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Key Finding of the 2nd Thailand National
Food Consumption Survey
Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Ph.D.
Institute of Nutrition
Mahid...
ÿ Introduction
ÿ Objectives
ÿ Methodology
ÿ Findings
ÿ Conclusions
Outlines
ÿ Emphasis on public health and consumer protection, in
combination with globalization of the food market, has
created a s...
ÿTo evaluate the food consumption pattern
including type and amount of food
commonly consumed by the Thai
population
Objec...
ÿ Conducted in 2013-2015 by Institute of
Nutrition, Mahidol University
ÿ Supported by National Bureau of
Agricultural Comm...
Aims of the survey
• To obtain a comprehensive food consumption
database for exposure assessment of food
chemicals and oth...
Methodology
ßCollaborative with National Statistical Office
- Sample size calculation
- Sampling design
- Sample listing
Thailand
Bangkok North North-East South Central
Districts
Participants
(7 Age groups: Male, Female)
4 Provinces / Region
D...
Bangkok and 4 provinces/region
ß North: 13 districts
ß Northeast: 15 districts
ß Central: 12 districts
ß South: 12 distric...
7 Age groups
number
1. 0-2.9 y 1,211
2. 3-5.9 y 1,192
3. 6-12.9 y 1,327
4. 13-17.9 y 1,155
5. 18-34.9 y 1,160
6. 35-64.9 y...
Data collection period
From March 2014 – March 2015, collected
data in 3 rounds for each season
ÿ Summer (March – June, 20...
• Dietary assessment
ÿ Semi-quantitative food frequency
questionnaires (SFFQ): amount and
frequency of foods consumed over...
• Other information
ÿ Measured body weight and height
ÿ Socio-demographic data
Methodology
Food groups included in the SFFQ
16 food groups
• Cereals and products
• Tubers and products
• Nuts and seeds
• Vegetables...
Food list
• List of food items (food and beverage): single
item (as consumed), processed and ready to eat
foods, including...
Findings
83
74 73 71 70
64 61 60 58 57
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
%
Aged < 3 years, (n = 1211)
95 93 91
85
81 81 78
73 72 71
...
18
73
15
3 5
20
6
3
14
2
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
Amount
(g/day)
Aged < 3 years
25
256
14 8 10 8 8 9
75
37
0
50
100
150
2...
60
22 20
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Steamed rice Fresh/UHT milk Formula milk powder
%
51
171
47
0
20
40
60
80
100
12...
Most popular food consumed weekly, aged < 3 years
% consumed, Aged < 3 years
Amount consumed/time, Aged < 3 years
64
56 54...
Most popular food consumed daily, aged ≥ 3 years
% consumed, Aged ≥ 3 years
Amount consumed/time, Aged ≥ 3 years
75
24
13
...
% consumed, Aged ≥ 3 years
Amount consumed/time, Aged ≥ 3 years
Most popular food consumed weekly, aged ≥ 3 years
78 76
62...
Conclusions
ÿ Most popular food consumed in Thai population
are eggs, steamed rice, pork, mackerel, chicken
and yardlong b...
Asian Food Regulation Information Service is a resource for the
food industry. We have the largest database of Asian food
...
Symposium of Dietary Intakes - Thailand - April 2016
Symposium of Dietary Intakes - Thailand - April 2016
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Symposium of Dietary Intakes - Thailand - April 2016

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International Life Sciences Institute "Symposium on Dietary Intakes"
This symposium aimed to:
1. Discuss current development and process for improving and expanding the Food Composition Databases in SE Asia Region
2. Share experiences, development and international best practice in dietary assessment methodology
3. Update on the latest findings from food consumption survey data in selected SE Asia countries
4. Discuss gaps, barriers and opportunities in the collection, analysis and interpretation of food consumption survey data in SEAsia

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Symposium of Dietary Intakes - Thailand - April 2016

