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Biodsafety Regulation and GM Food Detection in Indonesia


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Overview of GM food policy

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Biodsafety Regulation and GM Food Detection in Indonesia

  1. 1. Biosafety Regulation and GM Food Detection in Indonesia Bahagiawati Amirhusin ICABIOGRAD (Indonesian Center for AgricI ABIOGRAD (Indonesian enter for Agric Biotech and Genetic Resources R&D) IAARD (Indonesian Agency for Agricultural h d l )Research and Development), Department of Agriculture
  2. 2. I d i i iIndonesia position A t th G tiAccept the Genetic Engineered Products withEngineered Products with precautionary approaches : based on scientific justification
  3. 3. Policies on GMOsPolicies on GMOs • 1996: Law no. 7 concerning food (GMO food safety1996: Law no. 7 concerning food (GMO food safety in article 13) • 1997: Minister of Agriculture Decree: Biosafety ofg y Genetic Engineered Agricultural Products – Biosafety Committee (BC) Bi f t T h i l T (BTT)– Biosafety Technical Team (BTT) • 1998: Guideline for Environment Risk Assessment (general plant animal fish and microorganism)(general, plant, animal, fish, and microorganism) • 1999: Joint Ministerial Decree: Biosafety and Food Safety of Genetic Engineered AgriculturalSafety of Genetic Engineered Agricultural products – Biosafety and Food safety Committee (BFSC) – Biosafety and Food Safety Technical Team (BFTST)
  4. 4. • 1999: Presidential Decree no. 19: Labelling ofg Packaging Processed Foods Derived from GMO (article 35)GMO (article 35) • 2004: Law no. 21: Rafication of Cartagena Protocol on BiosafetyProtocol on Biosafety • 2004: Presidential Decree no.28: Safety, Q lit d N t iti f F d (GMOQuality and Nutrition of Food (GMO safety in article 14) • 2005: Presidential Decree no. 21: Biosafety of Genetic Engineered Products • 2008: National Drugs and Food Control Agency: guideline of assessment for food safetyg y
  5. 5. Presidential Decree no 21/2005Presidential Decree no. 21/2005 • R&D of GEAP (containment and field test) • Obligation of risk assessmentObligation of risk assessment (environment and food safety) of GMO f i t l l d d di tfor environmental released and direct use for food and processing • Monitoring and mitigation Reg lator Bodies (BC BTT BCH)• Regulatory Bodies (BC, BTT, BCH)
  6. 6. Regulatory Bodiesg y Biosafety Commitee (ex-officio-inter-Biosafety Commitee (ex-officio-inter- Departmental Team) and Biosafety Technical Team (multi disciplinary scientists from different institutions–universities, NGOs, Ministry of Science and Technology, Department of Agriculture, Department of Health, Department ofAgriculture, Department of Health, Department of Forestry, Ministry of Environment) BCH (Biosafety Clearing House – Ministry of Science and Technology) Focal point for environment safety is Ministry of Environment; focal point for food safety isEnvironment; focal point for food safety is Ministry of Health
  7. 7. Proponent Minister of A i lt Min. of Env. 1 3Proponent Agriculture 14 d2 3 4 14 d 56 d BFSTT 14 d 60 d BCT CFT 5 BFSC PUBLIC 7 d 14 d 5 6 7 BCH 14 d 9 11 15 d 7 d 7 8 Mi i t f 14 d 11 7 d Min.of Env. Minister of Agriculture 10 14 d
  8. 8. Information of GeneticInformation of Genetic Information of Environment SafetyInformation of Environment Safety WeedinesWeedines Phenotypic charactersPhenotypic characters I iI iInvasivenessInvasiveness Impact on non targetImpact on non target PredatorsPredatorsPredatorsPredators ParasitesParasites Honey beeHoney bee Silk wormSilk worm Soil microbesSoil microbes Gene flowGene flowGene flowGene flow
  9. 9. FT Site Time IsolationFT Site Local Maize near harvestingnear harvesting Bared land Melon FT siteHerbicide Tolerant Maize (7 days old) Bi l i l I l tiBiological Isolation Herbicide Tolerant Soybean
  10. 10. Bt cotton (MON531/757/1076)(MON531/757/1076) RR cotton (MON1445/1698) Bt corn (M 810)Bt corn (Mon810) RR corn (GA21)( ) RR soybean (GTS40-3-2)
  11. 11. LBR Potato Free Amylose Cassava Balitsa, Lembang Drought Tolerant Sugarcane LIPI, Cibinong Bt Rice PTPN XI, JatirotoBB-Padi, Kerawang
  12. 12. Proponent MOA/ MOF/NDFC 3 1 BFSTT MOF/NDFC 3 14 d 2 LabBFSTT 14 d 60 d 56 d 4 Lab 5 BFSCPUBLIC 15 d 14 d 7 d 6 4 BCH 15 d 9 8 6 7 d 7 MOA/ 9 14 d MOA/ MOF/NDFC 8
