Food Contact Legislation in ASEAN


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Food Contact Legislation in ASEAN

  1. 1. !""#$%"&()$*+,-./(-"&$ -&$01203 Sumalee Tangpitayakul Department of Science Service Thailand E-mail:
  2. 2. AMC (Asean Member Country)! Brunei Darussalam ! Myanmar! Cambodia ! Philippines! Indonesia ! Singapore! Lao PDR ! Thailand! Malaysia ! Vietnam
  3. 3. !"#!$%&%"()*+%,-./+0%! The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) emanates from the ASEAN Leaders– vision to transform ASEAN into a single market and production base that is highly competitive and fully integrated into the global community by 2015
  4. 4. ASEAN Consultative Committee on Standard and Qualityof Product – Prepared Food Product Working Group! Established by ASEAN Economic Ministers! The Objective ACCSQ " Implementation of the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Mutual Recognition Arrangements; " Harmonization of standards; " Enhancement of standards and conformity assessment infrastructure in Member Countries; " Transparency of standards, technical regulations and conformity assessment regimes in the region!
  5. 5. !""#$%!#&!(")*+,-./.012(")330..22()*(#./*4/54(/*4($,/-0.6! "##$%& The ASEAN Consultative Committee for Standards and Quality (ACCSQ) formed to facilitate and complement the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA)! "##- ASEAN regulatory bodies authorized to achieve mandate of eliminating technical barriers to trade.! "##(- Efforts to harmonize regulatory requirements amongst ASEAN was initiated through the (ACCSQ)
  6. 6. ASEAN Consultative Committee on Standard and Qualityof Product – Prepared Foodstuff Product Working Group ! 8 working Groups under ACCSQ " JSCEE (Joint Sectoral Committee for AHEEERR) " ACC (ASEAN Committee on Cosmetic) " PPWG (Pharmaceutical Product Working Group) " PFPWG (Prepared Foodstuff Product Working Group) " APWG (Automotive Product Working Group) " RBPWG (Rubber-based Product Working Group) " MDPWG (Medical Devices Product Working Group) " TMHSPWG (Traditional Medicine & Health Supplement Product Working Group)
  7. 7. !"#!$%&()*+%,-./)-0/)12345467! Singapore - ARL for mycotoxin and pesticide residues in fruit and vegetable! Malaysia - ARL for GMO! Thailand - Veterinary drug residue in fish and fishery product - heavy metal! Vietnam - microbiology
  8. 8. !"#$%&$"$())*+$,-.-/0$1$2131415$67897#:;1$217<14=$>&%&! Thailand has proposed to be ARL in the area of food contact materials in the meeting.
  9. 9. !"#$%&()(("*$+,$%-.%/$0","1"2&"$345+14+1#!(Provide training and technical advise and service to ASEAN member countries (AMC))To become resource and information centres by linking to existing platforms and networks*(To coordinate inter-laboratory comparisons or proficiency testing in the ASEAN region4. To become resource centres for certified reference materials (CMRs)#(reference materials
  10. 10. The 11th meeting of ACCSQ-PFPWG! Held in Manila, Philippines 15-16 July 2010! The meeting agreed in principle for the establishment of ARLs on food contact materials and food material.! Request Thailand to survey of Food Contact Materials standard and legislation among ASEAN member countries
  11. 11. ASEAN Consultative Committee on Standard andQuality of Product – Prepared Food ProductWorking Group! Six data from ten countries response the questionnaire except " Laos " Vietnam " Myanmar " Cambodian
  12. 12. System to regulate the safety of food packaging in Thailand
  13. 13. !""#$%"&(")$*&$+,-*)-&# ConverterRaw material Food packer Food packaging Food Act 1979
  14. 14. http!""www#qmaker#com"fda"new"web_cms"
  15. 15. !"#$%#&! Thailand has 1 Notification (No. 92) – metal container,ceramic wares! Plastic packaging " Thailand has 2 Notifications under Food Act (1979) regulated plastic packaging ! Notification No.117- Feeding Bottle ! Notification No.295- regulated 11 kinds of plastic based on Specifications, Standards and Testing Methods for Foodstuffs, Implements, Containers and Packaging, Toys, Detergents (JETRO, 2008) and prohibited to use DEHP as plasticizer in cling film (Thai Industrial Standard No. 1136- 1973)
  16. 16. !"#$%#&! There are 3 Ministries regulate food packaging materials:! Ministry of Public Health – FDA,Department of Medical Science! Ministry of Industry! Ministry of Science and Technology- Department of Science Service
  17. 17. Notification No.117 (1989)! use polycarbonate as baby milk bottle! Amendment the concentration of Bisphenol A which is release from polycarbonate bottle = 300 ppb
  18. 18. Notification No.295-2005 Types of plastic use for general food! Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) ! Polycarbonate (PC)! Polyethylene (PE) & ! Nylon (PA) Polypropylene (PP) ! Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)! Polystyrene (PS) ! Polylmethyl methacrylate! Polyvinyllidene chloride (PVDC) (PMMA)! Polyethylene terephthalatle(PET) ! Polymethyl pentene (PMP) ! Melamine
