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Plant Health Pyramid

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Download a full-size infographic here: advancingecoag.com/plant-health-pyramid

At AEA, we have become well-known for helping farmers produce crops that show resistance to diseases and insects. As we have accomplished this in the field on many types of crops, we’ve noticed a gradual evolution of plant health as plants become healthier and healthier at different stages of nutritional integrity.

In these slides, John Kempf outlines these different stages of plant health. Learn about the four distinct stages and:
• The integrity of plant physiology at each stage
• The pests which plants develop resistance to at each stage
• The biological steps behind each stage

This webinar is an in-depth guide to understanding plant health and how you can grow the healthiest crops possible, using the Plant Health Pyramid™.

The pyramid, this webinar, and related content are copyrighted by Advancing Eco Agriculture in 2019. See the webinar here: https://youtu.be/D1wJefaFrVI

Published in: Science
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Plant Health Pyramid

  1. 1. “Healthy plants can become completely resistant to diseases and insects.” - John Kempf - THE PLANT HEALTH PYRAMID ©Advancing Eco Agriculture 2011-2019
  2. 2. LEVEL ONE OF PLANT HEALTH “Healthy plants can become completely resistant to diseases and insects.” - John Kempf - ©Advancing Eco Agriculture 2011-2019
  3. 3. The volume of photosynthesis increases anywhere from 150-600%* and the carbohydrate profile changes to be composed of a high propor!on of complex carbohydrates with low levels of non- reducing sugars in the plant sap. *D. M. Huber The Integrity of Plant Physiology at Level One LEVEL ONE OF PLANT HEALTH
  4. 4. Plants develop resistance to soil-borne fungal pathogens such as ver!cillium, fusarium, rhizoctonia, pythium, phytophthora, and others. The Pests Plants Develop Resistance to at Level One LEVEL ONE OF PLANT HEALTH
  5. 5. LEVEL ONE OF PLANT HEALTH Plants require adequate levels of magnesium, iron, manganese, nitrogen, and phosphorus* to reach this stage of health. *Phosphorus is not directly involved in photosynthesis but is needed for photosynthate metabolism with the increased sugar produc!on. Ac!ons Growers Can Take To Achieve Level One
  6. 6. LEVELTWO OF PLANT HEALTH “Healthy plants can become completely resistant to diseases and insects.” - John Kempf - ©Advancing Eco Agriculture 2011-2019
  7. 7. The plant begins conver!ng all of the soluble nitrogen compounds to amino acids and complete proteins so that 100% of all the nitrogen in the plant is converted to a complete protein in every 24-hour photo cycle. The result is there are no nitrates and no ammonium remaining in plant sap in every 24-hour photo period. The Integrity of Plant Physiology at Level Two LEVELTWO OF PLANT HEALTH
  8. 8. Plants become resistant to insects with simple diges!ve systems, especially larval and sucking insects such as tomato horn worms, cabbage loopers, corn borers, corn ear-worms, aphids, lea"oppers, white flies, and thrips. The Pests Plants Develop Resistance to at Level Two LEVELTWO OF PLANT HEALTH
  9. 9. LEVELTWO OF PLANT HEALTH Plants require adequate levels of magnesium, sulfur, molybdenum, and boron* to reach this stage of health. *Boron is not directly involved in protein synthesis but contributes addi!onal pest resistance. Ac!ons Growers Can Take To Achieve Level Two
  10. 10. LEVELTHREE OF PLANT HEALTH “Healthy plants can become completely resistant to diseases and insects.” - John Kempf - ©Advancing Eco Agriculture 2011-2019
  11. 11. Plants begin absorbing the majority of their nutri!on in the form of microbial metabolites which are extremely energy efficient, and they begin storing surplus energy in the form of lipids. The Integrity of Plant Physiology at Level Three LEVELTHREE OF PLANT HEALTH
  12. 12. Plants develop increased resistance to all of the airborne fungal and bacterial pathogens such as downy mildew, powdery mildew, late blight, fire blight, rust, bacterial speck, and bacterial spot which land on the leaf surface and release peptoly!c enzymes, because the waxes and oils on the leaf surface serve as a shield to prevent the enzymes from working. The Pests Plants Develop Resistance to at Level Three LEVELTHREE OF PLANT HEALTH
  13. 13. LEVELTHREE OF PLANT HEALTH Plants require a very aggressive plant microbiome in the rhizosphere to begin absorbing the majority of their nutri!on in the form of microbial metabolites to reach this stage of health. Ac!ons Growers Can Take To Achieve Level Three
  14. 14. LEVEL FOUR OF PLANT HEALTH “Healthy plants can become completely resistant to diseases and insects.” - John Kempf - ©Advancing Eco Agriculture 2011-2019
  15. 15. The plant’s immune pathways (SAR and ISR) are triggered by microbes in the plant’s microbiome, both in the rhizosphere and the phyllosphere or by other immune triggers resul!ng in increased concentra!ons of immune compounds and plant secondary metabolites. The Integrity of Plant Physiology at Level Four LEVEL FOUR OF PLANT HEALTH
  16. 16. Plants develop increased resistance to the en!re beetle family including Japanese beetles, corn rootworm beetles, squash bugs, Colorado potato beetles, cucumber beetles, and marmorated s!nk bugs, nematodes such as root rot nematodes, and viruses. The Pests Plants Develop Resistance To Level Four LEVEL FOUR OF PLANT HEALTH
  17. 17. LEVEL FOUR OF PLANT HEALTH Plants require the correct microbes in the plant microbiome to trigger the immune response to reach this stage of health. Ac!ons Growers Can Take To Achieve Level Four
  18. 18. THE PLANT HEALTH PYRAMID The upper two levels are ac!ve immunity and based on vigorous biology. The lower two levels are passive immunity and based on balanced chemistry. “Healthy plants can become completely resistant to diseases and insects.” - John Kempf - ©Advancing Eco Agriculture 2011-2019
  19. 19. “Healthy plants can become completely resistant to diseases and insects.” - John Kempf - The Complete Plant Health Pyramid Infographic The link to download the complete infographic is www.advancingecoag.com/plant-health-pyramid ©Advancing Eco Agriculture 2011-2019
  20. 20. Plant Health Pyramid Links Plant Health Pyramid webinar from John Kempf Download full infographic Addi!onal informa!on on the Plant Health Pyramid

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