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Faa commercial space

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Faa commercial space

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Faa commercial space

  1. 1. Federal Aviation Administration What’s New in Commercial Space Transportation? Aerospace States Association Annual Meeting May 22, 2014 Dr. George C. Nield Associate Administrator for Commercial Space Transportation
  2. 2. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 1 50 Years of Human Spaceflight
  3. 3. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 2 Background • The U.S. space program today has 3 sectors: • Civil • Military • Commercial • The commercial sector had its official start in 1984 with the passage of the Commercial Space Launch Act. • Regulatory oversight for the commercial sector was given to the Office of Commercial Space Transportation, which was originally a staff office within the Department of Transportation. • Today, the office is one of four lines of business within the FAA.
  4. 4. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 3 Mission To ensure the protection of the public, property, and the national security and foreign policy interests of the United States during commercial launch and reentry activities, and to encourage, facilitate, and promote U.S. commercial space transportation.
  5. 5. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 4 Who Needs a Launch License? • Commercial Space Launch Act of 1984 requires U.S. citizens to obtain a license prior to conducting the launch of a launch vehicle. • Only exception is for missions conducted by and for the government (such as launches by NASA or the U.S. Air Force). • All together, there have been 223 licensed launches, all conducted without any fatalities, serious injuries, or property damage to the uninvolved public.
  6. 6. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 5 Ground Launch Air Launch Suborbital Rockets Launch SitesSea Launch Reusable Launch Vehicles Examples of Licensed Operations
  7. 7. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 6 Recent Increase in Commercial Launch Activity* * Note: Number of FAA Licensed or Permitted Launches per Year
  8. 8. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 7 Projected Increase in Commercial Launch Activity* * Note: Projections are based on the Suborbital Market Forecast prepared by the Tauri Group, August 2012 Key driver for the increase in launches is the start of commercial operations for reusable suborbital vehicles. Potential missions include: • Space Tourism • Scientific Research • Technology Development • Point-to-Point Transportation
  9. 9. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 8 Potential Suborbital Markets Source: “Suborbital Reusable Vehicles: A 10-Year Forecast of Market Demand,” The Tauri Group, August 2012
  10. 10. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 9 • Kodiak Launch Complex ♦ ♦ Vandenberg AFB • California Spaceport • Mojave Airport ♦ Edwards AFB ♦ White Sands Missile Range Spaceport America Oklahoma Spaceport ♦ Wallops Flight Facility • Spaceport Florida Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport ♦ • Key Federal Launch/Landing Site FAA-Licensed Launch Site • Cecil Field Spaceport• • • U.S. Spaceports -Kennedy Space Center -Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Potential Future Spaceports • Texas • Georgia • Alabama • Colorado • Hawaii • Florida
  11. 11. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 10 Space Shuttle Retirement
  12. 12. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 11 Commercial Cargo Program
  13. 13. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 12 SpaceX Missions to ISS
  14. 14. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 13 Orbital Sciences Missions to ISS
  15. 15. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 14 Commercial Crew Program Sierra Nevada Corporation SpaceX Boeing
  16. 16. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 15 Suborbital Space Tourism
  17. 17. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 16 WhiteKnightTwo and SpaceShipTwo
  18. 18. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 17 First Powered Flight
  19. 19. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 18 Spaceport America in New Mexico
  20. 20. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 19 Zero-G Aircraft Operations
  21. 21. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 20 Stephen Hawking Goes “Weightless”
  22. 22. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 21 Centrifuge
  23. 23. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 22 Altitude Chamber
  24. 24. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 23 The Rocket Racer at Oshkosh
  25. 25. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 24 Orbital Debris
  26. 26. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 25 National Space Transportation Policy The Secretary of Transportation is specifically directed to: “Execute exclusive authority … to address orbital debris mitigation practices for U.S.- licensed commercial launches…” Office of Commercial Space Transportation
  27. 27. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 26 The Movie “Gravity”
  28. 28. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 27 Collisions in Space
  29. 29. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 28 FAA Strategic Initiative • As part of his published statement in response to the National Space Transportation Policy, the FAA Administrator directed AST and the Air Traffic Organization to collaborate in determining how best to safely integrate commercial space operations into the National Airspace System. • The FAA Administrator has also approved a new strategic initiative to transform the National Airspace System. • One of the sub-initiatives deals with the integration of new user entrants, including commercial space and UASs. • The initial focus will be to implement a pilot program to demonstrate space traffic management capabilities. Office of Commercial Space Transportation
  30. 30. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 29 AST Research Areas & Interdependencies 2. Space Transportation Ops, Technologies & Payloads 2.1 Ground System & Ops Safety Techs 2.2 Vehicle Safety Analyses 2.3 Vehicle Safety Systems & Techs 2.4 Payload Safety 2.5 Vehicle Ops Safety 3. Human Spaceflight 1. Space Traffic Management & Operations 1.1 Orbital 1.2 Suborbital 1.3 NAS Integration 1.4 Spaceport Operations 1.5 Integrated Air/Space Traffic Management 3.1 Aerospace Physiology & Medicine 3.2 Personnel Training 3.3 ECLSS 3.4 Habitability & Human Factors 3.5 Human Rating 4. Space Transportation Industry Viability 4.1 Markets 4.2 Policy 4.3 Law 4.4 Regulation 4.5 Cross-Cutting Topics
  31. 31. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 30 FAA Center of Excellence for Commercial Space Transportation (COE CST)
  32. 32. Office of Commercial Space Transportation Federal Aviation Administration 31 Conclusions • With the Space Shuttle having been retired, the next 1-2 years will be a critical time for our nation’s space program. • During this period, we will be seeing: • Regular commercial cargo deliveries to the Space Station • The start of Suborbital Space Tourism • A significant increase in commercial space activities • As part of this increase in activities, there is an opportunity for government, industry, and academia to play important roles in space-related research, training, and operations. • The FAA’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation is committed to doing our part to enable this exciting new industry.

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