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aesthetics:a philosophy of art / the recovery of virtues and principles -introduction

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A short introduction to aesthetics. The philosophy of art described here is defined by universals, the recent advances in the psychology of creativity and innate character and calling. Aesthetics is a series containing 1. the Introduction. 2. The Psychology of the Creative Self. 3. The Philosophy of Art, and 4. Models of Education. Contact the author for slide supported presentations at derekdey@gmail.com

Published in: Education, Spiritual, Technology
  • Aesthetics (a basic introduction - other elements are developed) considers elements of design embedded in the universe. The journey moves on to the psychological development of the creative ego and looks at psychologists, philosophers, and biologist who now introduce protoconsciousness. This is a view of consciousness receding into carbon or cellular consciousness which connects to an archetypal field of support revealed in our symbols, art, and culture. It might be described as cellular consciousness related to ideas proposed by Whitehead, Sole, Goodwin and others. The idea of the self and theories of growth and education move to work done by Erich Nuemann on the Solar Hero and the Great Mother. From myths such as those , much of the concepts are further supported by Schiller who states aesthetic education moves to growth assisted by beauty/love as a methodology. In conclusion the 'self' resides in a moral mastery of the environment and in a participation in the world of ideas (nature). Various contemporary studies in the definition of the creative self point to a similar description of contemporary creativity and therefore to the arts. A philosophy of art unfolding in a relational and global field might do well to consider who is an artists, how does art come about and what art’s function might be? An analysis of some artists from a psychological perspective reveals creativity and dysfunctional elements often lying side by side. Self and perception seem to be a vital fulcrum for the creative journey. The idea of personal growth and new models of education are proposed.

    Currently available as a visiting lecturer on 'The introduction to Aesthetics' and 'The History and Psychology of Creativity.' Universities, schools, groups are welcome to contact me at e-mail: derekdey@gmail.com or my cell / country code +45 / 26955960.
    All lectures are accompanied by slide presentations.
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aesthetics:a philosophy of art / the recovery of virtues and principles -introduction

  1. 1. a e s t h e t i c s / a p h i l o s o p h y o f a rt ( t h e r e c o v e r y o f v i r t u e s a n d p r i n c i p l e s ) derek dey Ⓒ 2012Saturday, February 23, 2013
  2. 2. deep ecology-principles- cosmology-aesthetics Our starting point for aesthetics lies in the created universe and principles of organization which lie beyond. This question fascinates scientists and theologians alike. As we proceed philosophers both east and west have, and still do, ponder this same question. The particulate history is based on the atom - hydrogen and helium, followed by heavy elements generated in supernovas. What about intelligence and consciousness? 2.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  3. 3. timeline 100 million galaxies 4.6 billion 3.8 billion 10-43 sec 10-6 sec 3 mins 300,000 yrs. 300 million 1 billion yrs. yrs. ago yrs. ago stars - atoms/Higgs atoms - H inflation cooling supernova milky way micro-life no electrons/ He / light / + / - quarks nucleosynthesis consciousness heavy +sun on earth elements. 3.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  4. 4. Higgs field: self- organizing principles ? The design and organizational principles are still questions concerning the created order. Peter Higgs proposed the boson as a design element but it is not yet fully explained. Sang Hun Lee, C.G. Jung, A.N. Whitehead, Stuart Hameroff and Roger Penrose all introduce the idea of protoconsciousness. This states, the universe is not simply matter but also a broader field of universal consciousness - field consciousness in which we participate at a cellular level. In all probability the Higgs field holds to mind-like properties. 4.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  5. 5. deep symetries / panpsychic philosophy / protoconsciousness. The universe displays a particulate history but Platonic ideas have been placed at the Planck level by Roger Penrose (from Whitehead) and emergent complexities akin to consciousness are located in the period of cosmic inflation by Paola Zizzi. This, form-dynamics and unification model, emerges in the quantum field, nature, and consciousness. Patterns of dual characteristics and unification, define the solar system (systems - networks) the new biology, family, and socio-political structures. Duality and syntheses describe the Dao. These constellations appear in various theories of growth complexities and psychological mechanisms. In this view all things posses mind or a mind-like quality. - Panpsychism. 5.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  6. 6. early markers A history of consciousness emerges and is defined as culture Venus - Chauvet 40 - 32,000 yrs. Altamira Lascaux Neolithic - domestication / farming / first cities 10,000 approx. Çatalhöyük - 7,500 BC to 5,700 BC. Egypt - 3,150 BC (cosmology) Greco-Roman and Oriental worlds (philosophy) 6.