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CASE STUDY 3:Contaminants &Analytical Methods- Ruowei Strange- Lionel Buratti
Contaminant Limits & Analytical          Methods          PART ONE      Dr. Ruowei Strange
FACTS ABOUT HEAVY METALS       Essential for sustaining healthy life at trace levels       Prevalence as contaminants in...
THE CHALLENGE IN ASEAN           Lack of or insufficient heavy metals regulation in some            ASEAN countries      ...
HEAVY METAL LIMITS IN FOOD &     Trade Barrier:                                 INGREDIENTS ACROSS ASIA MARKETS     Differ...
range for Lead     min                   max         Country 1                         min                         max    ...
Impact on Business:                                       It is impossible for company A to :                             ...
IMPACT SUMMARY     Most APAC/ASEAN countries have no specific regulations stipulating      heavy metals limits in flavori...
Benefits of Harmonised       Legislation        Uniformed enforcement of contaminant allowances        Simplify and redu...
1. ASEAN Contaminant Limits & Analytical Methods 2012
1. ASEAN Contaminant Limits & Analytical Methods 2012
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1. ASEAN Contaminant Limits & Analytical Methods 2012

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Food Industry Summit organised by Food Industry Asia (www.foodindustry.asia) : 06 September 2012

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1. ASEAN Contaminant Limits & Analytical Methods 2012

  1. 1. CASE STUDY 3:Contaminants &Analytical Methods- Ruowei Strange- Lionel Buratti
  2. 2. Contaminant Limits & Analytical Methods PART ONE Dr. Ruowei Strange
  3. 3. FACTS ABOUT HEAVY METALS  Essential for sustaining healthy life at trace levels  Prevalence as contaminants in environment, food chain and food storage containers  Harmful to health when exposed to toxicologically unacceptable levels via food and other routes of exposure RISK ASSESSMENT AND SETTING LIMITS  Based on Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI)  Differ according to product categories  Some examples of limits set by Codex Alimentarius: • arsenic (As) ≤ 0.1 mg/kg in edible fats and oils • arsenic (As) ≤ 0.5 mg/kg in food grade salt • tin (Sn) ≤ 250 mg/kg in canned foods • tin (Sn) ≤ 150 mg/kg in canned drinkswww.foodindustry.asia 4
  4. 4. THE CHALLENGE IN ASEAN  Lack of or insufficient heavy metals regulation in some ASEAN countries  Lack of regulatory uniformity in certain food category across 10 Member States in maximum allowed levels IMPACT ON TRADE  Pose significant cross-border trade barrier  Major constraint for companies making investment decisions in the region  Hinder the region’s overall competitiveness in the global arenawww.foodindustry.asia 5
  5. 5. HEAVY METAL LIMITS IN FOOD & Trade Barrier: INGREDIENTS ACROSS ASIA MARKETS Different limits of heavy metals across various Asian markets, some up to 100 times. Compliance has to be based on the most stringent requirement. Ppm countries As Pb Hg Cd Cu Sn EEC (Flavour) <3.0 <10 <1.0 <1.0 - - MY (Flavour) <1.0 <2.0 <0.05 <1.0 - <50 SG (Flavour) <1.0 <1.0 <0.05 <0.2 <30 <250 Taiwan (Spices) - <0.3 - <0.2 - - KR (Seasoning) - <3.0 <3.0 - - - IN (Foods not specified) <1.1 <2.5 <1.0 1.5 <30 <250 VTN (Sauces) <1.0 <2.0 <0.05 <1.0 <30 - CN (Flavour) <3.0 <10 <1.0 <1.0 - - JP (industry standard) - <20 - - - - ID (seasoning) <0.1 <7.0 <0.03 <0.2 - <40 Highest / lowest 30 X 66 X 100 X 7X 1X 6Xwww.foodindustry.asia
  6. 6. range for Lead min max Country 1 min max Country 2 min max Country 3 min max overall 2.0 mg/kg 10.0 mg/kg 0 mg/kg 1.0 mg/kg Product specification Example of the different acceptable levels for Pb in a flavour across Asia’s marketswww.foodindustry.asia
  7. 7. Impact on Business: It is impossible for company A to : 1.supply the same flavour to company B, C, D 2.conduct intra-company imports Flavour Company A in EU As<3.0, Pb<10, Hg<1.0, Cd<1.0 Difference in Difference in As, Pb, Hg, Cd, Difference Difference in As, Pb, Hg, Sn Cu, Sn limits in As, Pb, As, Pb, Hg, limits Cu, Sn limits Cd. Sn limit Beverage Candy Syrups Intra-company Company B Company C Company D import to Singapore India Indonesia Malaysia ppm countries As Pb Hg Cd Cu Sn Flavour EU/China <3 <10 <1 <1 - - Beverage Singapore <0.1 <0.2 <0.05 <0.2 <2 <250 Candy India <1.0 <2.0 <1.0 <1.5 <5.0 <5.0 Syrup Indonesia <0.5 <1.0 <0.03 <0.02 - <40www.foodindustry.asia Malaysia <1.0 <2.0 <0.05 <1.0 - 8 <50
  8. 8. IMPACT SUMMARY  Most APAC/ASEAN countries have no specific regulations stipulating heavy metals limits in flavorings, therefore food and beverages companies apply the most stringent regulatory requirements in heavy metals limits for their intended food applications for flavorings  A flavoring product intended for a broad base food applications in various AP countries has to meet the most stringent heavy metals limits requirements across those food categories and countries, which often is near impossible and extremely time and cost-intensive  The flow of intra-company purchasing of intermediates between company subsidiaries in different countries is often delayed or blocked because of differences in heavy metals limitswww.foodindustry.asia
  9. 9. Benefits of Harmonised Legislation  Uniformed enforcement of contaminant allowances  Simplify and reduce cost in product formulation and development  Stimulate investment in sourcing raw materials locally  Ensure consumer protection under the same set of science- based, globally recognized safety standards, e.g., Codex General Standard for Contaminants and Toxins in Food and Feed  Enable cross-border trade and contribute to economic development of the region  Cost benefits for consumers, manufacturers and governmentswww.foodindustry.asia

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