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Food Labeling System in Japan_2013

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Issued by the Consumer Affairs Agency, and covers new food labelling laws in Japan

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Food Labeling System in Japan_2013

  1. 1. FFoooodd LLaabbeelliinngg SSyysstteemm iinn JJaappaann October 29 2013 CCoonnssuummeerr AAffffaaiirrss Agency, Food Labeling Division Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  2. 2. Consumer Affairs Agency (CAA) • An external organ of the Cabinet Office • Established on September 1, 2009 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND 2
  3. 3. Division Prime Minister Minister of State for Consumer General Affairs Division Policy Coordination Division Affairs Senior Vice-Minister Policy Planning and International Affairs Division Parliamentary Secretary of Cabinet Office Consumer Information Division Local p Cooperation Division CAA Secretary General Consumer Safety Division Deputy Secretary General Director General Commercial Business and Price Regulation Division Counselor (3) Representation Division Food Labeling Division 3 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  4. 4. Contents Ⅰ.Overview of the Food Labeling System Ⅱ.Main Items in Current Food Label ⅢⅢ.Perspective of a new Food Labeling Law 4 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  5. 5. Ⅰ.Overview of the Food Labeling System 5 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  6. 6. Food Labeling System Currents Acts Concerning Food Labeling in Japan Food Sanitation Act・・・・・・・prevents health harms caused by food insanitation. JAS・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・provides proper labeling on ingredients, origin and quality to consumers. Health Promotion Act・・・・・・promotes the health of Japanese through improving nutrition intake, etc. Relation of JAS, Food Sanitation Act, and Health Promotion Act An Example of Food Label JAS Food N S k Sanitation Act Food Selection Name of food Food Safety Name Snack Ingredients potato (non GM), plant fat and oil, salt, dextrin, lactose, protein hydrolysate (including wheat), powdered yeast extract, powdered soy sauce, powdered fish extract (including crab and Expiration date Instructions on Ingredients Allergy Weight keeping shrimp), flavors, seasoning (amino acid, etc.), egg shell calcium Content Best-before date Labeling on the right side Storage Keep away from direct sunlight, heat and moisture. method Country/Place of origin Food additives p g GMO Name of g *39 refers to unique processing facility code Distributor manufacturers etc. Health Promotion Act Main Nutritional Components per bag (81g) (private analysis) Energy 483 kcal Protein 3.8 g Fat 35.3 g Carbohydrate Sodium Salt equivalence (e.g. Nutrition Labeling, food for special dietary uses ) 6 *nutritional labeling is voluntary. Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  7. 7. Establish quality labeling standards of all food and Health Establish labeling standards of special use and Food Labeling Standard beverages to be observed by manufacturers, etc. Label of Food for Special Dietary Uses nutrition facts for comprehensive promotion of citizens’ health . Food for Specified Health Uses (Individual Approval Type) Food for Special Dietary Uses JAS Promotion Act Quality labeling standard food Quality labeling standard += Need to indicate the health uses Need to indicate the special uses for perishable Food thapt earrei snhoat bplreo cfeososded such as agricultural products (vegetables, fruits), livestock products (meet, eggs), marine products (fish shell) for processed food Foods that are altered from fresh foods through manufacturing process. Nutrition Labeling Voluntary labeling (energy+nutrients+ fish, shell). Quality labeling standard for GM food “GMO” needs to be indicated for every processed food or agricultural product such as soybean and corn that have been genetically modified, Nutrient Function Claims (Standard Type) major others) Food Sanitation Provide standards of labeling of food and (12 Vitamins, 5 minerals) additives supplied for sales. Act Items subject to the Act Milk and such dairy products as butter, cheese, and ice cream etc. ・Margarine, soft drinks, meat products ・Fish ham, fish sausages, whale bacon, frozen foods ・Retort pouch foods ・MMeeaatt、rraaww sslliicceedd oorr ssttrriippppeedd sseeaaffoooodd ・Packaged processed foods ・Unpackaged raw meat 7 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  8. 