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Rice Production and Strategy to Increase Food Security in Malaysia

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Provided by the Government of Malaysia, Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry.

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Rice Production and Strategy to Increase Food Security in Malaysia

  1. 1. Government of Malaysia Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry RICE PRODUCTION & STRATEGY TO INCREASE FOOD SECURITY IN MALAYSIA
  2. 2. PADDY PRODUCTION (WET PADDY ONLY) MALAYSIA 2013 JELAPANG PADI Planted Areas (ha) 605000 380283 Average Yield (t/Ha) 4.30 5.20 Government of Malaysia Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry Source: Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry Malaysia
  3. 3. PRODUCTION & IMPORTS Government of Malaysia Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 PRODUCTI ON – M T 1.22 1.38 1.38 1.53 1.52 1.62 1.64 1.67 1.70 1.67 SSL(%) 78.7 70.0 62.2 65.7 58.2 58.9 63.8 62.5 63.0 62.5 IMPORT - MT 0.33 0.59 0.84 0.80 1.09 1.13 0.93 1.0 1.0 1.0
  4. 4. NUTRITIOUS and SAFE FOOD TO MAINTAIN HEALTH Government of Malaysia Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry ECONOMIC ACCESS + PHYSICAL ACCESS FOOD SECURITY
  5. 5. Increase Domestic Rice Production Government of Malaysia Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry Stablised Rice Price + Ensure Sufficient Supply FOOD SECURITY
  6. 6. Y. Pot. T/Ha TRADITIONAL VAR: 2.0 MAHSURI 4.0 RIA, JAYA ETC 5.5 SETANJUNG 6.5 MR 84 8.0 MR 219 (LATER VAR.) 10.0 2 HYBRID : 10 + (SIRAJ AND HS 98) ( aromatic and pulut lower potential) YIELD POTENTIAL OF RELEASE VARIETIES
  7. 7. POTENTIAL TO INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY IN NON-GRANARY AREAS (based on Pilot projects) POTENTIAL Av. YIELD T/HA %HIGH YIELDING FARMERS SABAH: 1. PAPAR 2. KOTA BELUT 4.0 5.5 20% MORE THAN 5t/ha 20% MORE THAN 6 T/HA SARAWAK: 1. T. Purun 2. B. Lupar 4.5 4.5 15% MORE THAN 6 T/HA 15% MORE THAN 6T/HA PENINSULAR – NON GRANARY 6.0 10% more than 7 t/ha
  8. 8. For Rice SSL 100% Average yield must increase to 7.0 t/ha (20 % of farmers is getting yield more than 6 t/ha) Problem is: 60% getting yield 4 - 6 t/ha, And 18 % getting 4 t/ha and below
  9. 9. STRATERGY TO INCREASE RICE PRODUCTION 1. INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY: yield increase Based on current technologies: technology transfer 2. INCREASE YIELD POTENTIAL THROUGH RESEARCH 3. INCREASE UTILIZATION OF MARGINAL LAND THROUGH NEW TECHNOLOGY 4. REGIONAL COOPERATION Government of Malaysia Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry
  10. 10. REASON FOR LOW YIELD 1. LOW PLANT NUMBER 2. WEEDS INCLUDING ‘PADI ANGIN’ 3. PESTS AND DISEASES 4. HARVESTING LOSES AND POST HARVEST LOSES THESE ARE DUE TO POOR CROP MANAGEMENT AND POOR SERVICE PROVIDER
  11. 11. HOW TO GET MORE FARMERS TO OBTAIN HIGH YIELD – CLOSE TO POTENTIAL
  12. 12. 1. Increase average yield through productivity Government of Malaysia Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry • Crop Management Land preparation:Level plot and good tillage * Variety, seeds supply and quality, seed rate * Water management (water timing, depth) * Crop management (timing of herbicide &fertilizer application etc) * Service providers (land preparation, inputs application & harvesting) * Monitoring crops growth and pest/disease incidence
  13. 13. 1. Increase average yield through productivity Government of Malaysia Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry • Crop Production System * Develop larger small holder operators * Group farming with central management * Mini-estate – central management * Establish large estates through consolidation
  14. 14. 1. Increase Average Yield Through Productivity Government of Malaysia Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry • Crop Monitoring System - DSS * Integrate disease and pest model, forecasting model with long range weather forecast * Fertilizer model/needs of crops * Monitoring system for early signs of pest and disease & nutrient deficiency – remote and ground sensors * Forecast economic loss and recommendations * GPS and information dissemination system
  15. 15. Effective rice technology transfer and promotion 1. Pilot projects and demo plots 2. Modules/manual for high yield rice production technology; training 3. Entrepreneur development for selected rice technologies: i. High yield/specialty rice/organic rice/ aerobic rice/feed rice ii. selected rice products/by- products
  16. 16. 2. Increase Yield Potential Through Research Government of Malaysia Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry • Breeding new varieties with higher potential in: * increasing panicle and grain size * better photosynthesis rate; low respiration rate * better fertilizer efficiency * Better resistance to pest and diseases * Increase grain filling duration • Use wild Rice in crosses to increase genetic diversity • Hybrid rice varieties: 15 – 20% higher potential
  17. 17. High yield rice production system Fertilizer management for high yield production system: types of fertilizer, formulation, application technology Cultural practices for high yield production system Population dynamics of rice pests and diseases in high-input rice production areas
  18. 18. Environment friendly rice pest management technologies 1. Cultural practice for pest management 2. Natural enemies and biodiversity conservation 3. Biological control diseases and insect pests 4. Management of rodents and golden apple snail 5. Management strategies for new emerging pests 6. Weed management anticipating responses in the weed flora
  19. 19. 3. Increase utilization of marginal land: rain-fed, peat soil, acid soil, sandy soil Government of Malaysia Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry • Utilizing new technologies from research and development • Aerobic rice (varieties, water management, weed management) : areas with no proper infrastructures • New varieties with tolerance to peat soil, acid soils • New agronomic packages for peat soil, acid soils • Food crop rotation and animal integration in single cropped rice areas
  20. 20. Asian Food Regulation Information Service is a resource for the food industry. We have the largest database of Asian food regulations in the world – and it’s FREE to use. We publish a range of communication services (free and paid), list a very large number of food events and online educational webinars and continue to grow our Digital Library. Feel free to contact us anytime to talk about your specific requirements, offer comments, complaints or to compliment us. We look forward to hearing from you soon! www.asianfoodreg.com admin@asianfoodreg.com

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