  19. 19. !"#$%&()*+,$#-%.+#(#,(%&*+$+)+/%0!&.&1! has developed many voluntary Standards related to food plastic packaging such as!cling film, milk plastic packaging, fat and oil plastics containers, packaging films for milk and milk products, microwavable plastics food packaging, etc.! 2 compulsory standards
  20. 20. !"#$%&()*+,-%.+#(#,(%&*+$+)+/! Product certification according to TIS: Product certification schemes of TISI consists of two types with different certification marks: voluntary certification mark and mandatory certification mark Compulsory Voluntary! TIS 1136: Cling film! TIS 2440: Stainless steel: seam stock pot
  21. 21. Department of Science Service! Since November 2010, Department of Science Serviceis the official governmental organization which issue the Certificate of Analysis for Food Contact Materialsfor Thai exporter
  22. 22. !"#$%&! No regulated plastic packaging! specification of canned food: heavy metal in canned food such as lead, cadmium
  23. 23. !"#$"%&(! regulated 11 kinds of plastic based on Specifications, Standards and Testing Methods for Foodstuffs, Implements, Containers and Packaging, Toys, Detergents (JETRO, 2008)! the regulation does not cover every parameter according to JETRO, 2008! regulated in some plastic such as vinyl chloride monomer in PVC.! regulated Bisphenol A leaching from lacquered can! regulated Plasticizers such as phthalates
  24. 24. )(*(+&(" Regulations ,-./, specified under the Food Act ,-.012" Prohibited Use of Harmful Packages ! yield to its contents, any toxic, injurious or tainting substance, or which contributes to the deterioration of the food
  25. 25. !"#"$%&"! Safety of Packaging for food " Imparting lead, antimony, arsenic, cadmium or any other toxic substance to any food prepared, packed, stored, delivered or exposed in it! Prohibited to use Polyvinyl Chloride Package
  26. 26. Malaysia! Prohibited to use Polyvinyl Chloride Package contain " More than 1 mg/kg of VCM " containmore than 0.05 mg/kg of VCM in food itself! Recycle package " prohibited to use recycled package for certain foods such as sugar, flour,and edible oil " Package for product of swine origin shall not be used for food of nonswine origin
  27. 27. !"#"$%&"! Recycle package " Prohibit to bring non bottle package to use again " Any bottle that has previously been used for alcoholic beverage or shandy shall not be used for any food, other than alcoholic beverage and shandy. " prohibit to use packaging material previously for milk, soft drink, alcoholic beverage or shandy, vegetable, fish or fruit, and polished rice
  28. 28. !"#"$%&"! Recycle package " allow to use for certain kind of recycling for similar product such as polycarbonate contain mineral water (not less than 20 liter) " glass bottles that have been used for alcoholic beverage or shandy can be used for the same purpose " Box or crates can be recycle for contain vegetable and food! Package/container bear any mark and label shall be use for that particular food as shown by such mark or label
  29. 29. !"#$#%%#&(! regulated 11 kinds of plastic based on Specifications, Standards and Testing Methods for Foodstuffs, Implements, Containers and Packaging, Toys, Detergents (JETRO, 2008)! Food packed in glass jar with metal lid and PVC gasket can be related to Closures with sealing gaskets for food containers of the US Code of Federal Regulations Title 21 Part 177.1210.
  30. 30. !"#$#%%#&(! There are also standards for food-contact packages with materials of glass, ceramics and enamelled, synthetic resin in general, phenolic resin, melamine resin and urea resin, synthetic resin made from formaldehyde, polymethyl methacrylate, polymethyl pentene, polycarbonate, and rubber (except nursing utensils).! list of positive of authorized substances for food-contact materials, the Code of Federal Regulations Title 21 is used as a reference
  31. 31. !"#$%&()! regulated on food containers and packaging materials under Food Regulations *+,, Chapter -,./ Section 012under Part III/2.3! container under the regulation includes any form of packaging
  32. 32. !"#$%&()! 2The following PVC package container are prohibited " yield more than 0.05 ppm. Vinylchloride monomer " yield22compound known to be carcinogenic, mutagenic, teratogenic or any other poisonous " release lead, antimony, arsenic, cadmium other toxic substance to food
  33. 33. !"#$%&("#)*+",)-./-0),1,21+)$"&#3+(1! Harmonized standards should be developed based on the available international standard! There should be harmonized standards for Pb, Cd, Cr+6 Bisphenol A, VCM, formaldehyde for SML with in ASEAN member countries