8. Current Food Labeling System • CAA is responsible to all kinds of administrative work regarding to labeling regulation regarding JAS, Food Sanitation Act and Health Promotion Act. • CAA is also mandated to draft and introduce legislation regarding labeling standards. • CAA has fine collaboration with other relevant ministries and a commission for the enforcement CAA C Legislation Consumers Commission ○ Provide Consult Inquire ○ Draft and introduce legislation regarding labeling standards advice before promulgation of a new standard. Ministry of Request ○ Inspect and deliberate about function and safety of Reply Labor, Health and Welfare Enforcement foods for special dietary Ministry of uses Agriculture, Forestry, ○ On-site inspection, Advise and Fisheries Request ○ Commandment to operators Approval of Foods for Special Dietary Uses 8 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  9. 9. Ⅱ. Main Items in Current Food Label Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  10. 10. Labeling of Perishable 生Fo鮮od食品の表示について <Labeling Information of Perishable Food> Name General name of the food ONION FROM HOKKAIDO 1 PACK Place Agricultur al Foods Domestic products: name of prefecture Import product: name of export country Livestock Foods Domestic products: indicate that it is domestic Import product: name of export country of Origin Marine Foods Domestic products: indicate the region or area of the sea that it has been produced (in case that it is difficult to indicate the area of sea, it is allowed to use the name of prefecture that it has been unloaded) Import product: name of export country At t il t d i i f f d h ld b i di t d b ith CLAM FROM KUMAMOTO retail stores, name and origin of food should be indicated by either one of the following ways: ・to label on an easy-to-see place of a package ・to post a notice at a place close to the product ・to display elsewhere that is easy to see 10 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  11. 11. 加工食品の表示について <Main items for labeling on a package of Labeling of Processed Foods Processed Foods> Name ・・・・ Ingredients ・・・・ Weight ・・・・ Expiration date ・・・・ Instructions on keeping ・・・・ Name and address of manufacturer ・・・・ Allergy information ・・・・ Country of origin (imported case) ・・・・ Origin of raw material ・・・・ GMO ・・・・ … STEW Nutritional information ・・・・ Mandatory Partially mandatory Voluntary 11 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  12. 12. Labeling of Food Additives 添加物表示について ○ As a principle, all additives used in the food are listed in “substance name . name”. Labeling Examples Ingredients: flour, sugar, vegetable oil (soybean included), egg, almond, butter, isomerized glucose syrup, powdered skim milk, liqueur, starch, sorbitol, leavening ( ) ( ) <Exception> Labeling of collective term agent, flavor, emulsifier, colorings caramel, carotene), antioxidants vitamin E, vitamin C) Use listed together E ti f dditi i f ti Listing of Additives Collective t b • Food additive often become effective when multiple additives are combined. • Thus, use of collective term is accepted as it will achieve the purpose of labeling for additives for which there is little need for listing all substance terms and because they are resident components in food. i i li i d h h ddi i li d i h i d f h h Flavor, yeast food, gum base, brine water, enzyme, gloss agent, tofu Exception for additives information g term can be used • However, it is limited to the case when additives listed in the notice are used for purposes that meet the provided definition. E.g.: “gum base” not for swallowing, “flavors” that are usually used in combination and the added amount is very small, and “amino acid” that is a resident component acidulant, seasoning, coagulant, bittering agent, emulsifier, pH adjuster, leavening agent, flexibilizer Term for the When it is more likely to gain consumers consumers’ understanding by listing purpose of use and effects of Preservative, sweetener, coloring, purpose listed together additives in which consumers have much interest, they will be listed together. E.g.: preservative sorbic acid), sweetener (saccharin sodium) thickener, antioxidant, coloring substance, decolorant, fungicide Labeling exempted Food additives that are not remaining in the final food or that have no effect or are not expected to have effects on the final food as it is in small quantity although it is remaining are exempt from labeling. Processing aids, carryover, nutrition enriching substance 12 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  13. 