  13. 13. f f• Information of Genetic • Information of FoodInformation of Food Safety S b t ti ll E i l t– Substantially Equivalent – Changing Nutrition Value – Allergenicity – ToxicityToxicity – Other considerations
  14. 14. Proponent Min. of Agriculture DG 1 2 3Cq IAARD 2 3 7 d30 d q PPI 5 BFSTT 4 7 d30 d 7 d 7 d 5 6 5 BFSC 30 d 7 9 7 d 5 6 7 DG Min. of Agriculture 7 7 d Cq DG IAARD Agriculture 8 Cq PPI
  15. 15. Institution Laboratory Methods National Agency for Drug and National Quality Qualitative NestedNational Agency for Drug and Food Control (NADFC) National Quality Control of Drug and Food (NQCDF) Qualitative Nested- PCR Quantitative (NQCDF) Real time-PCR Indonesian Center for Agriculture Biotechnology Biology Molecular Division lab Qualitative- conventional PCRAgriculture Biotechnology and Genetic Resources Research and Development ( C OG ) Division lab conventional PCR (ICABIOGRAD) PT Saraswanti GM laboratory Qualitative-PCR Quantitative PCRQuantitative PCR (competitive PCR)
  16. 16. Institution Proficiency National Agenc Dr gs and Asia Pacific Laborator accreditationNational Agency Drugs and Food Control (NADFC) Asia Pacific Laboratory accreditation Cooperation/ APLAC- China (2004) ASEAN-Malaysia (2005) Indonesian Center for Agriculture Biotechnology and genetic Resources Indonesian Accreditation Committee (KAN)- ISO 17025 (2003) A i P ifi L b t A dit tiand genetic Resources Research and Development (ICABIOGRAD) Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation/ APLAC- China (2004) PT Saraswanti Indonesian Accreditation Committee (KAN)-2003 Central Science laboratory (CSL)-UKCentral Science laboratory (CSL)-UK (2003) Asia Pacific Laboratory accreditation C ti / APLAC Chi (2004)Cooperation/ APLAC- China (2004)
  17. 17. Available Equipments related to GM Food Testing Spektrofotometer PCR-Tetrad PCR-Single ChemiDoc Gel System Freezer -20oC Real Time-PCR
  18. 18. Sample type & MatricesSample type & MatricesSample type & MatricesSample type & Matrices Crop: Soya MaizeCrop: Soya, Maize. Matrices: Raw seed / grain (mainly soy and maize)Raw seed / grain (mainly soy and maize) Semi processed food (starch etc) Processed food (tempe tofu soy sourceProcessed food (tempe, tofu, soy source, tauco, snack, syrup etc)
  19. 19. DNA ExtractionDNA Extraction GMO screeningGMO screening GMO specific qualitativeGMO specific qualitative GMO ifiGMO ifi PCR Mastermix GMO specificGMO specific quantitativequantitative We are testing aboutWe are testing about 77-- 1010 samples per monthsamples per monthp pp p DNA added
  20. 20. •• CTAB non kitCTAB non kit •• CTAB/WizardCTAB/WizardCTAB/WizardCTAB/Wizard DNA CleanDNA Clean--upup SystemSystemyy •• CTAB/QIAquickCTAB/QIAquick PCR PurificationPCR Purification i Kit & QIAmp DNAKit & QIAmp DNA Maxi kit (Qiagen)Maxi kit (Qiagen) DNA Extraction •• GenespinGenespin isolation kitisolation kit
  21. 21. GMO detection protein basedGMO detection protein-based • Lateral Flow Strip – RR-soybeany – Cry 1 LL maize– LL-maize – LL-rice
  22. 22. Indonesian GMF Testing NetworkIndonesian GMF Testing Network I d i GMF• Indonesian GMF Testing Network was established since 2006. • Several representatives from several i tit ti ( bliinstitutions (public research, university and private company) jointp ate co pa y) jo t the meeting • Some of institutions ll b t d icollaborated in strengthening their testing capacitytesting capacity
  23. 23. Future planFuture plan • amendment act/decree on biosafety andamendment act/decree on biosafety and food safety following updated international and regional standard - setting the f kframework • Capacity building in risk assessment of GMO • Conducting method validation among GMF testing laboratories in Indonesia and increase participation in Internationalincrease participation in International Proficiency Testing Programs • Increase networking and collaboration• Increase networking and collaboration among international/regional
  24. 24. AFRIS. AsianFoodRegulationInformationService. We have the largest database of Asian food regulations in the world and it’s FREE to use. We publish a range of communication services, list a very large number of food events and online educational webinars and continue to grow our Digital Library. We look forward to hearing from you soon!