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Livestock - A Driving Force for Food Security and Sustainable Development

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Presentation from the 7th Penang International Halal Expo & Conference, 29 ~ 31 January 2016

Published in: Food
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Livestock - A Driving Force for Food Security and Sustainable Development

  1. 1. Dr. Hamid Jalil Halal Development Agency Pakistan 30th January, 2016 Livestock: A driving Force for Food Security & Sustainable Development
  2. 2. 2 “…Food Security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.” (FAO) AVAILABILITY Physical presence /proximity of food through domestic production or imports 1 ACCESS Physical, social, and economic access to enough food to meet needs 2 3 SAFETY Use of safe and nutritious food to reach nutritional well- being STABILITY Consistency and reliability in food supply 4 Food Security ~ Four Pillars
  3. 3. Food Security ~ Contributory Factors Population growth Consumer markets Trade & Policies Water management Land management Animal resources Crop production Food Security Natural Resources~ Role in Food Security
  4. 4. From focus on increased productivity alone To holistic integration of natural ressource management for sustainable food security Food Security ~ Natural Resources Integration Water & Land are the key contributors to a sustainable agricultural production ~ essential for food security
  5. 5. Human & Livestock Population World livestock- 2015 (millions) Growth %- last century Cattle and Buffalo 1400 81 % Sheep & Goat 1900 72 % Chicken 19600 273 % World ranking of Livestock producing countries 1 India 6 Argentina 2 China 7 Australia 3 Brazil 8 Russia 4 USA 9 Mexico 5 Pakistan 10 Canada
  6. 6. • Livestock ~ source of Food Security • Out of 0.8 gm/Kg body weight/day requirement, 60% of dietary protein is derived from animals • Livestock ~ source of income • About 27% of total agricultural outputs come from livestock • Livestock ~ employment generator • Livestock ~ source of energy • Livestock ~ soil re-conditioner Livestock ~ Source of Food Security & Economic Development
  7. 7. World Consumption of Livestock Products Commodity Per capita annual consumption Milk 108 ltr Meat 42 Kg Egg 355 Livestock ~ Source of Food Security Issue is not availability but adequate distribution (FAO)
  8. 8. Livestock , Food Security & Economy Development (Livestock-Case Study) OVER 45 ASSOCIATED INDUSTRIES
  9. 9. Food Security ~ Issues Policy EnvironmentProduction Stagnancy in productivity Less value addition Prevalence of notifiable diseases Lack of market linkages & access Competition for resources Lack of food safety compliance regime Inefficient NRM Inadequate R&D Economic imparities Trade Policy Biases
  10. 10. Food Security ~ Environment
  11. 11. Pakistan ~ Role in Global Food Security Self Sufficiency Wheat, Rice, Sugar, Maize Fruits & Vegetables Milk ,Meat, Eggs
  12. 12. 41.2 35.6 29.4 68.4 1.01 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Cattle Buffalo Sheep Goat Camel Million Heads • Almost 1:1 ratio of humans & livestock population • World's 5th largest livestock population • Livestock growing @ 4.1% against human growth of 1.49% • Agro-based livestock feeding • 100% Halal rearing & slaughtering system • Annual beef & mutton animal's slaughtering ~ 14.4m & 50m • Halal Fat/Tallow available~ 2.1 million tons Pakistan ~ Halal Livestock Value Chains Economic Survey of Pakistan 2014-15
  13. 13. • Global Halal Product's Trade: $2,500 billion p.a. Livestock based major products; – Halal meat & value added products – Cosmetics, Pharmaceuticals & Personal Care Products (Tooth Paste, Soaps, etc.) – Gelatin – Leather • Pakistan being a genuine source of Halal products holds a great potential for global Halal Industry Pakistan can supply certified Halal products and raw material , especially Meat, Tallow, Gelatin, Leather, etc. to the Global Halal Markets Pakistan ~ Halal Hub
  14. 14. 2/3rd of Humans Live around Pakistan # # # # # ## ### ## # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # Yaz d Kabul Delhi Patna Herat Kashi Ur Almaty Lahore Jaipur Kanpur Frunze Masqat Mashhad Luc know Benares Zahedan Karachi Amritsar Ca Dus hanfe Qandahar Toshkent Abu Zaby Samarkand Ashkhabad Islamabad New Delhi Kathmandu Hyderabad Ahmadabad Rawalpindi Faisalabad China India Iran Kazakhstan Pakistan Afghanistan Oman Uzbekistan Turkmenistan Nepal Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan ab Emirates Jum mu & Kashmir (Disputed Territory)
  15. 15. • Food security is a complex issue, linked to economic development, integrated natural resources management, environment, and trade • Enough food availability not sufficient but adequate distribution of “safe food” • Livestock production is paramount to culminate rural poverty and food insecurity– in the global context • Efficient production & value addition of livestock products can boost Global Halal Economy • Pakistan can be a Halal Hub to provide raw material for Halal products industry Climate smart agro-livestock productivity enhancement key to “Food Security & Sustainable Economic Development” Take Away
  16. 16. “Once there are investment opportunities and efficient incentives, farmers will turn sand into gold”. Dr. Schultz (Economist) Q&A Session

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