Nutrition Labeling & Claims Thailand 2012


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This presentation has been provided by The International Life Sciences Institute, South East Asia branch, from their August 2012 seminar in Thailand.

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Nutrition Labeling & Claims Thailand 2012

  1. 1. Nutrition Labeling and ClaimsRegulations: Updates in ThailandILSI SEMINAR AND WORKSHOP ON NUTRITION LABELING, CLAIMS AND COMMUICATION STRATEGIES FOR THE CONSUMERS, August 29, 2012 Dr. Tipvon Parinyasiri Director of Bureau of Food Thai Food and Drug Administration 1
  2. 2. Trend of health concern: Target of consumer protection in food Quality and Standard Safety Aspect Nutritional Identity Impact Impact Communicate Non-communicate Behavior-related Diseases Diseases Diseases -Cancer -Heart Disease -Food intoxication -HypertensionTrend of health -Food Poisoning -Diabetesconcern: -Etc. -Etc.Past to Present Food Origin 2
  3. 3. A major concern in growing number of countries By 2015, 1.5 billion people worldwide will be obese or overweight – a rise of 50% from 2005. [Source: "The World Health Organisation warns of the rising threat of heart disease and stroke....", news release, WHO, 22 Sep 2005] 3สำนักงำนคณะกรรมกำรอำหำรและยำ Thai Food and Drug Administration
  4. 4. Nutritional Problem in Thailand Diabetes World Health problem!! 6.85% (3 million) diabetes problem in Thais up 6 years old (2004) (Ref. : Journal of Thai FDA, No.4, Vol.6, June 2007)Overweight and Obesity Problem In Thailand (1996-2001) : 40% obesity problem was increase in Children below 6 years old Obesity: a cause of health diseases Such as: - Hypertension - Osteoarthritis • Diabetes Mellitus - Mental and Social illness 4 Food and Drug Administration
  5. 5. Content1 How do We Work ?2 Thailand’s Current Status and Future Plan Nutrition Labeling Nutrition Claims and Health Claims 5Food and Drug Administration
  6. 6. Responsibility of Thai FDA 1. Legislate Notifications 2. Pre-Marketing Control 3. Post -Marketing Control 4. Surveillance 5. Support & Cooperate Technical Knowledge 6. Disseminate Knowledge & Develop Consumer Behavior 6 Food and Drug Administration
  7. 7. Food Act BE. (1979) Thai FDA Enforcement ProtectProducer/ Regulation ConsumerImporter Safety Efficacy Wholesomeness 7 Food and Drug Administration
  8. 8. Content1 How do We Work ?2 Thailand’s Current Status and Future Plan Nutrition Claims and Health Claims Nutrition Labeling 8Food and Drug Administration
  9. 9. Nutrition Claims in Food Labeling Notification of Ministry of Public Health No.182 (1998) “Nutrition Labeling” List 4 : Criteria for Nutrition Claims in Food Labeling Nutrition Claims 29 Nutrients 1 2 3Nutrient content claim Comparative claim Nutrient function claim the level of nutrient or compares of nutrient energy in food contents or energy “Source of Calcium” “Less than of Fewer” “High in Fiber” “More than” “Low Fat” “reduced” 9
  10. 10. Current Status of Health Claims :MoPH Notification on Health Claims is on process of drafting using Codex Standardas reference. MoPH notification (as draft) : Health Claims and WarningHealth Claims Announcement of the Food and Drug Administration (as draft) : Scientific Substantiation of Health ClaimsDraft regulation health claims will be based on considered 2 Codex Guidelines : 1 Codex Guidelines for Use of Nutrition and Health Claims (CAC/GL 23-1997,Rev.1-2004) 2 Codex Guidelines for Use of Nutrition and Health Claims : Recommendations on the Scientific Substantiation of Health Claims (Step 5/8, 2008) Food and Drug Administration 10
  11. 11. Prototyping of Health Claims: Probiotic in Food Product 11
  12. 12. Prototyping of Health Claims : ProbioticWhy ? Policy : There is an increasing application of Prebiotic & Probiotic in food industry , therefore Thai FDA has established guideline and criteria for evaluation of health efficacy to health, safety and health claims of Probiotic / Prebiotic in Food Products. (2008) Guidelines and Criteria on Evaluation of Efficacy to Health, Safety and Health Claims of Probiotic in Food Products(2011) Ministerial Notification Re : Use Probiotic in Food Products - Safety Quality Efficacy - Definition - Labeling and Claim 12
  13. 13. Prototyping of Health Claims : Probiotic The Evaluation of Probiotics for Food Use1. Evaluation of identify and safety of probiotic microorganisms2. Evaluation of safety of probiotic to humans3. Evaluation of efficacy of probiotic to healthList of Microorganisms Permitted to be Probiotic and safe to be used in human23 probiotic microorganism in positive list Genus: Bacillus sp., Bifidibacterium sp., Enterococcus sp., Lactobacillus sp., etc. eg - “ Helps to improve slow transit in 14 days.” “Helps natural regulate digestive in 7 days.” For more detail, please see 13
  14. 14. Future Plan .. ? Set up Regulation for PrebioticFood and Drug Administration 14
  15. 15. Future Plan (Claims)Review and set up regulation for Prebiotic and Dietary fiber Dietary fibre means carbohydrate polymers with 10 or more monomeric units which are not hydrolysed by the endogennous enzymes in the small intestine of humans. Reference : Codex Guideline for the use of nutrition claims: table of conditions for nutrient contents(part B) dietary fibre (At Step 8) Dietary fibre Prebiotic Prebiotic is a non-viable food component that confers a health benefit on the host associated with modulation of the microbiota. Reference : Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations. Report of FAO Technical Meeting on Prebiotics Sep 15-16; 2007. 15
