory (intrinsic & extrinsic rewards) v) McClelland’s Theory of Needs (focus on achievement, power, & affiliation) - Contemporary Theory of Motivation – i) Self-determination theory (focus on cognitive evaluation theory) ii) Employee engagement v) Reinforcement theory iii) Goal setting theory vi) Equity theory iv) Self-efficacy theory vii) Expectancy theory
  3. 3. WAYS TO REDESIGNED JOB AND ALTERNATIVE WORK ARRANGEMENTS - Redesigned Job - • Job Rotation:- cross-training - Alternative Work Arrangement - • Flextime:- defined as flexible work hours. Allow employees some discretion over when they arrive at and leave the work. • Job Sharing:- allow two or more individuals to split a traditional 40-hours-a- week job. • Telecommunicating:- allow employees do their work at home at least two days a week on a computer that is linked to their office.

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