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Good Hygiene Practices
Slide 1
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
§  Module 4.2
Codex Guidelines f...
Slide 2
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Objective and contents
§  Objective
§  To introduce the...
Slide 3
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Introducing the Codex guidelines
§  HACCP has gained wi...
Slide 4
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
HACCP guidelines
§  Outline the internationally agreed ...
Slide 5
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Prerequisites to HACCP
§  Food businesses must have pro...
Slide 6
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Why prerequisite programmes?
§  The purpose of HACCP is...
Slide 7
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Specificity of HACCP
§  Application of HACCP principles...
Slide 8
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Specificity of HACCP
§  HACCP plans are likely to vary ...
Slide 9
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Flexibility of HACCP
§  HACCP systems must be appropria...
Slide 10
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Appropriate measures
Problems must be defined and solu...
Slide 11
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Constraints facing small businesses
§  Often do not ha...
Slide 12
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Seven HACCP principles
1.  Conduct hazard analysis
2. ...
Slide 13
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
HACCP principle 1
Conduct hazard analysis
Hazard analy...
Slide 14
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Tasks required to apply HACCP principle 1
Assemble HAC...
Slide 15
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Tasks required to apply HACCP principle 1
Assemble HAC...
Slide 16
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Tasks required to apply HACCP principle 1
Assemble HAC...
Slide 17
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Tasks required to apply HACCP principle 1
Assemble HAC...
Slide 18
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Tasks required to apply HACCP principle 1
Assemble HAC...
Slide 19
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Conducting hazard analysis
Control measure
Any action ...
Slide 20
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
HACCP principle 2
Determine critical control points (C...
Slide 21
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Applying HACCP principle 2
List all potential hazards,...
Slide 22
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
HACCP principle 3
Establish critical limits
Critical l...
Slide 23
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Critical limits
Establish critical limits
Critical lim...
Slide 24
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Applying HACCP principle 3
Determine critical control
...
Slide 25
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
HACCP principle 4
Establish system to monitor control ...
Slide 26
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Applying HACCP principle 4
Establish critical limits f...
Slide 27
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
HACCP principle 5
Establish the corrective action to b...
Slide 28
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Applying HACCP principle 5
Establish a monitoring
syst...
Slide 29
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
HACCP principle 6
Establish procedures for verificatio...
Slide 30
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Applying HACCP principle 6
Establish corrective
action...
Slide 31
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
HACCP principle 7
Establish documentation concerning a...
Slide 32
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Applying HACCP principle 7
Establish verification
proc...
Slide 33
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
HACCP training
§  Training in HACCP principles and the...
Slide 34
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Industry HACCP plans
§  Working instructions and proce...
Slide 35
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Conclusions
§  The HACCP system presents a logical and...
Slide 36
Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines
for the Application of HACCP
Asian Food Regulation Information Service is a resourc...
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CODEX Guidelines for the Application of HACCP

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Once you understand the basic principles of HACCP, your company will need to implement it. CODEX provides the steps towards this goal.

