General information• Hungary (in hungarian: Magyarország), isa landlocked country in Central Europe.•It’s situated in the Carpathian Basin and is borderedby Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to theeast, Serbia and Croatia to thesouth, Slovenia to thesouthwest and Austria to the west.
•The offical language is hungarian,which is part of the Uralic language family. •Hungary has a continental climate, with hot summers with low overall humidity levels but frequent rainshowers and mildly cold snowy winters.•Our 2 biggest rivers areTisza and Danube (in thepicture), and the mostknown lake is Balaton.
•Hungary’s population count approximately 10 Million people andBudapest is inhabited by 2 million people.•The capital and largest city is Budapest, where our school is too.
Anthem•Himnusz in english: hymn, this is a musical poetic prayer that servesas the official national anthem of Hungary.•It’s more solemn and dignified tone than many other lively nationalanthems.•The poem was written by Ferenc Kölcsey in 1823, and was composedby Ferenc Erkel in 1844. Kölcsey Erkel
The first part of anthem in literal translation: „O Lord, bless the nation of Hungary With your grace and bounty Extend over it your guarding arm During strife with its enemies Long torn by ill fate The original script Bring upon it a time of relief This nation has suffered for all sins Of the past and of the future!”
•The poem bore the subtitle "A magyar nép zivatarosszázadaiból" it means: From the rough centuries of theHungarian people. It perfectly emphasizing nationaltroubles in the past and in the present too.•The full meaning of the poems text is evident only tothose people, who knows the Hungarian history.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_nBo4Df22dc&feature=related
Szózat•Traditionally, anthem is sung at the beginning ofceremonies, and Szózat at the end. This is our ”secondanthem”.•The poem was written by Mihály Vörösmarty in 1836and was composed by Béni Egressy in 1843. Egressy
•It starts with thewords „Hazádnakrendületlenül légy híve, óhmagyar” (in english: Toyour homeland be faithfulsteadfastly, O Hungarian)•Vörösmartys Szózatmentions similar thoughtas Kölcsey in anthem. Thepoem about hungarianhistory, patriotism but itsmore optimistic thananthem.
Hungarian symbols ground red peppers Hungary has so many symbols, I present the most importants of them. grey cattle scone
Coat of arms•On the right side: consists of a silver doublecross on red base, situated inside a smallgolden crown, the crown is placed on themiddle heap of three green hills, representingmountain ranges (Tátra, Mátra, Fátra).•On the left side: there are Árpád stripes, foursilver and four red stripes. It is sometimes saidthat the silver stripes represent four rivers(Duna, Tisza, Dráva, Száva).•On the top theres a hungarian crown
Hungarian cuisine• The Hungarian cuisine is an outstanding feature of the Hungarian culture. Traditional dishes such as the world famous Goulash. •The famous Hungarian hot river fish soup called Fishermans soupDesserts include the iconic Dobos cake, Gundel pancake and somlóidumplings.
Traditional drinks:•Pálinka : is a fruit brandy. It is a spirit native to Hungary and comes in avariety of flavours including apricot and cherry.However, plum is the most popular flavour. •Zwack Unicum: For over 150 years, a blend of 40 Hungarian herbs has been used to create the liqueur Unicum. Unicum is a bitter, dark-coloured liqueur that can be drunk as an apéritif or after a meal for helping the digestion. The recipe is held secret by the Zwack family.
• Wine: As Hugh Johnson says in The History of Wine, the territory of Hungary is ideal for wine-making. The country can be divided to six wine regions: North-Transdanubia,Lake Balaton, South-Pannónia, Duna-region or Alföld, Upper- Hungary and Tokaj-Hegyalja. The most famous wines from Hungary are Tokaji Aszú and Egri Bikavér.
Famous places• Hungarian Parliament Building: It lies in Lajos Kossuth Square, on the bank of the Danube, in Budapest. It is currently the largest building in Hungary. This is one of popular tourist destination of Budapest. •Buda Castle: is the historical castle and palace complex of the Hungarian kings inBudapest, first completed in 1265. In the past, it was also called Royal Palace and Royal Castle
•Heroes’ Square: Hősök tere is one ofthe major squares of Budapest, Hungary,rich with historic andpolitical connotations. Its iconic statuecomplex, the Millennium Memorial, wascompleted in 1900, the same year thesquare was named "Heroes Square". •Liberty Statue of Budapest: The Liberty Statue in Budapest was first erected in 1947 in remembrance of the Soviet liberation of Hungary from Nazi forces during World War II. Its location upon Gellért Hill makes it a prominent feature of Budapests cityscape. The 14 metre tall bronze statue stands atop a 26 metre pedestal and holds a palm leaf.