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  7. 7. philosophers-insights Julian Jaynes, Jean Gebser and Karl Jaspers comment on a hugh shift in human consciousness running from Hesiod through Socrates, Christ, and Buddha. Other shifts in consciousness appear as in the Renaissance. Spiral dynamics, a psychological model, confirms history developing in epochs. Two fields of experience open to us variously called by different names but they carry a transcendent-immanent framework. By the 18th Century Burke, Kant - “the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me.” Baumgarten, Kant, and others discussed universals, particulars, and some categories describing art. These are Panpsychism extracted from the field of mind and nature. 7.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  8. 8. schiller - jung In our study Hegel, Kant, Schiller, Goethe, and Jung, become significant for their impact on aesthetics and art. A N Whitehead similarly held to ideas about protoconsciousness. Weimar Classicism, shares concepts embracing a mental-physical universe both inseparable and intertwined. The sum total of these two worlds become simply nature. Schiller states cultural crises destroys our perceptions of nature and principles. We therefore become separated from the moral order of things, and from participation in the source of creativity. Therefore self, aesthetic education, and a homogeneous culture are essential components of a healthy culture. C.G. Jung adds Aion -the Self, as an archetype emerging from the quantum field. This is the fulcrum, for conscious and unconscious realities. We are connected to field consciousness via the cell. He states, consciousness recedes into carbon. - here is a link to protoconsciousness. 8. Goethe & SchillerSaturday, February 23, 2013
  9. 9. hegel / end of art? Hegel defined 3 eras of art -1830. By the Romantic era challenges in photorealism had been overcome and complex issues regarding emotions and psychology were successfully embedded into the human form as depicted in art. Hegel s historical periods were: 1. symbolic (Egyptian - inadequate) 2. classical (Greece - adequate) 3. Romantic (psychological - emotional - complete). Arthur Danto, a contemporary philosopher, picked up on Hegel s idea but opens the end of art to further developments. - An end to art? = the new pluralism / The Renaissance and Romantic traditions were transformed in the 20th Century - but what now? freedom or license - chaos or concern? 9.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  10. 10. the relational field -the web of life The work of Jung / Whitehead / panpsychism / myth / biology / psychology / principles / deep-ecology / economies / internet / consciousness, all point to one thing. Jean Gebser, and spiral dynamics, suggests evolutionary stages - an ascent in consciousness. He proposed archaic, magical, mythical, mental, and integral, phases of development. Our times suffer from tension because the old ways have become redundant. Old solutions no longer serve us. the idea of integral, points to questions concerning emerging relational ethics. Integral thinking is embraced by Gebser, Wilber, Graves, Tarnas, Skrbina, and others. 10.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  11. 11. nature / nurture “I dont know how you were diverted you were perverted too.” G. Harrison how might this theory work on the ground? 11.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  12. 12. sublimation to aesthetics Freudians like Klein and Segal moved against the the negative ego image which repressed aggression and sexual fantasy. Freud saw these traits inhabiting Creative Flow - the unconscious. Freudian Csikszentmihalyi psychology moves from repression to creativity and design - a different ego. Erikson and 3.  character  +  calling Maslow proposed ego stages of self  actualization growth and creativity. Libido 2.  psycho-­‐social  needs became sexual/non sexual 1.  a  secure  base depending on where and how energy was directed. Others esteem-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐ followed, moving towards healthy growth described by Bowlby; a love-­‐belonging-­‐ foundation requiring a secure safety  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐ 12. base - attachment. physiological  Saturday, February 23, 2013
  13. 13. stadial / spiral / comparisons Stages of growth seem to indicate a by design parameter - archetypal. Spiral or integral psychology is somewhat more fluid and allows for increasing complexity. Most theories embrace archaic stages and reveal a creative impulse generated from the unconscious. Following from Jean Gebser the integral model opens to current thinking of a holistic nature. 13.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  14. 14. neuro- psychology Neuropsychology reveals early infant development operating from the emotional brain, the area involving attachment, from 0-3 yrs. This early narrative influences emotions, virtues, and creativity. Early language acquirement begins at 6 months-2yrs. - Language, intellect, science and math are emerge mostly from left brain functions. Montessori - Steiner - Piaget - used methods of understanding actual growth stages successfully. Neurons are trimmed at 7-8th grade-the brain shrinks / a refocusing takes place towards the frontal lobes - the executive mind and adult functionality. Mirror neurons help acquire behaviors. Neuroplasticity offers us change at any age. 14.