13. Labeling of GMO 遺伝子組換え食品の表示について ○ 8 kinds of agricultural products and their processed foods including GMO are required to notify, mandatorily, “GMO” or “ ” ” GMO is not separated”, and, voluntary, “ non-GMO”. <How to label GMO product> 「 <8 Agricultural Products Required for GMO Labeling> Soybean(GMO)」 「SSoybbean ((GGMMOO iis nott separattedd))」 ・Soybean ・Corn ・Potato Alf lf < How to label non-GMO product> 「Soybean (non-GMO)」 「Soybean(non-GMO is sorted)」 ・Alfalfa ・Sugar beet ・Rape seed ・Cotton seed P p > Name Tofu Name Miso ( rice) ・Papaya Examples ) Ingredients Soybean (non-GMO), ・・・・・・ Weight ・・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・・・ Ingredients Soybean ( GMO is not separated) , ・・・・・・ Weight ・・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・・ 13 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  14. 14. Labeling of Expi期ra限tio表n D示a(t消e (費U期s限ed・-賞by味 D期ate限・)にBeつstい Bてefore Date) Meaning Product Examples Best Best-to-Eat Period Period that the overall expected quality can sufficiently retain Snack, cup ramen, can Before Date p q y y if preserved properly. However, the quality can still retain even after that period. Lunch box, sandwich, side dish Used-by Date Should not eat after the period Period that the food safety, i.e. not rotten nor deteriorate, is guaranteed if preserved properly. , , <Image of Best Before Date and Used-by Date> Long lasting food Best-to-eat period quality Easily-rotten food Still eatable Should not eat after this period Used-by Date Days after manufactured Best before Date 14 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  15. 15. Ⅲ. Perspective of a new Food Labeling Law 15 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  16. 16. 一元化Context のof 必要性及びintegration 経of 緯 laws regarding food label How can we make food labels easier to understand? The present food labeling system is regulated by many laws. Iss es in (multiple selection) 77.1 表示に用いる言葉は統一して、わかりや すUくn整if理y しteてr欲miしnoいlogies and simplify labels Issues in… Inconsistency of terminologies Complication from diversified regulations 42.1 34.2 文字が小さくて見えにくいので、もっと大き Enlarge the font size. Current one くして欲しい is too small and hard to read Put information as much as できるだけ多くの情報を記載して欲しい possible 15.2 2 8 • misunderstandings 食品に記載される情報が多すぎるため、 商品選択に最も資する情報に限定して記 Limit information to those that are useful for selection, for currently there are too much その他 載して欲しい information on the food products. lead to of consumers • loading manufactures with additional compliance cost 2.8 N=1,807 0 20 40 60 80 (%) Others From “Survey of Consumer Sentiment toward Food Labeling”, Life Quality Monitoring Survey in 2008, conducted by Cabinet Office, Department of Life Quality In September 2009, the Japanese Government established the Consumer Affairs Agency (CAA). CAA is responsible for all laws and regulations regarding food labeling, based on Food Sanitation Act, JAS JAS, and Health Promotion Act Act. It enables integrated operations for consumer administration regarding food labeling conducted at different ministries 16 In July 2011, Consumer Master Plan was promulgated. It attempts to introduce integrated food labeling laws within the fiscal year 2012. Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  17. 17. Current Laws regarding Food Labeling F Food dS it ti Sanitation A Act t p Japan g Agricultural H lthP ti A t Standard Act* Health Promotion Act 【Purpose】 • To prevent the sanitation hazards 【Purpose 】 • To improve quality of agricultural and products 【Purpose 】 • To improve nutritional status and resulting from eating and drinking forestry •To help consumers choose products by enforcing proper quality labeling of them promote health •Establishment of the necessary criteria for the labeling of food to serve for the purpose of marketing ( Article 19) • Enactment of labeling standards to be observed by Manufacturer, etc. (Article 19-13) • Compliance with Standards for • Enactment of nutrition labeling standards (Article 31) • Compliance with Standards Concern food labe ) • Enforcing the regulations concerning Food and Additi A t d C t i p Quality Labeling (Article 19-13-2) (Article 31-2) etc. ning eling Additives, Apparatus and Containers and Packaging • Prohibition of the sales for the products which do not conform to the standards and/or criteria • Enactment of Japanese Agricultural Standards G di i d ih • Set a general policies • Implementation of the national health and nutrition survey • Prevention of passive smoking • License pertaining Other concerns •Giving approval to a person who intends to conduct business from the prefectural governor • Grading in accordance with Japanese Agricultural Standards etc. to Food for Special Dietary Uses etc. *A t St d di ti d P Q lit L b li f A i lt l d F t P d t 17 Act on Standardization and Proper Quality Labeling of Agricultural and Forestry Products Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  18. 