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CODEX Guidelines for the Application of HACCP

  1. 1. Good Hygiene Practices Slide 1 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP §  Module 4.2 Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP
  2. 2. Slide 2 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Objective and contents §  Objective §  To introduce the HACCP system and its definitions and terminology §  Contents §  The seven HACCP principles §  Explanation of logical steps in applying HACCP §  Training and partnership
  3. 3. Slide 3 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Introducing the Codex guidelines §  HACCP has gained widespread international acceptance as an important tool for improving food safety management §  Codex guidelines on the application of HACCP adopted in 1993 – revisions adopted in 1995, 1997 and 2003
  4. 4. Slide 4 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP HACCP guidelines §  Outline the internationally agreed seven principles underlying HACCP §  Establish HACCP terminology and definitions §  Identify logical sequence of tasks that may be followed in applying HACCP principles
  5. 5. Slide 5 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Prerequisites to HACCP §  Food businesses must have programmes consistent with the Codex General Principles of Food Hygiene in place before considering application of HACCP §  Prerequisite programmes must §  Include training §  Be fully operational §  Be verified
  6. 6. Slide 6 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Why prerequisite programmes? §  The purpose of HACCP is to allow businesses to focus control at critical points §  Without well functioning prerequisite programmes we risk either §  Identifying so many critical points that we cannot focus our efforts and resources §  Not taking sufficient account of hazards that should have been controlled by our GHPs....but are not
  7. 7. Slide 7 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Specificity of HACCP §  Application of HACCP principles is the responsibility of each individual business for each of its operations §  Generic HACCP models or codes of hygiene practice can provide guidance - but for any specific application critical control points need to be rigorously determined
  8. 8. Slide 8 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Specificity of HACCP §  HACCP plans are likely to vary among enterprises making the same product because of differences in §  Ingredient source §  Formulation §  Processing equipment and methods §  Storage conditions §  Experience, knowledge and attitudes of personnel
  9. 9. Slide 9 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Flexibility of HACCP §  HACCP systems must be appropriate to the business under consideration §  Nature and size of operation §  Human and financial resources §  Infrastructure etc. §  All seven principles must be applied in any HACCP-based system
  10. 10. Slide 10 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Appropriate measures Problems must be defined and solutions found according to the context
  11. 11. Slide 11 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Constraints facing small businesses §  Often do not have the resources or expertise on-site to develop and implement an effective HACCP plan §  Availability of expert advice from other sources is important §  Advice must be specific to products and processes under consideration
  12. 12. Slide 12 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Seven HACCP principles 1.  Conduct hazard analysis 2.  Determine critical control points (CCP) 3.  Establish critical limits 4.  Establish system to monitor control of CCP 5.  Establish corrective action 6.  Establish verification procedures 7.  Establish documentation
  13. 13. Slide 13 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP HACCP principle 1 Conduct hazard analysis Hazard analysis The process of collecting and evaluating information on hazards and conditions leading to their presence to decide which are significant to food safety and therefore should be addressed in the HACCP plan Hazard A biological, chemical or physical agent in, or condition of, food with the potential to cause an adverse health effect
  14. 14. Slide 14 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Tasks required to apply HACCP principle 1 Assemble HACCP team Describe product Identify intended use Construct flow diagram On-site confirmation of flow diagram List all potential hazards, conduct hazard analysis §  Ensure availability of all required expertise - multidisciplinary team §  Scope of HACCP plan decided
  15. 15. Slide 15 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Tasks required to apply HACCP principle 1 Assemble HACCP team Describe product Identify intended use Construct flow diagram On-site confirmation of flow diagram List all potential hazards, conduct hazard analysis §  A full description of the product should be prepared §  All relevant safety information should be reported including: composition, physical/ chemical characteristics, packaging, storage conditions, etc.
  16. 16. Slide 16 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Tasks required to apply HACCP principle 1 Assemble HACCP team Describe product Identify intended use Construct flow diagram On-site confirmation of flow diagram List all potential hazards, conduct hazard analysis §  Specify expected use of the product §  Where appropriate consider vulnerable groups of the population
  17. 17. Slide 17 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Tasks required to apply HACCP principle 1 Assemble HACCP team Describe product Identify intended use Construct flow diagram On-site confirmation of flow diagram List all potential hazards, conduct hazard analysis §  Flow diagram for process should be constructed by HACCP team §  The flow diagram should cover all steps in the operation §  HACCP team should confirm the processing operation against the flow chart
  18. 18. Slide 18 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Tasks required to apply HACCP principle 1 Assemble HACCP team Describe product Identify intended use Construct flow diagram On-site confirmation of flow diagram List all potential hazards, conduct hazard analysis §  HACCP team to list all hazards reasonably expected to occur at each step in the food chain §  Assess hazards to determine which should be included in HACCP plan §  Consider what control measures could be applied for each hazard