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  15. 15. Protoconsciousness the cell is a porous bridge field participation electro-chemical deep field consciousness Plato-Aristotle - resolved (eidos and hyle) field and network Descartes  mistake  /  Pauli  and  Jung;  “Atom  and  Archetype”-­‐a  psychic  and  material   matrix  /  consciousness  recedes  into  carbon  /  A.N.  Whitehead-­‐protoconsciousness  /   Sang  Hun  Lee-­‐protoconsciousness  /  Hameroff-­‐Penrose-­‐protoconsciousness  /  Sole  and   Goodwin-­‐complexity  and  biology 15.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  16. 16. a philosophy of seed James Hillman proposed the self emerges from seed. The development of the self contains an innate drive towards fulfilling character and calling - our identity. John Bradshaw lists numerous examples of this innate drive including the appropriation of virtues. Ellen Dissanayake claims art and culture are not only innate but hard wired - a biological necessity for adaption. A recent study by the National Academy of Sciences involving the Mundurucu tribe revealed math is an innate acquirement. Studies by Slavin and Kriegman show developmental psychology and evolutionary biology moving to reveal a true self - an architecture of an innate, creative identity or genius. Genius - the self and character is also formed within the family and in educational processes - it needs recognition, it requires appropriate nurture. 16.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  17. 17. hagman’s theory John Bowlby, George Hagman and others hold to the idea of a secure base - attachment theory and empathy which then opens to self and aesthetic theory. Simply put, the infants relationship with the parents generates a protoaesthetic mold, a template for future creativity by experience and design. The mother and child experience = beauty. The father and child experience = the sublime. 17.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  18. 18. george hagmann A journey from Freud s pessimism to Hagman s aesthetics. Mother - the root: Mother s beauty goes beyond her physical appearance. It includes all aspects of mother/child interaction, such as rhythm of breathing, shared warmth, quality of touch and facial responsiveness ... The child experiences a confluence of interaction that possesses formal qualities such as temporal sequencing, vocal pitch, visual balance and vibrancy ... profoundly meaningful ... felt to be perfect ... a protoaesthetic form of a template which becomes the individuals formal experience of the world ... at the heart of aesthetic experience is the infants interaction (play) with the mothers face and body that symbolizes the primordial processes of multimodal communication. The inchoate and inert reality is invested with feelings of form. and value. - indirect quote: Aesthetic Experience, Beauty, Creativity, and the Search for the Ideal. p37. 18.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  19. 19. beauty • archaic memory- a template for art • mother child enfoldment • empathy-entrainment-aesthetic virtues • rhythm texture form sound color, - artistic forms emerge •object relations are formed - idealism, values are established 19.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  20. 20. beauty in art 20.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  21. 21. Father / sublime In the course of normal development the father enters into the aesthetic space that the mother and infant have created and cultivated. Traditionally this is viewed as occurring later than the infants analogous experience of the mother but it may be more accurate to say it is simultaneous and only partially differentiated from her. From the childs perspective this experience is characterized by immense size, extraordinary power, obscurity, formlessness, intense affects such as fear danger or awe - all characteristics of the sublime. Hagman, Aesthetic Exp. (failure here = terror, rage, aggression) Longinus > Edmund Burke Baumgarten > Kant German Idealists Wagner-Mahler Ruskin-Turner Edwin Church Albert Bierstadt 21.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  22. 22. the sublime in art Albert Bierstadt Edwin Church J. M. W. Turner Mark Rothko Gabriel Dawe John Martin: wrath/dread - idealism collapses 22.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  23. 23. Stage 1: marked by innocence, naivety, innate joy, fun, - Dissanayake s first stage of creativity - making special - a found the child (an additional proposition) object. / a participation mystique. Stage 2: ritual-control of nature / empathy with nature may then emerge. Stage 3: The literal age, fables, tales, myth, symbols, and meaning follows. 23.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  24. 24. the solar hero icarus isis electra Erich Nuemann / myth - consciousness and self: all culture flows from the Solar Hero. (Osiris, killed by his brother Set, recovers with sisterly help - Isis / a model of masculine-feminine cooperation / creativity emerges from a solar hero osiris isis aeneas / latinus aeneas shipwrecked aeneas: - journey 24.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  25. 25. turner and picasso vortex -a compositional device spiral - a compositional device The dark clue - turmoil and creativity in the arts. Both creativity and dysfunction lie extant in the arts. Turner reveals a - cyclical profile / Picasso - a terminal profile. the inner demon - dysfunction and dissolution 25Saturday, February 23, 2013 .