18. 平成25年6月 Scope of the new Food 食品Labeling 表示Act 法の(概要promulgated in June 201消費3)者庁 In order to secure the food safety and ensure general consumers spontaneous and rational food choices, a comprehensive and integrated framework which is to coordinate all regulations regarding food labeling stipulated in Food Sanitation Acts, JAS, and Health Promotion Act is established. (A mandatory framework of the present voluntary nutrition labeling system is also planned to be established.) Consistent labelling standards Easy-to-understand labels both for consumers and manufuctures Health promotion through daily management of diet and nutrition intakes Effective and efficient enforcement of relevant laws 18 ect e a d e c e t e o ce e t o e e a t a s Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  19. 19. Summary of the Food Labelling Act Objectives ○Objectives (Article 1) ・Safety of food consumption ・Guarantee of the opportunity that consumers have in selecting food products independently and rationally ○Fundamental Rationale(Article 3) ・Respect of consumers’ rights and support of consumers’ independency ・Consideration of small enterprises in the food‐related industry 19 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  20. 20. Summary of the Food Labelling Act Food Labelling Standard (Article 4) The Prime Minister shall determine the food labeling standard ① Name, allergen, preservation, use by date, ingredients, additives, amount and calories of nutrition, places of origin, and other matters that should be indicated ② The standard that food‐related business operators should comply with in labelling the product CCoommpplliiaannccee wwiitthh tthhee SSttaannddaarrdd (Article 5) Food‐related business operators shall have an bli i l b lf d l i i h h d d 20 obligation to label food, complying with the standard Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  21. 21. Summary of the Food Labelling Act Instructions and orders (Articles 6, 7) ○Prime Minister (all kinds), Minister of A i lt F t d Fi h i ll ki d th th Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries ( all kinds other than alcoholic beverages), Minister of Finance (alcoholic beverages) ‐ An instruction expressing matters that are and are to be indicated shall be issued to an operator who violates the standard ○Prime Minister ~In the case of non‐compliance with the instruction, order ○Prime Minister ~In the case of urgent necessity, an order of withdrawal of food or termination of business ○I t ti d d h ll b d bli l 21 Instructions and orders shall be made publicly Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  22. 22. Summary of the Food Labelling Act On-site Inspection (Articles 8-10) Where an investigation of violations is necessary, ~ on‐site inspection, collection of report, an order of submitting documents, questioning, removal 22 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  23. 23. Summary of the Food Labelling Act Report to the Prime Minister (Articles 11, 12) ○ Where a food label is inappropriate, violating consumers’ rights, all persons may ~ report to the Prime Minister and others The Prime Ministers and others shall make necessary investigations. Where the report is true, necessary measures shall be taken. ○ The rights to demand an injunction where indicated contents are or may be clearly false (Qualified consumer organization ~Similar to Act on Specified Commercial Transactions, Premium Labelling Act) 23 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  24. 24. Summary of the Food Labelling Act Penal provisions (Articles 17-23) Penal provisions in the case of violations of the food labelling standard (indication about safety, places of origin of ingredients and raw materials), violations of orders and other Supplementary provisions ○effective date ~shall be effective no late than two years after the date of promulgation 24 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  25. 