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Legislation for Implementing the CCAMLR in Hong Kong

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The Convention on the Conversation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources. Presentation from Hong Kong Centre for Food Safety, Trade Consultation Meeting, 29 May 2014

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Legislation for Implementing the CCAMLR in Hong Kong

  1. 1. Proposed Legislation forProposed Legislation forProposed Legislation forProposed Legislation for Implementing theImplementing theImplementing theImplementing the Convention on the Conservation ofConvention on the Conservation ofConvention on the Conservation ofConvention on the Conservation of AntarcticAntarcticAntarcticAntarctic MarineMarineMarineMarine Living ResourcesLiving ResourcesLiving ResourcesLiving Resources (CCAMLR)(CCAMLR)(CCAMLR)(CCAMLR) in Hongin Hongin Hongin Hong KongKongKongKong
  2. 2. Convention on the Conservation ofConvention on the Conservation ofConvention on the Conservation ofConvention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living ResourcesAntarctic Marine Living ResourcesAntarctic Marine Living ResourcesAntarctic Marine Living Resources 2 • The Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) entered into force in 1982 • To conserve* Antarctic marine living resources, which cover the populations of fin fish, molluscs, crustaceans and all other species of living organisms, including birds, found south of the Antarctic Convergence * the term “conservation” includes rational use
  3. 3. 3 Argentina South Africa Australia New Zealand Convention AreaConvention AreaConvention AreaConvention Area South of 60 South latitude and between that latitude and the Antarctic Convergence which form part of the Antarctic marine ecosystem (Red boundary)
  4. 4. CCAMLR MembershipCCAMLR MembershipCCAMLR MembershipCCAMLR Membership 4 Members (25) Argentina India Russia Australia Italy South Africa Belgium Japan Spain Brazil South Korea Sweden Chile Namibia Ukraine China New Zealand United Kingdom European Union Norway United States France Poland Uruguay Germany
  5. 5. • 11 states have acceded to the CCAMLR without joining the Commission 5 CCAMLR MembershipCCAMLR MembershipCCAMLR MembershipCCAMLR Membership Acceding States (11) Bulgaria Greece Panama Canada Mauritius Peru Cook Islands Netherlands Vanuatu Finland Pakistan
  6. 6. AboutAboutAboutAbout ToothfishToothfishToothfishToothfish • Vulnerable to overfishing : longevity, large size, slow growth and late maturation • Highly sought after in the world fish market • Experiencing significant levels of exploitation and illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing 6 Source: weekendsportfishermen.blogspot.comSource: http://www.itsnature.org
  7. 7. ToothfishToothfishToothfishToothfish Trade in Hong KongTrade in Hong KongTrade in Hong KongTrade in Hong Kong • Market names: Patagonian toothfish, Chilean white seabass, Antarctic toothfish, white seabass, white cod • Retail price : $15-70/100g • Hong Kong becomes one of the major importing economies of toothfish (1 017 tonnes imported into HK in 2013) • Accounts for less than 0.5% of the total consumption of fisheries produce in Hong Kong 7
  8. 8. ProposalProposalProposalProposal • To better protect the Antarctic marine living resources • Contribute to the international concerted efforts in the protection and sustainable use of marine resources • Introduce a control scheme for the trading of toothfish by way of a new piece of legislation for the implementation of the CCMALR in HK* *HK has no fishing vessels engaged in harvesting activities in the Convention Area 8
  9. 9. Catch Documentation SchemeCatch Documentation SchemeCatch Documentation SchemeCatch Documentation Scheme 9 • The Commission established under the CCAMLR adopted a conservation measure (CM) entitled “Catch Documentation Scheme for Dissostichus spp.” (CDS) in 2000 to protect toothfish from IUU fishing internationally • Each landing and transshipment of Dissostichus spp. shall be accompanied by a completed valid Dissostichus catch document • Each shipment of Dissostichus spp. to be imported, exported or re-exported shall be accompanied by valid export/re-export document • All catch, export and re-export documents will be available to the CCAMLR Secretariat and any Member who has had a role in the completion of such documents
  10. 10. 10 Conservation MeasuresConservation MeasuresConservation MeasuresConservation Measures The following CMs are relevant to HK: Port Inspections of Fishing Vessels Carrying Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CM 10-03) Automated Satellite-linked Vessel Monitoring Systems (VMS) (CM 10-04) Catch Documentation Scheme (CDS) for Dissostichus spp. (CM10-05) Scheme to Promote Compliance by Contracting Party Vessels with the CCAMLR CMs (CM 10-06) Scheme to Promote Compliance by Non-Contracting Party Vessels with the CCAMLR CMs(CM 10-07) Scheme to Promote Compliance by Contracting Party nationals with the CCAMLR CMs(CM 10-08)
  11. 11. 11 Key Elements of the Legislative ProposalKey Elements of the Legislative ProposalKey Elements of the Legislative ProposalKey Elements of the Legislative Proposal • Prohibit the landing, importation or transshipment of toothfish without catch documents; • Prohibit the export or re-export of toothfish without valid documents; • Empower the enforcement agency to obtain relevant information for validation of export/re-export documents for toothfish, search vessels, inspect, seize or confiscate consignments without valid catch or export/re-export documents, and dispose of the confiscated items; • Require fishing vessels carrying Antarctic marine living resources to provide advance notice of entry into Hong Kong, and conducting inspections on these vessels; • Request for verification of VMS reports of fishing vessels engaged in fishing in the Convention Area;
  12. 12. 12 Key Elements of the Legislative ProposalKey Elements of the Legislative ProposalKey Elements of the Legislative ProposalKey Elements of the Legislative Proposal • Issue and validate catch and export/re-export documents for toothfish; • Deny port access of IUU fishing vessels and prohibiting the resupplying of these fishing vessels; • Communicate the information of fishing vessels suspected to be engaged in IUU activities and CDS related information to relevant overseas authorities e.g. the Commission Secretariat and the Contracting Parties; and • Provide the enforcement agency other powers for carrying out their duties effectively, e.g. to stop, search and detain vessels and persons in connection with contravention of the legislation.
  13. 13. The EndThe EndThe EndThe End 13
  14. 14. AFRIS. AsianFoodRegulationInformationService. We have the largest database of Asian food regulations in the world and it’s FREE to use. We publish a range of communication services, list a very large number of food events and online educational webinars and continue to grow our Digital Library. We look forward to hearing from you soon! www.asianfoodreg.com adrienna@asianfoodreg.com

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