  26. 26. the unconscious Turner s dark clue buried in the depths of his psyche 26.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  27. 27. turner - picasso pros and cons turner synthetic freedom proto - light color and the abstraction unifying impressionist unconscious field unmet spiral Vs Aeneas - genetic- dissolution needs / vortex journey of a sustained insanity? of self empathic hero ? creativity failure cyclical picasso cubism freedom inter-cultural inter- play color or discipline motion license abstraction self absorbed - rage - sadism and narcissism materialism dissolution a dying god enablement perversion (mother - father) 27.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  28. 28. the relational field Virtues? The web of life / deep ecology / universals / economics / internet - principles for our times? - A philosophy which emphasizes growth - the interdependence of human / non-human life, ecosystems and all natural processes. How will we relate ? How will we create? What do we value? (integral / holistic consciousness ) 28.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  29. 29. empathy / socialization / culture 3 essential keys for the recovery of virtue: They are systemic / organic and can not be considered independently. These virtues are culled from panpsychic philosophies, biology, transpersonal psychology, spiritual and contemporary studies. With self and growth, the aesthetic apprehension of principles create a global culture of universal themes. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1. personality - (growth - character and calling - the self) 2. family - (commitment empathy warmth humor - protoaesthetics) 3. education - (growth stages- excellence, genius - mastery/discipline - social) 29.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  30. 30. Li Chi, Logos, and Panta rhei - a synthesis Achieving a state of balance / refining ones moral self / a reflection of the Dao Li - Chi (yang-yin) / Chu-Hsi: heaven/heart (Way). - Manifesting virtues / aesthetics Logos - Panta rhei / Heraclitus to Plato and Aristotle: Eidos[idea] - Hyle[matter] Heart - Principles of Relational Organization: Dynamic Interactivity - Self Organization- Complexity- Participation in Quantum Reality East and West are in basic agreement A new definition of Li-Chi, Logos-Panta rhei: Inner base (unchanging) outer base (developmental) are a - perpetually moving, perpetually present set of patterns which flow without cessation through all of nature, in our perceptions of the world, and in our very consciousness - inseparable patterns observable in nature at her deepest level. Anton Erhenzweig - ‘The Hidden order of Art’ says much the same. 30.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  31. 31. emotion intellect logos / e = Mc2 pre plan will pre energy atom mind<>body heart purpose inherent directive nature universal prime energy concepts protoconsciousness ideas / plans principles cell math protoconscious Principles Process Li Chi Yang Yin summary: Logos Karya Pant rhei Karana mind and nature - consciousnessSaturday, February 23, 2013
  32. 32. quadruple base / eidos-hyle / logos-panta rhei / yang-yin / li-chi “from deep quantum levels: form dynamics unification” 32.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  33. 33. by design 33.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  34. 34. proposal: the recovery of virtues There is a Harmonious co-relative law of likeness and harmony - Heart and culture = “Heart is the core of the creation. Heart is the core of the original human being.” - heart lies at the core of Logos and creativity. Heart and principles form culture The Quadruple Base: the Inner Identity-Maintaining Quadruple Base - Outer Developing Quadruple Base, - form dynamics and unification = the pattern of creativity. (a synthetic dialectic) - “an advance into novelty.” - Sungsang, Yang or Li as Mind - refers to the faculties of emotion, intellect and will - a universal architecture. Hyungsang, Yin or Chi as Body - elements of universal forms. i.e. ideas, concepts, blueprints, laws, math, and geometry, support developmental structures. - quantum, creation, and nature. The outer body develops, based on the inner core. In this developmental theory of resemblance / participation, universal prime force moves to field energy then mass / existence. The self in participation, forms an inner template for aesthetics / virtues . Li-Chi / Yang-Yin. 34.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  35. 35. areas of interaction 35.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  36. 36. 36.Saturday, February 23, 2013
  37. 37. For further information, inquiries and bookings for visiting lectures: contact Derek Dey E- mail: derekdey@gmail call: +45 - 77 41 40 61Saturday, February 23, 2013

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