  16. 16. Prebiotic Guideline Now : (draft) Guideline and Criteria on Evaluation of Efficacy to Health, Safety and Health Claims of Prebiotic in Food Product. Definition Labeling Safety Prebiotic Efficacy Qualification It is stable in the upper GI tract, i.e. Resistant to gastric acidity, to hydrolysis byhost enzymes and, to absorption It is fermentable by the intestinal microflora Selective fermentability, it selectively stimulates the growth and/or activity ofthose intestinal bacteria that are associated with health and well-being. 16
  17. 17. Content1 How do We Work ?2 Thailand’s Current Status and Future Plan Nutrition Claims and Health Claims Nutrition Labeling 17Food and Drug Administration
  18. 18. Healthy people Strategies / Measures NetworkNutrition labeling Promotion of Knowledge Healthy foods Management Movement Total Balance Diet Exercise Packaged Food Meal/Dessert EducationDept. Thai HealthDisease Dept. Promotion Thai FDA Academics FoundationControl Health Foundation Universities for Other Consumers Involved Agencies 18
  19. 19. The Concept of Balance Diet Tool Nutrition labeling Concept Reduce Sugar Fat and Salt Balance diet Knowledge 19Food and Drug Administration
  20. 20. Nutrition Labeling Notification of Ministry of Public Health (No.182) B.E.2541 (1998) Displaying of Nutrition LabelingShall be in accordance with the criteria and conditionscomply with the 4 lists as follows ;List 1 : Format and Conditions Involving Display of Nutrition InformationList 2 : Method of Specifying Quantity of One Servingand Quantity of Serving per ContainerList 3 : Thai Recommended Daily Intake (Thai RDI)List 4 : Criteria for Nutrition Claim in Food Label 20
  21. 21. Nutrition labeling and Front-of-Pack Front-of-pack Difficult to read Different format Difficult to understand Consumer can’t apply to use 21
  22. 22. Survey : Using and Understanding of nutrition labeling for Thai people (2009) Survey : 2,000 people including 5 stratum that are Bangkok, North, South, North-eastern, and Central Objective 1) To know the situation of using nutrition labeling in Thai. 2) To build the insight database for launch the nutrition labeling campaign policyResult 89% of people know nutrition labeling. 54.4% of people understanding nutrition labeling depend on occupation. 62.8% of people can Use information from nutrition labeling.Conclusion; Nutrition Fact Table are Difficult to Use Food and Drug Administration 22
  23. 23. The Concept of Balance Diet Tool Nutrition labeling Concept Reduce Sugar Fat and Salt Balance diet Knowledge 23Food and Drug Administration
  24. 24. Ministerial Notification No.305 (2007) Re: Labeling Nutrition labelling Requirement of Snack FoodsMandatory only for the following foods ; 1 Simplified Format 2 Statement 24
  25. 25. Ministerial Notification (2011) B.E. 2554Re: Labeling Requirement of Snack Foods (No.2) Simply Nutrition Information Front-of-pack Producer affected about 90 companies 25
  26. 26. GDA (Guideline Daily Amounts) : Front-of-pack Nutrition fact per container Total energy 2,000 kcal/day Quantity of serving Ref. : Thai RDI Recommended Total Sugar Not more than 65 g/day - 40 g : vegetable(2 g) fruit (30g) and milk (8g)Statement - 25 g : (Added Sugar) Amount Recommended Total fat Not more than 65 g/dayPercentage Ref. : Thai RDI Recommended Sodium Not more than 2,400 g/day Ref. : Thai RDI 26
  27. 27. Survey compliance with GDA Labeling on Ready to Eat products (All snack and Beverage) in Thailand 2012Objectives; To study the Current status of nutrition label (GDA) on the package of ready-to-eatproducts (February, 2012)Results: 39.3% Snack 5 types (Mandatory) n = 430 10.4% n = 50 ปี 2554 2011 ปี2012 2555 N=481 N=1,093 Without GDA label is valid to 24 August 2012 27
  28. 28. Survey compliance with GDA Labeling on Ready to Eat products (All snack and Beverage) in Thailand 2012Results (con’t): Other product (Voluntary) Total other products N = 2,075 Having GDA Label n = 133 (6.4%) Product name List : Daily product / Tea & Coffee / Cereal Beverage / Breakfast Cereal / Chocolate product / Ready to eat (soup) / Dry fruit Conclusion Mandatory Now, There are many products of ready-to-eat products Voluntary used GDA on package. 28
  29. 29. Future Plan (Nutrition Labeling & GDA) 3 Policy : 2 Reduce Sugar Fat 1 and Salt  All types of All types of food Improve snack food declare nutritionnutrition labeling  Chilled and Healthy labeling and frozen ready-to- signpost Population eat mealsSimply Nutrition  Instant foodInformation  Nutrition Survey Improvement of Extension of Nutrition Labeling and signpostNutrition Labeling 29
  30. 30. Thai FDA Future Plane All types of fooddeclare nutrition labeling and signpost Networking campaign Prototype implementation of Policy : Reduce sweetly fatty salty Driven of nutrition information on meal in cafeteria or restaurant 30Food and Drug Administration
  31. 31. THANK YOUThai Food and Drug Administration