  1. 1. Key Finding of the 2nd Thailand National Food Consumption Survey Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Ph.D. Institute of Nutrition Mahidol University Nipa.roj@mahidol.ac.th
  2. 2. ÿ Introduction ÿ Objectives ÿ Methodology ÿ Findings ÿ Conclusions Outlines
  3. 3. ÿ Emphasis on public health and consumer protection, in combination with globalization of the food market, has created a strong demand for exposure assessments of food chemicals (i.e. pesticide residues, food additives, mycotoxins, etc.) The two main data sets used in a dietary exposure assessment are: • food chemical concentration data (e.g. maximum use levels from standards, proposed levels of use, manufacturers use data, analytical survey data) • food consumption data for the populations of interest (e.g. national food consumption survey data). Introduction
  4. 4. ÿTo evaluate the food consumption pattern including type and amount of food commonly consumed by the Thai population Objective
  5. 5. ÿ Conducted in 2013-2015 by Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University ÿ Supported by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards (ACFS), Thailand The 2nd National Food Consumption Survey (NFCS)
  6. 6. Aims of the survey • To obtain a comprehensive food consumption database for exposure assessment of food chemicals and others • To be used as a key information in establishing food and agricultural standards • To be used as a key information in establishing health promotion strategies related to food and nutrition of the population
  7. 7. Methodology ßCollaborative with National Statistical Office - Sample size calculation - Sampling design - Sample listing
  8. 8. Thailand Bangkok North North-East South Central Districts Participants (7 Age groups: Male, Female) 4 Provinces / Region Districts Municipal Districts Non-municipal Sampling design: Stratified four-stage cluster sampling, quotas by age, sex Enumeration Areas (EAs) Enumeration Areas (EAs) Enumeration Areas (EAs) Participants (7 Age groups: Male, Female) Participants (7 Age groups: Male, Female)
  9. 9. Bangkok and 4 provinces/region ß North: 13 districts ß Northeast: 15 districts ß Central: 12 districts ß South: 12 districts ß Bangkok 12 districts 17 provinces, 64 districts
  10. 10. 7 Age groups number 1. 0-2.9 y 1,211 2. 3-5.9 y 1,192 3. 6-12.9 y 1,327 4. 13-17.9 y 1,155 5. 18-34.9 y 1,160 6. 35-64.9 y 1,287 7. ≥ 65 y 1,146 Total sample size 8,478 Target population in sampling
  11. 11. Data collection period From March 2014 – March 2015, collected data in 3 rounds for each season ÿ Summer (March – June, 2014) ÿ Rainy (July – October, 2014) ÿ Winter (November 2014 – March 2015)
  12. 12. • Dietary assessment ÿ Semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires (SFFQ): amount and frequency of foods consumed over the past month ÿ 24-hour dietary recall, sub-sample 10% for the 2nd day non-consecutive 24-hour dietary recall Methodology
  13. 13. • Other information ÿ Measured body weight and height ÿ Socio-demographic data Methodology
  14. 14. Food groups included in the SFFQ 16 food groups • Cereals and products • Tubers and products • Nuts and seeds • Vegetables including local vegetables such as edible flowers, processed /preserved vegetables • Fruits and processed /preserved fruit • Animal foods and products, insects • Aquatic animals such as fish, shell fish • Eggs and products • Dairy products • Fats and oils • Sugar and sugary products • Seasonings, spices and herbs • Alcoholic beverage • Non-alcoholic beverage • Snack foods • Food supplements
  15. 15. Food list • List of food items (food and beverage): single item (as consumed), processed and ready to eat foods, including seasonal foods Age group # of food items < 3 years 173 ≥ 3 years 501
  16. 16. Findings
  17. 17. 83 74 73 71 70 64 61 60 58 57 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 % Aged < 3 years, (n = 1211) 95 93 91 85 81 81 78 73 72 71 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 % Aged ≥ 3 years, (n = 7267) Ten most popular food consumed
  18. 18. 18 73 15 3 5 20 6 3 14 2 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Amount (g/day) Aged < 3 years 25 256 14 8 10 8 8 9 75 37 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Amount (g/day) Aged ≥ 3 years Amount per capita of ten most popular food consumed
  19. 19. 60 22 20 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Steamed rice Fresh/UHT milk Formula milk powder % 51 171 47 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 Steamed rice (g) Fresh/UHT milk (mL) Formula milk powder (g) Amount Most popular food consumed daily, aged < 3 years % consumed, Aged < 3 years Amount consumed/time, Aged < 3 years
  20. 20. Most popular food consumed weekly, aged < 3 years % consumed, Aged < 3 years Amount consumed/time, Aged < 3 years 64 56 54 51 49 46 42 40 40 38 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 % 37 11 13 49 16 25 34 9 33 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Amount
  21. 21. Most popular food consumed daily, aged ≥ 3 years % consumed, Aged ≥ 3 years Amount consumed/time, Aged ≥ 3 years 75 24 13 9 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Steamed rice Glutinous rice Coffee (3 in 1) Fresh milk/UHT % 135 123 21 214 0 50 100 150 200 250 Steamed rice (g) Glutinous rice (g) Coffee, 3 in 1 (g) Fresh milk/UHT (mL) Amount
  22. 22. % consumed, Aged ≥ 3 years Amount consumed/time, Aged ≥ 3 years Most popular food consumed weekly, aged ≥ 3 years 78 76 62 60 58 55 50 47 46 45 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 % 56 32 33 43 82 37 40 101 19 69 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Amount (g)
  23. 23. Conclusions ÿ Most popular food consumed in Thai population are eggs, steamed rice, pork, mackerel, chicken and yardlong bean ÿ Most popular food consumed daily in children aged < 3 years are steamed rice, fresh milk, formula milk ÿ Most popular food consumed daily in aged ≥ 3 years are steamed rice, glutinous rice, coffee and fresh milk
  24. 24. Asian Food Regulation Information Service is a resource for the food industry. We have the largest database of Asian food regulations in the world – and it’s FREE to use. We publish a range of communication services (free and paid), list a very large number of food events and online educational webinars and continue to grow our Digital Library. Feel free to contact us anytime to talk about your specific requirements, offer comments, complaints or to compliment us. We look forward to hearing from you soon! www.asianfoodreg.com admin@asianfoodreg.com

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