25. Overvi食ew品 表of示 th法e制 n定ewに 伴Foうo表d示 L基ab準eのlin移g 行Acにt ついて(イメージ) Food Sanitation Act JAS Health Promotion Act The new Food Labeling Law Cabinet Office Ordinance Nutrition labeling standards (notice) Quality labeling standards for processed food (notice) ・Name I di Food labeling standards (Cabinet Office Ordinance) ・Name ・Name ・Used-by date, Best before date M f t d ・Nutritional value labeling ・Nutrition claims ・Ingredients ・Weights ・Used-by date, Best before date ・Preservation ・Place of Origin (import product) ・Place of Origin of ingredients (required ・Origin(perishables) ・Ingredients ・Allergen ・GMO labeling ・Manufacturer name and Additi address etc. ・Additives ・Allergy labeling ・Instruction on keeping g g q products) ・Manufacturer name and address ・Font size for labeling etc. Quality labeling standards for ・Additives ・Weights ・Used-by date, best before date ・Instruction on keeping ・Place of Origin etc. perishable foods (notice) ・Name ・Origin etc. Quality labeling standards for GMO d ( ) (import product) ・Place of Origin of ingredients ・Manufacturer name and address ・Items labeling, and products(notice) ・labeling required items, how to label etc. for nutrition instruction for the labeling ・Font size for labeling etc. 25 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  26. 26. P Punishme O Orders In ent nstructio On ons n-site inspection V n, collection of re Violations eports, orders of s of the s Food-rela omply w T 食品表示法のスキーム F c Scheme of the Food Labelling Act Ord the ers reca product alling document subm Where urgent standard ated man with the s The Prim d nufacture standard. e Ministe necessity to prevent the harms to life and bodies ission, etc. there is es have . er formu an obliga lates the ation to e standa rd. ・violations of indication about safety 26 ・false indication of the place of origin Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  27. 27. Double track in monitoring food labelling A suit by consumer organization (a demand for injunction) The report system Where a food label is inappropriate, violating consumers’ Existence of victims who are consumers (violations of the food labelling standard) non-negotiation by qualified consumer Improvement of rights, all persons may report The non judicial organizations Non-judicial reconciliation business An investigation by the Prime Minister A written demand to relevant operators by qualified consumer organizations Improvement of One week of the grace period and others Filing of a suit by qualified consumer organizations business If the report is true, appropriate measures shall be taken, which include, among others, h i i i di i ifi i Judgment, judicial reconciliation Improvement of business 27 ・the instruction indicating rectification to food-related business operators ・revision of the standard publication Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  28. 28. 25.9.20 財務省主税局説明資料Timeline for implementation of a new food labelling system (proposal) F 25.6 Until 27.6 The timing of introduction of the Deliberati Draft the legislation Food Labellin Enforcem Promulga Introduce legislatio No than two years mandatory food labelling will be determined based on the progress of the environmental improvement, while aiming to approx. five years after the enforcement of the new ion n ng Act Ca im Fo ment ation the on C late P law. Draft of the order abinet order on mplementation od Labeling Ac Enforc Completion Disseminating period Period of transitional Promulgatio Mandato Draft of the standard n of ct Cabinet Ordinan Labeling cement Prom of transitio measures 1‐2 yrs(P) indicated separatedly Disseminating period on ory Nutrition t Office nce on Food g Regulations mulgation n Deliberation on the mandatory nutrition labeling n Labeling Other m Further Issues: 28 matters ・Labelling on ready‐to‐eat food and in a restaurant (e.g. labelling for food allergy), and in the Internet sales ・Labelling of genetically modified food and food adictives Copyright 2013 by CAA, JAPAN ・Labelling of country of origin for the ready‐to‐eat food Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND
  29. 29. For further Information of the Food Labeling System LAND CAA Homepage 「食品表示に関する制度」(Food Labeling System) ndards, THAIL http://www.caa.go.jp/foods/index.html (Mostly Japanese only) t of JAPAN and Food Stan y, Government al Commodity a Affairs Agency of Agricultura Consumer A tional Bureau ght 2013 by hed by Nat Copyrig Publish 29
  30. 30. Lastly THANK YOU 30 Copyright 2013 by Consumer Affairs Agency, Government of JAPAN Official mascot of Consumer Affairs Agency Published by National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, THAILAND

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