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Challenges in Securing Halal Food Supply 2014

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Challenges in Securing Halal Food Supply from the Halal Industry Development Corporation, presented at the World Food Security Summit, 2014

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Challenges in Securing Halal Food Supply 2014

  1. 1. Copyright HDC 2014 World Food Security Summit 2014 24 Feb 2014 Challenges in Securing Halal Food Supply
  2. 2. Presentation outline INTRODUCTION Why Halal Industry? Food Security Issues as a Driver of the Global Halal Market Halal Superhighway – Link the Global Supply Chain 2 Conclusion Challenges in Halal Supply Chain
  3. 3. Presentation outline INTRODUCTION Why Halal Industry? Food Security Issues as a Driver of the Global Halal Market Halal Superhighway – Link the Global Supply Chain 3 Conclusion Challenges in Halal Supply Chain
  4. 4. 4 Source: PeW Research, HDC and Ernst &Young Analysis Key Driver 1 : (a) Global Muslim population is 1.8 billion (23%) , (27% of total population by 2030) (b) Emergence of new markets Emergence of new markets: Country Estimated Muslim Population (mil) Indonesia 204.6 Pakistan 178.1 India 177.3 Bangladesh 148.1 China 40.0
  5. 5. 5 Market potential of Halal food in ASEAN Many ASEAN countries still have relatively low per capita trade-able food consumption. Indicating: that future demand potential is strong. At present, per-capita chicken meat consumption in Indonesia is about 4 kg/ year. With a projected increase of per-capita consumption to 8 kg/ year in the next 7 to 8 years, implying an additional chicken meat demand of 1.3 million MT. With a growing economy, rising disposable income as well as increase in Halal awareness; Traded Halal products, especially meat and food products will also increase exponentially
  6. 6. 6 Market potential of Halal food in GCC The six (6) members of GCC are the most important countries in the Middle-East Competitive markets: There are “NO ENTRY BARRIERS & EXIT BARRIERS” Total population is only about 40 million in 2011 and projected to rise 40% by 2030; Although small in population; total imports of Halal meat into GCC countries (chicken and beef) exceeds 1 million MT annually; Influential in issues related to Halal trade
  7. 7. 7 Market potential of Halal food in EU Major retailers in EU such as Carrefour and TESCO are now starting to include Halal meat in their product’s assortments; Non-Muslim Dutch consumers have shown interest in Halal food where the total demand is estimated to reach about US$ 3 billion annually; Port of Rotterdam has a Halal dedicated storage facility French Muslims spend about 30%-35% of their income on food products. Quantity of meat consumed by Muslims in France amounts to an average of 400,000 MT annually. The average income of a Muslim in France is about Euro 1,220/ month. This is lower than the country’ average at between Euro 1,550 and 1,850/ month.
  8. 8. 8 Key Driver 2 : Purchasing power of Muslim is growing “Muslim GDP per capita has grown faster annually than its global counterparts over the period from 1990 to 2010.” Source: PWC Analysis “Between 1990 and 2010, GDP per capita for Muslims worldwide has grown at a Cumulative Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 6.8% (Global CAGR: 5.0%).” Source: United Nations, IMF, PWC
  9. 9. Presentation outline INTRODUCTION Why Halal Industry? Food Security Issues as a Driver of the Global Halal Market Halal Superhighway – Link the Global Supply Chain 9 Conclusion Challenges in Halal Supply Chain
  10. 10. Preserving Halal integrity throughout the supply chain 10 Farming input Farming Manufacturing Packaging and distribution Retail Food services •Breeders •Animal feed •Livestock •Poultry •Abattoirs •Processed foods, cosmetics, personal care, chemicals etc. •Warehousing •Repackaging •Cold room •Supermarkets, groceries, restaurants, hotels Halal Logistic Halal Logistics is the process of managing the procurement, movement, storage and handling of materials, parts, livestock and finished/semi-finished inventory both food and non-food through the organization and the supply chain in compliance with the general principles of Shariah Law.
  11. 11. Towards zero contamination with non-halal materials / ingredients along the supply chain INTRODUCTION 11
  12. 12. Towards zero contamination with non-halal materials / ingredients along the supply chain 12 High Alcohol Content Beverages Flavorings / Colorings / Seasonings / Additives Fermented Products Cosmetic Products Personal Care Products Confectionaries
  13. 13. 13 World Demand Supply - Halal food Demand Main Players Products Australia Beef New Zealand Lamb Brazil Poultry Malaysia Processed Food, Ingredients, Non-food Thailand Processed Food Supply 1.8 bil Muslim Value USD 680 bil Issues: Food Insecurity •Global supply chain •Trade (especially intra-OIC is less than 15% Source: HDC Analysis