  19. 19. Slide 19 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Conducting hazard analysis Control measure Any action or activity that can be used to prevent or eliminate a food safety hazard or reduce it to an acceptable level More than one control measure may be required to control a specific hazard and more than one hazard may be controlled by a specified control measure
  20. 20. Slide 20 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP HACCP principle 2 Determine critical control points (CCP) Step A point, procedure, operation or stage in the food chain, including raw materials, from primary production to final consumption Critical control point A step at which control can be applied and is essential to prevent or eliminate a food safety hazard or reduce it to an acceptable level
  21. 21. Slide 21 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Applying HACCP principle 2 List all potential hazards, conduct hazard analysis §  Determination of CCPs can be facilitated by application of decision tree §  There may be more than one CCP at which control is applied to address the same hazard Determine critical control points Establish critical limits
  22. 22. Slide 22 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP HACCP principle 3 Establish critical limits Critical limit A criterion that separates acceptability from unacceptability Maximum load: 1 tonne Maximum speed: 15 km/h If you exceed the critical limit ... The bridge will break
  23. 23. Slide 23 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Critical limits Establish critical limits Critical limit A criterion that separates acceptability from unacceptability
  24. 24. Slide 24 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Applying HACCP principle 3 Determine critical control points §  Critical limits must be specified and validated for each CCP §  More than one CL may be elaborated at a particular step §  Criteria commonly used include Aw, time, pH, temperature, etc. §  Critical limits are not necessarily numerical Establish critical limits for each CCP Establish a monitoring system
  25. 25. Slide 25 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP HACCP principle 4 Establish system to monitor control of the CCP Monitor The act of conducting a planned sequence of observations or measurements of control parameters to assess whether a CCP is under control Control The state wherein correct procedures are being followed and criteria are being met
  26. 26. Slide 26 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Applying HACCP principle 4 Establish critical limits for each CCP §  Monitoring data should be evaluated by designated person with knowledge and authority to take action §  Frequency of monitoring must be sufficient to ensure effective control Establish a monitoring system Establish corrective actions
  27. 27. Slide 27 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP HACCP principle 5 Establish the corrective action to be taken when monitoring indicates that a particular CCP is not under control Corrective action Any action to be taken when the results of monitoring at the CCP indicate a loss of control
  28. 28. Slide 28 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Applying HACCP principle 5 Establish a monitoring system §  Specific corrective actions must be developed for each CCP in the HACCP system in order to deal with deviations when they occur §  Actions must ensure that the CCP has been brought under control §  Deviation and product disposition procedures must be documented Establish corrective actions Establish verification procedures
  29. 29. Slide 29 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP HACCP principle 6 Establish procedures for verification to confirm that the HACCP system is working effectively Verification The application of methods, procedures tests and other evaluations, in addition to monitoring, to determine compliance with the HACCP plan
  30. 30. Slide 30 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Applying HACCP principle 6 Establish corrective actions §  Establish procedures, including random sampling and analysis to determine if the HACCP system is working correctly §  Validation should include actions to confirm the efficacy of all elements in the HACCP plan Establish verification procedures Establish documentation systems
  31. 31. Slide 31 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP HACCP principle 7 Establish documentation concerning all procedures and records appropriate to these principles and their application
  32. 32. Slide 32 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Applying HACCP principle 7 Establish verification procedures §  Documentation and record keeping should be appropriate to the size and nature of the operation §  Documentation includes §  Hazard analysis; CCP and CL determination §  Records of §  CCP monitoring; Deviations and corrective actions Establish documentation and record keeping systems
  33. 33. Slide 33 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP HACCP training §  Training in HACCP principles and their application is required by §  Personnel in industry §  Government §  Academia §  Joint training among different stakeholder groups could facilitate dialogue and collaboration
  34. 34. Slide 34 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Industry HACCP plans §  Working instructions and procedures should be developed for operating personnel §  Specific training for personnel can be developed to support the HACCP plan according to their defined tasks
  35. 35. Slide 35 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Conclusions §  The HACCP system presents a logical and systematic framework for enhancing food safety management §  HACCP-based systems must apply all 7 principles §  HACCP is product and process specific §  Government and industry organizations have an important role to play in supporting SLBDs to apply HACCP-based systems
  36. 36. Slide 36 Module 4.2 – Codex Guidelines for the Application of HACCP Asian Food Regulation Information Service is a resource for the food industry. We have the largest database of Asian food regulations in the world – and it’s FREE to use. We publish a range of communication services (free and paid), list a very large number of food events and online educational webinars and continue to grow our Digital Library. Feel free to contact us anytime to talk about your specific requirements, offer comments, complaints or to compliment us. We look forward to hearing from you soon! www.asianfoodreg.com admin@asianfoodreg.com

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