  14. 14. Presentation outline INTRODUCTION Why Halal Industry? Food Security Issues as a Driver of the Global Halal Market Halal Superhighway – Link the Global Supply Chain 14 Conclusion Challenges in Halal Supply Chain
  15. 15. 15 Food Security Issues as a Driver of the Global Halal Market
  16. 16. Global Food Hunger Index 16 “Undernourishment in Sub-Saharan Africa has increased by 11.8% - highest prevalence of hunger (32%)” “Asia and Asia Pacific has the highest number of undernourished people in the world” (Source: FAO) Global Hunger Index in IDB Member Countries (Source: Global Hunger Index 2009)
  17. 17. Increasing Food and Oil Prices Impact the Supplies 17 “International food prices increased steeply from mid 2010 to 2011, raising alarm bells across the developing world about a repetition of food price crisis of 2007-2008.” “Showing an opposite trend, food stocks has reduced and the stock-utilization ratio has increased” (Source: Economic and Social for Commission for Asia and the Pacific)
  18. 18. Food commodities trade statistics 2009 – Majority of OIC countries are in importers category 18 Food Commodity Producers Exporters Importers • China (29.2%) • India (21.0%) • Indonesia (8.5%) • Bangladesh (6.8%) • Vietnam (5.6%) • Philippines (6.6%) • Nigeria (6.2%) • EU (3.9%) • Bangladesh (3.6%) • Iran (3.6%) • Thailand (30.8%) • Vietnam (16.7%) • India (13.1%) • USA (10.2%) • Pakistan (9.2%) Market share data is provided in brackets. Countries in red indicated OIC countries. Source: FAO • Brazil (23.7%) • India (11.2%) • EU (11.0%) • China (8.2%) • Thailand (4.7%) • India (11.3%) • EU (6.7%) • USA (4.5%) • Russia (4.3%) • Indonesia (4.1%) • Brazil (47.4%) • Thailand (9.6%) • Australia (6.8%) • EU (3.8%) • Guatemala (3.0%) • Brazil (33.7%) • USA (33.4%) • China (9.2%) • EU (8.8%) • Thailand (5.7%) • USA (20.0%) • China (18%) • EU (12.5%) • Brazil (12.0%) • India (2.7%) • China (16.4%) • Hong Kong (9.4%) • Japan (8.8%) • EU (7.3%) • Mexico (6.3%) • USA (22.3%) • EU (15.1%) • Canada (13.7%) • Russia (12.7%) • Australia (9.1%) • EU (20.6%) • China (17.0%) • India (11.9%) • USA (9.3%) • Russia (8.8%) • Egypt (7.4%) • Brazil (5.3%) • EU (5.2%) • Algeria (4.4%) • Indonesia (4.2%)
  19. 19. The demand for Halal main food items by OIC Countries has increased tremendously within the last decade Main Food Item Y 2000 Major OIC Importers 6.7 Wheat Maize •Egypt •Algeria •Indonesia •Nigeria •Egypt •Iran •Turkmenistan •Malaysia Y 2010 14.9 (USD Billion) 2.3 8.1 Source: FAO •Egypt •Malaysia •Guinea – Bissau •Indonesia Cattle meat 1.0 4.1 122% 252% 310% Sugar •Indonesia •UAE •Malaysia •Nigeria 3.0 11.8 293% Main Suppliers 19
  20. 20. Intra – OIC trade for food and ingredients is less than 15% 20 Source: OIC Beverages & Tobacco, 0.8% Crude materials, inedible, except fuels, 3.4% Commodities n.e.s., 3.6% Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes, 4.1% Miscellaneous manufactured articles, 5.7% Chemicals and related products, n.e.s., 9.7% Food & live animals, 9.8% Machinery and transport equipment, 13.8% Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material, 21.3% Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials, 27.8% Source: Estimates from the COMTRADE database of the United Nations (2008). * Since not all countries have yet reported their trade statistics, mirror statistics were used to the extent possible to obtain more accurate results.
  21. 21. Presentation outline INTRODUCTION Why Halal Industry? Food Security Issues as a Driver of the Global Halal Market Halal Superhighway – Link the Global Supply Chain 21 Conclusion Challenges in Halal Supply Chain
  22. 22. Halal Superhighway link the global Halal supply chain New Zealand Australia Qingdao, China Xinjiang, China •Beef •Dairy products •Processed food •Livestock •Rice & Maize •Maize •Sugar •Soybean •Rice •Cassava •Chicken •Livestock •Wheat, Maize & Rice •Fruits •Olive oil •Potatoes •Vegetables & fruits •Vegetables & fruits •Maize •Yams & Cassava •Poultry •Maize •Animal feed Brazil 22 •Dairy products MIDDLE EAST Ensuring a controlled and efficient supply of Halal products to Muslims all over the world Europe 750 million population (6% Muslim) High purchasing power Ningxia, China Indo-China MALAYSIA Indonesia South East Asia 500 million population (50% Muslim) North Africa Nigeria Africa 1 billion population (40% Muslim)
  23. 23. Presentation outline INTRODUCTION Why Halal Industry? Food Security Issues as a Driver of the Global Halal Market Halal Superhighway – Link the Global Supply Chain 23 Conclusion Challenges in Halal Supply Chain
  24. 24. 24 Hotline 1800-880-555 Visit us at: www.ghsc.com.my Discussion / Q&A Conclusion •1.8 billion Muslim population. Supply for Halal food and non-food products is not enough to cater the demand. •Challenge is to develop a more robust and efficient global supply chain benefitting Muslim world •Hence, opportunities are enormous.

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